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Freedom 'Riters: John Dolan's Story

Spiro Bolos
March 09, 2019

Freedom 'Riters: John Dolan's Story

Presented by Spiro Bolos at the National Council for History Education (NCHE) Conference, March, 2019.

Spiro Bolos

March 09, 2019
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  1. Spiro Bolos New Trier High School [email protected] www.spirobolos.com @spirobolos FREEDOM

    ‘RITERS: John Dolan’s Story
  2. RATIONALE?

  3. RATIONALE?

  4. RATIONALE? National School Walkout: March 14, 2018 New Trier High

    School,
  5. RATIONALE?

  6. NCHE 2017: “Histories Seen and Unseen” in Atlanta, GA

  7. BACKGROUND

  8. The Civil Rights Movement …beginnings

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  14. “Segregation Series” Gordon Parks

  15. EYES ON THE PRIZE: “Ain’t Scared of Your Jails” 1960-1961

  16. None
  17. Stokely Carmichael, 19 Sentenced to: PARCHMAN STATE PRISON FARM

  18. 1946 Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia (seating) 1960 Boynton v.

    Virginia (facilities) A TIMELINE
  19. 1946 Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia (seating) 1960 Boynton v.

    Virginia (facilities) 1955 ICC bans segregation (bus, train, waiting rooms) 1961 ICC bans segregation …again (bus, train, waiting rooms)
  20. 1946 Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia (seating) 1960 Boynton v.

    Virginia (facilities) 1955 ICC bans segregation (bus, train, waiting rooms) 1961 ICC bans segregation …again (bus, train, waiting rooms)
  21. 1946 Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia (seating) 1960 Boynton v.

    Virginia (facilities) 1955 ICC bans segregation (bus, train, waiting rooms) 1961 ICC bans segregation …again (bus, train, waiting rooms)
  22. November 25th, 1955: ICC had banned racial segregation on interstate

    buses, train lines, and in waiting rooms, but not intrastate.
  23. November 25th, 1955: ICC had banned racial segregation on interstate

    buses, train lines, and in waiting rooms, but not intrastate. 1961
  24. Freedom Riders: STATIONS ACTIVITY

  25. STATION 1 STATION 2 STATION 3 CORE Letter Envelope Gallup

    Poll STATION 4 STATION 5 STATION 6 Arrest Report CORE-lator CORE-lator
  26. CORE letter to White House: Gallup Poll: Freedom Ride to

    Jackson, Mississippi: Letter to John Dolan: Arrest of John Dolan (MS): ICC bans discrimination: Scheduled release from prison: April 26, 1961 May, 1961 May 24, 1961 June 12, 1961 June 25, 1961 September 22, 1961 January 2, 1962
  27. 1

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  29. “‘Abandon your animosities and make your sons Americans,’ said Robert

    E. Lee.”
  30. 1

  31. 2

  32. 2

  33. Gallup Poll (AIPO) [May, 1961] “Do you approve or disapprove

    of what the ‘Freedom Riders’ are doing?” 22% Approve 61% Disapprove 18% No opinion 3
  34. 3

  35. 4

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  38. 4

  39. CORE-LATOR: 10/61 5

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  41. “FREEDOM WALK: A new technique for protesting area-wide discrimination has

    been used successfully by four CORE groups…”
  42. 5

  43. CORE-LATOR: 10/61 6

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  45. “I saw a uniformed policeman… beating [Frank] over the head...yelling:

    ‘Look out, he’s trying to escape.’ Since Frank was on his knees, it seemed funny to me that anyone could think he was trying to escape.”
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  50. THE LETTER

  51. Postmarked: 6/19/61

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  55. “In the past three years I have tried every system

    that I could think of. Arguments, threats, cajolery, humor and bribery with no effect whatsoever.... Sorry I can’t wish you ‘Bon Voyage,’ but with all my failings, no one has ever called me a hypocrite.”
  56. HW

  57. HW

  58. Type a one-page minimum response to John Luther Dolan’s father

    as if you were that Freedom Rider. Make sure you date your letter, “January 2nd, 1962”, the day his jail sentence ended. ASSESSMENT
  59. HW

  60. January 2, 1962 Father, After reading what you have to

    say about me and the path that I have chosen for myself I must say I’m sorry. I’m sorry for you. I am sorry that you are unable to sleep for what you believe to be as foolishness. I’m sorry that you feel I am insane, but I feel that [you’re] the insane one. STUDENT EXAMPLE
  61. As a doctor, you should be wanting to heal people

    not only their health but their humanity. I feel that you have failed as a doctor....I hope that one day you come to your senses and realize that the world is changing with or without your consent. And people like me will do what’s right to make sure it changes the right way.... (by Mekah B.) STUDENT EXAMPLE
  62. January 2, 1962 Father, Before anything else, thank you for

    letting me know you’ve kept my things. Just the thought of you looking after my drums gives me the hope that one day we’ll play together like we used to. One day, Father, when all this comes to an end. One day, your son will return to you. STUDENT EXAMPLE (2)
  63. But there is so much more left to do. So

    much more. I have been thinking about your letter for the past weeks, probably because it’s the last thing I had in my hands before I boarded Greyhound. Frank, my friend whom I hope you still remember, had his mother’s kiss as a farewell. I, your letter. STUDENT EXAMPLE (2)
  64. When you heard we’ve been jailed, I know what you

    must have been thinking — that you were right from the beginning. That this was all a product of my insanity. That your son has lost his mind. But Father, who would have thought that six weeks in jail would only make me feel more empowered and needed than ever? STUDENT EXAMPLE (2)
  65. I am sorry, Father, for making you feel that way.

    But I am not sorry for my decisions. If my actions today close a lot of doors for me, it is enough for me that my little actions may have opened doors for other people in exchange.... (by April D.) STUDENT EXAMPLE (2)
  66. John Luther Dolan: Oral History 11/10/2001 17:41

  67. Spiro Bolos New Trier High School [email protected] www.spirobolos.com @spirobolos THEN

    NOW
  68. Spiro Bolos New Trier High School [email protected] www.spirobolos.com @spirobolos THEN

    NOW
  69. Spiro Bolos New Trier High School [email protected] www.spirobolos.com @spirobolos THEN

    NOW
  70. Spiro Bolos New Trier High School [email protected] www.spirobolos.com @spirobolos THEN

    NOW
  71. Spiro Bolos New Trier High School [email protected] www.spirobolos.com @spirobolos THEN

    NOW
  72. Spiro Bolos New Trier High School [email protected] www.spirobolos.com @spirobolos THEN

    NOW
  73. Spiro Bolos New Trier High School [email protected] www.spirobolos.com @spirobolos THEN

    NOW
  74. Spiro Bolos New Trier High School [email protected] www.spirobolos.com @spirobolos THEN

    NOW
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