Microglossia: Small sized tongue. 3- Macroglossia: Large sized tongue. 4- Bifid tongue: due to failure of fusion between 2 lingual swellings. 5- Tongue tie: short frenulum due to defective formation of linguo-gingival groove. . Dr. Sherif Fahmy
Lingual thyroid: Failure of thyroid descend. • Aberrant thyroid (Retrosternal goiter): over-descend of thyroid gland in the thorax. • Thyroglossal cyst: It is persistence of a part of the thyroglossal duct. • Thyroglossal fistula: Thyroglossal duct opens to skin. Dr. Sherif Fahmy
orifice. 2- Hour glass stomach: constriction of stomach dividing it into 2 dilated parts with a narrowing inbetween. 3- Thoracic stomach: Protrusion of upper part of stomach through diaphragm due to short esophagus.