• Open government/transparency movements • E-commerce, electronic record-keeping • Digitization of media (photos, music, books...) • Remote sensors, RFID tags, POS systems • Plummeting Cost of Storage • Data formats (XML, JSON, RDF… ), APIs • Social media Explosion of Electronic Information * Exabyte = 1 million terabytes
exabytes a day… in 2003! • Increasing velocity of decision-making, advent of real-time (or close) data • Responsible use of powerful information technology: smartphone tracking, facial recognition, other data collection methods • Government, business and individuals rethinking long-held habits in light of new, actionable information Challenges of the 21st Century Dealing with Data
• Leverage ability to recognize patterns, visual sense-making • Powerful graphics chips enable animation, live data processing possible Dealing with Data Using the Eye-Brain Connection Map of New Brainland by Unit Seven via Flickr The Promise of Data Visualization
live trafﬁc Donation Dashboard Farecast search results Greatschools.org Zillow, Trulia, real estate search engines SF Park = We’re learning things that used to be unknown, unknowable or impractical to know. The Promise of Data Visualization
to stop looking for inspiration in the next political or philosophical "ism" and start exploring how technology is changing our understanding of the liberal arts. The last frontier is about method, they say, using powerful technologies and vast stores of digitized materials using powerful technologies and vast stores of digitized materials that previous humanities scholars did not have.” –The New York Times
is rapidly overwhelming our traditional methods of research. The Chronicling America project (a joint endeavor of the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress), for example, recently digitized its one millionth historical newspaper page, and they will soon make millions more freely available online. ! What can scholars do with such an immense wealth of information? Currently, they cannot do much. Without tools and methods capable of handling such large datasets—and thus sifting out meaningful patterns embedded within them—scholars typically ﬁnd themselves conﬁned to performing only basic word searches across enormous collections. While such basic searches can, indeed, ﬁnd stray information scattered in unlikely places, they becoming increasingly less useful as datasets continue to grow in size. If a search for a particular term yields 4,000,000 results, even those search results produce a dataset far too large for any single scholar to analyze in a meaningful way using traditional methods."
ofMany Different Countries Witness the Ceremonies A Grand Pageant and Distinguished Honor to the Dead Kaiser Hit funeral of Emperor William took place at Brlln on the Itith Inst Ibo weather was tirain extremely cold and the troops wh were rungect four deep along the louta taken By the funeral lorteje wore heavy cloaks The temperature had no apparent effect upon the people and hundreds o thou ¬ sands o spectators occupied the space behind tb soldiers while every window along the Uuter den Linden was crowd ¬ ed All the heuses on the thorough re were covered with mourning and blbited ﬂrgs with black drapery At e street crossings massive pillars surmounted by Pnuslan eagles had been erected The lamp posts were covered with crape an I at every ﬁfty paies tuere were largo candelabra bearing darning crea ceou Thn toot uL UeLfuneral pio cesslun presented a miwtiinposiag is pect entirely in keeping with the deep snrro and reverence ot the people Thn centre of the road wan ntrewn with gravel and ﬁr branches In Paruerplatz large stones entwined nil laurel were hung TheDuule burg gate < vaa craped anil there was large arch in front of It upon which v re the words God lilts You Ihe funeral service took place In th athedral In accordance with the pro ¬ gramme Emperor Frederick wai no present the weatuer being too revere t lit him exposing himself Thusei ice beg n Kith a soft prelude in tb organ duri ng which tbe mourners be gun to assemble Dr Korgcl the cour chaplain read passages troin the DOtb Psalm and verses 15 an 1 2H of the 14th chapter of John The chnir sung I Know that my UoJeemcr Llvpth Pas sages were then read from iaalu 101 and Timothy 4th chapter 8th versa the chaplain concluding with the wirds 1 Blessed are the dead who dm in the Lordnow and evermore OCR “Quality”