considered. •Four quantitative metrics • Case study •Geographically variable & individually variable •Individual circumstances affect vulnerability, •Ultimately, the distribution of oil vulnerability depends on visions of the future.
microsimulation model the metrics were as follows: •Economic vulnerability: defined as commuter fuel poverty ( Vcfp ), the proportion of people spending more than 10% of their income on work travel. •Energy based metric 1: proportion of energy use expended on work travel ( Ve ) •Energy based metric 2: proportion of individuals spending more than 10% of their ‘energy budget’—including gas, electricity and travel energy use—on work travel in each area ( Vei ). •Hybrid vulnerability index based on distance to employment centre, dominance of cars and the average energy costs of commute ( Vh ).
paper •Price change over time •Keep it in the ground (COP15???) •Potential geopolitical crises •Rockstrom et al planetary boundaries •Unfashionable metrics have a persuasive function Falling fuel prices in the UK Environment and social justice lower on agenda Peak Oil receeded as an issueAusterity 2.0