Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

Freedom 'Riters: John Dolan's Story

Spiro Bolos
March 09, 2019

Freedom 'Riters: John Dolan's Story

Presented by Spiro Bolos at the National Council for History Education (NCHE) Conference, March, 2019.

Spiro Bolos

March 09, 2019
Tweet

More Decks by Spiro Bolos

Other Decks in Education

Transcript

  1. Spiro Bolos
    New Trier High School
    [email protected]
    www.spirobolos.com
    @spirobolos
    FREEDOM ‘RITERS: John Dolan’s Story

    View full-size slide

  2. RATIONALE?
    National School Walkout: March 14, 2018 New Trier High School,

    View full-size slide

  3. NCHE 2017: “Histories Seen and Unseen” in Atlanta, GA

    View full-size slide

  4. The Civil Rights
    Movement
    …beginnings

    View full-size slide

  5. “Segregation Series”
    Gordon Parks

    View full-size slide

  6. EYES ON THE PRIZE:
    “Ain’t Scared of Your Jails”
    1960-1961

    View full-size slide

  7. Stokely
    Carmichael, 19
    Sentenced to:
    PARCHMAN STATE
    PRISON FARM

    View full-size slide

  8. 1946
    Morgan v.
    Commonwealth
    of Virginia
    (seating)
    1960
    Boynton v.
    Virginia
    (facilities)
    A TIMELINE

    View full-size slide

  9. 1946
    Morgan v.
    Commonwealth
    of Virginia
    (seating)
    1960
    Boynton v.
    Virginia
    (facilities)
    1955
    ICC bans
    segregation
    (bus, train,
    waiting rooms)
    1961
    ICC bans
    segregation
    …again
    (bus, train,
    waiting rooms)

    View full-size slide

  10. 1946
    Morgan v.
    Commonwealth
    of Virginia
    (seating)
    1960
    Boynton v.
    Virginia
    (facilities)
    1955
    ICC bans
    segregation
    (bus, train,
    waiting rooms)
    1961
    ICC bans
    segregation
    …again
    (bus, train,
    waiting rooms)

    View full-size slide

  11. 1946
    Morgan v.
    Commonwealth
    of Virginia
    (seating)
    1960
    Boynton v.
    Virginia
    (facilities)
    1955
    ICC bans
    segregation
    (bus, train,
    waiting rooms)
    1961
    ICC bans
    segregation
    …again
    (bus, train,
    waiting rooms)

    View full-size slide

  12. November 25th, 1955:
    ICC had banned racial
    segregation on
    interstate buses,
    train lines, and in
    waiting rooms, but
    not intrastate.

    View full-size slide

  13. November 25th, 1955:
    ICC had banned racial
    segregation on
    interstate buses,
    train lines, and in
    waiting rooms, but
    not intrastate.
    1961

    View full-size slide

  14. Freedom Riders:
    STATIONS ACTIVITY

    View full-size slide

  15. STATION 1 STATION 2 STATION 3
    CORE Letter Envelope Gallup Poll
    STATION 4 STATION 5 STATION 6
    Arrest Report CORE-lator CORE-lator

    View full-size slide

  16. CORE letter to White House:
    Gallup Poll:
    Freedom Ride to
    Jackson, Mississippi:
    Letter to John Dolan:
    Arrest of John Dolan (MS):
    ICC bans discrimination:
    Scheduled release from prison:
    April 26, 1961
    May, 1961
    May 24, 1961
    June 12, 1961
    June 25, 1961
    September 22, 1961
    January 2, 1962

    View full-size slide

  17. “‘Abandon your
    animosities and make
    your sons Americans,’
    said Robert E. Lee.”

    View full-size slide

  18. Gallup Poll (AIPO) [May, 1961]
    “Do you approve or disapprove
    of what the ‘Freedom Riders’
    are doing?”
    22% Approve
    61% Disapprove
    18% No opinion
    3

    View full-size slide

  19. CORE-LATOR:
    10/61
    5

    View full-size slide

  20. “FREEDOM WALK: A new
    technique for protesting
    area-wide discrimination
    has been used successfully
    by four CORE groups…”

    View full-size slide

  21. CORE-LATOR:
    10/61
    6

    View full-size slide

  22. “I saw a uniformed policeman…
    beating [Frank] over the
    head...yelling: ‘Look out,
    he’s trying to escape.’
    Since Frank was on his
    knees, it seemed funny to me
    that anyone could think he
    was trying to escape.”

    View full-size slide

  23. Postmarked:
    6/19/61

    View full-size slide

  24. “In the past three years I have tried
    every system that I could think of.
    Arguments, threats, cajolery, humor and
    bribery with no effect whatsoever....
    Sorry I can’t wish you ‘Bon Voyage,’
    but with all my failings, no one has
    ever called me a hypocrite.”

    View full-size slide

  25. Type a one-page minimum
    response to John Luther
    Dolan’s father as if you
    were that Freedom Rider.
    Make sure you date your
    letter, “January 2nd,
    1962”, the day his jail
    sentence ended.
    ASSESSMENT

    View full-size slide

  26. January 2, 1962
    Father,
    After reading what you have to say about me
    and the path that I have chosen for myself
    I must say I’m sorry. I’m sorry for you. I
    am sorry that you are unable to sleep for
    what you believe to be as foolishness. I’m
    sorry that you feel I am insane, but I feel
    that [you’re] the insane one.
    STUDENT EXAMPLE

    View full-size slide

  27. As a doctor, you should be wanting to heal
    people not only their health but their
    humanity. I feel that you have failed as a
    doctor....I hope that one day you come to
    your senses and realize that the world is
    changing with or without your consent. And
    people like me will do what’s right to make
    sure it changes the right way....
    (by Mekah B.)
    STUDENT EXAMPLE

    View full-size slide

  28. January 2, 1962
    Father,
    Before anything else, thank you for letting
    me know you’ve kept my things. Just the
    thought of you looking after my drums gives
    me the hope that one day we’ll play
    together like we used to. One day, Father,
    when all this comes to an end. One day,
    your son will return to you.
    STUDENT EXAMPLE (2)

    View full-size slide

  29. But there is so much more left to do. So
    much more.
    I have been thinking about your letter for
    the past weeks, probably because it’s the
    last thing I had in my hands before I
    boarded Greyhound. Frank, my friend whom I
    hope you still remember, had his mother’s
    kiss as a farewell. I, your letter.
    STUDENT EXAMPLE (2)

    View full-size slide

  30. When you heard we’ve been jailed, I know
    what you must have been thinking — that you
    were right from the beginning. That this
    was all a product of my insanity. That your
    son has lost his mind.
    But Father, who would have thought that six
    weeks in jail would only make me feel more
    empowered and needed than ever?
    STUDENT EXAMPLE (2)

    View full-size slide

  31. I am sorry, Father, for making you feel
    that way. But I am not sorry for my
    decisions. If my actions today close a lot
    of doors for me, it is enough for me that
    my little actions may have opened doors for
    other people in exchange....
    (by April D.)
    STUDENT EXAMPLE (2)

    View full-size slide

  32. John
    Luther
    Dolan:
    Oral
    History
    11/10/2001
    17:41

    View full-size slide

  33. Spiro Bolos
    New Trier High School
    [email protected]
    www.spirobolos.com
    @spirobolos
    THEN
    NOW

    View full-size slide

  34. Spiro Bolos
    New Trier High School
    [email protected]
    www.spirobolos.com
    @spirobolos
    THEN
    NOW

    View full-size slide

  35. Spiro Bolos
    New Trier High School
    [email protected]
    www.spirobolos.com
    @spirobolos
    THEN
    NOW

    View full-size slide

  36. Spiro Bolos
    New Trier High School
    [email protected]
    www.spirobolos.com
    @spirobolos
    THEN
    NOW

    View full-size slide

  37. Spiro Bolos
    New Trier High School
    [email protected]
    www.spirobolos.com
    @spirobolos
    THEN
    NOW

    View full-size slide

  38. Spiro Bolos
    New Trier High School
    [email protected]
    www.spirobolos.com
    @spirobolos
    THEN
    NOW

    View full-size slide

  39. Spiro Bolos
    New Trier High School
    [email protected]
    www.spirobolos.com
    @spirobolos
    THEN
    NOW

    View full-size slide

  40. Spiro Bolos
    New Trier High School
    [email protected]
    www.spirobolos.com
    @spirobolos
    THEN
    NOW

    View full-size slide