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pod-security-admission-k8s-policy

mochizuki875
September 27, 2022

 pod-security-admission-k8s-policy

2022/09/27 Kubernetes Novice Tokyo #21
Pod Security AdmissionによるKubernetesのポリシー制御

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https://k8s-novice-jp.connpass.com/event/257512/

mochizuki875

September 27, 2022
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  1.  !NPDIJ[VLJ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔ ,VCFSOFUFTͷϙϦγʔ੍ޚ ,VCFSOFUFT/PWJDF5PLZP

  2. /BNF ɹ,FJUB.PDIJ[VLJʢNPDIJ[VLJʣ 3PMF ɹ1MBUGPSN&OHJOFFS XIPBNJ BGPY OPUB SBDDPPOEPH !NPDIJ[VLJ

  3. એ఻ ༵ۚd ִि ʹ,VCFSOFUFT$MPVE/BUJWFؔ࿈ͷ࿩୊Λ:PV5VCFੜ഑৴ʹͯ ࡶஊܗࣜͰ഑৴͍ͯ͠·͢ɻ IUUQTLVCFOFXTDPOOQBTTDPN !NPDIJ[VLJ !BOUJCFSJBM !CFMMT@ !JU@@DIBHP

    !63ZP@
  4. એ఻ ຊ೔͝આ໌͢Δ1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹ͍ͭͯɺ ઌ೔هࣄΛࣥච͍͖ͤͯͨͩ͞·ͨ͠ɻ ͪ͜Β΋ซͤͯ͝ཡ͍͚ͨͩ·͢ͱ޾͍Ͱ͢ɻ !*5 $MPVE/BUJWFνʔτγʔτ ,VCFSOFUFT͔Βͷελϯμʔυʮ1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʯͰ 1PEʗίϯςφͷηΩϡϦςΟΛڧԽ͠Α͏ IUUQTBUNBSLJUJUNFEJBDPKQBJUBSUJDMFTOFXTIUNM

  5. ͸͡Ίʹ ,VCFSOFUFTͷηΩϡϦςΟͷจ຺Ͱ͠͹͠͹ϙϦγʔ੍ޚͱ͍͏ݴ༿Λࣖʹ͢Δ͜ͱ͕͋Δͱ ࢥ͍·͢ɻ ຊηογϣϯͰ͸,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔίϯςφͷϦεΫΛ౿·͑ͨϙϦγʔ੍ޚͷҙٛɺ ͓Αͼ,VCFSOFUFTWͰ("ͱͳͬͨ,VCFSOFUFT#VJMUJOͷϙϦγʔ੍ޚػೳͰ͋Δ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOͷجຊతͳػೳʹ͍ͭͯ͝આ໌͠·͢ɻ

  6. ɾຊൃද͸αΠόʔ߈ܸΛߠఆ͢Δ΋ͷͰ͸͋Γ·ͤΜ ɾൃද಺Ͱ༻͍Δίϯςφͱ͍͏ݴ༿͸جຊతʹSVODͰ࣮ߦ͞ΕΔίϯςφΛࢦ͠·͢ ɾܝࡌ಺༰͸ݸਓͷݟղͰ͋Γɺॴଐ͢Δاۀ΍૊৫ͷཱ৔ɺઓུɺҙݟΛ୅ද͢Δ΋ͷͰ͸͋Γ·ͤΜ ɾهࡌ͞Ε͍ͯΔձ໊ࣾɺ঎඼໊ɺ·ͨ͸αʔϏε໊͸ɺ֤ࣾͷ঎ඪొ࿥·ͨ͸঎ඪͰ͢ ͸͡Ίʹ

  7. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ·ͱΊ "HFOEB

  8. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ·ͱΊ "HFOEB

  9. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ίϯςφͷ࣮ଶ͸Χʔωϧ্Ͱ࣮ߦ͞ΕΔϓϩηεͰ͢ɻ 04 ,FSOFM 1SPDFTT 1SPDFTT 1SPDFTT

  10. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ 04 ,FSOFM ίϯςφͷ࣮ଶ͸Χʔωϧ্Ͱ࣮ߦ͞ΕΔϓϩηεͰ͢ɻ ίϯςφʹ͋ͨΔϓϩηε͕Χʔωϧͷ༷࣋ͭʑͳػೳʹΑΓִ཭͞ΕΔ͜ͱͰɺίϯςφͱͯ͠ͷػೳ͕࣮ݱ͞Ε·͢ɻ 1SPDFTT SPPUGT 1SPDFTT SPPUGT 1SPDFTT

    SPPUGT ࣮ߦۭؒʢFY/BNFTQBDFɺQJWPU@SPPUʣ ɹϓϩηε͕ಈ࡞͢Δ؀ڥΛִ཭͔͋ͨ͠΋୯ମͰಈ͍͍ͯΔΑ͏ʹݟ͔͚ͤΔ Ϧιʔε࢖༻ྔʢFY$HSPVQʣ ɹϓϩηε͕࢖༻Ͱ͖ΔϦιʔεྔʢ$16 .FNPSZͳͲʣΛ੍ݶ͢Δ ݖݶʢFY$BQBCJMJUZɺ"QQBSNPSɺ4FDDPNQʣ ɹϓϩηεͷΧʔωϧʹର͢Δૢ࡞Λ੍ݶ͢Δ $POUBJOFS $POUBJOFS $POUBJOFS
  11. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ 04 ,FSOFM ίϯςφͷִ཭ੑ͕े෼ʹอͨΕ͍ͯΕ͹جຊతʹίϯςφ಺ͷϓϩηε͕ίϯςφ֎෦ʹӨڹΛٴ΅͢͜ͱ͸͋Γ·ͤΜɻ ͔͠͠ͳ͕Βִ཭͕ෆे෼ͳঢ়ଶͰ͋Δͱಛఆͷίϯςφ಺ͷϓϩηε͔Βଞͷίϯςφ΍ίϯςφϗετʹର͢Δૢ࡞Λ ߦ͑ͯ͠·͏৔߹͕͋Γ·͢ɻ $POUBJOFS#SFBLPVU  ,VCFSOFUFT্ʹίϯςφ 1PE

    ΛσϓϩΠ͢Δࡍ͸ɺϚχϑΣετʹͯίϯςφʹର͢Δ༷ʑͳઃఆΛߦ͏͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖·͕͢ɺ ͜ͷઃఆʹΑΓίϯςφͷִ཭ੑΛڧΊΔ͜ͱ΋ऑΊΔ͜ͱ΋Ͱ͖·͢ɻ 1SPDFTT SPPUGT 1SPDFTT SPPUGT 1SPDFTT SPPUGT $POUBJOFS $POUBJOFS $POUBJOFS
  12. ۩ମతʹίϯςφͷִ཭ੑ͕ଛͳΘΕ͍ͯΔ৔߹ͷϦεΫΛݟͯΈ·͠ΐ͏ɻ ྫ͑͹ҎԼͷΑ͏ͳϚχϑΣετ͕͋Γ·͢ɻ ͜ͷϚχϑΣετʹ͸ίϯςφͷִ཭ੑΛ௿Լͤ͞Δ੬ऑͳઃఆ͕ϲॴؚ·Ε͍ͯ·͢ɻ ίϯςφͷϦεΫ BQJ7FSTJPOW LJOE1PE NFUBEBUB OBNFFYQMPJUQPE TQFD IPTU1*%USVF

    DPOUBJOFST OBNFVCVOUV JNBHFVCVOUV DPNNBOE<CJOTI D XIJMFEPTMFFQEPOF> TFDVSJUZ$POUFYU QSJWJMFHFEUSVF FYQMPJUQPEZBNM ίϯςφʹա৒ͳݖݶ ಛݖ Λ༩͍͑ͯΔ ίϯςφϗετͱ1*%/BNFTQBDFΛڞ༗
  13. ༻ҙͨ͠੬ऑͳϚχϑΣετΛ༻͍ͯ,VCFSOFUFT্ʹ1PEΛσϓϩΠͯ͠Έ·͢ɻ 1PEͷσϓϩΠ͕׬ྃͨ͠Βίϯςφʹ઀ଓ͠ɺ಺෦ͰҎԼͷΑ͏ͳίϚϯυΛ࣮ߦͯ͠Έ·͢ɻ ࠷ऴతʹ઀ଓͨ͠ίϯςφ͔Β1PE͕ىಈ͍ͯ͠Δϗετ 8PSLFS/PEF ʹ৵ೖͰ͖ͯ͠·͍ͬͯΔ͜ͱ͕Θ͔Γ·͢ɻ ίϯςφͷϦεΫ LVCFDUMBQQMZGFYQMPJUQPEZBNM QPEFYQMPJUQPEDSFBUFE LVCFDUMHFUQP /".&3&"%:45"5643&45"354"(&

    FYQMPJUQPE3VOOJOHT LVCFDUMFYFDJUFYQMPJUQPECJOCBTI SPPU!FYQMPJUQPEIPTUOBNF FYQMPJUQPE SPPU!FYQMPJUQPEOTFOUFSUBCJOCBTI SPPU!LTDMVTUFSXPSLFSIPTUOBNF LTDMVTUFSXPSLFS ίϯςφʹ઀ଓ ίϯςφϗετͰίϚϯυ࣮ߦ ίϯςφϗετʹ৵ೖ
  14. ͜ͷΑ͏ͳ੬ऑͳઃఆͷ1PE͕σϓϩΠՄೳͳঢ়ଶͱ͍͏ͷ͸ɺྫ͑͹ҎԼͷΑ͏ͳϦεΫʹܨ͕Δͱݴ͑·͢ɻ ίϯςφͷϦεΫ %FWFMPQFS ,VCFSOFUFT$MVTUFS 8PSLFS/PEF 8PSLFS/PEF .BOJGFTU 4FSWJDF" 4FSWJDF# ੬ऑͳઃఆΛؚΉ

    8FC .BTUFS/PEF "UUBDLFS /8 "UUBDL ྫ֎෦ͷ߈ܸऀʹج൫Λ৐ͬऔΒΕͯ͠·͏ϦεΫ ɹ੬ऑͳίϯςφͷઃఆΛؚΜͩঢ়ଶͰ8FCαʔόʔ1PEΛσϓϩΠ͠ɺ֎෦ʹެ։͍ͯ͠ΔέʔεΛ૝ఆ͠·͢ɻ ɹສҰ֎෦ͷ߈ܸऀʹ8FCαʔόʔ1PE΁ͷ৵ೖΛڐͯ͠͠·ͬͨ৔߹ɺ߈ܸऀ͸ίϯςφͷ੬ऑੑΛѱ༻ͯ͠ ɹ8FCαʔόʔ1PEͷΈͳΒͣ8PSLFS/PEF΍ଞͷ1PEͳͲɺ߈ܸͷൣғΛج൫શମʹ֦େͰ͖ͯ͠·͏ϦεΫʹܨ͕Γ·͢ɻ ৐ͬऔΕίϯςφʂʂʙ։ൃऀ͔ΒݟͨίϯςφηΩϡϦςΟͷߟ͑ํʙ IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNNPDIJ[VLJDPOUBJOFSEFWTFDVSJUZ ߈ܸൣғΛ֦େ
  15. ͜ͷΑ͏ͳ੬ऑͳઃఆͷ1PE͕σϓϩΠՄೳͳঢ়ଶͱ͍͏ͷ͸ɺྫ͑͹ҎԼͷΑ͏ͳϦεΫʹܨ͕Δͱݴ͑·͢ɻ ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ,VCFSOFUFT$MVTUFS 8PSLFS/PEF 8PSLFS/PEF 4FSWJDF" 4FSWJDF# FYQMPJU ྫΞϓϦ։ൃऀ͕༩͑ΒΕͨݖݶΛ௒͑ͯΫϥελΛૢ࡞Ͱ͖ͯ͠·͏ϦεΫ ɹ,VCFSOFUFTΫϥελΛίϯςφج൫ͱͯ͠ΞϓϦ։ൃऀʹఏڙ͍ͯ͠ΔέʔεΛ૝ఆ͠·͢ɻ

    ɹΞϓϦ։ൃऀʹ͸,VCFSOFUFTʹ1PEΛσϓϩΠ͢Δͱ͍ͬͨجຊతͳૢ࡞͸ڐՄ͍ͨ͠Ͱ͕͢ɺ8PSLFS/PEFͳͲͷΫϥελߏ੒ཁૉ΁͸ ɹΞΫηε͸ͤͨ͋͘͞Γ·ͤΜɻ͔͠͠ͳ͕Βɺѱҙͷ͋ΔΞϓϦ։ൃऀ͕੬ऑͳίϯςφઃఆΛؚΉ1PEΛσϓϩΠͨ͠৔߹ɺ ɹσϓϩΠͨ͠1PEΛܦ༝ͯ͠ຊདྷݖݶͷ༩͑ΒΕ͍ͯͳ͍8PSLFS/PEFʹෆਖ਼ʹΞΫηεΛߦ͍ɺ߈ܸΛ࣮ݱͰ͖ͯ͠·͏ϦεΫʹܨ͕Γ·͢ɻ %FWFMPQFS "UUBDLFS .BTUFS/PEF ݖݶΛ௒͑ͨΞΫηε .BOJGFTU ੬ऑͳઃఆΛؚΉ
  16. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ·ͱΊ "HFOEB

  17. 1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSET IUUQTLVCFSOFUFTJPEPDTDPODFQUTTFDVSJUZQPETFDVSJUZTUBOEBSET ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ϙϦγʔ ֓ཁ ઃఆ߲໨ͷྫ ηΩϡϦςΟϨϕϧ 1SJWJMFHFE ίϯςφͷઃఆ߲໨ʹنఆΛઃ͚ͳ͍ϙϦγʔ ʔ

    ௿ #BTFMJOF ίϯςφ΁ͷಛݖ෇༩ͳͲϦεΫ͕໌֬Ͱ͋Δઃఆ߲໨ ʹ͍ͭͯ࠷௿ݶنఆͨ͠ϙϦγʔ ɾίϯςφ΁ͷಛݖ෇༩Λېࢭ ɾίϯςφͱϗετؒͰͷ/BNFTQBDFڞ༗Λېࢭ ɾ)PTU1BUIͷར༻Λېࢭ FUD த 3FTUSJDUFE ίϯςφͷ࣮ߦϢʔβʔͳͲৄࡉͳઃఆ߲໨·ͰΛنఆ ͨ͠ϕετϓϥΫςΟεʹ֘౰͢ΔϙϦγʔ ɾ#BTFMJOFͰنఆ͞ΕΔ͢΂ͯͷઃఆ߲໨ ɾSPPUϢʔβʔͰͷίϯςφىಈΛېࢭ ɾίϯςφ಺Ͱͷಛݖঢ֨Λېࢭ ɾ4FDDPNQͷ໌ࣔతͳ༗ޮԽ FUD ߴ ,VCFSOFUFTͷެࣜυΩϡϝϯτͰ͸1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSETͱݺ͹ΕΔΨΠυϥΠϯΛఏڙ͍ͯ͠·͢ɻ ͜ͷΨΠυϥΠϯͰ͸ԼهͷछྨͷϙϦγʔʹԠͨ͡1PEʹؔ͢Δͷઃఆ߲໨͕ఆٛ͞Ε͓ͯΓɺ ͦΕΒʹ४ڌ͢Δ͜ͱͰॴఆͷηΩϡϦςΟϨϕϧΛ֬อ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖·͢ɻ
  18. ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ࢀߟ 1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSETͷҰྫ

  19. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ·ͱΊ "HFOEB

  20. ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ ઌʹࣔͨ͠ίϯςφͷઃఆʹىҼ͢ΔϦεΫʹରԠ͢ΔͨΊʹ͸ɺ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ੬ऑͳઃఆΛؚΉ1PEΛσϓϩΠͤ͞ͳ͍ͱݴ͏͜ͱ͕ͭͷରࡦʹͳΔͱݴ͑·͢ɻ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ1PEΛσϓϩΠ͢ΔࡍɺಛఆͷϙϦγʔ FY1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSET ʹ४ڌͤ͞ΔͨΊͷ࢓૊ΈΛ ҰൠతʹϙϦγʔ੍ޚͱݺͼ·͢ɻ ϙϦγʔ੍ޚʹ͸ҎԼʹࣔ͢௨ΓɺҰൠతʹ7BMJEBUJPOͱ.VUBUJPOͷछྨͷ੍ޚํ͕ࣜଘࡏ͠·͢ɻ ˞ͳ͓͜͜Ͱ͸1PEͷΈʹݴٴ͍ͯ͠·͕͢ɺ޿ٛͷϙϦγʔ੍ޚͰ͸1PEҎ֎ͷϦιʔε΋੍ޚର৅ʹͳΓ·͢ .BOJGFTU

    ੬ऑͳઃఆΛؚΉ º $IFDL σϓϩΠΛېࢭ 1PE 1PE ઃఆΛॻ͖׵͑ͯσϓϩΠ 7BMJEBUJPO ɹઃఆΛݕࠪͨ݁͠ՌɺϙϦγʔʹ४ڌ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍ ɹ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛېࢭ͢Δ .VUBUJPO ɹϙϦγʔʹ४ڌ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍1PEͷઃఆΛ্ॻ͖ͯ͠ ɹڧ੍తʹϙϦγʔʹ४ڌͤ͞Δ .BOJGFTU ੬ऑͳઃఆΛؚΉ $IFDL
  21. ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ ୅දతͳ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ࣮ݱํࣜ 01"(BUFLFFQFS SEQBSUZ  ɹɹ3FHPݴޠΛ༻͍ͯϙϦγʔΛఆٛ ɹɹ,VCFSOFUFTͷ"ENJTTJPO8FCIPPLΛ༻͍ͯϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 7BMJEBUJPO.VUBUJPO Λ࣮ݱ ,ZWFSOP

    SEQBSUZ  ɹɹ:".-ϕʔεͰϙϦγʔΛఆٛ ɹɹ,VCFSOFUFTͷ"ENJTTJPO8FCIPPLΛ༻͍ͯϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 7BMJEBUJPO.VUBUJPO Λ࣮ݱ ɹ KT1PMJDZ SEQBSUZ  ɹɹ+BWB4DSJQUͰϙϦγʔΛఆٛ ɹɹ,VCFSOFUFTͷ"ENJTTJPO8FCIPPLΛ༻͍ͯϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 7BMJEBUJPO.VUBUJPO Λ࣮ݱ ൺֱత৽͍͠πʔϧ W3FMFBTF  1PE4FDVSJUZ1PMJDZ #VJMUJO  ɹɹ:".-ϕʔεͰϙϦγʔΛఆٛ ɹɹ,VCFSOFUFTͷ"ENJTTJPO1MVHJOͱͯ͠ϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 7BMJEBUJPO.VUBUJPO Λ࣮ݱ ɹɹ,VCFSOFUFTWͰඇਪ঑ɺWͰഇࢭ ɹɹɹˠ୅ସͱͯ͠1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO #VJMUJO ͕૊Έࠐ·Εͨ
  22. ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ EFQSFDBUF141JO CVUMFBWFSFNPWBMBU IUUQTHJUIVCDPNLVCFSOFUFTLVCFSOFUFTQVMM ͳͥ1PE4FDVSJUZ1PMJDZ 141 ͸,VCFSOFUFT͔Βඇਪ঑ʹͳͬͨͷ͔ʁ IUUQTRJJUBDPNLJZPTIJNJUFNTECCFBE .JHSBUFGSPN1PE4FDVSJUZ1PMJDZUPUIF#VJMU*O1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO$POUSPMMFS IUUQTLVCFSOFUFTJPEPDTUBTLTDPO

    fi HVSFQPEDPOUBJOFSNJHSBUFGSPNQTQ 8IZJT1PE4FDVSJUZ1PMJDZHPJOHBXBZ  *OUIFZFBSTTJODF1PE4FDVSJUZ1PMJDZXBT fi STUJOUSPEVDFE XFIBWFSFBMJ[FEUIBU141IBTTPNFTFSJPVT VTBCJMJUZQSPCMFNTUIBUDBO`UCFBEESFTTFEXJUIPVUNBLJOHCSFBLJOHDIBOHFT 1PE4FDVSJUZ1PMJDZ%FQSFDBUJPO1BTU 1SFTFOU BOE'VUVSF IUUQTLVCFSOFUFTJPCMPHQPETFDVSJUZQPMJDZEFQSFDBUJPOQBTUQSFTFOUBOEGVUVSF ࢀߟ 1PE4FDVSJUZ1PMJDZഇࢭʹؔ͢Δ৘ใ
  23. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ·ͱΊ "HFOEB

  24. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO ɹ,VCFSOFUFTWͰ৽ͨʹ("ͱͳͬͨϙϦγʔ੍ޚͷ࢓૊Έ #VJMUJO  ɹɹɹ1PE4FDVSJUZ1PMJDZͷஔ͖׵͑ WBMQIBɺWCFUB  ɹ1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSETΛϕʔεͱͨ͠7BMJEBUJPOػೳΛओͱͯ͠ఏڙ ɹɹɹࣄલʹϙϦγʔΛఆٛ͢Δඞཁ͕ͳ͍

    ೚ҙͷϙϦγʔΛఆٛ͢Δ͜ͱ͸ෆՄ  ɹɹɹ.VUBUJPOػೳ͸ݱ࣌఺Ͱఏڙ͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍ ɹɹɹ ɹ/BNFTQBDFʹରͯ͠ϙϦγʔΛద༻ ɹɹɹͭͷϞʔυͦΕͧΕʹରͯ͠1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSETͷϙϦγʔΛࢦఆ ɹɹɹద༻લͷࣄલ֬ೝ %SZSVO ͕Մೳ σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷఆ͕ٛՄೳ Ϟʔυ ϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛݕ஌ͨ͠৔߹ͷڍಈ ઃఆ஋ 1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSETͷϙϦγʔ FOGPSDF 1PEͷσϓϩΠΛېࢭ͢Δɻ 7BMJEBUJPO QSJWJMFHFE EFGBVMU  CBTFMJOF SFTUSJDUFE BVEJU ,VCFSOFUFTͷ"VEJU-PHʹه࿥͢Δɻ 1PE͸σϓϩΠ͞ΕΔ XBSO ܯࠂΛදࣔ͢Δɻ 1PE͸σϓϩΠ͞ΕΔ ˞1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOͷػೳࣗମ͸σϑΥϧτͰ༗ޮʹͳ͍ͬͯ·͢ɻ͔͠͠ͳ͕Β֤Ϟʔυʹରͯ͠ϙϦγʔΛࢦఆ͠ͳ͔ͬͨ৔߹ɺ ɹͦͷϞʔυʹ͸҉໧తʹ1SJWJMFHFE͕ઃఆ͞ΕΔ͜ͱʹͳΔͨΊɺ݁ՌతʹϙϦγʔ੍ޚ͸ߦΘΕͳ͍ঢ়ଶʹͳΓ·͢ɻ
  25. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ ͔͜͜Β͸ҎԼͷΑ͏ͳ؀ڥʹରͯ͠1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOͷͭͷػೳΛ࢖༻͢ΔྫΛݟ͍͖ͯ·͢ɻ ,VCFSOFUFT$MVTUFS OBNFTQBDFB OBNFTQBDFC OBNFTQBDFD OBNFTQBDFE

  26. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ·ͱΊ "HFOEB

  27. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ,VCFSOFUFTΫϥελʔ্ʹଘࡏ͢Δಛఆͷ/BNFTQBDF OBNFTQBDFB ʹରͯ͠ϙϦγʔΛద༻͠ɺ ͦͷڍಈΛ֬ೝ͠·͢ɻ ,VCFSOFUFT$MVTUFS OBNFTQBDFB OBNFTQBDFC OBNFTQBDFD OBNFTQBDFE

    FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF BVEJUSFTUSJDUFE XBSOSFTUSJDUFE ϙϦγʔຌྫ
  28. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ BQJ7FSTJPOW LJOE/BNFTQBDF NFUBEBUB OBNFOBNFTQBDFB MBCFMT #BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛېࢭ QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPFOGPSDFCBTFMJOF QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPFOGPSDFWFSTJPOW 3FTUSJDUFEϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛݕ஌ͨ͠৔߹͸"VEJU-PHʹه࿥

    ҧ൓ͯ͠΋1PE͸σϓϩΠ͞ΕΔ  QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPBVEJUSFTUSJDUFE QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPBVEJUWFSTJPOW 3FTUSJDUFEϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛݕ஌ͨ͠৔߹͸ܯࠂΛදࣔ ҧ൓ͯ͠΋1PE͸σϓϩΠ͞ΕΔ  QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPXBSOSFTUSJDUFE QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPXBSOWFSTJPOW OBNFTQBDFBZBNM /BNFTQBDFʹରͯ͠ϙϦγʔΛద༻͢Δࡍ͸ɺMBCFMTʹ֤ͯϞʔυͦΕͧΕͲͷϙϦγʔΛద༻͢Δ͔Λઃఆ͠·͢ɻ ˞1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSET͸,VCFSOFUFTͷόʔδϣϯʹΑͬͯ಺༰͕ݟ௚͞ΕΔέʔε͕͋ΔͨΊͦΕͧΕόʔδϣϯΛ͍ͯͯ͠͠·͢ɻ ɹMBUFTUΛࢦఆ͢ΔͱͦͷΫϥελʔͰ࢖༻Մೳͳ࠷৽όʔδϣϯͷ಺༰͕ద༻͞ΕΔ͜ͱʹͳΓ·͢ɻ
  29. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ BQJ7FSTJPOW LJOE1PE NFUBEBUB OBNFFYQMPJUQPE TQFD IPTU1*%USVF DPOUBJOFST OBNFVCVOUV JNBHFVCVOUV

    DPNNBOE<CJOTI D XIJMFEPTMFFQEPOF> TFDVSJUZ$POUFYU QSJWJMFHFEUSVF FYQMPJUQPEZBNM ࠶ܝ ϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Ε͍ͯΔOBNFTQBDFBͱɺϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍OBNFTQBDFCʹରͯ͠ҎԼͷϚχϑΣετΛ༻͍ͯ 1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSETͷ#BTFMJOFʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEΛσϓϩΠͯ͠Έ·͢ɻ
  30. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ LVCFDUMBQQMZGFYQMPJUQPEZBNMOOBNFTQBDFB &SSPSGSPNTFSWFS 'PSCJEEFO FSSPSXIFODSFBUJOHFYQMPJUQPEZBNMQPETFYQMPJUQPEJTGPSCJEEFOWJPMBUFT 1PE4FDVSJUZCBTFMJOFWIPTUOBNFTQBDFT IPTU1*%USVF QSJWJMFHFE DPOUBJOFSVCVOUVNVTUOPUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUQSJWJMFHFEUSVF

      LVCFDUMHFUQPOOBNFTQBDFB /PSFTPVSDFTGPVOEJOOBNFTQBDFBOBNFTQBDF LVCFDUMBQQMZGFYQMPJUQPEZBNMOOBNFTQBDFC QPEFYQMPJUQPEDSFBUFE  LVCFDUMHFUQPOOBNFTQBDFC /".&3&"%:45"5643&45"354"(& FYQMPJUQPE3VOOJOHT FYQMPJUQPEZBNMΛ֤/BNFTQBDFʹద༻ͯ͠ΈΔͱɺͦΕͧΕҎԼͷΑ͏ͳ݁ՌʹͳΓ·͢ɻ OBNFTQBDFCͰ͸௨ৗ௨Γ1PEͷσϓϩΠ͕੒ޭ͍ͯ͠Δͷʹର͠ɺϙϦγʔΛద༻ͨ͠OBNFTQBDFBͰ͸Τϥʔ͕දࣔ͞Ε 1PEͷσϓϩΠʹࣦഊ͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͕෼͔Γ·͢ɻ OBNFTQBDFB ϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Ε͍ͯΔ OBNFTQBDFC ϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍ #BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͍ͯ͠ΔͨΊ1PEͷσϓϩΠ͕ڋ൱͞Εͨ <1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO> FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF BVEJUSFTUSJDUFE XBSOSFTUSJDUFE
  31. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ \ LJOE&WFOU  ʜʜ SFTQPOTF4UBUVT\ NFUBEBUB\^  TUBUVT'BJMVSF 

    NFTTBHFQPETaFYQMPJUQPEaJTGPSCJEEFOWJPMBUFT1PE4FDVSJUZaCBTFMJOFWaIPTUOBNFTQBDFT IPTU1*%USVF QSJWJMFHFE DPOUBJOFSaVCVOUVaNVTUOPUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUQSJWJMFHFEUSVF   SFBTPO'PSCJEEFO  EFUBJMT\ OBNFFYQMPJUQPE  LJOEQPET ^  DPEF ^  SFRVFTU3FDFJWFE5JNFTUBNQ5;  TUBHF5JNFTUBNQ5;  BOOPUBUJPOT\ BVUIPSJ[BUJPOLTJPEFDJTJPOBMMPX  BVUIPSJ[BUJPOLTJPSFBTPO  QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPBVEJUWJPMBUJPOTXPVMEWJPMBUF1PE4FDVSJUZaSFTUSJDUFEWaIPTUOBNFTQBDFT IPTU1*%USVF QSJWJMFHFE DPOUBJOFSaVCVOUVaNVTUOPUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUQSJWJMFHFEUSVF BMMPX1SJWJMFHF&TDBMBUJPOGBMTFɾɾɾ QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPFOGPSDFQPMJDZCBTFMJOFW ^ ^ "VEJU-PHΛ֬ೝ͢ΔͱҎԼͷΑ͏ʹ1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSETͷ#BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓ͨ͜͠ͱʹΑΓ1PEͷσϓϩΠ͕ ڋ൱͞Εͨ͜ͱ͕ه࿥͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͕෼͔Γ·͢ɻ·ͨɺ3FTUSJDUFEϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͍ͯ͠Δࢫ΋ซͤͯه࿥͞Ε͍ͯ·͢ɻ "VEJU-PH #BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͍ͯ͠ΔͨΊ1PEͷσϓϩΠ͕ڋ൱͞Εͨ 3FTUSJDUFEϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͕ه࿥͞Εͨ <1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO> FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF BVEJUSFTUSJDUFE XBSOSFTUSJDUFE
  32. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ CBTFMJOFQPEZBNM BQJ7FSTJPOW LJOE1PE NFUBEBUB OBNFFYQMPJUQPE TQFD IPTU1*%USVF DPOUBJOFST OBNFVCVOUV

    JNBHFVCVOUV DPNNBOE<CJOTI D XIJMFEPTMFFQEPOF> TFDVSJUZ$POUFYU QSJWJMFHFEUSVF ઌ΄Ͳͷ੬ऑͳઃఆΛؚΉϚχϑΣετ FYQMPJUQPEZBNM ʹରͯ͠ɺ1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSETͷ#BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹ४ڌ͢Δ मਖ਼ΛՃ͑ͨϚχϑΣετ CBTFMJOFQPEZBNM Λ༻ҙ͠·͢ɻ ˞ͨͩ͠3FTUSJDUFEϙϦγʔʹ͸४ڌ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍
  33. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ CBTFMJOFQPEZBNMΛOBNFTQBDFBʹద༻͠ɺ1PEΛσϓϩΠͯ͠Έ·͢ɻ ͢Δͱܯࠂϝοηʔδ͕දࣔ͞Εͭͭɺ1PEͷσϓϩΠ͸੒ޭ͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͕֬ೝͰ͖·͢ɻ ͜ͷΑ͏ʹ1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOͰ͸ϙϦγʔʹ४ڌ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍1PEͷσϓϩΠΛ๷ࢭͨ͠Γɺ ϙϦγʔҧ൓ʹΑΔܯࠂจݴͷදࣔ΍"VEJU-PH΁ͷه࿥Λߦ͏͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖·͢ɻ LVCFDUMBQQMZGCBTFMJOFQPEZBNMOOBNFTQBDFB 8BSOJOHXPVMEWJPMBUF1PE4FDVSJUZSFTUSJDUFEWBMMPX1SJWJMFHF&TDBMBUJPOGBMTF DPOUBJOFSVCVOUVNVTUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUBMMPX1SJWJMFHF&TDBMBUJPOGBMTF VOSFTUSJDUFEDBQBCJMJUJFT

    DPOUBJOFSVCVOUVNVTUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUDBQBCJMJUJFTESPQ<"--> SVO"T/PO3PPUUSVF QPEPSDPOUBJOFSVCVOUVNVTUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUSVO"T/PO3PPUUSVF TFDDPNQ1SP fi MF QPEPSDPOUBJOFSVCVOUVNVTUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUTFDDPNQ1SP fi MFUZQFUP3VOUJNF%FGBVMUPS-PDBMIPTU  QPECBTFMJOFQPEDSFBUFE LVCFDUMHFUQPOOBNFTQBDFB /".&3&"%:45"5643&45"354"(& CBTFMJOFQPE3VOOJOHT 3FTUSJDUFEϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͕ܯࠂͱͯ͠දࣔ͞Εɺ 1PE͕σϓϩΠ͞Εͨ <1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO> FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF BVEJUSFTUSJDUFE XBSOSFTUSJDUFE
  34. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ %FQMPZNFOUͱͯ͠#BTFMJOFʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEΛσϓϩΠͯ͠Έ·͢ɻ BQJ7FSTJPOBQQTW LJOE%FQMPZNFOU NFUBEBUB MBCFMT BQQFYQMPJU OBNFFYQMPJU TQFD SFQMJDBT

    TFMFDUPS NBUDI-BCFMT BQQFYQMPJU UFNQMBUF NFUBEBUB MBCFMT BQQFYQMPJU TQFD IPTU1*%USVF DPOUBJOFST JNBHFVCVOUV OBNFVCVOUV DPNNBOE<CJOTI D XIJMFEPTMFFQEPOF> TFDVSJUZ$POUFYU QSJWJMFHFEUSVF FYQMPJUEFQMPZNFOUZBNM
  35. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ LVCFDUMBQQMZGFYQMPJUEFQMPZNFOUZBNMOOBNFTQBDFB 8BSOJOHXPVMEWJPMBUF1PE4FDVSJUZSFTUSJDUFEWIPTUOBNFTQBDFT IPTU1*%USVF QSJWJMFHFE DPOUBJOFSVCVOUVNVTUOPUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUQSJWJMFHFEUSVF BMMPX1SJWJMFHF&TDBMBUJPOGBMTF DPOUBJOFSVCVOUVNVTUTFUɾɾɾ EFQMPZNFOUBQQTFYQMPJUDSFBUFE

    LVCFDUMHFUBMMOOBNFTQBDFB /".&3&"%:6150%"5&"7"*-"#-&"(& EFQMPZNFOUBQQTFYQMPJUT /".&%&4*3&%$633&/53&"%:"(& SFQMJDBTFUBQQTFYQMPJUCGT LVCFDUMEFTDSJCFSFQMJDBTFUTBQQTFYQMPJUCGOOBNFTQBDFB ɾɾɾ &WFOUT 5ZQF3FBTPO"HF'SPN.FTTBHF  8BSOJOH'BJMFE$SFBUFNSFQMJDBTFUDPOUSPMMFS&SSPSDSFBUJOHQPETFYQMPJUCGEJTGPSCJEEFOWJPMBUFT 1PE4FDVSJUZCBTFMJOFWIPTUOBNFTQBDFT IPTU1*%USVF QSJWJMFHFE DPOUBJOFSVCVOUVNVTUOPUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUQSJWJMFHFEUSVF %FQMPZNFOUͱ3FQMJDB4FU͸࡞੒͞ΕΔ 3FQMJDB4FUͰ؅ཧ͞ΕΔ1PEͷσϓϩΠ͕ڋ൱͞ΕΔ ͜ͷ৔߹ɺ%FQMPZNFOUɺ3FQMJDB4FU͸௨ৗ௨Γ࡞੒͞Ε·͢ɻ ͨͩ͠3FQMJDB4FU഑ԼͰ؅ཧ͞ΕΔ1PEͷσϓϩΠʹ͍ͭͯ͸1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚͷର৅ͱͳΔͨΊ ઌͷྫͱಉ͘͡σϓϩΠ͕ېࢭ͞Ε·͢ɻ
  36. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ·ͱΊ "HFOEB

  37. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO طʹ1PE͕ىಈ͍ͯ͠Δ/BNFTQBDFʹϙϦγʔద༻Λߦ͏৔߹ɺϙϦγʔద༻લʹϙϦγʔద༻ʹΑΔӨڹΛ֬ೝ͍ͨ͠ ͱ͍͏έʔε͕͋Γ·͢ɻ %SZSVOػೳΛ༻͍Δ͜ͱͰɺ ɹϙϦγʔΛద༻͢Δ͜ͱͳ͘ಛఆͷ/BNFTQBDFͰطʹىಈதͷ1PE͕ʹϙϦγʔʹ४ڌ͍ͯ͠Δ͔ Λ֬ೝ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖·͢ɻ ,VCFSOFUFT$MVTUFS OBNFTQBDFB OBNFTQBDFC OBNFTQBDFD

    OBNFTQBDFE FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF BVEJUSFTUSJDUFE XBSOSFTUSJDUFE ϙϦγʔຌྫ FYQMPJUQPE #BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹ४ڌ͍ͯ͠Δ͔ʁ
  38. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO LVCFDUMMBCFMESZSVOTFSWFSPWFSXSJUFOTOBNFTQBDFCa QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPFOGPSDFCBTFMJOFQPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPFOGPSDFWFSTJPOW 8BSOJOHFYJTUJOHQPETJOOBNFTQBDFOBNFTQBDFCWJPMBUFUIFOFX1PE4FDVSJUZFOGPSDFMFWFMCBTFMJOFW 8BSOJOHFYQMPJUQPEIPTUOBNFTQBDFT QSJWJMFHFE OBNFTQBDFOBNFTQBDFCMBCFMFE  LVCFDUMHFUOTOBNFTQBDFCTIPXMBCFMT /".&45"564"(&-"#&-4

    OBNFTQBDFC"DUJWFNLVCFSOFUFTJPNFUBEBUBOBNFOBNFTQBDFC FYQMPJUQPE͕#BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͍ͯ͠Δ ࣮ࡍʹ͸MBCFMT͸෇༩͞Εͳ͍ ϙϦγʔ͸༗ޮʹͳ͍ͬͯͳ͍ OBNFTQBDFCͰىಈ͍ͯ͠Δ1PE͕#BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹ४ڌ͍ͯ͠Δ͔Λ%SZSVOػೳʹΑΓ֬ೝͯ͠Έ·͢ɻ %SZSVOίϚϯυΛ࣮ߦͯ͠ΈΔͱɺҎԼͷΑ͏ʹطʹىಈ͍ͯ͠ΔOBNFTQBDFCͰىಈ͍ͯ͠Δ1PE͕ #BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͕֬ೝͰ͖·͢ɻ ˞1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔ7BMJEBUJPO͸1PE࡞੒࣌ʹͷΈػೳ͢ΔͷͰɺطʹϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PE͕ىಈঢ়ଶͰ ɹϙϦγʔΛద༻ͯ͠΋ɺ֘౰ͷ1PE͕ଈ࠲ʹఀࢭ͢Δ͜ͱ͸͋Γ·ͤΜɻ 7BMJEBUJPO͸"ENJTTJPO$POUSPMMͰ࣮ߦ͞ΕΔͨΊ ɹ ɹ͔͠͠ҙਤͤ͵τϥϒϧΛආ͚ΔҙຯͰ΋طʹ1PE͕ىಈ͍ͯ͠Δ/BNFTQBDFʹରͯ͠ϙϦγʔΛద༻͢Δ৔߹͸ɺ ɹద༻લʹ%SZSVOػೳΛ༻͍ͯϙϦγʔҧ൓͕ൃੜ͠ͳ͍͔Λ֬ೝ͓ͯ͘͠ͷ͕ྑ͍Ͱ͠ΐ͏ɻ
  39. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ·ͱΊ "HFOEB

  40. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ,VCFSOFUFT$MVTUFS OBNFTQBDFB OBNFTQBDFC OBNFTQBDFD OBNFTQBDFE FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF BVEJUSFTUSJDUFE XBSOSFTUSJDUFE ϙϦγʔຌྫ

    ,VCFSOFUFTΫϥελʔͱͯ͠σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔΛఆٛ͠ɺϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍/BNFTQBDFʹ͸ σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞ΕΔΑ͏ʹ͠·͢ɻ ·ͨɺOBNFTQBDFDʹ͍ͭͯ͸1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔͷద༻ର৅֎ͱ͠·͢ɻ
  41. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ,VCFSOFUFTΫϥελʔͷσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔ΍ϙϦγʔద༻আ֎ର৅͸"ENJTTJPO$PO fi HVSBUJPOͱͯ͠ఆٛ͢Δ͜ͱ͕ Ͱ͖·͢ɻ ˞͜͜Ͱআ֎ઃఆͨ͠ର৅ʹ͍ͭͯ͸/BNFTQBDFʹMBCFMTΛ෇༩ͯ͠΋ϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Εͳ͘ͳΔ BQJ7FSTJPOBQJTFSWFSDPO fi HLTJPW LJOE"ENJTTJPO$PO

    fi HVSBUJPO QMVHJOT OBNF1PE4FDVSJUZ DPO fi HVSBUJPO BQJ7FSTJPOQPETFDVSJUZBENJTTJPODPO fi HLTJPW LJOE1PE4FDVSJUZ$PO fi HVSBUJPO EFGBVMUTσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔΛఆٛ FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF#BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛېࢭ FOGPSDFWFSTJPOW BVEJUSFTUSJDUFE3FTUSJDUFEϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛݕ஌ͨ͠৔߹͸"VEJU-PHʹه࿥ ҧ൓ͯ͠΋1PE͸σϓϩΠ͞ΕΔ  BVEJUWFSTJPOW XBSOSFTUSJDUFE3FTUSJDUFEϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛݕ஌ͨ͠৔߹͸ܯࠂΛදࣔ ҧ൓ͯ͠΋1PE͸σϓϩΠ͞ΕΔ  XBSOWFSTJPOW FYFNQUJPOTϙϦγʔద༻আ֎ର৅ VTFSOBNFT<>ϙϦγʔΛద༻͠ͳ͍ϢʔβʔΛࢦఆ͢Δ SVOUJNF$MBTTFT<>ϙϦγʔΛద༻͠ͳ͍3VOUJNF$MBTTΛࢦఆ͢Δ OBNFTQBDFTϙϦγʔΛద༻͠ͳ͍/BNFTQBDFΛࢦఆ͢Δ LVCFTZTUFN OBNFTQBDFD QPETFDVSJUZZBNM
  42. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ "(VJEFUP,VCFSOFUFT"ENJTTJPO$POUSPMMFST IUUQTLVCFSOFUFTJPCMPHBHVJEFUPLVCFSOFUFTBENJTTJPODPOUSPMMFST ࢀߟ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚Δ7BMJEBUJPO.VUBUJPO ɹҰൠతʹ,VCFSOFUFTNͰ͸"1*4FSWFS΁ͷϦΫΤετ࣌ʹ"ENJTTJPO$POUSPMMFSͱݺ͹ΕΔ࢓૊ΈΛ༻͍ͯ7BMJEBUJPO.VUBUJPOΛ ɹ࣮ݱ͠·͢ɻ ɹ1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹ͍ͭͯ΋"ENJTTJPO$POUSPMMFSʹؚ·ΕΔ"ENJTTJPO1MVHJOͱݴ͏࢓૊ΈΛ༻͍࣮ͯݱ͞Ε͍ͯ·͢ɻ LVCFBQJTFSWFSͷॲཧϑϩʔ

  43. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ BQJ7FSTJPOW LJOE1PE NFUBEBUB ɾɾɾ OBNFLVCFBQJTFSWFS OBNFTQBDFLVCFTZTUFN TQFD DPOUBJOFST DPNNBOE

    LVCFBQJTFSWFS ɾɾɾ BENJTTJPODPOUSPMDPO fi H fi MFFUDLVCFSOFUFTQPMJDJFTQPETFDVSJUZZBNM ɾɾɾ WPMVNF.PVOUT NPVOU1BUIFUDLVCFSOFUFTQPMJDJFT OBNFQPMJDJFT SFBE0OMZUSVF ɾɾɾ WPMVNFT OBNFQPMJDJFT IPTU1BUI QBUIFUDLVCFSOFUFTQPMJDJFT UZQF%JSFDUPSZ0S$SFBUF ɾɾɾ FUDLVCFSOFUFTNBOJGFTUTLVCFBQJTFSWFSZBNM LVCFBENͷྫ "ENJTTJPO$PO fi HVSBUJPOΛ,VCFSOFUFTΫϥελʔʹద༻͢Δʹ͸ɺLVCFBQJTFSWFSͷىಈΦϓγϣϯ BENJTTJPODPOUSPMDPO fi H fi MFͰɺ"ENJTTJPO$PO fi HVSBUJPOఆٛϑΝΠϧΛࢦఆ͠·͢ɻ
  44. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ LVCFDUMBQQMZGFYQMPJUQPEZBNMOOBNFTQBDFC &SSPSGSPNTFSWFS 'PSCJEEFO FSSPSXIFODSFBUJOHFYQMPJUQPEZBNMQPETFYQMPJUQPEJTGPSCJEEFOWJPMBUFT 1PE4FDVSJUZCBTFMJOFWIPTUOBNFTQBDFT IPTU1*%USVF QSJWJMFHFE DPOUBJOFSVCVOUVNVTUOPUTFU TFDVSJUZ$POUFYUQSJWJMFHFEUSVF

     LVCFDUMHFUQPOOBNFTQBDFC /PSFTPVSDFTGPVOEJOOBNFTQBDFCOBNFTQBDF LVCFDUMBQQMZGFYQMPJUQPEZBNMOOBNFTQBDFD QPEFYQMPJUQPEDSFBUFE  LVCFDUMHFUQPOOBNFTQBDFD /".&3&"%:45"5643&45"354"(& FYQMPJUQPE3VOOJOHT FYQMPJUQPEZBNMΛOBNFTQBDFCͱOBNFTQBDFDʹద༻ͯ͠Έ·͢ɻ OBNFTQBDFCʹ͸σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Ε͍ͯΔͨΊ1PEͷσϓϩΠʹࣦഊ͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͕֬ೝͰ͖·͢ɻ ҰํOBNFTQBDFDͰ͸ϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Εͣɺਖ਼ৗʹ1PEͷσϓϩΠʹ੒ޭ͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͕֬ೝͰ͖·͢ɻ OBNFTQBDFD ϙϦγʔద༻আ֎ର৅ͱͯ͠ࢦఆ OBNFTQBDFC σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞ΕΔ ϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Εͣ1PEͷσϓϩΠʹ੒ޭ͍ͯ͠Δ #BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͍ͯ͠ΔͨΊ1PEͷσϓϩΠ͕ڋ൱͞Εͨ <1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO> FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF BVEJUSFTUSJDUFE XBSOSFTUSJDUFE
  45. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ࢀߟ ϙϦγʔద༻আ֎ର৅ͱͯ͠6TFSOBNFΛࢦఆ͢Δࡍͷ஫ҙࣄ߲ ɹϙϦγʔͷద༻ର৅֎ͱͯ͠6TFSOBNFΛࢦఆ͢Δ৔߹͸1PE࡞੒ʹؔ࿈͢Δ4FSWJDF"DDPVOUΛࢦఆͯ͠͠·͏ͱ ɹ1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ͕ҙຯΛͳ͞ͳ͘ͳͬͯ͠·͏ͨΊ஫ҙ͕ඞཁͰ͢ɻ ɹྫͱͯ͠ɺҎԼͰ͸SFQMJDBTFUDPOUSPMMFSͷ4FSWJDF"DDPVOUΛϙϦγʔద༻ର৅֎ʹࢦఆͨ͠έʔεΛߟ͑ͯΈ·͢ɻ ,VCFSOFUFT$MVTUFS LVCFTZTUFN OBNFTQBDF FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF

    FYQMPJUQPE $SFBUF ϙϦγʔʹΑΓ࡞੒͕ېࢭ͞ΕΔ º #BTFMJOFʹҧ൓͢Δ 1PEΛσϓϩΠ
  46. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ,VCFSOFUFT$MVTUFS SFQMJDBTFUDPOUSPMMFS ˞ϙϦγʔద༻ର৅֎ LVCFTZTUFN OBNFTQBDF FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF SFQMJDBTFUDPOUSPMMFS FYQMPJUQPE FYQMPJUSFQMJDBTFU

    $SFBUF $SFBUF 8BUDI $POUSPMMFSܦ༝Ͱ 1PE͕࡞੒͞Εͯ͠·͏ #BTFMJOFʹҧ൓͢Δ 1PEΛؚΉ 3FQMJDB4FUΛ࡞੒ ࢀߟ ϙϦγʔద༻আ֎ର৅ͱͯ͠6TFSOBNFΛࢦఆ͢Δࡍͷ஫ҙࣄ߲ ɹϙϦγʔͷద༻ର৅֎ͱͯ͠6TFSOBNFΛࢦఆ͢Δ৔߹͸1PE࡞੒ʹؔ࿈͢Δ4FSWJDF"DDPVOUΛࢦఆͯ͠͠·͏ͱ ɹ1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ͕ҙຯΛͳ͞ͳ͘ͳͬͯ͠·͏ͨΊ஫ҙ͕ඞཁͰ͢ɻ ɹྫͱͯ͠ɺҎԼͰ͸SFQMJDBTFUDPOUSPMMFSͷ4FSWJDF"DDPVOUΛϙϦγʔద༻ର৅֎ʹࢦఆͨ͠έʔεΛߟ͑ͯΈ·͢ɻ ϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEΛ 3FQMJDB4FUܦ༝ͰσϓϩΠ Ͱ͖ͯ͠·͏
  47. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ,VCFSOFUFT$MVTUFS OBNFTQBDFB OBNFTQBDFC OBNFTQBDFD OBNFTQBDFE FOGPSDFCBTFMJOF BVEJUSFTUSJDUFE XBSOSFTUSJDUFE ϙϦγʔຌྫ

    σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Ε͍ͯΔঢ়ଶͰɺಛఆͷ/BNFTQBDF OBNFTQBDFE ʹϙϦγʔΛద༻͠ɺڍಈΛ֬ೝͯ͠Έ·͢ɻ FOGPSDFQSJWJMFHFE BVEJUCBTFMJOF XBSOCBTFMJOF
  48. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ OBNFTQBDFEʹద༻͢ΔϙϦγʔ͸ҎԼͷ௨ΓͰ͢ɻ OBNFTQBDFEʹରͯ͠͸σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔΑΓ΋੍໿ͷऑ͍ϙϦγʔΛద༻͍ͯ͠·͢ɻ BQJ7FSTJPOW LJOE/BNFTQBDF NFUBEBUB OBNFOBNFTQBDFE MBCFMT 1SJWJMFHFEϙϦγʔʢ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛ੍ݶ͠ͳ͍ʣ QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPFOGPSDFQSJWJMFHFE

    QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPFOGPSDFWFSTJPOW #BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛݕ஌ͨ͠৔߹͸"VEJU-PHʹه࿥ ҧ൓ͯ͠΋1PE͸σϓϩΠ͞ΕΔ  QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPBVEJUCBTFMJOF QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPBVEJUWFSTJPOW #BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͢Δ1PEͷσϓϩΠΛݕ஌ͨ͠৔߹͸ܯࠂΛදࣔ ҧ൓ͯ͠΋1PE͸σϓϩΠ͞ΕΔ  QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPXBSOCBTFMJOF QPETFDVSJUZLVCFSOFUFTJPXBSOWFSTJPOW OBNFTQBDFEZBNM
  49. 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ LVCFDUMBQQMZGFYQMPJUQPEZBNMOOBNFTQBDFE 8BSOJOHXPVMEWJPMBUF1PE4FDVSJUZCBTFMJOFWIPTUOBNFTQBDFT IPTU1*%USVF QSJWJMFHFE DPOUBJOFSVCVOUV NVTUOPUTFUTFDVSJUZ$POUFYUQSJWJMFHFEUSVF  QPEFYQMPJUQPEDSFBUFE 

    LVCFDUMHFUQPOOBNFTQBDFE /".&3&"%:45"5643&45"354"(& FYQMPJUQPE3VOOJOHT FYQMPJUQPEZBNMΛOBNFTQBDFEʹద༻͠ɺ1PEΛσϓϩΠͯ͠Έ·͢ɻ ͢Δͱܯࠂϝοηʔδ͕දࣔ͞Εͭͭ1PEͷσϓϩΠ͸੒ޭ͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͕֬ೝͰ͖·͢ɻ ͜ͷΑ͏ʹσϑΥϧτϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Ε͍ͯΔঢ়ଶͰ/BNFTQBDFʹݸผʹϙϦγʔΛద༻ͨ͠৔߹͸ɺ /BNFTQBDFʹద༻ͨ͠ϙϦγʔ͕༏ઌతʹద༻͞ΕΔ͜ͱʹͳΓ·͢ɻ OBNFTQBDFEͷϙϦγʔ͕ద༻͞Εͨ #BTFMJOFϙϦγʔʹҧ൓͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͕ܯࠂͱͯ͠දࣔ͞Εɺ 1PE͕σϓϩΠ͞Εͨ <1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPO> FOGPSDFQSJWJMFHFE BVEJUCBTFMJOF XBSOCBTFMJOF
  50. ίϯςφͷϦεΫ ҆શͳίϯςφͷઃఆͱ͸ ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΔϙϦγʔ੍ޚ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔϙϦγʔద༻ ϙϦγʔద༻લͷ%SZSVO σϑΥϧτϙϦγʔͷద༻ ·ͱΊ "HFOEB

  51. ·ͱΊ 1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOʹΑΓ,VCFSOFUFTͷϙϦγʔ੍ޚ࣮ݱ͕༰қʹͳͬͨ ɹɾϙϦγʔͷఆٛෆཁ ɹɾ/BNFTQBDFʹMBCFMTΛ෇༩͢Δ͚ͩͰϙϦγʔద༻͕Մೳ ɹɾ#VJMUJOͳͷͰSE1BSUZͷϥΠϑαΠΫϧΛߟྀ͢Δඞཁ͕ͳ͍ ϙϦγʔ੍ޚͷ൚༻ੑʹ೉͋Γ ɹɾ1PE4FDVSJUZ4UBOEBSETʹ४ڌͨ͠ϙϦγʔ੍ޚ͔͠ߦ͑ͳ͍ Ұ෦ͷઃఆ߲໨ͷΈมߋ͢Δ͜ͱ΋ෆՄ  ɹɾ.VUBUJPO͕ߦ͑ͳ͍

    ɹɹɹˠ൚༻ੑΛٻΊΔ৔߹͸SE1BSUZΛར༻ /BNFTQBDFʹର͢Δݖݶʹ஫ҙ ɹɾ/BNFTQBDFͷMBCFMTΛૢ࡞Ͱ͖Ε͹ϙϦγʔΛมߋͰ͖ͯ͠·͏ ɹɹɹˠج൫ར༻ऀʹ/BNFTQBDFʹର͢ΔݖݶΛ༩͑ͳ͍Α͏3#"$Ͱ੍ݶ
  52. 1PE4FDVSJUZ1PMJDZͷഇࢭʹඋ͑ͯɺҰ଍ઌʹ1PE4FDVSJUZ"ENJTTJPOΛࢼͯ͠ΈΑ͏ IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNVFTZOGSPNQTQUPQPETFDVSJUZ ίϯςφٕज़ೖ໳Ծ૝Խͱͷҧ͍Λ஌Γɺཁૉٕज़Λ৮ֶͬͯ΅͏ IUUQTFIDBSFFSDPNFOHJOFFSIVCFOUSZ ࢀߟ

  53. ॳΊͯͷίϛϡχςΟొஃͱͯ͠࠷దͳ৔ͩͱࢥ͍·͢ʂ Έͳ͞Μ΋ੋඇొஃʹνϟϨϯδͯ͠Έ͍ͯͩ͘͞ʂ

  54. 5IBOL:PV