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AI Company

AI Company

Google cloud academy 발표 자료

Sungjoo Ha

May 24, 2022
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  1. AI Company
    Google Cloud Academy
    Hyperconnect
    Director of AI
    Sungjoo Ha
    May 24th, 2022
    Sungjoo Ha
    1

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  2. AI Company
    • য়ט੄ ઱ઁ: AI company
    • ੋఠ֔ ӝࣿਸ ੜ ഝਊೠ ӝস਷ internet companyۄ ࠛ۷Ҋ ੉ח
    ݽ߄ੌ द؀ө૑ ੉য઎׮
    • Amazon, Alphabet, Facebook, Alibaba, Tencent, etc.
    • AI द؀੄ AI companyח ޖ঺੉ ׮ܳө?
    • ੿׹਷ ݽܰ૑݅ ѐੋ੸ਵ۽ ࢤп೮؍ ݻ о૑ ನੋ౟ী ؀ೠ ࣗѐ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  3. ࣳೝށ + ਢࢎ੉౟
    ≠ Internet Company
    Sungjoo Ha
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  4. Jeff Bezos in 1997
    In the book space, there are more than three million different books
    worldwide active and in print at any given time across all languages, so
    when you have that many items, you can literally build a store online that
    couldn't exist any other way.
    Sungjoo Ha
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  5. Aggregators
    • Zero marginal cost
    • ٣૑ణ ই੉మਸ ౸ݒೞחؘী ୶о ࠺ਊ੉ ٜ૑ ঋ਺
    • Distributionী ࠺ਊ੉ ٜ૑ ঋ਺
    • Transactionী ࠺ਊ੉ ٜ૑ ঋ਺
    • ੉ܳ ӓೠਵ۽ ഝਊೠ Ѫ੉ ҳӖ੉ա ಕ੉झ࠘җ э਷ super-aggregator
    • ੋఠ֔ী ઓ੤ೞח Ѫ੉ value proposition਷ ইש
    • ੋఠ֔੉ ࢜۽੉ ઱ח о஖ܳ ߉ইٜ੉Ҋ ੋఠ֔੉ ইפݶ ࢿ݀ೡ ࣻ হח ࠺ૉפझܳ ݅ٝ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  6. Internet-Enabled Technology
    • Internet द؀੄ ӝࣿ
    • ੋఠ֔ द؀ী ਢಕ੉૑ח ׮ ੓૑݅ ੋఠ֔ਵ۽ ੋ೧ оמ೧૓ ӝࣿਸ ഝਊೞח ӝস਷ ઁೠ੸
    • ਬ੷ ೯زী ؀ೠ ࣻ૘ਸ ߄ఔਵ۽ ࢎਊ੗ܳ ੉೧ೞח Ѫ
    • ೠ ߊ աইоࢲ A/B test ೞח Ѫ
    • 1֙ী ೠ ف ߣ ߓನೞ؍ Ѫ੉
    • Continuous integration, continuous deployment ١ਵ۽ ݒੌݒੌ ߓನ
    • ӓױ੸ਵ۽ ૣ਷ ੉ఠۨ੉࣌ ࢎ੉௿ਸ ٜ݅যղҊ product-market-fitਸ ଺ӝ ਤ೧ ࡅܰѱ ਑૒੉ח Ѫ੉
    оמ೧૗
    • ੉ܳ оמாೞח ઑ૒ ҳઑ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  7. Learnings From The Past
    • Internet company੄ ৘द۽ࠗఠ ࢤп೧ࠁח AI company
    • AIо ইפݶ ࢿ݀غ૑ ঋח ࠺ૉפझ
    • ӝઓী ੹ഃ ࠛоמೞ؍ Ѫ੉ оמ೧૑ח Ѫ
    • ઑӘ ؊ ևѱ ೧ࢳ೧ࠁݶ AI द؀ী оמ೧૓ ࢜۽਍ ӝࣿਸ ੜ ഝਊೞ
    ח ഥࢎ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  8. Modern ML
    • അ੤ ؀ࠗ࠙ "AI"ۄ ܻࠛח Ѫ਷ ૑ب೟णী Ӕрਸ فҊ ੓਺
    • ীࢲ ܳ ઱Ҋ ܳ ଺ח Ѫ
    • ҃ઁ੸ ࠗоо஖ܳ о੢ ݆੉ ٜ݅য ղח Ѫ਷ ૑ب/੹੉/࠺૑ب/ъച೟
    ण੄ ࣽࢲ
    • п ޙઁب ѾҴ ૑ب೟ण ޙઁ۽ ஖ജೞח ߑߨٜ੉ ߊѼغҊ ੓ਵݴ ੉
    ী ٮܲ ࢿҗо աয়ח ઺
    Sungjoo Ha
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  9. Supervised Learning Examples
    • ੉޷૑ male/female
    • ੉޷૑ ੹҃/ߓ҃
    • ೠҴয ৔য
    • ੉޷૑ ੗োয ࢸݺ
    • ੗োয ࢸݺ ੉޷૑
    • ҟҊ, ਬ੷ ௿ܼ
    • ݂௼ ௿ܼ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  10. Algorithm + Compute
    + Data
    • ML ޙઁীࢲ ݏׯڰܻח ف о૑ ޙઁ
    • ݽ؛ ࢿמ੉ ೟णࣇীࢲ ծ਷ ҃਋
    • underfitting: ݽ؛ ࣻਊ۱ ૐо
    • ݽ؛ ࢿמ੉ పझ౟ࣇীࢲ ծ਷ ҃਋
    • overfitting: ؘ੉ఠ ୶о
    • അ؀੄ ML ӝࣿ਷ ݽ؛੄ ࣻਊ۱(capacity)ਸ ޖೠ੿ טܾ ࣻ ੓਺
    • ੉ܳ جܻӝ ਤೠ ҅࢑ ੗ਗҗ
    • ୽࠙ೠ ন੄ ؘ੉ఠ݅ ੓ਵݶ ҅ࣘ ࢿמ੉ જই૗
    • 2010֙؀ ୡ߈ ੉੹ীח ੉۠ ѐ֛੉ হ঻ਵݴ ୭Ӕ ٜয ੉۠ ൒
    ܴ੉ ؊ ъചغҊ ੓਺
    Sungjoo Ha
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  11. Solvable Problems
    • അ੤੄ AI ӝࣿ۽ ಽ ࣻ ੓ח ޙઁ
    • ಣߧೠ ࢎۈ੉ 1ୡ ੿ب੄ दрਸ ٜৈࢲ ಽ ࣻ ੓ח ޙઁ
    • ׮਺ द௫झܳ ৘ஏೞח ޙઁ
    • ੄ ҳઑܳ ૑צ ݽٚ ޙઁח ੗زചؼ Ѫ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  12. AI Strategy
    • ׮ܲ ೒ۨ੉যٜ਷ যڃ ࢤпਸ ೞҊ ੓ਸө? AI ੹ۚ੉ ަө?
    • ׮ٜ ৈ۞ оמࢿਸ ࠁݶࢲ ߬౴ೞҊ ੓਺
    • Google: AI 3ਃࣗܳ ૓੿ೠ ੄޷۽ ݽف ы୶Ҋ ੓ח ݻ উغח ӝস
    • OpenAI: Ѣ؀ ݽ؛ী ؀ೠ ъೠ ޺਺ਸ ాೠ ௾ ߬౴
    • Tesla: അઓೞח ӝࣿਸ ӓೠਵ۽ ഝਊೞח ߡ౭ஸ ా೤
    Sungjoo Ha
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  13. ӝઓഥࢎ + AI/ML/DL
    ≠ AI Company
    Sungjoo Ha
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  14. Zero Marginal Content
    • AIо ইפݶ ࢿ݀ೡ ࣻ হח ࠺ૉפझח ޖ঺
    ੌө?
    • ݻ о૑ ൦౟ח ੓਺
    • Zero marginal cost content
    creation
    • GPT-3 (copilot), DALL·E 2
    • Super-human decision making
    • AlphaGo, AlphaFold
    Sungjoo Ha
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  15. AI-Enabled Technology
    • ؀ӝসٜ੉ঠ ׮নೠ ߬౴ਸ ೡ ࣻ ੓૑݅ ੘਷ ഥࢎח যڌѱ?
    • AI द؀ীח ੋఠ֔ द؀੄ ൒ܴҗ ࠺तೞѱ AI ݽ؛਷ ׮ٜ ࢎਊೡ Ѫ
    • ৈӝীࢲ ب୹ػ 2ର੸ੋ ѐ֛/ӝࣿ/ޙചܳ ঴݃ա ੜ ഝਊೞջب ઺ਃೠ
    ನੋ౟о ؼ Ѫ
    • ݃஖ A/B పझ౟ܳ ೞח ഥࢎ৬ ইצ ഥࢎо ա׊Ҋ
    • CI/CDܳ ഝਊೞח ഥࢎ৬ ইפפ ഥࢎо ա׊ח Ѫ୊ۢ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  16. Learned Business Logic
    • ࠺ૉפझ ۽૒ -> ݽ؛ Үജ
    • ࠺ૉפझ ۽૒: A ੉ݶ B ੉׮
    • ೐۽Ӓېݠٜ੉ ٜ݅যղח ௏٘੄ ݆਷ ࠗ࠙੉ ࠺ૉפझ ۽૒
    • ੉ѱ ޤо ׮ؘܲ? ೐۽Ӓېݠо ೞܖݶ ٜ݅؍Ѧ ҡ൤ ML ॄࢲ ೠ׳ Ѧ۰ࢲ ݅٘ח Ѣ ইפঠ?
    • ࢎۈࠁ׮ ੜ ೡ ࣻ ੓ח ҃਋о ੓਺
    • A੉ݶ B੉׮ীࢲ A੄ ઑѤ੉ ցޖցޖ ࠂ੟೮׮ݶ ࢎۈ਷ ޅೣ
    • Software 2.0
    Sungjoo Ha
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  17. Software Rot
    • ࠺ૉפझ ۽૒ب ࣗ೐౟ਝযب ॅ਺
    • ઱߸ ജ҃੉ ߄Շӝ ٸޙ
    • ࢜۽਍ ӝמ੉ ࢤӝҊ, ઁಿਸ ੉Ցয оҊ੗ ೞח ߑೱ੉ ߄ՇҊ, ࢎਊ੗о ߄ՇҊ... Ӓېࢲ ॅ਺
    • ࠁా ੉Ѧ যڌѱ ؀਽ೞջ? ࣗ೐౟ਝয ূ૑פযо ௏٘ܳ ࣻ੿
    • A੉ݶ B ೮חؘ ੉ઁח A੉ݶ C ೧ঠ ೠ׮
    • Ӕؘ ੉ѱ ݽ؛੉঻׮ݶ
    • ૑ࣘ੸ਵ۽ ؘ੉ఠ ࣻ૘ೞҊ ੉ܳ ߄ఔਵ۽ ݽ؛੉ ঌইࢲ ജ҃ী ؀਽
    • ؘ੉ఠ ऺ੉ݶ ࢿמب ੼੼ ؊ જই૕ ࣻ ੓਺
    Sungjoo Ha
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  18. Example
    • ോܻझ౮ vs ݽ؛
    • द੘਷ ࢎۈ੉ ݅ٚ ോܻझ౮੉ જওਵա ૑
    ࣘ੸ਵ۽ ࢿמ ೞۅ
    • ݽ؛਷ द੘਷ աࡍਵա ૑ࣘ੸ਵ۽ ࢿמ ࢚

    Sungjoo Ha
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  19. Ideal
    • ݽٚ ੄ࢎ Ѿ੿੉ ೙ਃೠ Ҕী ݽ؛ਸ ഝਊ
    • ݽٚ Ѫ੄ ੗زച
    • ҳӖ੄ ৘द
    • ௥݂ झாેਸ ز੸ਵ۽ ؀਽ೞѱ ೞৈ ؘ੉ఠࣃఠ੄ պߑ࠺ܳ 40 ಌࣃ౟ ੺
    х
    • ౠ൤ ࠺ૉפझ/೐۽؋౟੄ ઱ਃ ޙઁܳ AI ޙઁ۽ ஖ജೡ ࣻ ੓ਵݶ ߬झ౟
    • Ӓ۞ݶ ҅ࣘ೧ࢲ ૑ࣘ੸ਵ۽ ઁಿ੉ ѐࢶغח ҃೷ਸ ೡ ࣻ ੓ਸ Ѫ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  20. Easy?
    • औ֎? No
    • ML/ঌҊ્ܻ, ҅࢑੗ਗ, ؘ੉ఠ ׮ ы୾ঠ ೣ
    • ׮݅ ॶݽ੓ӝ ਤ೧ ೦࢚ ఠޖפ হ੉ ݆਷ ҅࢑੗ਗҗ ؘ੉ఠо ೙ਃೞ૑ח ঋ਺
    • ೡ ࣻח ੓ח ੿ب
    • Ӓېب ݆ਸࣻ۾ ੉ٙ
    • ӒܻҊ അ੤੄ ӝࣿ۽ب оמ
    • ҙ۲ػ ੉ঠӝ ઑӘ ؊ ೧ࠁݶ...
    Sungjoo Ha
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  21. ML Model
    • ೠ੿ػ ؘ੉ఠ۽ જ਷ Ѿҗܳ ঳যղ۰ݶ ݽ؛ ஏݶ੄ Ҋ޹੉ ݆੉ ೙ਃ
    • AI ӝࣿ ߊ੹ ࣘبо ޷୛੓਺
    • ੉੹ী ղܽ Ѿۿ੉ ࢜۽਍ ӝࣿ੉ աয়ݶࢲ ੤Ҋغযঠ ೞח ҃਋ب ݆਺
    • ୭न ӝࣿ زೱਸ ੜ ࢓ಝঠ ೣ
    • ݽ؛۞ٜ੉ ࣗ೐౟ਝয ূ૑פয݂ب ੜೞח Ѫ਷ ൨ٝ
    • ݽ؍ೠ ஶప੉ց ӝ߈੄ ূ૑פয݂ী ؀ೠ Ҋ޹ ೙ਃ
    • ӝࣿ੉ ੗Բ݅ ߄Շযࢲ ࡅܰѱ ٮۄо׮ࠁݶ ߸҃੉ ݆਺
    • ഈস ҳઑী ؀ೠ Ҋ޹ ೙ਃ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  22. Compute
    • ௾ ݽ؛ਸ ٜ݅ӝ ਤ೧ ҅࢑ ੗ਗ੉ ೙ਃ
    • ҅࢑ ੗ਗਸ ؘ੉ఠ۽ ߄Բח ҃਋ب ݆਺
    • AlphaGo
    • Data augmentation
    • ௾ ݽ؛਷ ࢲࡂب য۰਑
    Sungjoo Ha
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  23. MLOps
    • ؘ੉ఠ ౵੉೐ۄੋ
    • ૑ࣘ੸ਵ۽ ݽ؛ ೟णೞח ౵੉೐ۄੋ
    • ݽ؛ ࢿמ ੗ز ಣо
    • ੗ز ݽ؛ ߓನ
    • Shadow mode
    Sungjoo Ha
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  24. Data
    • ઁಿਸ ా೧ ؘ੉ఠܳ ദٙೡ ࣻ ੓ח ؘ੉ఠ ੹ۚ੉ ೙ਃ
    • যڃ ؘ੉ఠܳ যڌѱ ࣻ૘ೡө?
    • যڌѱ ੿׹ਸ ঳ਸө?
    • Negative sampling ١
    • ഑਷ human-in-the-loop दझమਸ যڌѱ ੜ ਍৔ೡө?
    • ݽ؛੉ ੜ ೞҊ ੓ח૑ যڌѱ ૑ࣘ੸ਵ۽ ݽפఠ݂ೞ૑?
    • ా೤ ؘ੉ఠ ਝযೞ਋झ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  25. AI PM
    • ೐۽؋౟੄ ઱ਃ ޙઁܳ AI ޙઁ۽ যڌѱ ஖ജೡ ࣻ ੓ਸө?
    • ੉ܳ ా೧ ࢎਊ੗ٜ੄ ݅઒بо য়ܰҊ ؊ ݆਷ ؘ੉ఠܳ ٜ݅যղҊ ؊
    ա਷ ઁಿਵ۽ ੉য૑ח
    • ੿׹ਸ ঳ӝ ए਍ ҃਋ب ੓Ҋ য۰਍ ҃਋ب ੓Ҋ
    • AI ӝࣿਸ ੉೧ೞҊ ੉ী ݏ୾ ઁಿਸ э੉ ҳࢿ೧ঠ ೣ
    • ӝദী ؀ೠ ੄ࢎ ࣗాਸ ਤೠ ࢜۽਍ ঱য/بҳ/೐۽ࣁझ ೙ਃ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  26. TikTok
    • ߑ؀ೠ ন੄ ௑బஎ
    • ন਷ ૕ਸ ׸ࠁೠ׮ח Ѻ঱ೞী ؀ӏݽ ݃ா౴ਸ ాೠ ݽٚ פ஖੄ ൚ࣻ
    • ࣚऔѱ ௑బஎܳ ٜ݅ ࣻ ੓ب۾ ب৬઱ח ׮নೠ ઁ੘ بҳ ઁҕ
    • ݺߔೠ ੿׹ਸ ૒੽੸ਵ۽ ঳ਸ ࣻ ੓ח ߑधਵ۽ UIܳ ҳࢿ
    • ೠ ߣী ೞա੄ ࠺٣য়݅ ࠁݴ ࢎਊ੗੄ swipe ৈࠗ۽ ஂೱਸ ݺߔೞѱ ഛੋ
    • implicit feedback -> explicit feedback
    • ৘ஏ ӝ߈੄ ࢎਊ੗ ݽ؛݂
    • ױࣽ൤ ੋध(recognition)ীࢲ Ӓ஖ח Ѫ੉ ইפۄ ࢎਊ੗о যڌѱ ೯زೞ৓ח૑ ݺߔೠ ೖ٘ߔਸ ߉ب۾
    ҳࢿ
    Sungjoo Ha
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  27. Culture
    • ੌೞח ߑध, ޙചب ઺ਃ
    • AI ӝദ੗ۄחѱ ই૒ ઓ੤ೞ૑ח ঋ਺
    • Ӓ۞׮ࠁפ э੉ যڌѱ ੌೡ૑ী ؀೧ࢲب Ҋ޹೧ࠊঠ ೣ
    • ݽٚ ઑ૒/ҳࢿਗ੉ ੉ী ؀ೠ Ӓܿਸ ݠ݁ࣘী ыҊ ӝৈ೧ঠ ೣ
    • ੄ࢎ Ѿ੿ӂ੗ٜب ੄޷੓ח ࣻળਵ۽ AIী ؀೧ ੉೧೧ঠ
    • ઑ૒ҳઑب ੉۞ೠ ղਊਸ ߈৔೧ঠ
    • Conway੄ ߨ஗
    Sungjoo Ha
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  28. Conclusion
    • AI ӝࣿਸ ా೧ ੹ী ೡ ࣻ হ؍ Ѫਸ ೡ ࣻ ੓ח ഥࢎٜ੉ ࢤӡ Ѫ
    • AI ӝࣿ ੗୓݅ ੜ ഝਊೞח Ѫਵ۽ ੉޷ ର߹ചח оמ
    • ӝࣿী ؀ೠ ੉೧৬ ઑ૒ ҳઑ ߂ সޖ ߑध ߂ ޙച ١ ׮নೠ ஏݶীࢲ Ҋ۰೧ঠ AI ӝࣿਸ ੜ
    ഝਊೡ ࣻ ੓਺
    • ੄ࢎ Ѿ੿੉ ੉ܖয૑ח ݽٚ Ҕীࢲ ݽ؛੉ ഝਊؼ ৈ૑о ੓਺
    • ೐۽؋౟੄ ઺ਃೠ ޙઁܳ AI ޙઁ۽ ஖ജೞݶ ੉࢚੸
    • ੉ܳ ߄ఔਵ۽ ML ݽ؛੄ ѐࢶ੉ ೐۽؋౟੄ ѐࢶਵ۽ ੉য૑Ҋ ੉ח ؊ ݆਷ ؘ੉ఠ۽ ੉য
    ૑ח ࢶࣽജ ҳઑܳ ٜ݅যյ ࣻ ੓਺
    Sungjoo Ha
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