Open Apereo 2013 Closing Presentation

Open Apereo 2013 Closing Presentation

By Ian Dolphin, Executive Director Apereo Foundation


Neal Caidin

June 11, 2013


  1. Tuesday, 11 June 13

  2. Closing Remarks: Building the Apereo we Need Ian Dolphin Executive

    Director, Apereo Foundation June 2013 Tuesday, 11 June 13 What a great week. Great keynotes - thanks again to Marilyn and Theresa. Great sessions, and great social events. If you’ve served on the program committee, the planning committee or the social events committee, please stand. and be recognized Thanks also to our conference planners, Concentra. Great job, guys!
  3. Text POSTCARD Dear All See you next year at ...

    The Unconference January 13-15, 2014 (Mon-Wed), and ... Tuesday, 11 June 13 Tentative dates for our unconference. If you’re involved in software development, or implementation this is a great way to meet others involved in those areas. There’ll be space for other collaborations - so give that some thought. More details when we have them.
  4. Tuesday, 11 June 13

  5. Tuesday, 11 June 13

  6. CLOSING REMARKS Building the Apereo we Need Why innovate? Why

    open? What’s the connection? What type of organisation are we creating? Tuesday, 11 June 13 Topics I want to touch on - and it will be just that - a very high level look at them
  7. Tuesday, 11 June 13 There are no shortage of challenges

    facing higher education globally. I’ve selected a few to highlight - I suspect you’ll recognize more than one of them
  8. Tuesday, 11 June 13

  9. Tuesday, 11 June 13 This has made analytics one of

    the hot topics in the last 24 months
  10. Tuesday, 11 June 13 Particular pressure from many governments

  11. Tuesday, 11 June 13 To combine the research agenda with

    an impact on teaching quality Again, high on the policy agenda in several parts of the world
  12. Tuesday, 11 June 13 Heard from Marilyn McMillan about the

    NYU strategy in this space. That’s a particularly clearly articulated and elaborated strategy, but few institutions aren’t doing something to recruit students from out side their traditional geographic boundaries - or move campuses to them
  13. Tuesday, 11 June 13

  14. Tuesday, 11 June 13 It is apparent to me, and

    I suspect to you, that those driving some of these policy changes aren’t especially aware of the iron triangle
  15. Tuesday, 11 June 13 How is Higher education responding to

    those challenges?
  16. 'A central pillar of the academic community is its commitment

    to the free ow of information and ideas' Jonathan R. Cole, The Great American University, 2009 Tuesday, 11 June 13 Jonathan Cole, eminent sociologist At Columbia University. Openness is often portrayed as something news. It has always been a core part of academia.
  17. Open Education Tuesday, 11 June 13 Set open education in

    the historical context of the post war enlargement of higher education. 60s growth of Open Universities - established to lower the barrier to entry to Higher Ed of qualifications. Parallel role of community colleges in US in opening access. BUT in metropolitan west (first US, then elsewhere), costs of tuition have risen risen very significantly over the last twenty-thirty years Anya Kamenetz writer coined the term “generation debt” who has popularized what we call DIY Edu, Education 2.0 - lower the financial barrier to entry. And of course we’ve seen recently the 2012-2013 Growth of Massive open online course such as Coursera, EDX, Udacity (MOOC)
  18. Tuesday, 11 June 13 [slide borrowed from Jaeques Koeman] Questions

    about how open MOOCs are, how open their software is, how effective they are for different categories of learners and appropriateness to different contexts. The jury is out on some of those issues - but no-one can underestimate their power for disruption.
  19. Open Educational Resources Tuesday, 11 June 13 There are many,

    many initiatives related to open educational resources in higher education. A confusing number, in fact. It’s possible to discern a closely related continuum amongst many of thes - From shop window for existing courses to building blocks of open education (and MOOCs), via improved transparency and retention.
  20. Open Access Publication + Open Data Tuesday, 11 June 13

    Two related initiatives: Open Access Publication and Open Research Data Publicly funded research should produce publicly available outputs - either publication or data Easier to aggregate and locate ... and available for others to build on ...
  21. Open Science “Closed and disconnected nature of most scientific research

    is holding back scientific progress in important ways” Tuesday, 11 June 13 open access publication and open date are the building blocks of a further strand of “open in higher ed” - Open Science - Michael Nielson - leading Physicist
  22. Open Source Software Tuesday, 11 June 13 General - a

    license and an IPR regime ensuring source code you can see and work with. We know the arguments in general terms - arguments that oss improves quality - "many eyes make bugs light". Security - control your organisation understands and enforces. i8n - support for languages which otherwise might not be commercially viable. Colleagues in Mexico translating CLE into indigenous languages. Clear and transparent support for open standards.
  23. OSS Drivers in Education: Courant Report • Suitability • Cost

    • Control Software and collaboration in Higher Education - A Study of Open Source Software Tuesday, 11 June 13 in 2005/2006 Paul Courant, Librarian at the University of Michigan surveyed over 100 Higher Ed Leaders to assess why they were increasingly sympathetic to adopting open source software. Suitability - poorly repurposed business software Cost - several tens of millions of dollars for ERP systems (for example) Control - two strands. Lack of control over upgrade paths - “forced march” + lack of ability to customize. OSS offers that ability.
  24. Innovation Themes - 0.5 Brian Eno quoted in Stewart Brand,

    ‘How Buildings Learn’ ‘An important aspect of design is the degree to which the object involves you in its own completion.’ Tuesday, 11 June 13 Customization and a sense of ownership connect on many levels.
  25. Innovation shifting from manufacturer to user ‘Democratizing Innovation’ / Eric

    von Hippel Innovation Themes - 1.0 Tuesday, 11 June 13 Interesting to note the connection between the ability to make modifications, or customize, and the potential for taking a product and innovating with it, and to it... Erich von Hippel is making a general point, here that innovation is moving from manufacturer to user, but one which speaks profoundly to the potential of open source software as a facilitator - some might argue a precondition - of software innovation
  26. Beware the Fork ... ... a culture of contribution Tuesday,

    11 June 13 Forking is taking an open source codebase and starting independent development on it. It’s not always a bad thing. But forking without due consideration, and a conscious decision is bad. In fact, you can wind up back with home-grown software if you go down that path. I’ve seen universities do just that. I’ve heard IT Directors complain that this is a weakness of OSS. It’s rather a weakness of organisations which adopt it without understanding the consequences thoroughly. So - contribution is not a “nice to have” ‘warm fuzzy glow” thing - play customization and/or innovation back to the software community to avoid carrying yourself for ever.
  27. Tuesday, 11 June 13 .... to support that culture of

    contribution and innovation.
  28. THE CATHEDRAL AND THE BAZAAR Tuesday, 11 June 13 One

    of the central metaphors of open source software. One model, structured and hierarchical teams building software (traditional software approach of 80s and 90s), the other apparently more chaotic and decentralized - but which has effectively produced thousands of software applications, environments and operating systems.
  29. Tuesday, 11 June 13 Picked this up in an english-language

    Turkish newspaper whilst in Istanbul. “If you have ever been in Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar when it’s raining, you’ve probably noticed that the roof leaks and there is water running down some of it’s streets” I won’t read the section on the plumbing So even bazaars need sanitation, drainage and safety. Even bazaars need governance.
  30. Support for projects and communities • Management of IPR &

    licensing • Technical / community infrastructure • Events organisation / coordination • Community coordination and facilitation • Financial management • Outreach Tuesday, 11 June 13 This is our plumbing - the infrastructure our organisation provide for our communities
  31. Tuesday, 11 June 13 So when we think about the

    organisation we need, I’d like to introduce a new “buildings” metaphor to accompany the Cathedral and the Bazaar - the Pyramid and the network.
  32. Tuesday, 11 June 13 Pyramids are what we’re used to.

    We inhabit them most of our working lives. There’s a tendency to interpret any organisational structure as a pyramid. As an aside I’ll offer that ... The attractiveness of the pyramid as an organisational model increases in direct proportion to one’s proximity to the apex.
  33. Tuesday, 11 June 13 Picking up on a theme offered

    by one of our keynotes - we are a network of diverse institutions who join together in exploration and realization of benefits around shared themes. No single institution or group of institutions are “in charge”.
  34. Centralised Decentralised Distributed Tuesday, 11 June 13 I want to

    disclose at this point that Marilyn and I did not collude in our presentations, (but we clearly have been reading some of the same books) Incidentally - these diagrams, of course, are from the submission that led to the construction of the arpanet and internet around a particular model. What kind of network are we?
  35. Tuesday, 11 June 13 Like Marilyn’s application of this to

    NYU, I can see elements of all three, when applied to Apereo - with the centralized services we provide at core surrounded by increasingly decentralized and distributed networks
  36. Tuesday, 11 June 13 You may have seen the board

    wearing some crazy T-shirts. Let me explain This isn’t a space invader. this was a diagram I drafted for the board to identify extra dimensions in their role. Red dots are board members, colored dots are internal and external networks. Emphasising the multidimensional role of the board, as networkers As we wrote in the strategy statement we issued this week, that’s not the only role of the board.
  37. Role of diverse networks of people - and openness -

    in stimulating innovation Where Good Ideas Come From: The Natural History of Innovation / Steven Johnson Innovation Themes - 3.0 Tuesday, 11 June 13 Stephen Johnson has had a good week in our general sessions - Johnson’s book counters the myth of innovation being the sole preserve of the lone inventor, and provides many illustrations of the role of diverse networks of people - and openness - in stimulating innovation
  38. "It’s not that the network itself is smart; it’s that

    the individuals get smarter because they’re connected to the network." Tuesday, 11 June 13 We are building the network we need. And we’re happy to work with those who are prepared to try to build it with us.
  39. Tuesday, 11 June 13 At Tuesday’s open board session, an

    interesting question
  40. Tuesday, 11 June 13 There are a hundred ways to

    contribute. Help quality assure your favorite Apereo software. Write documentation. Translate something. Participate in the Teaching and Learning Community of interest. Start a community if interest around a common theme. Be a mentor ... even contribute code ... help create that culture of contribution we need to succeed.
  41. Tuesday, 11 June 13 That networking role I mentioned as

    one dimension of what the board need to do isn’t limited to the board. Bring your networks. Speak with them about Apereo. Help build connections outside our communities, help establish the relationships
  42. Tuesday, 11 June 13 that let us help join up

    some of those dots
  43. “ ... collaborate to foster, develop, and sustain open technologies

    and innovation to support learning, teaching, and research." Tuesday, 11 June 13 because, working inside and outside our network, we will make our mission a reality.