Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

現場にあった
プロジェクトマネジメントを探求する
ウォーターフォール or アジャイル

現場にあった
プロジェクトマネジメントを探求する
ウォーターフォール or アジャイル

PMI日本フォーラム2018での講演資料をベースにした Why Agile の資料です。

Transcript

  1. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ݱ৔ʹ͋ͬͨ
 ϓϩδΣΫτϚωδϝϯτΛ୳ٻ͢Δ
 ΢ΥʔλʔϑΥʔϧPSΞδϟΠϧ 1SPKFDU.BOBHFNFOU2VFTUXJUIJO(FNCB"HJMF PS8BUFSGBMM ௕୔ஐ࣏ 5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB ΤόϯδΣϦζϜݚڀॴ୅ද

    OBHBTBXB!FWBOHFMJTNKQ FWBOHFMJTNKQ !UOBHBTBXB FWBOHFMJTNKQ
  2. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ࣗݾ঺հΩϟϦΞ ιϑτ΢ΣΞ
 ΤϯδχΞ վળ
 ίϯαϧλϯτ ΤόϯδΣϦετ ಠཱ 4PGUXBSF&OHJOFFS

    ,BJ[FO$POTVMUBOU &WBOHFMJTU "EWJTPS     ΠϯςοΫ 3BUJPOBM4PGUXBSFɺ
 *#.ͳͲ .JDSPTPGUͳͲ 00"%6.- ൓෮ܕ։ൃ 3616.- $..*ϓϩηεվળ "HJMF%FW0QT νʔϜ։ൃಇ͖ํ ࣄۀࢧԉ
 ϓϩμΫτࢧԉ
  3. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ࣗݾ঺հࣄۀల։ &WBOHFMJTU "EWJTPSZ&WBOHFMJTU "HJMF8SJUFS 4FSWJDF&WBOHFMJTN-FBE 5FBDIFS 3FTFBSDI&YQFSU ͝ࢧԉͷ͓໰͍߹Θͤ͸͓ؾܰʹ

  4. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ࣗݾ঺հߨԋ΍ॻ੶ ߨԋ ੜ์ૹ ॻ੶ جௐߨԋ %FW0QT 4VNNFS ։ൃϓϩηεೖ໳

    %7$4ೖ໳ εΫϥϜೖ໳ ϓϩδΣΫτ؅ཧ νʔϜ։ൃೖ໳ ϓϨθϯςʔγϣϯ %FW0QT
  5. ຊߨԋͰͷίϯηϯαε

  6. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE w ݱ৔ʹదͨ͠ϓϩδΣΫτϚωδϝϯτΛݟۃΊΔ
 ɹͻͱͭͷࢦ਑Λ೺Ѳ͍ͨͩ͘ w ΞδϟΠϧͳϓϩδΣΫτϚωδϝϯτ͕
 ɹ༗ޮͳঢ়گΛ஌͍ͬͯͨͩ͘ w ୅දతͳΞδϟΠϧͳϓϩηεϑϨʔϜϫʔΫ


    ɹʹΑΔϓϩδΣΫτਐߦΛ೺Ѳ͍ͨͩ͘ ͓࣋ͪؼΓ͍͖͍ͨͩͨ͜ͱ
  7. Ϗδωεͱ*5

  8. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE Ϗδωεͱ*5 Ϗδωε *5     *5

    ศར *5 ෆՄܽ *5 ༗ޮ *5 ίΞ طଘͷϏδωεϞσϧ ৽͍͠ϏδωεϞσϧ *5෦໳͕ओಋ ܦӦਞ͕ओಋ Ϛʔέοτ͕ओಋ कΔϓϩμΫτ 4P3 ߈ΊΔϓϩμΫτ 4P& ίʔυ඼࣭ γεςϜ඼࣭ Ϗδωε඼࣭ σʔλ඼࣭ DMJFOUTFSWFS XFC DMPVEEFWJDFT *P5"* Ϗδωε ҙࢥܾఆ γεςϜಛੑ ඼࣭ ςΫϊϩδʔ
  9. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϏδωεΛݗҾ͢Δ*5 σόΠε Ϋϥ΢υ *P5 ௚઀λον ڝ૪ͷܹԽ ϏδωεʹֶशػձΛఏڙ ܧଓతͳ౤ࢿͱσϦόϦʔ

    "*   *5 ෆՄܽ *5 ίΞ ৽͍͠ϏδωεϞσϧ Ϛʔέοτ͕ओಋ ߈ΊΔϓϩμΫτ 4P& Ϗδωε඼࣭ σʔλ඼࣭ DMPVEEFWJDFT *P5"*
  10. ϓϩδΣΫτͷಛੑ

  11. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩδΣΫτͷಛੑ ແடং ୯७ ΍΍
 ෳࡶ ΍΍
 ෳࡶ ෳࡶ

    ߴ ௿ ߴ ग़య4UBDZ.BUSJY ʰΞδϟΠϧιϑτ΢ΣΞΤϯδχΞϦϯάʱ೔ܦ#1ࣾ ߹ҙͷ೉͠͞ ཁ݅ఆٛͷ೉қ౓ ෆ࣮֬ੑ ܦݧ͕͋Δ͔ʁ҆ఆ͍ͯ͠Δ͔ʁ *5 ศར *5 ෆՄܽ *5 ༗ޮ *5 ίΞ ௿
  12. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩδΣΫτಛੑʹ߹ͬͨϓϩηε *5 ศར *5 ෆՄܽ *5 ༗ޮ *5

    ίΞ ୯७ ΍΍ෳࡶ ෳࡶ ఆٛࡁΈͷ
 ϓϩηεϞσϧ ࣮ଌతͳ
 ϓϩηεϞσϧ Defined Process Model Empirical Process Model w ܦݧͨ͜͠ͱ͕͋Γ҆ఆ w ௐୡՄೳͳ΋ͷ͕૿͍͑ͯΔ w ܦݧͨ͜͠ͱ͕ͳ͘ࢼߦ w ݕࠪͱదԠ͍͔ͯ͘͠͠ͳ͍
  13. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩηεϞσϧͷಛ௃ ఆٛࡁΈͷϓϩηεϞσϧ ࣮ଌతͳϓϩηεϞσϧ ΰʔϧ͕໌֬ ਓࡐ͕๛෋ ΰʔϧ͕มಈ ਓࡐΛҭ੒ ٕज़ʹਫ਼௨

    ٕज़ΛΩϟονΞοϓ ํ๏࿦ཱ͕֬ ํ๏࿦͕௨༻͠ͳ͍
  14. 2$% 4 4 2

  15. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩηεϞσϧͷಛ௃ ఆٛࡁΈͷϓϩηεϞσϧ ࣮ଌతͳϓϩηεϞσϧ ΰʔϧ͕໌֬ ਓࡐ͕๛෋ ΰʔϧ͕มಈ ਓࡐΛҭ੒ ٕज़ʹਫ਼௨

    ٕज़ΛΩϟονΞοϓ ํ๏࿦ཱ͕֬ ํ๏࿦͕௨༻͠ͳ͍
  16. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE 2$% 4మͷࡾ֯ܗ $ % 44DPQF ൣғ 2 %FMJWFSZ

    ظ೔ 2VBMJUZ ඼࣭ $PTU අ༻ ԿΛݻఆͯ͠ܭը͢Δ͔ʁ
  17. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE 2$% 4మͷࡾ֯ܗ $ % 44DPQF ൣғ 2 %FMJWFSZ

    ظ೔ 2VBMJUZ ඼࣭ $PTU අ༻ ԿΛݻఆͯ͠ܭը͢Δ͔ʁ ैདྷܕ
  18. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE 2$% 4ैདྷܕͷܭըͷ࢓ํ ैདྷܕ 4 ൣғʹཁ݅ $ අ༻ʹਓ݄ %

    ظ೔ʹೲظ අ༻ʹਓ݄ ޻਺
  19. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE 2$% 4ैདྷܕͷௐ੔ͷ࢓ํ ैདྷܕ 4 ൣғʹཁ݅ $ අ༻ʹਓ݄ %

    ظ೔ʹೲظ අ༻ʹਓ݄ ޻਺ ௐ੔ํ๏ᶃظ೔Λͷ͹͢ ௐ੔ํ๏ᶄਓһΛ૿Ճ
  20. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE 2$% 4మͷࡾ֯ܗ 4DPQF ൣғ $ 4 % 2

    %FMJWFSZ ظ೔ 2VBMJUZ ඼࣭ $PTU අ༻ ԿΛݻఆͯ͠ܭը͢Δ͔ʁ
  21. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE 2$% 4మͷࡾ֯ܗ $ % 44DPQF ൣғ 2 %FMJWFSZ

    ظ೔ 2VBMJUZ ඼࣭ $PTU අ༻ ԿΛݻఆͯ͠ܭը͢Δ͔ʁ ΞδϟΠϧ
  22. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE 2$% 4ΞδϟΠϧͷܭըͷ࢓ํ 4 ൣғʹόοΫϩά $ අ༻ʹνʔϜ % ظ೔ʹ൓෮ͷظؒ

    අ༻ʹݻఆνʔϜͷ਺ ΞδϟΠϧ          
  23. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE 2$% 4ΞδϟΠϧͷௐ੔ͷ࢓ํ 4 ൣғʹόοΫϩά $ අ༻ʹνʔϜ % ظ೔ʹ൓෮ͷظؒ

    අ༻ʹݻఆνʔϜͷ਺ ΞδϟΠϧ           ᶃείʔϓΛߜͬͯௐ੔ ᶄ൓෮Λ૿΍͢ʢظ೔Λௐ੔ʣ
  24. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ΞδϟΠϧʹΑΔܭըͱ༧ଌՄೳੑ ΞδϟΠϧ      

             ༧ଌ஋ ࣮੷஋         ϙΠϯτ  ൓෮ ΠςϨʔγϣϯ εϓϦϯτ νʔϜͰͷΈҙຯͷ͋Δ
 ૬ରతͳݟੵ΋ΓΛ͢Δ
 ͜ͱ͕ଟ͍ ϕϩγςΟ
  25. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE 2$% 4మͷࡾ֯ܗ $ % 4 4DPQF ൣғ 2

    %FMJWFSZ ظ೔ 2VBMJUZ ඼࣭ $PTU අ༻ $ % 4 4DPQF ൣғ 2 %FMJWFSZ ظ೔ 2VBMJUZ ඼࣭ $PTU අ༻ ैདྷܕ ΞδϟΠϧ
  26. վΊͯΞδϟΠϧͱ͸

  27. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ΞδϟΠϧιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃએݴ BHJMFNBOJGFTUPPSHJTPKBNBOJGFTUPIUNM ೥

  28. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ΞδϟΠϧϓϩδΣΫτϚωδϝϯτએݴ ೥ ܧଓతͳՁ஋ͷྲྀΕʹΑΔ౤ࢿରޮՌ ސ٬ͱͷ৴པؔ܎ͱ͔֬ͳ੒Ռ ಁ໌ੑʹΑΔෆ࣮֬ੑͷ༧ଌ ݸਓͷνΧϥ͕ൃشͰ͖Δ؀ڥ ੹຿Λڞ༗͢ΔνʔϜ ঢ়گʹԠͨ͡ઓུͱվળ

    ૬ޓґଘએݴ %FDMBSBUJPOPG*OUFSEFQFOEFODF ©2005 David Anderson, Sanjiv Augustine, Christopher Avery, Alistair Cockburn, Mike Cohn, Doug DeCarlo, Donna Fitzgerald, Jim Highsmith, Ole Jepsen, Lowell Lindstrom, Todd Little, Kent McDonald, Pollyanna Pixton, Preston Smith and Robert Wysocki. QNEPJPSH
  29. ϓϩδΣΫτӡӦ

  30. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩδΣΫτӡӦͷελΠϧ΍Ձ஋؍ͷҧ͍ $ % 4 4DPQF ൣғ 2 %FMJWFSZ

    ظ೔ 2VBMJUZ ඼࣭ $PTU අ༻ $ % 4 4DPQF ൣғ 2 %FMJWFSZ ظ೔ 2VBMJUZ ඼࣭ $PTU අ༻ ैདྷܕ ΞδϟΠϧ
  31. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩδΣΫτӡӦʛܭըͱՁ஋؍ Ձ஋Λج४ʹܭըɾܭଌ ࣌ؒ ఏڙՁ஋Λݻఆ Ձ஋ ఏڙظ೔Λݻఆ λεΫʹΑΔܭըɾਐ௙ ౎౓ɺՁ஋ΛධՁɾઃఆ

    ౷੍ܕϚωδϝϯτ ࣗ཯ܕϚωδϝϯτ
  32. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩδΣΫτӡӦʛϚωδϝϯτελΠϧ ౷੍ܕϚωδϝϯτ ࣗ཯ܕϚωδϝϯτ  w ܦݧ๛෋ w ଟೳϚωʔδϟ

    w ݸਓҙࣝ w λεΫͷ׬ྃ   w νʔϜҙࣝ w Ձ஋ͷ׬ྃ  w νʔϜΛ׆͔͢ w ϑΝγϦςʔτ Ϛωδϝϯτ ϝϯόʔ νʔϜ
  33. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩδΣΫτӡӦʛݟੵ΋Γͷ୲౰ͱ࢓ํ ౷੍ܕϚωδϝϯτ ࣗ཯ܕϚωδϝϯτ Ϛωδϝϯτ ϝϯόʔ νʔϜ  

              ۉҰԽͯ͠ݟੵ΋Δ νʔϜͰݟੵ΋Δ ઈର஋ ૬ର஋
  34. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩδΣΫτӡӦʛਐḿͱใࠂ ౷੍ܕϚωδϝϯτ ࣗ཯ܕϚωδϝϯτ Ϛωδϝϯτ ϝϯόʔ νʔϜ *`NEPOF 8F`SFEPOF

    8F`SF
 EPOF 8F`SF
 EPOF ׬ྃλεΫͷੵΈ্͛ νʔϜͰϚωʔδɾใࠂ *`NEPOF *`NEPOF *`NXPSLJOH
  35. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩδΣΫτӡӦʛݖݶͱઆ໌੹೚ ౷੍ܕϚωδϝϯτ ࣗ཯ܕϚωδϝϯτ Ϛωδϝϯτ ϝϯόʔ νʔϜ ܭը ਐ௙

    ܭଌ ަব ϑΥϩʔ ௐ੔ ઃܭ ඼࣭ ҭ੒ اը ฤ੒ ௐୡ Ϛωʔδϟʔ ݱ৔νʔϜ ࣮ߦ ܭը ਐ௙ ܭଌ ަব ϑΥϩʔ ௐ੔ ઃܭ ඼࣭ ҭ੒ اը ฤ੒ ௐୡ Ϛωʔδϟʔ ݱ৔νʔϜ ࣮ߦ ܭը ਐ௙ ܭଌ ઃܭ ඼࣭ ҭ੒ ϓϩδΣΫτ؅ཧ ϓϩάϥϜ؅ཧ ϓϩμΫτ؅ཧ
  36. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ϓϩδΣΫτӡӦʛݖݶͱઆ໌੹೚ ౷੍ܕϚωδϝϯτ ࣗ཯ܕϚωδϝϯτ w ্ҙԼୡ w ࢦشܥ౷͕໌֬ w

    ݱঢ়ҡ࣋ࢤ޲ w ߹ཧతͳର࿩ίετ w มԽ΁ͷదԠ͕೉͍͠܏޲ w ϦεΫ͕গͳ͘ݟ͑Δ w ࢓ֻ͔Γ 8*1 ͕ଟ͘ͳΓ͕ͪ w ํ޲ੑΛཧղ w ֤͕ࣗ൑அ͠ߦಈ w ૑଄త w ର࿩Λॏࢹʢίετߴʣ w มԽ΁ͷదԠΛ૝ఆ w ͏·͍͔͘ͳ͍ͱແܭը w ࢓ֻ͔Γ 8*1 Λখ͘͢͞Δ
  37. ΞδϟΠϧͷ͜Ε͔Β ࢀߟ

  38. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ΞδϟΠϧͷεέʔϦϯά େن໛ରԠ 4"'F 4DSVN!4DBMF /FYVT -F44 %"% 4"'Fͷݪଇ

     ܦࡁతͳࢹ఺ΛऔΔ  γεςϜࢥߟΛద༻͢Δ  όϥπΩΛೝΊɺෳ਺ͷબ୒ࢶΛ࢒͢  ૉૣ͍౷߹͞ΕֶͨशαΠΫϧͰ
 ΠϯΫϦϝϯλϧʹߏங͢Δ  ಈ͘γεςϜͷ٬؍తͳධՁΛجʹ
 ϚΠϧετʔϯΛઃఆ͢Δ  ࢓ֻ࡞ۀ 8*1 Λ੍ݶ͠ɺՄࢹԽ͢Δɻ
 όοναΠζΛখ͘͞͠ɺ଴ͪߦྻͷ௕͞Λ؅ཧ͢Δ  ϦζϜΛద༻͠ɺυϝΠϯԣஅతͳܭըࡦఆͰಉظ͢Δ  φϨοδϫʔΧʔͷ಺ൃతͳϞνϕʔγϣϯΛղ͖์ͭ  ҙࢥܾఆΛ෼ࢄ͢Δ
  39. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE .PEFSO"HJMF ΞδϟΠϧએݴ͔Β೥ɺ w ΠϊϕʔςΟϒͳاۀ w ιϑτ΢ΣΞͷࢥ૝తϦʔμʔͨͪ w ΞδϟΠϧͱϦʔϯͷ։୓ऀͨͪ

    ͸ɺ
 w ΑΓγϯϓϧ w ΑΓڧ͘ w ΑΓ߹ཧԽ͞Εͨ ΞδϟΠϧΛ໛ࡧ͖ͯͨ͠ɻ ͜ͷʮϞμϯΞϓϩʔνʯ͸ɺ w ʮ࣮ݧతͳ੒Ռͷ૑ग़ʯ w ʮ༏ΕͨΧϧνϟʔͷҭ੒ʯ ʹয఺Λ͍͋ͯͯΔɻ ࠓ೔ɺ఻౷తͳΞδϟΠϧఆٛΛόΠύεͯ͠ɺϞμϯ ΞϓϩʔνΛޠΔ͜ͱʹ͸ɺे෼ҙຯ͕͋ΔͩΖ͏ɻ ग़యIUUQTBOBHJMFXBZXPSEQSFTTDPNNPEFSOBHJMFKQ
  40. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ΞδϟΠϧͷ૊৫Խʢ೔ຊͰͷऔΓ૊Έͷͻͱͭʣ ʰδϟΠϩܕ૊৫ʱ "HJMF1SPKFDU "HJMF1SPKFDU "HJMF1SPKFDU "HJMF1SPKFDUT φϨοδ ҭ੒

    จԽ ΞδϟΠϧϓϩδΣΫτʹΑΓސ٬Ձ஋ʹ ϑΥʔΧεͰ͖ΔνʔϜ͸Ͱ͖Δ͕ɺ
 ૊৫ԣஅతͳφϨοδڞ༗ͱਓࡐͷҭ੒ʹ
 ৽ͨͳ՝୊͕Ͱͯ͘Δ ϓϩδΣΫτͰͷֶͼΛφϨοδͱͯ͠
 ऩूͱڞ༗Λߦ͍श׳Խ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺ
 ҭ੒ʹؐݩ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺΞδϟΠϧͳ
 ϓϩδΣΫτΛ૊৫తʹӡӦ͍ͯ͘͠ δϟΠϩܕ૊৫Ͱݕࡧ
  41. ·ͱΊ

  42. $PQZSJHIU˜5PNPIBSV/BHBTBXB "MMSJHIUTSFTFSWFE ·ͱΊ ϓϩδΣΫτϚωδϝϯτ͸ɺݱ৔ͷঢ়گʹԠͯ͡બ୒͢΂͖ Ϛωδϝϯτํ๏ʹΑΓՁ஋؍΋ਐΊํɺࢦඪ΋ҟͳΔ ΞδϟΠϧ͸ಛҟͳ΋ͷͰ͸ͳ͘ɺ༗ޮͳબ୒ࢶͰ͋Δ

  43. 5IBOLT ͝ਗ਼ௌ͋Γ͕ͱ͏͍͟͝·ͨ͠ ࿈བྷઌ OBHBTBXB!FWBOHFMJTNKQ FWBOHFMJTNKQ !UOBHBTBXB FWBOHFMJTNKQ ࣭͝໰ɺ͝૬ஊ͸ɺ͓ؾܰʹ͝࿈བྷ͍ͩ͘͞