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OA Week 2012 Miami U

William Gunn
November 29, 2012

OA Week 2012 Miami U

Invited keynote for Miami U's OA Week activities

William Gunn

November 29, 2012

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  1. How did Open Source change the world? It made software

    and hardware… • Better • Faster • Cheaper
  2. What is Open Source? • Code that’s freely available •

    The product of an open, collaborative process. What is Open Scholarship? • Research that’s freely available. • The product of an open, collaborative process. Open to anyone, everyone is on the team.
  3. Research is full of bugs • 47 of 53 “landmark”

    oncology papers not reproduced (Amgen) • 43 of 67 cardio/oncology papers contradictory (Bayer) • 431 of 432 oncology publications not reproduced (Ioannidis)
  4. We didn’t see that a target is more likely to

    be validated if it was reported in ten publications or in two publications NATURE REVIEWS DRUG DISCOVERY 10, 712 (SEPTEMBER 2011)
  5. Either the results were reproducible and showed transferability in other

    models, or even a 1:1 reproduction of published experimental procedures revealed inconsistencies between published and in-house data NATURE REVIEWS DRUG DISCOVERY 10, 712 (SEPTEMBER 2011)
  6. How does openness make research more efficient? Open Source •

    Microsoft • Reduced costs • More stakeholders • More public support • Lower barriers to entry Open Scholarship • Elsevier • More stakeholders • More public support • Decreasing costs • Barriers to entry still high P212121 Science Exchange #Rstats PeerJ eLife Mendeley
  7. Sustainability of open projects Open Source • Professional services –

    Support – Consulting – Hosting • Advertising • Platform for services Open Scholarship • Professional services – core facilities – Science Exchange • Crowdfunding – Microryza – Petridish Grants do not provide long-term sustainability!
  8. Sustainability • Leverage economies of scale • PubMed Central costs

    about $4M/year • Elsevier costs $2B, 38% is profit – and many of the costs are no longer necessary
  9. “The most common barrier to accessing journal articles in both

    academia and industry is the requirement for researchers to pay for access. In a 2006 study, 35% of respondents reported difficulty getting access.” RIN, PRC and JISC report. Access to scholarly content: gaps and barriers (2011). http://rinarchive.jisc-collections.ac.uk/node/1172 PRC. Journals and scientific productivity. A case study in immunologyand microbiology (2006). http://www.homepages.ucl.ac.uk/~uczciro/prcwhitepaper.pdf
  10. The future of research is in our hands • Most

    journals have an Open Access option – Pick a fully open journal, not a hybrid • Self-archiving is allowed for most works – Local repository or disciplinary(Arxiv, Pubmed Central, etc) • There are viable alternatives to the impact factor for research assessment – Article-level metrics such as readership, downloads, shares convey more dimensions of impact
  11. Building an open community • Open Source isn’t just about

    source code – Usability, communications, marketing • Why would non-technical people care? – For fun, for experience, for their community • Communities are developing around diseases and problems – PatientsLikeMe
  12. Companies are part of the community too. • Some of

    the best work in social science, political science, data science is done in industry. • Bridging the divide • Building tools to facilitate the process
  13. 20% of papers are open access Laakso and Björk BMC

    Medicine 2012,10:124 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/10/124