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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration

9d495f5d79fbbc9ddf3100da74f986c9?s=47 Spiro Bolos
January 05, 2022

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration

References Michelle Alexander's book, The New Jim Crow, Pfaff's Locked In, the Marshall Project, Vox, Common Justice, Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE), and more.

9d495f5d79fbbc9ddf3100da74f986c9?s=128

Spiro Bolos

January 05, 2022
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Transcript

  1. MASS INCARCERATION

  2. What is The “Old” Jim Crow?

  3. What is The New Jim Crow?

  4. Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness The New Jim

    Crow?
  5. 2012

  6. Michelle Alexander at Northwestern University

  7. None
  8. 762 531 323 153 119 63 58 USA Cuba Ukraine

    England China Japan Syria Prisoners per 100,000 citizens
  9. None
  10. None
  11. 1970 - 2000

  12. Why?

  13. The War on Drugs “Public enemy number one…is drug abuse.”

  14. The War on Drugs October, 1982

  15. The War on Drugs September, 1989

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  28. 759 7965 457 825 98,082 12,423 5785 20,483 1545 80

    7477 13,427 32,088 A B C D E F G H I J K L M Federal Bureau of Prisons - OFFENSES
  29. DRUGS IMMIGRATION WEAPONS A B C D E F G

    H I J K L M Federal Bureau of Prisons - OFFENSES
  30. The War on Drugs

  31. “White Girl to be Tried as a Black Man” (The

    Onion)
  32. None
  33. Who’s the target? What’s the “low-hanging fruit”? RACIAL INEQUALITIES

  34. 45% of non-whites are frisked when pulled over compared to

    only 29% of whites, even though whites are 70% more likely to carry a weapon. (NY Times)
  35. Whites are 2.5 times less likely to have their car

    searched when pulled over than non-whites. (IDOT)
  36. LINK CAUTION: EXPLICIT LANGUAGE 10:50 excerpt

  37. Why?

  38. CAUTION: EXPLICIT LANGUAGE Sources: 2017 Annual Survey of State and

    Local Government Finances, U.S. Census; annotations from towns’ fiscal year 2019 financial audits. Cities and towns that receive significant revenue from fines and fees · More than 10 percent of revenue from fines and fees
  39. Who’s Behind Bars? White men, ages 18 or older

  40. Who’s Behind Bars? White men, ages 18 or older 1

    in 106
  41. Who’s Behind Bars? African-American men, ages 18 or older

  42. Who’s Behind Bars? African-American men, ages 18 or older 1

    in 15
  43. Who’s Behind Bars? African-American men, ages 20 to 34

  44. Who’s Behind Bars? African-American men, ages 20 to 34 1

    in 9
  45. None
  46. MYTH: Nearly half of all US prisoners are incarcerated for

    drug offenses. FACT: the most common offenses are violent crimes (like murder, assault, and robbery), which nearly 40 percent of the prison population is in for.
  47. Danielle Sered

  48. The Core Drivers of VIOLENCE: 1) Shame 2) Isolation 3)

    Exposure to violence 4) Inability to meet one’s economic needs Danielle Sered
  49. The Core Features of PRISON: 1) Shame 2) Isolation 3)

    Exposure to violence 4) Inability to meet one’s economic needs Danielle Sered
  50. “And so we’ve baked into our central response to violence

    exactly the things that generate it.” Danielle Sered
  51. What’s your ACE score? ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES

  52. As the number of ACEs increases, so does the RISK

    for the following: (Risk for) intimate partner violence Multiple sexual partners Alcoholism and alcohol abuse Sexually transmitted diseases Chronic pulmonary disease Smoking Depression Suicide attempts Fetal death Unintended pregnancies Health-related quality of life Early initiation of smoking Illicit drug use Early initiation of sexual activity Ischemic heart disease Adolescent pregnancy Liver disease (Risk for) sexual violence Poor work performance Poor academic achievement Financial stress
  53. Frontline / 7:50 Rob Sullivan’s Story

  54. #cut50 movement

  55. #cut50 activity

  56. Opportunity costs

  57. “The Beast” / 2:02

  58. None
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  61. None
  62. “All people make mistakes. All of us are sinners. All

    of us are criminals. All of us violate the law at some point in our lives. In fact, if the worst thing you have ever done is speed ten miles over the speed limit on the freeway, you have put yourself and others at more risk of harm than someone smoking marijuana in the privacy of his or her living room. Yet there are people in the United States serving life sentences for first-time drug offenses, something virtually unheard of anywhere else in the world.”
  63. Incarceration Stigma: “Think Outside the Cell” VII Magazine / 2:52

  64. Incarceration Stigma: “Think Outside the Cell” VII Magazine / 10:48

  65. Can people change? Project RE: “RE_DEMPTION: A Wall That Unites”

    / 4:00