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A brief history of Plankton in Roscoff

Daniel Vaulot
October 09, 2022

A brief history of Plankton in Roscoff

Presented during the 150-year celebration of the Station Biologique de Roscoff on 2022-10-06.

Daniel Vaulot

October 09, 2022
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  1. A brief (personal) history of Plankton in Roscoff Daniel Vaulot

    Colloque Scientifique - 150 ans 2022-10-06
  2. 2 / 40 There is no plankton in Roscoff… Gerould,

    J.H., 1899. The Biological Stations of Brittany. Science 9, 165–167. Mémoires de Guy Jacques: https://argonautes.club/images/sampledata/temoignages/livre-gj/pdf/debut_oceanographie-chap2.pdf Gerould in Science 1899 … for plankton studies, Roscoff is badly situated
  3. 3 / 40 There is no plankton in Roscoff… Gerould,

    J.H., 1899. The Biological Stations of Brittany. Science 9, 165–167. Mémoires de Guy Jacques: https://argonautes.club/images/sampledata/temoignages/livre-gj/pdf/debut_oceanographie-chap2.pdf Gerould in Science 1899 Georges Tessier in 1962 Vous venez étudier le plancton de la Manche ? Mais il n’y en a pas… … for plankton studies, Roscoff is badly situated
  4. 4 / 40 Sixty years later…

  5. 5 / 40 The pioneers Enrique Balech - Dinoflagellés Balech,

    E., 1956. Étude des dinoflagellés du sable de Roscoff. Rev. Algol. 2, 29–52.
  6. 6 / 40 The pioneers A collective thesis in 1963-1964

    Grall, J.-R., Jacques, G., 1964. Étude dynamique et variations saisonnières du plancton de la région de Roscoff - I. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 5, 423–455. Grall Razouls Jacques Bodo
  7. 7 / 40 The pioneers Jean-René Grall and Guy Jacques

    Grall, J.-R., Jacques, G., 1964. Étude dynamique et variations saisonnières du plancton de la région de Roscoff - I. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 5, 423–455.
  8. Birth of the plankton group

  9. 9 / 40 Serge Poulet Roscoff 1980-2008 • Interactions zooplankton

    - phytoplankton • Amino acids • Collaboration with Plymouth/Naples
  10. 10 / 40 Alain Sournia Roscoff 1984-1990 • Dinoflagellates taxonomy

    • Fronts • Roscoff Time Series And a philosopher…
  11. 11 / 40 Daniel Vaulot Roscoff 1984-2019 The first PC

    of the Station…
  12. Picoplankton everywhere

  13. 13 / 40 The oceans as deserts

  14. 14 / 40 Synechococcus- 1979 John Waterbury - Epifluorescence microscopy

    Waterbury, J.B., Watson, S.W., Guillard, R.R.L. & Brand, L.E. 1979. Nature. 277:293–4.
  15. 15 / 40 Prochlorococcus- 1988 Penny Chisholm - Flow cytometry

    Chisholm, S.W., Olson, R.J., Zettler, E.R., Goericke, R., Waterbury, J.B., Welschmeyer, N.A., 1988. A novel free-living prochlorophyte abundant in the oceanic euphotic zone. Nature 334, 340–343.
  16. 16 / 40 Hunting plankton with flow cytometry Cruise CHLOMAX

    - 1987 Claude Courties Coulter EPICS 451
  17. 17 / 40 Hunting plankton with flow cytometry Cruise EROS

    - 1989 Fred Partensky
  18. 18 / 40 Developing new methods Staining bacteria and viruses

    Dominique Marie 1100 cita�ons 700 cita�ons
  19. 19 / 40 Getting picoplankton into culture Prochloroccusworkshop - 1993

    Fred Partensky
  20. 20 / 40 Getting picoplankton into culture New classes of

    algae Bolidophyceae-1999 Laure Guillou
  21. 21 / 40 Getting picoplankton into culture New species and

    genera Picophagus Chloropicon Acaryochloris • Bolidomonas (now Triparma) • Picophagus & Symbiomonas • Florenciella • Partenskyella & Lotharella • Chloropicon & Chloroparvula • Prasinoderma • Mantoniella • Micromonas • Pseudohaptolina • Acaryochloris
  22. 22 / 40 The Roscoff Culture Collection - 1998 Today

    one of the biggest collection for marine microalgae Ian Florence Priscillia
  23. The era of the molecule

  24. 24 / 40 A new world Dave Scanlan and Wolfgang

    Hess introduced us to the molecule… Wolfgang Hess Dave Scanlan
  25. Laurence 25 / 40 Genomes Fred & Alexis

  26. 26 / 40 Picoplankton - 1982 Johnson and Sieburth -

    Electron microscopy
  27. 27 / 40 Discovering the huge diversity of eukaryotes Seung

    Yeo Moon
  28. 28 / 40 FISHing for picoplankton Citation 2004 Fabrice Not

    Nathalie Simon
  29. Beyond phytoplankton

  30. 30 / 40 Viruses and Bacteria Arsenieff et al., 2019.

    First Viruses Infecting the Marine Diatom Guinardia delicatula. Frontiers in Microbiology 9. Lehours et al., 2015. The hydrological context determines the beta-diversity of aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria in European Arctic seas but does not favor endemism. Frontiers in Microbiology 6, 1–9. Christian Jeanthon Anne-Claire Baudoux
  31. 31 / 40 Protists Colomban de Vargas Fabrice Not

  32. 32 / 40 Symbiosis and Parasitism Decelle et al., 2022.

    Intracellular development and impact of a marine eukaryotic parasite on its zombified microalgal host. ISME J 1–12. Laure Guillou Aurélie Chambouvet
  33. Trends

  34. 34 / 40 Going global

  35. 35 / 40 Meta … Omics

  36. 36 / 40 Public databases

  37. 37 / 40 Physiology and Genetics Christophe Six

  38. People and Sponsors

  39. 39 / 40 The Plankton group Changed name many times…

    now ECOMAP 2002 2007 2022
  40. 40 / 40 EU funding