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Rainbow Tables : Testing Password Security - Unikom Linux Week

Rainbow Tables : Testing Password Security - Unikom Linux Week

Presentation at ULW 2010

57c64c6a4766cebbda1bf13983f64fb8?s=128

Panggi Libersa Jasri Akadol

February 15, 2010
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Transcript

  1. Rainbow Tables Testing Passwords Security Bandung , February 15th 2010

  2. About me ‡ Panggi Libersa a.k.a malcoder ‡ Student at

    Indonesia͛s Computer University ‡ Have written some articles on Jasakom and other Indonesian security sites. ‡ Like to take picture ‡ Almost get his CEH [Certified Ethical Hacker] certification ( waiting for exam) ‡ Administrator and Social Media manager at http://i-teve.com ‡ Open Source developer [ RESTful Webservices etc ] ‡ Open Source Security Suite based on GNU/Linux [ http://opensecuritylab.org] ‡ Panggi Libersa a.k.a malcoder ‡ Student at Indonesia͛s Computer University ‡ Have written some articles on Jasakom and other Indonesian security sites. ‡ Like to take picture ‡ Almost get his CEH [Certified Ethical Hacker] certification ( waiting for exam) ‡ Administrator and Social Media manager at http://i-teve.com ‡ Open Source developer [ RESTful Webservices etc ] ‡ Open Source Security Suite based on GNU/Linux [ http://opensecuritylab.org]
  3. ͞Some things Man was never meant to know. For everything

    else, there's Google͟ Geeky Quote
  4. Why Do I talk about this ? ‡ Awareness of

    Security  I promise that this will change your view on Password Security  Haven͛t met anyone that isn͛t surprised at the power of this stuff͛s ability to make cracking password become so easy
  5. So , What is Password ? ‡ A password is

    a secret word or string of characters that is used for authentication, to prove identity or gain access to a resource .The password must be kept secret from those not allowed access. (source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Password)
  6. Password Usage

  7. How to keep it secret ? ‡ Don͛t tell to

    anybody else , keep it in mind (personal) ‡ Store the password records on a secure environment (provider)
  8. Type of storing password ‡ Cleartext (ex : this-is-so-secret ,

    260987) ‡ Encrypted  Reversible encryption without key ( ex : base64 cipher)  Reversible encryption with key (ex : poly alphabetic substitution cipher)  One Way Hash ( ex : md5 , sha1 )  One Way Hash with salt ( ex : md5 + salt )
  9. Example of the encryption usage ‡ Base64 ( functions :

    encode and decode)  Encode : cleartext -> ciphertext  Decode : ciphertext -> cleartext cleartext : panggi encode ciphertext : cGFuZ2dp ciphertext : cGFuZ2dp decode cleartext : panggi
  10. ‡ Polyalphabetic substitution cipher  ex : Vigenère cipher 

    Usage : Key: ABCDEF AB CDEFA BCD EFABCDEFABCD Plaintext: CRYPTO IS SHORT FOR CRYPTOGRAPHY Ciphertext: CSASXT IT UKSWT GQU GWYQVRKWAQJB
  11. ͻOne Way Hash CAN NOT BE DECODED , feel secured

    ? Wait
  12. ‡ One way hash + salt  I will explain

    later .. NEXT
  13. Our Focus Today ‡ Cracking One Way Hash Cipher MD5

  14. Methods ‡ Brute Force ‡ Dictionary ‡ Rainbow Tables our

    focus ‡ Etc͙
  15. Brute force ‡ Using all possible combination in sequence ‡

    Example : Targeted hash : 4a8a08f09d37b73795649038408b5f33 OK.. Crack it .. a = 0cc175b9c0f1b6a831c399e269772661 <= no b = 92eb5ffee6ae2fec3ad71c777531578f <= no c = 4a8a08f09d37b73795649038408b5f33 <= yes Result : Plaintext of 4a8a08f09d37b73795649038408b5f33 is ͞c͟
  16. Dictionary ‡ Given the wordlist of common passwords ‡ Example

    : Targetted hash : 3858f62230ac3c915f300c664312c63f dic-crack 3858f62230ac3c915f300c664312c63f - L ͞path-of-wordlist/wordlist.txt͟ searching͙. ͙ fooa <= 72b55c624205d69cc145cc610880e1f9 <= no foobar <= 3858f62230ac3c915f300c664312c63f <= yes ͙
  17. Rainbow Tables ? ‡ A rainbow table is a lookup

    table offering a time-memory tradeoff used in recovering the plaintext password from a password hash generated by a hash function, often a cryptographic hash function. A common application is to make attacks against hashed passwords feasible (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow_tables)
  18. None
  19. English please͙ ‡ Lookup table ? ‡ Trade-memory tradeoff ?

    <= ?
  20. Time for the Demo ‡ Example : md5_hash.txt 20392298d6b78e0890cd22a7bf071c49 c9122fd7bae0681b62a39ddfc1c7fb19

    469590a45cc7f985b53d15113157e6ea 31c9febeeb68929cd6c097239cf3e9d3 2e19ab163556288cf239f5339927e408 dcb76da384ae3028d6aa9b2ebcea01c9 d1cbedff31b828ac2f15548357988073 c94630fe9dea660ba53ddf5d3a41e802 73e405227c02a626e66f0dc4dd3a53a3 9486f7a4fdf724cf6cacbdc103661fce 26f803e714f7d39c0b5a9dd67d03f887 0248750eb423b999bd684b10668f7241 9ac17fc47347d505c92e3ca31fee675d b65a81125dbfaab4a3ecdff26a979309 3fde6bb0541387e4ebdadf7c2ff31123 d695f8f703c1b3b0dce9d588a4d4abad 86acaeb6d0f7241ea54b73528fa204ca 78c5d5ed7ea4372435e9f006b29ea745 75003783871e9404cd0793ca81594841 e63d33d7ad4b4360f761634de070a860 a9684b0defabebc108720fda1627f43d b150e73aa5fc110c27320c98effcc0f1 464b59d944c93b6a5eb3dfd0abf15114 4e3d682f0821b23f6d49fa1ac2cf154a d740ee7f1cd46b3d536a6f4331a4c77f 13781c244d5bb85a296bcbe4ac7992f7 bcdc908a16dbfe1297b4b0891ccf9ed7 10f97476043d02db1a236b877232c0a6 d81bf97286c617c77b679478ce8b72b2 7279f67e313cc35e518f94c775a42196
  21. Result ./rcrack *.rt -l md5_hash.txt md5_alpha#1-7_0_2400x40000000_panggi#000.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk

    access time: 9.99 s verifying the file... searching for 30 hashes... plaintext of 20392298d6b78e0890cd22a7bf071c49 is PANGGI plaintext of c9122fd7bae0681b62a39ddfc1c7fb19 is LOVE plaintext of 469590a45cc7f985b53d15113157e6ea is MUSTIKA cryptanalysis time: 377.34 s md5_alpha-numeric#1-7_0_2400x40000000_panggi#000.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 73.13 s verifying the file... searching for 27 hashes... plaintext of 31c9febeeb68929cd6c097239cf3e9d3 is P4ST1 plaintext of d81bf97286c617c77b679478ce8b72b2 is 050479 cryptanalysis time: 102.56 s md5_alpha-numeric#1-7_0_2400x40000000_panggi#001.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 60.70 s verifying the file... searching for 25 hashes... plaintext of 10f97476043d02db1a236b877232c0a6 is 7201421 cryptanalysis time: 28.19 s md5_alpha-numeric#1-7_0_2400x40000000_panggi#002.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 68.28 s verifying the file... searching for 24 hashes... cryptanalysis time: 28.24 s md5_alpha-numeric#1-7_0_2400x40000000_panggi#003.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 67.72 s verifying the file... searching for 24 hashes... cryptanalysis time: 27.81 s
  22. md5_loweralpha#1-7_0_2100x8000000_panggi.rt: 128000000 bytes read, disk access time: 36.22 s verifying

    the file... searching for 24 hashes... plaintext of d1cbedff31b828ac2f15548357988073 is nashien plaintext of c94630fe9dea660ba53ddf5d3a41e802 is herc plaintext of 73e405227c02a626e66f0dc4dd3a53a3 is hayati cryptanalysis time: 79.63 s md5_loweralpha#1-7_1_2100x8000000_panggi.rt: 128000000 bytes read, disk access time: 2.86 s verifying the file... searching for 21 hashes... plaintext of 2e19ab163556288cf239f5339927e408 is nunung plaintext of dcb76da384ae3028d6aa9b2ebcea01c9 is sayang cryptanalysis time: 73.33 s md5_loweralpha#1-7_2_2100x8000000_panggi.rt: 128000000 bytes read, disk access time: 9.56 s verifying the file... searching for 19 hashes... cryptanalysis time: 69.08 s md5_loweralpha#1-7_3_2100x8000000_panggi.rt: 128000000 bytes read, disk access time: 2.45 s verifying the file... searching for 19 hashes... cryptanalysis time: 69.38 s md5_loweralpha#1-7_4_2100x8000000_panggi.rt: 128000000 bytes read, disk access time: 12.00 s verifying the file... searching for 19 hashes... cryptanalysis time: 69.20 s md5_loweralpha-numeric#1-7_0_2400x40000000_panggi#000.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 17.91 s verifying the file... searching for 19 hashes... plaintext of 3fde6bb0541387e4ebdadf7c2ff31123 is 1q2w3e cryptanalysis time: 75.73 s md5_loweralpha-numeric#1-7_0_2400x40000000_panggi#001.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 14.73 s verifying the file... searching for 18 hashes... plaintext of 26f803e714f7d39c0b5a9dd67d03f887 is 8u7y6t cryptanalysis time: 21.09 s
  23. md5_loweralpha-numeric#1-7_0_2400x40000000_panggi#002.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 13.91 s verifying

    the file... searching for 17 hashes... cryptanalysis time: 20.03 s md5_loweralpha-numeric#1-7_0_2400x40000000_panggi#003.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 14.20 s verifying the file... searching for 17 hashes... plaintext of 9486f7a4fdf724cf6cacbdc103661fce is metty77 cryptanalysis time: 19.31 s md5_mixalpha-numeric-symbol14-space#1-6_0_2400x40000000_panggi#000.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 14.41 s verifying the file... searching for 16 hashes... plaintext of 9ac17fc47347d505c92e3ca31fee675d is 4Dm1n plaintext of b65a81125dbfaab4a3ecdff26a979309 is Pa55 plaintext of d695f8f703c1b3b0dce9d588a4d4abad is UN1k0M plaintext of 75003783871e9404cd0793ca81594841 is G0D$ plaintext of 464b59d944c93b6a5eb3dfd0abf15114 is c(%H2n plaintext of d740ee7f1cd46b3d536a6f4331a4c77f is *$^#&3 plaintext of 13781c244d5bb85a296bcbe4ac7992f7 is h@xX0r cryptanalysis time: 33.47 s md5_mixalpha-numeric-symbol14-space#1-6_0_2400x40000000_panggi#001.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 12.95 s verifying the file... searching for 9 hashes... plaintext of 0248750eb423b999bd684b10668f7241 is iMoeTh plaintext of e63d33d7ad4b4360f761634de070a860 is w_Bu5H plaintext of 4e3d682f0821b23f6d49fa1ac2cf154a is R@54In cryptanalysis time: 3.86 s md5_mixalpha-numeric-symbol14-space#1-6_0_2400x40000000_panggi#002.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 12.92 s verifying the file... searching for 6 hashes... plaintext of 78c5d5ed7ea4372435e9f006b29ea745 is !Q@W#E plaintext of a9684b0defabebc108720fda1627f43d is 1!q^YW cryptanalysis time: 2.36 s
  24. md5_mixalpha-numeric-symbol14-space#1-6_0_2400x40000000_panggi#003.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 18.03 s verifying

    the file... searching for 4 hashes... plaintext of 86acaeb6d0f7241ea54b73528fa204ca is 5TR0n6 cryptanalysis time: 1.78 s md5_mixalpha-numeric-symbol14-space#1-6_0_2400x40000000_panggi#004.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 12.38 s verifying the file... searching for 3 hashes... cryptanalysis time: 1.38 s md5_mixalpha-numeric-symbol14-space#1-6_0_2400x40000000_panggi#005.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 12.41 s verifying the file... searching for 3 hashes... plaintext of b150e73aa5fc110c27320c98effcc0f1 is p@N66i cryptanalysis time: 1.38 s md5_mixalpha-numeric-symbol14-space#1-6_0_2400x40000000_panggi#006.rt: 640000000 bytes read, disk access time: 12.44 s verifying the file... searching for 2 hashes... cryptanalysis time: 0.94 s md5_numeric#1-9_0_3000x3000000_panggi#000.rt: 48000000 bytes read, disk access time: 0.72 s verifying the file... searching for 2 hashes... plaintext of bcdc908a16dbfe1297b4b0891ccf9ed7 is 29041987 plaintext of 7279f67e313cc35e518f94c775a42196 is 776284123 cryptanalysis time: 23.86 s statistics ------------------------------------------------------- plaintext found: 30 of 30 (100.00%) total disk access time: 499.91 s total cryptanalysis time: 1129.94 s total chain walk step: 453610884 total false alarm: 853120 total chain walk step due to false alarm: 675710917
  25. result ------------------------------------------------------- 20392298d6b78e0890cd22a7bf071c49 PANGGI hex:50414e474749 c9122fd7bae0681b62a39ddfc1c7fb19 LOVE hex:4c4f5645 469590a45cc7f985b53d15113157e6ea MUSTIKA

    hex:4d555354494b41 31c9febeeb68929cd6c097239cf3e9d3 P4ST1 hex:5034535431 2e19ab163556288cf239f5339927e408 nunung hex:6e756e756e67 dcb76da384ae3028d6aa9b2ebcea01c9 sayang hex:736179616e67 d1cbedff31b828ac2f15548357988073 nashien hex:6e61736869656e c94630fe9dea660ba53ddf5d3a41e802 herc hex:68657263 73e405227c02a626e66f0dc4dd3a53a3 hayati hex:686179617469 9486f7a4fdf724cf6cacbdc103661fce metty77 hex:6d657474793737 26f803e714f7d39c0b5a9dd67d03f887 8u7y6t hex:387537793674 0248750eb423b999bd684b10668f7241 iMoeTh hex:694d6f655468 9ac17fc47347d505c92e3ca31fee675d 4Dm1n hex:34446d316e b65a81125dbfaab4a3ecdff26a979309 Pa55 hex:50613535 3fde6bb0541387e4ebdadf7c2ff31123 1q2w3e hex:317132773365 d695f8f703c1b3b0dce9d588a4d4abad UN1k0M hex:554e316b304d 86acaeb6d0f7241ea54b73528fa204ca 5TR0n6 hex:355452306e36 78c5d5ed7ea4372435e9f006b29ea745 !Q@W#E hex:215140572345 75003783871e9404cd0793ca81594841 G0D$ hex:47304424 e63d33d7ad4b4360f761634de070a860 w_Bu5H hex:775f42753548 a9684b0defabebc108720fda1627f43d 1!q^YW hex:3121715e5957 b150e73aa5fc110c27320c98effcc0f1 p@N66i hex:70404e363669 464b59d944c93b6a5eb3dfd0abf15114 c(%H2n hex:63282548326e 4e3d682f0821b23f6d49fa1ac2cf154a R@54In hex:52403534496e d740ee7f1cd46b3d536a6f4331a4c77f *$^#&3 hex:2a245e232633 13781c244d5bb85a296bcbe4ac7992f7 h@xX0r hex:684078583072 bcdc908a16dbfe1297b4b0891ccf9ed7 29041987 hex:3239303431393837 10f97476043d02db1a236b877232c0a6 7201421 hex:37323031343231 d81bf97286c617c77b679478ce8b72b2 050479 hex:303530343739 7279f67e313cc35e518f94c775a42196 776284123 hex:373736323834313233
  26. How to secure it ? ‡ MD5 Use salted password

    ( not naked ) Example : <? function enchsetenev($toencode,$times) { $salt = 's+(_a*'; for($zo=0;$zo<$times;$zo=$zo+1) { $toencode = hash('sha512',salt.$toencode); $toencode = md5($toencode.$salt); } return $toencode; } ?> how to use it ? simply.. <? $password="this password is super ultra mega secure and no one would crack it for at least 10 years.. or even alot more :)"; $supersecurepassword=enchsetenev($password,1000); ?>
  27. Thank You