オープンデータで変わる社会と未来

 オープンデータで変わる社会と未来

2020年2月12日(水)に開催されるセミナー「オープンデータから考える2020年代のビジネスと社会」における講演資料です。

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Sayoko Shimoyama

February 12, 2020
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  1. 7.

    ࠓճͷߨԋ ஫໨ϙΠϯτ 2020/2/12 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 3 $ #! -0/&.

    $,* 4 +1$   " $ (%  $,*') 
  2. 9.

    ʮσʔλʯͱ͸ʁ ISOٴͼJISن֨ʹΑΔఆٛ "A reinterpretable representation of information in a formalized

    manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing.” ৘ใͷදݱͰ͋ͬͯɺ ఻ୡɺղऍ·ͨ͸ॲཧʹద͢ΔΑ͏ʹܗࣜԽ͞Εɺ ࠶౓৘ใͱͯ͠ղऍͰ͖Δ΋ͷ ISO/IEC 2382-1:1993 https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec:2382:-1:ed-3:en ೔ຊ޻ۀن֨ʮX0001 ৘ใॲཧ༻ޠ-جຊ༻ޠʯhttp://kikakurui.com/x0/X0001-1994-01.html 2020/2/12 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 9
  3. 10.

    ʮ৘ใʯͱ͸ʁ ISOٴͼJISن֨ʹΑΔఆٛ "Knowledge concerning objects, such as facts, events, things,

    processes, or ideas, including concepts, that within a certain context has a particular meaning. ࣄ࣮ɼࣄ৅ɼࣄ෺ɼաఔɼண૝ͳͲͷ ର৅෺ʹؔͯ͠஌Γಘͨ͜ͱͰ͋ͬͯɼ ֓೦ΛؚΈɼҰఆͷจ຺தͰಛఆͷҙຯΛ΋ͭ΋ͷɻ ISO/IEC 2382-1:1993 https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec:2382:-1:ed-3:en ೔ຊ޻ۀن֨ʮX0001 ৘ใॲཧ༻ޠ-جຊ༻ޠʯhttp://kikakurui.com/x0/X0001-1994-01.html 2020/2/12 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 10
  4. 15.

    ৘ใ⇄σʔλ ૒ํ޲ʹม׵Մೳ 2020/2/12 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 15 ηϛφʔ։࠵೔ ࢀՃొ࿥ऀ਺ 

     2020೥2݄12೔ʹ։࠵͞Εͨ ஌తࢿ࢈ܦӦηϛφʔͷ ࢀՃొ࿥ऀ਺͸ ਓͰ͢ɻ
  5. 16.

    σʔλԽ͢Δ͜ͱͰ ଞͷσʔλͱ૊Έ߹ΘͤΒΕΔ 2020/2/12 ৽͍͠ʮ৘ใʯ͕ औΓग़ͤΔ Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 16 30

    35 40 24 29 34 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45    ϫʔΫγϣοϓผ ࢀՃऀ਺ͷൺֱ ౰೔ࢀՃऀ਺ ࢀՃొ࿥ऀ਺ n ࢀՃऀ͸ճΛॏͶΔ ͝ͱʹ૿Ճ n Ωϟϯηϧ཰͸େମ 15ʙ20% ˞σʔλ͸μϛʔͰ͢
  6. 20.

    αϯϑϥϯγείࢢ º :FMQ͔Βݟ͑Δ σʔλ͕΋ͨΒࣾ͢ձมֵ  ΋͠αϯϑϥϯγείࢢ͕ Ӵੜௐࠪ݁ՌΛαΠτͰެද͍ͯ͠Δ ͚ͩͩͬͨΒʁ Ұ෦ͷਓ͔͠ݟʹདྷͳ͍ ΋͠:FMQ͕

    ಠࣗʹҿ৯ళΛධՁ͢Δ είΞΛ෇͚͍ͯͨΒʁ ެฏੑ͕୲อ͞Εͳ͍ ڧΈɿళฮͷӦۀσʔλ΍ޱίϛ σʔλΛूΊͯɺଟ͘ͷϢʔβ͕ ू·Δ৔Λ͍࣋ͬͯΔ ڧΈɿࢢຽͷ҆શΛकΔͨΊʹ࣮ࢪ ͨ͠ௐࠪ݁Ռͱͯ͠ɺެฏͳσʔλ ΛఏڙͰ͖Δ σʔλ͕ڞ༗͞ΕΔ͜ͱͰ ʮ૊৫Λ௒͑ͯಘҙ෼໺Λ෼୲Ͱ͖ΔࣾձʯʹͳΔ 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  7. 24.

    “Φʔϓϯσʔλ” ͱ͸ɺ ݩʑօ͞Μͷ΋ͷͩͬͨσʔλΛ ฦ͢͜ͱͩͱߟ͍͑ͯ·͢ɻ - Miquel Mateu, Open Data Manager

    of Barcelona City  14-18 June 2016, World Data Viz Challenge 2016, Barcelona 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  8. 30.

    ׭ຽڠಇʹΑͬͯ஍ҬΛ࣋ଓՄೳʹ͢Δ  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ߦ੓ ॅຽ ੫ۚ ެڞαʔϏε اۀɾݚڀػؔ

    ߦ੓͕ಘҙͳ෦෼ɺ ߦ੓ʹ͔͠Ͱ͖ͳ͍ ෦෼ʹूத͢Δ ຽ͕ؒಘҙͳͱ͜Ζ͸ ຽؒʹ೚ͤΔ
  9. 31.

    ΦʔϓϯσʔλʹΑͬͯɺ ૊৫Λ௒͑ͯಘҙ෼໺Λ෼୲Ͱ͖Δࣾձ ͕࣮ݱ͢Δ  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ߦ੓ ॅຽ ੫ۚ

    ެڞαʔϏε اۀɾݚڀػؔ ߦ੓ͷ࣋ͭ৘ใΛ ʮσʔλʯͱ͍͏ ڞ༗ʹదͨ͠ܗͰ ຽؒʹ։์͢Δ OPEN DATA
  10. 32.

    ୆࿷੓෎͕ϚεΫͷ ϦΞϧλΠϜࡏݿঢ়گ ΛΦʔϓϯσʔλԽ ˠ਺೔ͰҎ্ͷ ΞϓϦ͕ຽ͔ؒΒ஀ੜ n৽ܕίϩφ΢ΟϧεʹΑΔ ϚεΫෆ଍͕ਂࠁͳ୆࿷ʹ͓ ͍ͯɺ੓෎ͷதԝ݈߁อݥி ͕ඵ͝ͱͷϚεΫࡏݿঢ় گΛΦʔϓϯσʔλͰఏڙ

    nॠ࣌ʹγϏοΫςοΫ ίϛϡχςΟ΍اۀ͕ଟ͘ͷ ΞϓϦΛ։ൃ 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"   ग़యɿޱ᠚ࢦೆʢ༝ ↪⃟ྣ ࿨ ༶حӬʣ https://mask.chel.in ׭ຽڠಇͷࣄྫᶃ
  11. 40.

    ҭͳͼ ʙσʔληοτΛ౷ ߹ɺࢠҭͯ৘ใ഑৴Λ ύʔιφϥΠζʙ n࣏ࣗମʹ͸ࢠҭͯʹؔ͢Δ ଟछଟ༷ͳσʔλ͕͋Δ n͔͠͠σʔλ͸෦໳͝ͱʹ ؅ཧ͞Ε͓ͯΓɺ౷߹తʹ ѻ͍͑ͯͳ͔ͬͨ nͦͷͨΊɺॅຽ޲͚ͷ৘ใ

    ఏڙ΋ඇޮ཰ʹͳ͍ͬͯͨ 4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB   ඞཁͳਓʹ ඞཁͳ৘ใ͕ ಧ͔ͳ͍      Issue https://datashelf.jp/ ෼ࢄˠ౷߹ ࣄྫᶃ
  12. 41.

    ҭͳͼ ʙσʔληοτΛ౷ ߹ɺࢠҭͯ৘ใ഑৴Λ ύʔιφϥΠζʙ nࢠҭͯؔ࿈ͷσʔλΛ σʔλ؅ཧج൫ɿ %BUBTIFMGͰ౷߹͠ɺ ΦʔϓϯσʔλԽ nࢠҭͯੈଳʹ޲͚ͯ ύʔιφϥΠζͨ͠৘ใ

    ഑৴ΛՄೳʹ 4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB   ډॅΤϦΞɺࢠڙͷ೥ྸ ͳͲʹԠͯ͡ɺύʔιφ ϥΠζ͞Εͨ৘ใ͕ಧ͘ Solution https://datashelf.jp/ ෼ࢄˠ౷߹ ࣄྫᶃ
  13. 42.

    4$6&- σʔλϕʔε ʙҩༀհޢ෼໺ͷ Ϗδωεࢧԉʙ nࠃ΍࣏ࣗମ͕ެ։͍ͯ͠Δҩྍػ ؔɾༀہɾհޢࢪઃͷσʔλΛ౷ ߹ɾߏ଄Խͯ͠σʔλϕʔεͱ͠ ͯఏڙ͢ΔαʔϏε n৽ن։ۀࢪઃ΍Ӧۀ೔ɾ਍ྍՊ໨ ౳ͷৄࡉ৘ใΛೖखͰ͖ΔͨΊɺ

    ੡ༀձࣾ΍ҩྍػثϝʔΧʔͷӦ ۀࢧԉ΍ɺܦӦ෼ੳ౳Ͱ׆༻͞Ε ͍ͯΔ nެ։ݩʹΑͬͯόϥόϥͷϑΥʔ Ϛοτͩͬͨσʔλ͕౷߹͞Εͯ ͍ΔͨΊɺ஍ҬؒͰͷൺֱɾ෼ੳ ΋Մೳ 4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB   http://mecompany.me/service ෼ࢄˠ౷߹ ࣄྫᶄ
  14. 47.

    PredPolʢถࠃͷ൜ࡑൃੜ༧ଌγες Ϝʣ nPredPol ͸ΧϦϑΥϧχΞେֶͷ ݚڀάϧʔϓ͕։ൃͨ͠൜ࡑ༧ଌ γεςϜ nաڈͷ๲େͳ൜ࡑ৘ใͷσʔλ ϕʔεΛ΋ͱʹɺকདྷʮ͍ͭɺͲ ͜Ͱʯ൜ࡑ͕ى͖Δͷ͔ɺػցֶ शΛϕʔεʹ༧ଌ

    nϩαϯθϧεࢢܯͷϓϩͷ൜ࡑ෼ ੳ׭ͱPredPolͷ༧ଌΛൺֱͨ͠ͱ ͜Ζɺ ൜ࡑ෼ੳ׭ʹൺ΂̎ഒҎ্PredPol ͷํ͕ਖ਼֬ʹ༧ଌͰ͖ͨ 2020/2/12 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 47 https://www.predpol.com/
  15. 51.

    ۝୩ম ΦʔϓϯσʔλΛ ࢖ͬͨॅ୐ ஫จॅ୐ͷ૷০ʹར༻ ʢ͓٬༷͕๬ΜͰར༻ʣ ݱࡏ4౩ CC BY 4.0 ʮγϏοΫςοΫί

    ϛϡχςΟͱγϏοΫςοΫϏδ ωε - CIVIC TECH FORUM 2018 ొஃࢿྉ - ʯ෱ౡ ݈Ұ࿠ࢯ 2020/2/12 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 51
  16. 52.

    ೄจΦʔϓϯ ιʔε ϓϩδΣΫτͷ 3DϞσϧͷ׆༻ ೄจΦʔϓϯιʔεϓϩδΣΫ τɿ https://jomon- supporters.jp/open-source/ Րԍ౔ث3Dσʔλɿ https://hub.vroid.com/characters/

    6836844532334023059/models/ 5368911348220154711 Րԍ౔ثʹͳͬͯΈͨʢಈ ըʣɿ https://twitter.com/Koka_safflowe r/status/1088740584204816384 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 2020/2/12 52
  17. 63.

    χʔζΛ௚઀ ఻͑Α͏ʂ Φʔϓϯσʔλ ׭ຽϥ΢ϯυ ςʔϒϧ ຽؒاۀ౳σʔλ׆༻Λر๬ ͢ΔऀͱɺσʔλΛอ༗͢Δ ෎লி౳͕௚઀ର࿩͢Δ৔Λ ઃ͚Δ͜ͱʹΑΓɺຽؒχʔ ζʹଈͨ͠Φʔϓϯσʔλͷ

    औ૊΍ຽؒσʔλͱͷ૊Έ߹ ΘͤΛؚΊͨ׆༻Λଅਐ͢Δ ͜ͱͰɺσʔλͷՁ஋޲্ͱ ଟ༷ͳαʔϏεͷग़ݱʹߩݙ ͢Δ͜ͱΛ໨ࢦ͢औΓ૊Έ 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  
  18. 65.

    Χφμ (PMEDPSQࣾɿ ΦʔϓϯσʔλͰ ౗࢈ͷةػΛճආ ͠େखاۀʹ੒௕ ೥ɿΧφμͷۚ࠾۷ۀऀ (PMEDPSQࣾ౗࢈ͷةػ ࣗࣾͷۃൿͰ͋Δ஍࣭σʔλΛ ެ։͠ɺ຺͕ۚ߭Ͳ͜ʹ͋Δ͔ ෼ੳΛެื͢Δʮΰʔϧυίʔ

    ϓɾνϟϨϯδʯΛ։࠵ ஍ֶ࣭ऀɺ਺ֶऀ౳ͷ෯޿͍ઐ ໳Ո͔Βͷ෼ੳ݁ՌΛಘΒΕɺ ˋ͕༗๬ͳ຺ۚͩͬͨ ݁Ռɺಉࣾ͸ԯυϧͷେखا ۀʹ੒௕ 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"   "GGmap" by KGattens - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GGmap.jpg#/media/File:GGmap.jpg
  19. 66.

    ඪ४తͳόε৘ใ ϑΥʔϚοτʹΑΔ ެڞަ௨Φʔϓϯ σʔλ ࠃ౔ަ௨ল͕੔උͨ͠ ʮඪ४తͳόε৘ใϑΥʔ Ϛοτʢ(5'4+1ʣʯͰ όεࣄۀऀ͕Φʔϓϯσʔλ Λެ։͢Δ͜ͱͰɺ෯޿͍ ׆༻͕Մೳʹ

    4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"   ग़యɿʮ (5'4+1ඪ४తͳόε৘ใϑΥʔϚοτʹΑΔ ެڞަ௨Φʔϓϯσʔλ࠷৽ঢ়گʯҏ౻ণؽࢯʢ౦ژେֶ ੜ࢈ٕज़ݚڀॴʣ IUUQTXXXSPTFO[VDPNOFUNJFSVCVTGPSNBU@QPTUFS@QEG
  20. 67.

    ࣄۀऀ ͕όε৘ใΛ Φʔϓϯσʔλ ͱͯ͠ඪ४ܗࣜ Ͱެ։த 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"   ग़యɿʮ

    (5'4+1ඪ४తͳόε৘ใϑΥʔϚοτʹΑΔ ެڞަ௨Φʔϓϯσʔλ࠷৽ঢ়گʯҏ౻ণؽࢯʢ౦ژେֶ ੜ࢈ٕज़ݚڀॴʣ IUUQTXXXSPTFO[VDPNOFUNJFSVCVTGPSNBU@QPTUFS@QEG
  21. 68.

    ࠓ೔͔Β͙͢Ͱ͖Δ Φʔϓϯσʔλ׆༻ํ๏ n8FCͰΞΫηεͯ͠؆୯ͳૢ࡞Ͱ ͙͢ʹ࢖͑Δศརͳπʔϧ͕͍ͭ͘ ͔͋Γ·͢ n·ͣ͸؆୯ͳπʔϧͰσʔλΛ ࢖͏ײ֮Λ௫ΊΔͱɺ੎͍͕͖ͭ· ͢ nʮ٬؍తͳσʔλʯΛ࢖ͬͯɺ ࣗ෼ͷ͍Δ૊৫΍ۀքͷஔ͔Εͯ

    ͍Δঢ়گΛ೺ѲͰ͖Δͱ৭ʑͱ ศརͰ͢  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  σʔλΛ࢖ͬͨ ϏδωεϞσϧ ͸͙͢ʹ͸ߟ͑ ΒΕͳ͍ ࣗ෼ͰσʔλΛ μ΢ϯϩʔυ͠ ͖ͯͯ࢖͏ͷ͸ ೉ͦ͠͏ ͜͜·Ͱͷ࿩Ͱɺ ͱࢥͬͨํͷͨΊʹɻ
  22. 69.

    Φεεϝπʔϧɿ 3&4"4ʢϦʔαεʣ IUUQTSFTBTHPKQ n஍Ҭܦࡁ෼ੳγεςϜ 3FHJPOBM&DPOPNZ BOE 4PDJFUZ "OBMZ[JOH 4ZTUFN n಺ֳ׭๪·ͪɾͻͱɾ͠͝ͱ૑ੜຊ෦͕ߏங

    n஍Ҭܦࡁʹؔ͢Δ༷ʑͳσʔλʢ࢈ۀͷߏ଄ɺਓޱ ಈଶɺࣄۀॴ৘ใͳͲʣΛɺ஍ਤ΍άϥϑͰ؆୯ʹ ՄࢹԽͯ͠ݟΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔγεςϜ n஍ํ૑ੜͷ࣮ݱʹ޲͚ͯɺ٬؍తͳσʔλʹج͖ͮɺ ࣗΒͷ஍Ҭͷݱঢ়ͱ՝୊Λ೺Ѳ͠ɺͦͷಛੑʹଈ͠ ͨ஍Ҭ՝୊Λநग़Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δ໨తͰ࡞ΒΕͨ  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  23. 71.

    ਺஋Λ࢖͏ͱղऍͷᴥᴪΛݮΒͤΔ ࢢ಺ͷ֤ୂͷୂһ1ਓ͋ͨΓͷ ग़ಈ݅਺※ Λࢉग़ͯ͠ൺֱ ※࢖༻σʔλɿফ๷೥ใͷ೥ؒٹٸग़ಈ݅਺×֤ୂͷ഑ଐਓ਺ ࠷େͰ 7.75ഒ ͷࠩ 2020/2/12 Sayoko

    Shimoyama, LinkData 71 n ਺ࣈ͸ݴ༿ΑΓ΋ղऍͷ෯͕ڱ͍ n ղऍͷᴥᴪ͕ݴ༿ʹൺ΂ͯ ى͜Γʹ͍͘ ग़యݩɿ$PEFGPS+BQBOσʔλΞΧσϛʔʹ͓͚Δ๭࣏ࣗମͷνʔϜͷ౰೔ൃදࢿྉ