Art and the Ideal in Ancient Greece
Plato, “The Quarrel Between
Philosophy and Poetry: From The
Republic, Book X” from Aesthe&cs: A
Cri&cal Anthology, pp. 20-‐31.
• Techne (Tek-‐nay): Any applicaMon of skill or
knowledge (includes: carpentry, painMng,
poetry, rhetoric, governing, etc.)
• Mimesis (Mi-‐may-‐sis): ImitaMon of Truth,
especially in reference to the work of the
• Essence/Truth: The highest (or “Truest”) form
of existence, all-‐encompassing and
unchanging. This is what Forms refer to.
Republic? What does this have to do
with the bed analogy?
Form Product Semblance
Real Real Not Real
Hierarchy of Form
Forms (ex. Form of
Thought B MathemaMcal/
D Shadows and Images
Towards a higher form cogniMon
Towards more “real” objects
Hierarchy of Thought
“poets”? How are they diﬀerent?
How is the human mind weak?
excluded from the Republic?
claims about the acMons of the arMst. How does
this apply to the “Canons” we have discussed?
5-‐40, Polykleitos, Doryphoros (Spear Bearer), Roman Copy
from Greek Original, High Classical c. 5th Century CE
• …orient the reader to your topic and how you
will be wriMng about it.
• …tells the reader what they are reading, why
they are reading, and what they will ﬁnd out.
• …set up your argument, judgment, or insight
you will be providing the reader.
• …should be speciﬁc, clear, and usually argue a
There are many diﬀerences and similariMes between the Last
Suppers of Tintorego and da Vinci.
In Tintorego’s Last Supper, food takes a much more prominent
social and narraMve role than in da Vinci’s Last Supper.
I would like to talk about the representaMon of food in the da
Vinci’s Last Supper and Tintorego’s Last Supper.