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Roman Sculpture

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=47 nichsara
March 05, 2013

Roman Sculpture

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=128

nichsara

March 05, 2013
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  1. Roman  Imperial  Art:   Sculpture   Reading:   Stokstad,  184-­‐209.

        Range:   14-­‐400  CE   Roman  Imperial     Terms/Concepts:   spoils,  spolia,  triumphal  arch,   schema@c,  apotheosis,   con@nuous  narra@ve,   clemency,  pax  romana,   spandrel,  roundel.   Key  Monuments:     6-­‐36,  Arch  of  Titus,  Roman   Imperial,  c.  81  CE.     6-­‐47,  Column  of  Trajan,  Forum   of  Trajan,  Roman  Imperial.   113-­‐116  or  aKer  117  CE     6-­‐57,  Equestrian  Statue  of   Marcus  Aurelius,  Roman   Imperial,  c.  176  CE.     6-­‐62,  The  Tetrarchs.  Roman   Imperial.  c.  300  CE.     6-­‐65,  Arch  of  Constan@ne.   Roman  Imperial.    312-­‐315  CE.    
  2. None
  3. When  Are  We?   Etruscans:          

     c.  800-­‐300  BCE   Roman  Republic:        509  BCE  –  27  BCE   Augustus:            27  BCE—14  CE   Julio-­‐Claudians:        14  CE  –  68  CE   Flavians:              69  CE  –  96  CE   The  Five  Good  Emperors:      96  CE-­‐  180  CE   Severans:            193  CE  –  217  CE   Soldier  Emperors:          217  CE  –  284  CE   Tetrarchy:              284  CE  –  313  CE   Constan@nian:            317  CE  –  364  CE  
  4. ★Rome is known fundamentally as an urban civilization Model  of

     the  City  of  Imperial  Rome   Mosaic  of  the  Goddess   Roma,  1st-­‐2nd  Century  CE    
  5. Titus    79-­‐81  CE   ✪   Sacked  Jerusalem  in

     79  CE   Domi@an    81-­‐96  CE  
  6. None
  7. Arch of Titus Sacred  Way  

  8. None
  9. *Triumphal  Arch  

  10. The  Senate  and  the  Roman  People    to  the  Divine

     Titus,  son  of  the  divine   Vespasian  Augustus.  
  11. None
  12. None
  13. None
  14. The Senate granted a triumph, or an event in which

    victorious troops left weapons outside the city and paraded through Rome Winged  Victory   Titus  
  15. Laurel  Wreath  

  16. Oratory  Gesture   6-­‐19,  Augustus  of  Primaporta,  c.  19  CE

     
  17. The Senate granted a triumph, or an event in which

    victorious troops left weapons outside the city and paraded through Rome Virtus/Roma   Honos  (Honor)  
  18.                    

              City  Entrance  
  19.                    

              City  Entrance  
  20. *Also paraded through the city was the spoils of military

    conquests Menorah   Standard   Standard   Standard             Sacred  Silver  Trumpets  for     Rosh  Hashanah  
  21. Spoils  of  War  

  22. Apotheosis   of  Titus  

  23. Eagle  =  Jupiter  

  24. Trajan    98-­‐117  CE   Dacia  

  25. Column  of  Trajan  

  26. Approx.  130  feet  tall  

  27. Danube River River God (typically a reclining and perhaps monumental

    figure)
  28. River God (typically a reclining and perhaps monumental figure)

  29. None
  30. Trajan

  31. 6-48, Column of Trajan. Forum of Trajan. 113-116 or after

    117 CE. 6-19, Augustus of Primaporta. Copy of a bronze original of c.20 BCE. Trajan
  32. Dacian         Roman   Roman    Parthian

     
  33. Originally,  a  statue  of  Trajan,  but  now  a  statue  of

     St.  Peter,  the  first   Bishop  of  Rome  
  34. Marcus  Aurelius    161-­‐180  BCE  

  35. Possible  Loca@on  of   the  Equestrian  Statue  

  36. None
  37. None
  38. 6-­‐52,  Equestrian  Statue  of   Marcus  Aurelius,  Rome,  c.  

    176  CE.  
  39. Vanquished enemy

  40. 6-­‐52,  Equestrian  Statue  of  Marcus  Aurelius,  Rome,  c.   176

     CE.  
  41. Vanquished enemy

  42. Bust  of  Philosopher,  Delphi,   c.  100-­‐200  CE.   6-­‐52,

     Equestrian  Statue  of  Marcus   Aurelius,  Rome,  c.  176  CE.  
  43. Caracalla  and  the  3rd  Century  Crisis   Caracalla  c.

    211-217 CE “Soldier  Emperors”  
  44. None
  45. Schema@c  

  46. None
  47. None
  48. None
  49. None
  50. ConstanPne  the  Great    307-­‐337  CE  

  51. Arch  of  ConstanPne  

  52. None
  53. Arch of Titus. Rome. c.81 CE.

  54. Trajan   Hadrian   Hadrian   Marcus  Aurelius  

  55. None
  56. Hadrian  

  57. Hadrian  

  58. None
  59. Triumphal arch Triumphal arch Constantine

  60. Constantine

  61. Constantine Marcus Aurelius Hadrian

  62. None
  63. Cri@cal  Thinking  Ques@ons   1.  How  are  gestures  important  to

     the   communica@on  of  emperorship  in  Imperial   Rome?   2.  What  is  a  triumph?    What  are  some  essen@al   aspects  of  a  triumph  scene?   3.  What  are  some  of  the  important  shiKs  in  the   grooming  of  emperors?    How  does  this  indicate   a  different  concep@on  of  rulership?   4.  What  is  spolia?    To  what  effect  has  it  been  used   in  imperial  poli@cal  art?