Core Data in Motion - NSScotland

Core Data in Motion - NSScotland

Have you tried to use CoreData in RubyMotion, only to get lost in the quagmire of simplistic or confusing examples, DSL's and gems? Have you been asking yourself these questions: Do I have to use XCode to create a CoreData model?; How do relationships work in code work anyway?; How do I pre-load data into my CoreData store?; What is an NSFetchedResultsController, and why do I need one?

We'll delve into each of these questions, and review the surprisingly simple, elegant solutions that RubyMotion can provide.

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Lori M Olson

October 19, 2013
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Transcript

  1. Core Data in Motion NSScotland 2013 - Oct 19/20 Monday,

    21 October, 13
  2. Who? • Lori M Olson • @wndxlori • on Github

    too • and ADN Monday, 21 October, 13
  3. i Develop • Ruby (mostly) • Rails • iOS (RubyMotion)

    • JRuby • Javascript (some) • jQuery • Maps/Charts • Javascript Testing Monday, 21 October, 13
  4. i Teach • Ruby on Rails for Real Developers (RoR4Real)

    • Rails for iOS Developers (Rails4iOS) • Ladies Learning Code - Ruby Introduction Monday, 21 October, 13
  5. i Speak • 2013 • RubyConf AU, NSScotland • 2012

    • Confoo, RailsConf, Aloha RubyConf • 2011 • jQueryConf, Madison Ruby • 2010 • Conferencia Rails • 2009 • RailsConf Monday, 21 October, 13
  6. Warning: LOTS of code Monday, 21 October, 13

  7. The Story • To rewrite a (mobile) web application (WIMBY)

    as an iOS application • Using RubyMotion • WIMBY = Wells In My Back Yard Monday, 21 October, 13
  8. The Challenges • LOTS of data • On a Map

    • In a list (table view) • Filtering by location Monday, 21 October, 13
  9. Oh, not much data Monday, 21 October, 13

  10. RubyMotion gems/DSL’s • Nitron • MotionDataWrapper • MotionModel • MotionMigrate

    Monday, 21 October, 13
  11. iOS Basics • Ray Wenderlich! • http://www.raywenderlich.com/934/core- data-tutorial-for-ios-getting-started Monday, 21

    October, 13
  12. Problems • RubyMotion gems/DSL’s hide a lot • Straight iOS

    Objective-C development relies on Xcode magic (hides a lot) • Complex data is complex • Large data is large • What do I do when I reach the limitations of these solutions? Monday, 21 October, 13
  13. The Real Problem • Sometimes you just need to understand

    how to solve problems at the most basic API code level, and the abstractions (and magic) just get in the way Monday, 21 October, 13
  14. It’s not as scary as it looks Monday, 21 October,

    13
  15. What? • Models (entities) in code • Relationships in code

    • Loading data • Optimization Monday, 21 October, 13
  16. Models in code Monday, 21 October, 13

  17. Models in Code • Hey, isn’t there a sample app

    for that? • Locations • https://github.com/HipByte/ RubyMotionSamples/tree/master/ios/ Locations • MVCS pattern Monday, 21 October, 13
  18. location.rb (model) Monday, 21 October, 13

  19. location.rb (entity) Monday, 21 October, 13

  20. location.rb (properties) Monday, 21 October, 13

  21. location_store.rb (store) Monday, 21 October, 13

  22. location_store.rb (MoM) Monday, 21 October, 13

  23. location_store.rb (psc) Monday, 21 October, 13

  24. location_store.rb (MoC) Monday, 21 October, 13

  25. That was easy Monday, 21 October, 13

  26. Or was it? Monday, 21 October, 13

  27. Monday, 21 October, 13

  28. Overly simplistic • Doesn’t work with multiple models with relationships

    • You need a reference to an entity, to define a relationship fully Monday, 21 October, 13
  29. Chicken & Egg problem Monday, 21 October, 13

  30. Relationships in code http://www.slowfamilyonline.com/2011/12/slow-news-day-hooray-for-low-tech-toys/tinkertoys/ Monday, 21 October, 13

  31. Solution • Define your entities. First. • Lazily! define your

    entities’ properties • properties = (attributes and relationships) Monday, 21 October, 13
  32. Another example • Ray Wenderlich’s Failed Bank example has 2

    models • So let’s just start there Monday, 21 October, 13
  33. Just the entity... Monday, 21 October, 13

  34. MoM, lazily defined properties Monday, 21 October, 13

  35. attributes Monday, 21 October, 13

  36. attributes Monday, 21 October, 13

  37. relationships Monday, 21 October, 13

  38. relationships Monday, 21 October, 13

  39. The “other” model Monday, 21 October, 13

  40. Relationships • Done • With that, you can pretty much

    define any kind of model and relationship you want, in code, no magic required. Monday, 21 October, 13
  41. Data Loading https://twitter.com/usmanm/status/388407160159211520/photo/1 Monday, 21 October, 13

  42. iOS Core Data Basics • Back to Ray • http://www.raywenderlich.com/12170/core-

    data-tutorial-how-to-preloadimport- existing-data-updated Monday, 21 October, 13
  43. The RubyMotion way Monday, 21 October, 13

  44. Read the data file (JSON) Monday, 21 October, 13

  45. Add data to store Monday, 21 October, 13

  46. add_bank Monday, 21 October, 13

  47. That was easy Monday, 21 October, 13

  48. Or was it? Monday, 21 October, 13

  49. How many wells do I have to load again? Monday,

    21 October, 13
  50. 244,292 Oh. Monday, 21 October, 13

  51. save for each add Monday, 21 October, 13

  52. That won’t work • Read in the whole file first?!?

    • add, save, add, save • horribly inefficient for large data loads • add, add, add ...., save once • yah, never mind • add, add, add, save, add, add, add, save • better, but still fails on out-of-memory Monday, 21 October, 13
  53. Wait, what? Monday, 21 October, 13

  54. Back to Core Data Basics • Thankfully, Ray figured that

    out. • Updated the tutorial to operate as an OS X (console) app. • RubyMotion can do that, too. Monday, 21 October, 13
  55. New, improved load Monday, 21 October, 13

  56. streaming (CSV) load Monday, 21 October, 13

  57. create_bank (no save) Monday, 21 October, 13

  58. saves, every 100 progress every 100/1000 Monday, 21 October, 13

  59. Catch the odd ones Monday, 21 October, 13

  60. Ta da! 244,292 wells loaded Monday, 21 October, 13

  61. And then your table view chokes on 244k items Monday,

    21 October, 13
  62. Optimization! http://fineartamerica.com/featured/dont-cross-the-streams-trever-miller.html Monday, 21 October, 13

  63. Back to Basics (again) • Ray sure has a lot

    of good material, doesn’t he? • http://www.raywenderlich.com/999/core- data-tutorial-for-ios-how-to-use- nsfetchedresultscontroller Monday, 21 October, 13
  64. Why? • NSFetchedResultsController gives us huge performance benefits • Avoids

    loading all the data in memory at once Monday, 21 October, 13
  65. bank_store.rb Monday, 21 October, 13

  66. failed_bank_table_view_controller.rb Monday, 21 October, 13

  67. failed_bank_table_view_controller.rb Monday, 21 October, 13

  68. number of rows Monday, 21 October, 13

  69. cell for row Monday, 21 October, 13

  70. configure cell Monday, 21 October, 13

  71. the delegate Monday, 21 October, 13

  72. Monday, 21 October, 13

  73. DEMO! Monday, 21 October, 13

  74. That’s All, Folks! • Questions? Comments? • https://github.com/wndxlori/ WNDXRubyMotion/tree/master/FailedBankCD •

    @wndxlori • lori@wndx.com • http://www.linkedin.com/in/loriolson • http://www.wndx.com Monday, 21 October, 13
  75. Core Data in Motion • It’s an ebook! • Early

    pre-release • http://coredatainmotion.com Monday, 21 October, 13