Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

プロジェクトはなぜ失敗するのか

 プロジェクトはなぜ失敗するのか

0d2bd2488759a4bed27c281b13aa1a0c?s=128

Kosuke Nakamuta

December 04, 2019
Tweet

Transcript

  1. ɹɹΤϯδχΞ / ୲౰՝௕ ɹɹKosuke Nakamuta_Vol.1_2019 ϓϩδΣΫτ͸ͳࣦͥഊ͢Δͷ͔  中牟田 浩介

  2. தໂాɹߒհ!ONUB /55σʔλઌ୺ٕज़ʢגʣ ΞδϟΠϧɾΠϯΩϡϕʔγϣϯ୲౰ ୲౰՝௕

  3. ໨࣍  ϓϩδΣΫτ͕੒ޭ͢Δͱ͸  ϓϩδΣΫτ͕ࣦഊ͢Δͱ͸  ϓϩδΣΫτ͸ͳࣦͥഊ͢Δͷ͔  ։ൃख๏ͱͷؔ࿈ 

    ·ͱΊ
  4. ϓϩδΣΫτ͕੒ޭ͢Δͱ͸

  5. ϓϩδΣΫτ͕੒ޭ͢Δͱ͸  ܭըͨ͠༧ࢉ಺ʹऩΊΔ͜ͱ  ೲظΛकΕΔ͜ͱ  ඼࣭͕୲อ͞Ε͍ͯΔ͜ͱ ೲظΛकΔҰఆͷ඼࣭Λอͪೲ඼͞Ε͍ͯΔ͜ͱ ͭ·Γɺ ΛकΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Ε͹ϓϩδΣΫτ͕੒ޭ

    ͨ͠ͱ͍͏͜ͱ
  6. Ԍ্ϓϩδΣΫτ ͋Δ͋Δ

  7. Ԍ্ϓϩδΣΫτ͋Δ͋Δ  ೲظʹؒʹ߹Θͳ͍ͷͰҰ෦ͷػೳΛ࣍ͷ ϑΣʔζʹճͨ͠  ·ͨ͸ೲظΛԆ͹ͯ͠΋Βͬͨ  ͦΕͰ΋ؒʹ߹Θͳ͍͔Βຖ೔ऴిɺ࣌ʹ ͸ప໷Ͱ࢓ࣄͨ͠ 

    ඼࣭͕ѱ͘όά͕සൃͨ͠  ༧ࢉͳ͍͔Β͋Μ·Γ࢒ۀ͠ͳ͍ͰͱݴΘ ΕΔ
  8. Ͱ΋

  9. Ԍ্ϓϩδΣΫτ͋Δ͋Δ  ೲظʹؒʹ߹ͬͨʢԆ͹͔ͨ͠ΒͶʣ  ༧ࢉ಺ʹऩ·ͬͨʢαʔϏε࢒ۀʁʣ  ඼࣭͕อͨΕͨɹʢόά͸ଟ͍͚Ͳʣ ϓϩδΣΫτ ੒ޭʂ

  10. ຊ౰ʹʁ

  11. ϓϩδΣΫτ͕੒ޭ͢Δͱ͸ʢ࠶ʣ

  12. ϓϩδΣΫτ͕੒ޭ͢Δͱ͸ʢ࠶ʣ  ܭըͨ͠༧ࢉ಺ʹऩΊΔ͜ͱ  ೲظΛकΕΔ͜ͱ  ؔ܎ऀ͕ຬ଍ͷ͍݁͘ՌͰ͋Δ͜ͱ  Λલఏͱͨ͠͏͑Ͱɺؔ܎ऀͱΓΘ͚ൃ஫ऀ΋͘͠ ͸ར༻ऀͷຬ଍౓͕ߴ͍͜ͱ͕ਅͷ੒ޭͱ͍͑Δɻ

    ͨͩ͠ɺ੒ޭͷఆٛ͸୲౰ɾ໾ׂʹΑͬͯҟͳΔɻ
  13. ϓϩδΣΫτ͕ࣦഊ͢Δͱ͸

  14. ϓϩδΣΫτ͕ࣦഊ͢Δͱ͸  ༧ࢉ͕଍Γͣ੺ࣈͱͳͬͨ  ೲظ͕ؒʹ߹Θͳ͔ͬͨ  ؔ܎ऀ͕ຬ଍͍ͯ͠ͳ͍ ʙͷ͍ͣΕ͔ɺ΋͘͠͸શͯʹ֘౰͢Δ৔߹ϓϩ δΣΫτ͕ࣦഊͨ͠ͱ͍͑Δ

  15. ຬ଍ͬͯͳʹʁ

  16. ຬ଍ͯ͠ͳ͍ͱ͖ʹ͋Γ͕ͪͳίϝϯτ ݟͨ໨͕μα͍ɻσβΠϯ͍ͭมΘΔͷʁ ࢖͍ͣΒ͍ɻ͜Μͳͷ࢖͍෺ʹͳΒͳ͍ *&͸ରԠ͢ΔΜͩΑͶʁ ໭ΔϘλϯ͕ͳ͍Ͷ εϚϗͩͱ่ΕΔΜ͚ͩͲɺ౰વεϚϗର Ԡ͢ΔΑͶʁ ͑ɺϝʔϧඈ͹ͳ͍ͷʁ ໭ΔϘλϯ͕ͳ͍Ͷ

  17. ࢓༷௨ΓͰ͕͢ʜ

  18. Ͳ͏ͯ͜͠͏ͳͬͨ ɹൃ஫ऀɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹ ࢥ͍ͬͯͨػೳͱҟͳ͓ͬͯΓɺҙਤ͕఻Θ͍ͬͯͳ͍ͱײͨ͡ ݱࡏ࡞੒தͷ΋ͷ͸ϞοΫͰ͋Γ͍͔ͭਖ਼ࣜͳ΋ͷ͕Ͱ͖Δͱߟ͑ͯ ͍ͨ ࢓༷ʹ໌ه͸ͳ͍͕౰વ΍ͬͯ͘ΕΔͩΖ͏ͱߟ͍͑ͯͨ ɹ։ൃऀɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹ ࠷ॳʹ֬ೝͨ͠ࡍ͸໰୊ͳ͍ͱݴΘΕͨͨΊঝೝ͞Εͨ΋ͷͱߟ͑ͯ ͍ͨ ෆศ͞Λײ͍ͯͯ͡΋࢓༷௨Γ࡞੒͠ͳ͍ͱ࢓༷ͱҟͳΔͱࢦఠ͞Ε

    Δ ࢓༷௨Γ࡞੒͍ͯ͠ΔͨΊ։ൃʹෆඋ͸ͳ͍ͱײ͍ͯ͡Δ ίϛϡχέʔγϣϯෆ଍ʹΑΓ૒ํͷҙ͕͍ࣝ͋ͬͯͳ͍ ຬ଍ΛಘΔʹ͸ൃ஫ऀͷzࢥ͍zΛܗʹ͠ͳ͚Ε͹͍͚ͳ͍
  19. ϓϩδΣΫτ͸ͳࣦͥഊ͢Δͷ͔

  20. ೔ܦίϯϐϡʔλ ͷௐࠪ

  21. ೔ܦίϯϐϡʔλʹΑΔௐࠪ ϓϩδΣΫτͷ੒ޭ཰͸্͕͍ͬͯΔ ೥ ೥ ೥ ೲظɺ༧ࢉɺ඼࣭ͷ߲໨Ͱॱक཰Λग़͠ɺ߲໨ͱ΋ຬͨͨ͠ϓϩδΣΫτΛ ੒ޭ཰ͱ͍ͯ͠Δ  ੒ޭ཰্͕͕ͬͨཧ༝͸ɺఆྔ؅ཧ͕ීٴͨͨ͠Ί ೔ܦϏδωεʮϓϩδΣΫτࣦഊͷཧ༝ɺ೥લ͔ΒมΘΒͣʯΑΓ

    IUUQTCVTJOFTTOJLLFJDPNBUDMPQJOJPO
  22. ೔ܦίϯϐϡʔλʹΑΔௐࠪ ఆྔ؅ཧΛߦͬͨϓϩδΣΫτ͸ɺߦΘͳ ͔ͬͨϓϩδΣΫτʹൺ΂੒ޭ཰͸ഒҎ্ ೥ͷௐࠪ݁Ռ  ͸ఆྔ؅ཧΛߦͬͨϓϩδΣΫτͱͦ ͏Ͱͳ͍ϓϩδΣΫτΛ߹Θͤͨฏۉɻ೥ͷௐࠪ  Ͱ ͸ఆྔ؅ཧΛߦͬͨϓϩδΣΫτͷൺ཰্͕͕ͬͨ͜ͱʹΑΓฏ

    ۉ্͕ঢ͍ͯ͠Δ ϓϩδΣΫτͷ੒ޭ཰Λ্͛Δʹ͸ఆྔ؅ཧ͕ඞਢ ʮଌΔاۀ͸੒ޭ཰͕ഒʹ೔ܦίϯϐϡʔλʯΑΓ IUUQTCVTJOFTTOJLLFJDPNBUDMPQJOJPO
  23. ఆྔ؅ཧͱ͸ʁ

  24. ఆྔ؅ཧͱ͸ʁ εέδϡʔϧɺίετɺ඼࣭Λఆྔతʹ೺ ѲͰ͖Δ؅ཧख๏Λ༻͍Δ͜ͱ ԿΛ͍ͯͯ͠ɺޙͲΕ͘Β͍΍Ε͹͍͍͔Θ͔Δ ࡞ۀ͕ਐΜͰ͍Δͷ͔஗Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔Θ͔Δ Ͳ͜ʹ໰୊͕͋ΓԿΛվળ͢Ε͹ྑ͍͔Θ͔Δ ߲໨શͯʹఆྔ؅ཧΛ༻͍Δඞཁ͸ͳ͘ɺ͍ͣΕ͔ʹఆ ྔ؅ཧΛ༻͍ΕΔ͚ͩͰ΋ޮՌ͸ݟࠐΊΔ

  25. ͔͠͠

  26. ϓϩδΣΫτࣦഊͷཧ༝͸ ೥લ͔ΒมΘ͍ͬͯͳ͍

  27. ϓϩδΣΫτࣦഊͷཧ༝ εέδϡʔϧγεςϜͷ࢓༷มߋ͕૬͍࣍ͩ ίετ௥Ճͷ։ൃ࡞ۀ͕ൃੜ ඼࣭ཁ݅ఆ͕ٛෆे෼ ͍ͣΕ΋ཁ݅ఆٛ ্ྲྀ޻ఔ ͕ؔ࿈͍ͯ͠Δ ఆྔ؅ཧΛߦ͏͔൱͔ʹؔΘΒͣཁ݅ఆ͕ٛݪҼͰࣦ ഊ͢ΔՄೳੑ͕͋Δ ೔ܦϏδωεʮϓϩδΣΫτࣦഊͷཧ༝ɺ೥લ͔ΒมΘΒͣʯΑΓ

    IUUQTCVTJOFTTOJLLFJDPNBUDMPQJOJPO
  28. ϓϩδΣΫτࣦഊͷཧ༝ ཁ݅ఆٛ ཁ݅ఆٛҎ߱ ੒ޭ ࣦഊ ੒ޭ ࣦഊ ◦ ◦ ্ྲྀ͕੒ޭ͢ΔͱϓϩδΣΫτ͕

    ੒ޭ͢ΔՄೳੑ͕ߴ·Δ ◦ ◦ ఆྔ؅ཧʹΑΓվળ͕ݟࠐΊΔ ◦ ◦ ح੻ ◦ ◦ ্ྲྀͷࣦഊ͸Լྲྀʹڹ͘ ר͖ฦ͠͸೉͍͠ େଟ਺ͷϓϩδΣΫτͰཁ݅ఆٛʹࣦഊͨ͜͠ͱ͕ɺͦͷޙͷ ޻ఔʹ΋ӨڹΛٴ΅ͨ͠ͱײ͍ͯ͡Δɻ
  29. ཁ݅ఆٛͷຊ౰ͷ໰୊఺

  30. ཁ݅ఆٛͷຊ౰ͷ໰୊఺ ཁ݅ఆٛͰཁ݅Λग़͖͠Εͳ͔ͬͨ͜ͱ͕໰୊Ͱ͸ ͳ͍ ࠷ॳ͔Βཁ݅Λશͯग़͠੾Δ͜ͱ͸ෆՄೳ ։ൃ͕ਐΈಈ͘΋ͷΛ֬ೝ͢Δ͜ͱͰൃݟ͢Δ͜ ͱ΋͋Δ ·ͨ৽ͨʹൃݟʹΑΓෆཁʹͳΔػೳ΋͋Δ ཁ݅ͷมԽʹରԠͰ͖ͳ͍͜ͱ͕ຊ౰ͷ໰୊ ఺Ͱ͋Δ

  31. ཁٻ͸มԽ͢Δ΋ͷ ͩͱ৺ಘΔ

  32. ։ൃख๏ͱͷؔ࿈

  33. มԽʹରԠͰ͖ͳ͍ ΢ΥʔλʔϑΥʔϧϞσϧ

  34. มԽʹରԠͰ͖ͳ͍΢ΥʔλʔϑΥʔϧϞσϧ ཁٻ͕·ͱ·Βͳ͍ͨΊ͍ͭ·Ͱܦͬͯ΋ઃܭॻ͕ঝೝ͞Εͳ͍ ঝೝ͞Εͳ͍··։ൃʹೖΓԿ౓΋࢓༷͕มΘΔ͕ঝೝલͷͨ Ί࢓༷มߋͰ͸ͳ͍ ະ஌ͷػೳ͕ಥવݱΕΔ΋ͷͷࢼߦɾݕূͷظؒ͸ͳ͍ ࢓༷มߋɺ௥Ճ։ൃʹରԠ͢Δ΋ͷͷεέδϡʔϧͱ༧ࢉ͸มߋ Ͱ͖ͣؾ߹ͰΧόʔ͢Δ ಈ͘΋ͷΛݟͳ͚Ε͹Θ͔Βͳ͍ͱݴΘΕΔ͕͙͢ʹಈ͘΋ͷ ͸ఏڙͰ͖ͳ͍ ड͚ೖΕ࣌ʹॳΊͯಈ͘΋ͷΛఏڙ͠࢓༷มߋɺ௥Ճ։ൃ͕ൃ

    ੜ͢Δ ΢ΥʔλʔϑΥʔϧϞσϧͷ࠷େͷ໰୊఺͸ʮมߋΛલఏͱ͍ͯ͠ ͳ͍ʯ͜ͱ
  35. มԽʹରԠͰ͖Δ ΞδϟΠϧ

  36. มԽʹରԠͰ͖ΔΞδϟΠϧ ࠓि鱴鱒鲔鲆鱫ॏཁ鱥鱨鱤鱘鱭鱑ཌि鱰鱴鱮鱋鱬鲇鲍 鱔鱯鲐鱘鱭鱥鱨鱫鱇鲐ɻཱ鱫鱤ܭը鱰ٙ໰鲗๊鱔鱘鱭 鱯鱔ɺ鱤鱥ै鱨鱫鱦鲈鱥鲆鱥ɻେ鱒鱯มԽ鱑ى鱒鱤鱭 鱒鱰িܸ鱰଱鱍鲎鲑鱯鱔鱯鲐ɻ鱥鱐鲎ܭը鲗ཚ鱞鲍鱋 鱯ݱ࣮鱰ૺ۰鱜鱤鲎ܭը鲗ม鱍鲐鲘鱥ɻݱ࣮鲗ม鱍鲐 鲘鱝鲈鱯鱉ɻ +POBUIBO3BTNVTTPOʰ鲚鲰鳛鲜鳣鲭鳘鳡鲜ʱ鲍鲏

  37. มԽʹରԠͰ͖ΔΞδϟΠϧ ͢΂ͯͷཁٻ͕ఆ·͍ͬͯͳͯ͘΋ఆ·͍ͬͯΔ΋ͷ͔ Β1P$Λ܁Γฦ͠੒Ռ෺Λͩ͢ ಈ͘΋ͷ͸͍ͭͰ΋֬ೝ͕Ͱ͖Δ ಈ͘΋ͷ͕֬ೝͰ͖ΔͷͰ௥Ճ͍ͨ͠ػೳ΍࿙Ε͍ͯͨ ཁ݅Λൃݟ͠΍͘͢ͳΔ มߋΛड͚ೖΕ౎౓ܭըΛݟ௚͢ ΍Δ͜ͱɺ΍Βͳ͍͜ͱΛ໌֬ʹ͠༏ઌ౓͝ͱʹରԠΛ ߦ͏ εέδϡʔϧ͕มߋͰ͖ͳ͍৔߹ରԠ͠ͳ͍΋ͷΛܾΊ

    ΔɻͰ͖ͳ͍΋ͷ͸Ͱ͖ͳ͍
  38. ·ͱΊ

  39. ·ͱΊ ϓϩδΣΫτ͕੒ޭ͢Δͱ͸ೲظɺ༧ࢉΛຬ্ͨͨ͠Ͱຬ଍ײΛ ಘΒΕΔ͜ͱ ϓϩδΣΫτ͕ࣦഊ͢Δͱ͸ೲظɺ༧ࢉɺຬ଍ͷ͍ͣΕ͔΋͘͠ ͸શͯΛຬͨͤͳ͍͜ͱ ϓϩδΣΫτ͸ఆྔ؅ཧΛಋೖ͢Δ͜ͱͰ੒ޭ཰Λ্͛Δ͜ͱ͕ Ͱ͖Δ ϓϩδΣΫτ͸ཁ݅ఆ͕ٛे෼Ͱͳ͍͜ͱͰࣦഊ͢Δ ϓϩδΣΫτ͸มԽΛड͚ೖΕΒΕͳ͍͜ͱʹΑΓຬ଍ײ͕ಘΒ Εͳ͍͜ͱͰࣦഊ͢Δɻ·ͨ͸มԽʹରԠͰ͖ͳ͍͜ͱͰೲظɺ

    ༧ࢉΛຬͨͤͳ͍͜ͱͰࣦഊ͢Δ ཁٻ͸มԽ͢Δ΋ͷͩͱ৺ಘΔ