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Serverless Microservices Are The New Black

Serverless Microservices Are The New Black

Presentation for my local Ladies of Code chapter in Manchester

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Lorna Mitchell

March 06, 2018
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  1. Serverless Microservices Are The New Black Lorna Mitchell, IBM

  2. Serverless The secret is: there ARE servers! @lornajane

  3. Serverless FaaS: Functions as a Service • write a function

    (many languages supported) • deploy it to the cloud (Lambda, Cloud Functions, etc) • only pay while the function is running (charged per GBsec) • your platform scales on demand @lornajane
  4. When To Go Serverless • For occasional server needs (contact

    form on static site) • To provide compute power (processing quantities of data) • To move heavy lifting off web platform (classic example: PDF generation) • To create a small, scalable application (focussed API, microservices) @lornajane
  5. Serverless Platforms • Amazon Lambda • IBM Cloud Functions (aka

    Apache OpenWhisk) • Twilio Functions • Azure Functions • Google Cloud Functions • .... and others arriving all the time @lornajane
  6. Getting Started @lornajane

  7. Amazon Lambda • Install awscli command line tool (there is

    also a web interface) • Set up permissions via IAM and then use aws configure to get that set up • Write some code, then zip it (e.g. index.js -> hello.zip) @lornajane
  8. Amazon Lambda Create your lambda function by supplying the zip

    file and some options: aws lambda create-function \ --function-name hello1 \ --runtime nodejs6.10 \ --role "arn:aws:iam::283476131276:role/service-role/Alexa" --description "A demo first Lambda function" \ --handler index.handler \ --zip-file fileb://hello.zip @lornajane
  9. Amazon Lambda (if you want to edit your code and

    redeploy it) aws lambda update-function-code \ --function-name hello1 \ --zip-file fileb://hello.zip Run your lambda function: aws lambda invoke --function-name hello1 output.txt @lornajane
  10. Hello World Lambda exports.handler = function(event, context) { context.succeed("Hello, World!");

    }; @lornajane
  11. Hello World OpenWhisk exports.main = function(args) { return({"message": "Hello, World!"});

    }; @lornajane
  12. IBM Cloud Functions Get the bx tool with Cloud_Functions plugin,

    then log in Zip and deploy/update your code like this: zip hello.zip index.js bx wsk action update --kind nodejs:6 demo/hello1 hello.zip demo is the package name @lornajane
  13. Bluemix OpenWhisk Run your action from the CLI: bx wsk

    action invoke --blocking demo/hello1 Enable web access and web request your action: bx wsk action update demo/hello1 --web true curl https://openwhisk.ng.bluemix.net/api/v1/web/ \ Lorna.Mitchell_Working/demo/hello1.json @lornajane
  14. FaaS + HTTP = Microservices! @lornajane

  15. Microservices Microservices are: • small and modular • loosely coupled

    • independently developed and deployed • great for building components • decentralised ... they are basically small HTTP APIs @lornajane
  16. Lorna's Plans Service Keep a list of my travel plans,

    with locations and dates. Use a serverless platform (IBM Cloud Functions) and PostgreSQL GET /plans list all plans GET /plans/42 show one plan POST /plans create a new plan @lornajane
  17. Microservice Design Points I prefer RESTful-ish APIs • status codes

    are important • headers are for metadata • URLs and verbs together define what happens • all endpoints are stateless • SSL is required • security is a solved problem; try OAuth @lornajane
  18. Microservices + API Gateway @lornajane

  19. Fetching Plans Code for retrieving the plans from the database:

    1 const pgp = require('pg-promise')(); 2 function main(params) { 3 return new Promise(function(resolve, reject) { 4 var db = pgp(params.postgres_url, []); 5 db.any("SELECT * FROM plans", [true]) 6 .then(function(data) { 7 resolve({body: {plans: data}, statusCode: 200}); 8 }) 9 .catch(function(error) { 10 reject({body: "An error occurred", statusCode: 400}); 11 }); 12 }); @lornajane
  20. Fetching Plans Make this code run when we do GET

    /plans zip -rq get-plans.zip index.js node_modules bx wsk action update --kind nodejs:6 --web raw \ plans-api/get-plans get-plans.zip bx wsk api create /plans GET plans-api/get-plans \ --response-type http @lornajane
  21. Fetching Plans Now let's actually fetch them! $ curl https://service.eu.apiconnect.ibmcloud.com/.../plans

    { "plans": [{ "plan_id": 1, "travel_date": "2018-02-28T00:00:00.000Z", "location": "London" }, { "plan_id": 2, "travel_date": "2018-05-12T00:00:00.000Z", "location": "Copenhagen" }] } @lornajane
  22. Making Plans Make a plan: parse data, insert to database

    1 const pgp = require('pg-promise')(); 2 function main(params) { 3 return new Promise(function(resolve, reject) { 4 var db = pgp(params.postgres_url, []); 5 var d = new Buffer(params.__ow_body, 'base64').toString(); 6 var decoded = JSON.parse(d); 7 db.one("INSERT INTO plans (location, travel_date) VALUES ($ 8 [decoded.location, decoded.travel_date]) 9 .then(function(data) { 10 var r = params.base_url + "/" + data.plan_id; 11 resolve({headers: {"Location": r}, statusCode: 303}) 12 }); @lornajane
  23. Making Plans Deploy the code and link it to POST

    /plans: zip -rq write-plan.zip index.js node_modules bx wsk action update --kind nodejs:6 --web raw \ plans-api/write-plan write-plan.zip bx wsk api create /plans POST plans-api/write-plan \ --response-type http @lornajane
  24. Making Plans Time to actually make plans! $ curl -L

    -H "Content-Type: application/json" \ https://service.eu.apiconnect.ibmcloud.com/.../plans \ -d '{"location": "Turin", "travel_date": "2018-04-11"}' { "plans": [{ "plan_id": 3, "travel_date": "2018-04-11T00:00:00.000Z", "location": "Turin" }] } @lornajane
  25. Serverless Microservices @lornajane

  26. Serverless Ideal for working with many small parts Paired with

    API Gateway for routing and security: perfect candidate for microservices @lornajane
  27. Microservices Service Oriented Architecture is alive and well • microservices

    expose endpoints • they share reusable components • specific components guard access to services • each component can be separately developed, tested and deployed @lornajane
  28. Resources • Example code: https://github.com/lornajane/plans-microservice • IBM Cloud Functions: https://www.ibm.com/cloud/functions

    • My blog: https://lornajane.net @lornajane