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Roundtable: Trustworthy Internet

Roundtable: Trustworthy Internet

Slides presented at the ONTOCHAIN Summit for Trustworthy Internet by Vlado Stankovski, ONTOCHAIN technical coordinator & Professor of Computer Science at University of Ljubljana

ONTOCHAIN

June 01, 2022
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    Location
    Date
    TRUSTWORTHY
    INTERNET
    ROUNDTABLE
    01/06/2022
    Berlin, ONTOCHAIN Summit
    Moderator: Vlado Stankovski
    [email protected]
    https://datatrust.fri.uni-lj.si/
    University of Ljubljana
    Slovenia

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  2. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    SLIDO: QUESTIONS FOR THE AUDIENCE
    2
    Questions will run online during the roundtable discussion
    1 What is the highest concern that you have about the (un)trustworthy
    internet?
    2 Which type of application scenarios should we prioritise?
    3 What real-world data properties can be discovered by means of consensus
    protocols?
    4 What are the main technologies that a trustworthy internet should
    employ?

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  3. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    THE ROUNDTABLE
    3
    Stimulating thoughts from..
    Rapolas Lakavičius, European Commission
    Ioannis Vlachos, EU Blockchain Observatory & Forum
    Ignacio Alamillo-Domingo, Astrea La Infopista Jurídica
    António Damasceno, Next Generation Internet TruBlo

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  4. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    Can we imagine semantically complex, dynamic,
    trust-critical data/application ecosystems?
    The worker observed in the video:
    • Is he wearing a helmet?
    • Which colour is the helmet?
    • Should he be warned?
    • Does he wear a safety vest?
    • Is he a company employee?
    • Is he happy?
    • Was he at work yesterday?
    • With whom is he conversating?
    4
    PRIVACY!
    SECURITY
    SAFETY
    www.decenter-project.eu

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  5. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    IS OUR INTERNET TRUSTWORTHY?
    NAME SOME OF THE PROBLEMS!
    In real-life scenarios of humans interacting with the internet, different problems
    have been detected, such as:
    • the centralization of power i.e., information and knowledge being in the
    hands of just a few actors,
    • the unknown provenance of information, e.g., fake news,
    • anonymity in favor of criminal activity,
    • personal privacy violations and personal data exploitation, e.g., the
    Cambridge Analytica scandal,
    • biases in AI algorithms, e.g., under-representation of certain social groups in
    training data can make AI algorithms discriminate against those social
    groups,
    • no fair rewards for quality contributions, e.g., the provision of credible
    reviews,
    • and more threats to the fundamental rights of users.
    5

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  6. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    WHAT MAKES THE SEMANTIC WEB TRUSTWORTHY?
    • The Semantic Web is a vision about an extension of the existing
    World Wide Web, which provides software programs with machine-
    interpretable metadata of the published information and data.
    • In other words, we add further data descriptors to otherwise existing
    content and data on the Web.
    • A knowledge base (KB) is a technology used to store complex
    structured and unstructured information used by a computer system.
    The initial use of the term was in connection with expert systems,
    which were the first knowledge-based systems.
    • Resource Description Framework (RDF), Web Ontology Language
    (OWL) are W3C recommendations
    6

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  7. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    HOW ONTOLOGIES CAN BE USED TO SUPPORT
    TRUSTWORTHINESS?
    • Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies
    concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and
    reality. It includes the questions of how entities are
    grouped into basic categories and which of these
    entities exist on the most fundamental level.
    • Aristotle’s ontology is the philosophical study of
    being in general, or of what applies neutrally to
    everything that is real.
    • Plato's ontology is the theory of forms that are
    discovered by the exercise of reason.
    • Gruber’s ontology is an “explicit specification of a
    conceptualization.
    • Borst’s definition is a formal specification of a
    shared conceptualization.
    • W3C’s Semantic Web activity notably with RDF
    and the OWL2 Language species.
    7

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  8. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    BLOCKCHAINS & THE SEMANTIC WEB: ARE THEY AT
    A MEETING POINT?
    8
    Blockchains & Semantic Web are all about building
    trust:
    ▪ Blockchain is a shared ledger
    ▪ Ontology is a shared conceptualisation (W3C Semantic
    Web)
    Looking for a potentially new:
    ▪ Ontologies and use of metadata with Blockchains
    ▪ Consensus protocols, application-level proofs
    ▪ Scalability mechanisms (e.g. using sidechains)
    ▪ Reputation and reasoning mechanisms
    ▪ Other
    Focus on advanced application scenarios:
    ▪ Semantic marketplace
    ▪ Part tracking, supply chains
    ▪ IPR/copyright management
    ▪ Also see: European Blockchain Services Infrastructure
    TRUSTED APPS

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  9. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    WHAT ADVANCED DATA PROPERTIES CAN BE
    ACHIEVED BY USING SEMANTIC BLOCKCHAINS?
    9
    Addressing needs of:
    • Semantically complex, dynamic,
    trust-critical ecosystems
    Fostering diversity, plurality and
    democracy
    Human-rights, security and privacy

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  10. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    WHAT SHOULD BE THE MAJOR FOCUS POINTS FOR
    ONTOCHAIN?
    • Applications
     semantic marketplace
     part-tracing, logistics
     trustworthy data/knowledge
    management
     regulatory/policy compliance
    • The Self-Sovereign Digital Identity
    • Decentralised Identities (DID
    methods) and Verifiable
    Credentials (VCs) of W3C
    • Semantic interoperability
     data/knowledge/services
    integration across multiple
    ledgers
    10
    • On-chain data management
    • Off-chain knowledge management
     Smart Oracles, Internet of
    Things integration
     Reputation management
    • Decentralised knowledge graphs
    • Ontology space: ONTOSPACE
    • Ecosystem economy: tokenomics
     FT, SFT, NFT
    • Ecosystem scalability & integration
    • Other supporting technologies

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  11. | ONTOCHAIN.NGI.EU
    IS THERE A GAP BETWEEN BLOCKCHAINS AND
    FUTURE SMART APPLICATIONS?
    11

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    Thank You for
    Your Attention!

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