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spatialLIBD webinar

spatialLIBD webinar

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Leonardo Collado-Torres

March 19, 2020
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  1. 29 Transcriptome-Scale Spatial Gene Expression in the Human Dorsolateral Prefrontal

    Cortex Kristen R Maynard, Ph.D., Research Scientist Leonardo Collado-Torres, Ph.D., Research Scientist Lieber Institute for Brain Development TheScientist Webinar March 19, 2020 @kr_maynard @fellgernon @LieberInstitute @TheScientistLLC
  2. The spatial architecture of the brain is fundamentally connected to

    its function 2 chartdiagram.com slideshare.net
  3. Laminar position of a cell influences its gene expression, morphology,

    physiology, and function 3 Kwan et al., 2012, Development
  4. Single nucleus RNA-sequencing & Visium technologies 4 Single Cell Gene

    Expression Spatial Gene Expression
  5. Webinar Overview 5 1. Identification of layer-enriched genes in human

    cortex using Visium. 2. Spatial registration of single-nucleus RNA-seq data from human cortex. 3. Layer-enriched expression of genes associated with brain disorders. Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020
  6. Study design for Visium experiments in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)

    6 Andrew E Jaffe Keri Martinowich Stephanie C Hicks Lukas M Weber Cedric Uytingco Nikhil Rao @stephaniehicks @lmwebr @martinowk @andrewejaffe
  7. Visualizing gene expression in a histological context 7 logcounts logcounts

    logcounts Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020
  8. 2 pairs spatial adjacent replicates x subject = 12 sections

    8 Subject 1 Subject 2 Subject 3 Adjacent spatial replicates (0µm) Adjacent spatial replicates (300µm) Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 PCP4
  9. “Pseudo-bulking” collapses data: spot to layer level 9 Maynard, Collado-Torres,

    et al, bioRxiv, 2020
  10. Three statistical models to assess laminar enrichment “ANOVA” model 10

    “Enrichment” model “Pairwise” model Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Is any layer different? Is one layer > the rest? Is layer X > layer Y?
  11. 11 ISH images courtesy of Allen Human Brain Atlas: http://human.brain-map.org/

    (Hawrylycz et al., 2012) Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Visium replicates layer-enrichment of previously identified layer marker genes L4>rest, p=1.74e-09 L6>WM, p=4.48e-19 logcounts logcounts
  12. Identification & validation of novel layer-enriched genes 12 Maynard, Collado-Torres,

    et al, bioRxiv, 2020 L5>rest, p=4.33e-12 L6>rest, p=5.05e-12 L1>rest, p=1.47e-10 L2>rest, p=9.73e-11
  13. Visium layer-enriched vs. canonical marker genes 13 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et

    al, bioRxiv, 2020 L1>rest, p=7.94e-15 L5>L3, p=4.44e-02
  14. 14 Segmentation of histology data identifies spots containing single cell

    bodies and neuropil 50um Gray matter White matter Neuron Neuropil Glial cell Mouse Brain Tissue Postmortem Human DLPFC Madhavi Tippani @MadhaviTippani Joseph L Catallini II
  15. L4 L3 L2 L1      (A)

    (B) (C) Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Spatial registration of your sc/snRNA-seq data Your sc/snRNA-seq data Hodge et al, Nature, 2019
  16. L4 L3 L2 L1      (A)

    (B) (C) Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Spatial registration of your sc/snRNA-seq data Your sc/snRNA-seq data Our spatial data Hodge et al, Nature, 2019
  17. 17 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 12 Maynard, Collado-Torres,

    et al, bioRxiv, 2020 17 Matthew N Tran Brianna K Barry @mattntran @sudo_BreeB Identify clusters in your sc/snRNA-seq data - Pre-process your sc/snRNA-seq data - Identify cell/nuclei clusters - Find data-driven marker genes and/or combine with known marker genes - Label clusters
  18. 18 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 # columns for

    us: 12 * 7 = 84 (76) “Pseudo-bulk” our spatial transcriptomics data
  19. 19 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Your sc/snRNA-seq: cell

    or nuclei clusters * subjects or other analysis variables “Pseudo-bulk” your sc/snRNA-seq data
  20. Three statistical models to assess laminar enrichment “ANOVA” model 20

    “Enrichment” model “Pairwise” model Is any layer different? Is one layer > the rest? Is layer X > layer Y? Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020
  21. WM L6 L5 L4 L3 L2 L1 Oli3 Oli5 Oli4

    Oli0 Oli1 Ast3 Ast2 Ast0 Ast1 Mic2 Mic3 Mic0 Mic1 Opc0 Opc1 Opc2 Per End1 End2 Ex2 Ex0 Ex4 Ex6 Ex14 Ex1 Ex5 Ex7 Ex8 In0 In7 In9 In11 In2 In10 In3 In6 In1 In4 In5 In8 Ex3 Ex11 Ex12 Ex9 í í í í      (C) Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Spatial registration of your sc/snRNA-seq data Interpretation guidelines: • Find strong positive correlation values (dark green) to identify cell/nuclei clusters enriched for a given layer • By row: for a given layer • By column: for a given cell/nuclei cluster Mathys et al, Nature, 2019
  22. Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 WM Layer6 Layer5 Layer4

    Layer3 Layer2 Layer1 22 (Oligo) 3 (Oligo) 23 (Oligo) 17 (Oligo) 21 (Oligo) 7 (Astro) 5 (Astro) 9 (OPC) 26 (OPC) 1 (Micro) 24 (Drop) 13 (Excit) 10 (Excit) 27 (Excit) 29 (Inhib) 14 (Inhib) 15 (Inhib) 18 (Inhib) 2 (Excit) 31 (Excit) 8 (Excit) 16 (Inhib) 28 (Inhib) 30 (Inhib) 20 (Inhib) 11 (Inhib) 25 (Inhib) 4 (Excit) 12 (Excit) 6 (Excit) 19 (Excit) −0.8 −0.6 −0.4 −0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 Matthew N Tran Brianna K Barry @mattntran @sudo_BreeB Interpretation guidelines: • Find strong positive correlation values (dark green) to identify cell/nuclei clusters enriched for a given layer • By row: for a given layer • By column: for a given cell/nuclei cluster
  23. http://spatial.libd.org/spatialLIBD/ Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Spatial registration of

    your sc/snRNA-seq data: DIY
  24. 24 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Cluster1 Cluster2 Cluster3

    ENSG00000104419 3 -2 0.3 ENSG0000018400 7 1 0.67 4 … … … … Full example table https://github.com/LieberInstitute/spatialLIBD/blob/master/data-raw/tstats_Human_DLPFC_snRNAseq_Nguyen_topLayer.csv Save your “enrichment” t- statistics for your sc/snRNA-seq clusters Spatial registration of your sc/snRNA-seq data: DIY
  25. 25 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Spatial registration of

    your sc/snRNA-seq data: DIY spatial.libd.org/spatialLIBD/ Cluster1 Cluster2 Cluster3 ENSG00000104419 3 -2 0.3 ENSG00000184007 1 0.67 4 … … … …
  26. Gandal et al, Science, 2018 SFARI GENE; 2.0 by Abrahams

    et al, Mol Autism, 2013 Jaffe et al, Nature Neuroscience, 2020 - Curated lists - GWAS/TWAS hits - Differential expression - … Layer-enriched gene expression profiling
  27. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 WM L6 L5

    L4 L3 L2 L1 SFAR I ASC 102 ASD 53 D D ID 49 D E.U p D E.D ow n 2.7 2.1 2.7 4 3.6 4.9 4.5 2.5 5 2.8 5 6.4 2.8 ASD 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 WM L6 L5 L4 L3 L2 L1 PE.U p PE.D ow n BS2.U p BS2.D ow n BS2.U p BS2.D ow n PE.U p PE.D ow n 2.1 2 3.1 1.8 2.2 1.8 8.8 5 2.7 2.6 4.6 6&='í'( 6&='í7:$6 (A) (B) DIY at http://spatial.libd.org/spatialLIBD/ Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Layer-enriched gene expression profiling Alzheimer’s Disease • SFARI: Abrahams et al, Mol Autism, 2013 • ASC102: Satterstrom et al, Cell, 2020 Break up into: • ASD53: ASD dominant traits • DDID49: neurodevelopmental delay
  28. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 WM L6 L5

    L4 L3 L2 L1 SFAR I ASC 102 ASD 53 D D ID 49 D E.U p D E.D ow n 2.7 2.1 2.7 4 3.6 4.9 4.5 2.5 5 2.8 5 6.4 2.8 ASD 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 WM L6 L5 L4 L3 L2 L1 PE.U p PE.D ow n BS2.U p BS2.D ow n BS2.U p BS2.D ow n PE.U p PE.D ow n 2.1 2 3.1 1.8 2.2 1.8 8.8 5 2.7 2.6 4.6 6&='í'( 6&='í7:$6 (A) (B) DIY at http://spatial.libd.org/spatialLIBD/ Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Layer-enriched gene expression profiling Gandal et al, Science, 2018 Collado-Torres et al, Neuron, 2019
  29. 29 Stephanie C Hicks Lukas M Weber @stephaniehicks @lmwebr Maynard,

    Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Data-driven layer-enriched clustering in the DLPFC Spatially-varying genes Highly-variable genes Spot-level clustering Manual layer annotation using spatialLIBD • Which samples to use? • All samples? • Sample by sample then merge? • Use image-derived information?
  30. 30 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Data-driven layer-enriched clustering

    in the DLPFC SpatialDE by Svensson et al, Nature Methods, 2018 Are the spatial patterns relevant? Remember to inspect your data!
  31. 31 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Data-driven layer-enriched clustering

    in the DLPFC SpatialDE by Svensson et al, Nature Methods, 2018 “ANOVA” model F-statistics SpatialDE statistic
  32. 32 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Use known marker

    genes only Use layer- enriched genes (scenario where you have more datasets) Only use the data Requires >=1 expert Benefits from known marker genes (if expressed) & prior knowledge
  33. 33 Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Data-driven layer-enriched clustering

    in the DLPFC Using spatial coordinates does help in some cases
  34. http://spatial.libd.org/spatialLIBD/ Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020 Explore our spatial

    data (or adapt for yours) + perform spatial registration & gene enrichment analyses
  35. Summary: transcriptome-scale spatial gene expression in postmortem human cortex 35

    http://research.libd.org/spatialLIBD Explore the data: Maynard, Collado-Torres, et al, bioRxiv, 2020
  36. Acknowledgements Lieber Institute Keri Martinowich Andrew E. Jaffe Brianna K.

    Barry Joseph L. Catallini II Matthew N. Tran Zachary Besich Madhavi Tippani Joel E. Kleinman Thomas M. Hyde Daniel R. Weinberger JHU Biostatics Dept JHU Oncology Tissue Services (Kristen Lecksell) Stephanie C. Hicks JHU SKCCC Flow Core (Jessica Gucwa) Lukas M. Weber JHU Transcriptomics & Deep Sequencing Core (Linda Orzolek) 10x Genomics Cedric Uytingco Stephen R. Williams Jennifer Chew Yifeng Yin Nikhil Rao 36 @kr_maynard @fellgernon @LieberInstitute @TheScientistLLC Interested in working with us? Let us know!