Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

Making Sense of it All

Making Sense of it All

ContainerSched 2016 keynote talk

Adrian Colyer

June 09, 2016
Tweet

More Decks by Adrian Colyer

Other Decks in Technology

Transcript

  1. Making sense of it all
    Adrian Colyer, Venture Partner, Accel
    @adriancolyer

    View full-size slide

  2. Disclosure
    Accel is an investor in…
    ● ClusterHQ
    ● CoreOS
    ● Skipjaq
    ● Sysdig
    ● Weaveworks
    I am an advisor to…
    ● Atomist
    ● ClusterHQ
    ● Skipjaq
    ● Weaveworks
    I have previously held CTO roles at:
    ● SpringSource
    ● VMware
    ● Pivotal

    View full-size slide

  3. Thank you…
    ● Derek Collison, Apcera
    ● David Dooling, Atomist
    ● Deepak Singh, Aaron Kao,
    AWS ECS
    ● John Gossman, Azure
    ● Michael Ferranti & Mohit
    Bhatnagar, ClusterHQ
    ● Scott Johnston, Docker
    ● Don Duet, Devin
    Redmonds, Goldman
    Sachs
    ● David Aronchick, Google
    Kubernetes
    ● Sam Newman
    ● James Watters, Pivotal
    ● Fintan Ryan, Redmonk

    View full-size slide

  4. Thank you...
    ● Rob Harrop, Skipjaq
    ● Joe Baguley, VMware
    ● Alexis Richardson,
    Mathew Lodge,
    Weaveworks
    ● Joe Beda, James Cameron,
    Jake Flomenberg, Ping Li,
    Accel
    The bad bits are all mine.

    View full-size slide

  5. Agenda
    01 Start with why
    02 State of the market
    03 What’s next?

    View full-size slide

  6. Why?
    “Move quickly, but safely” (David Aronchick)
    Platform portability
    Cost efficiency
    1
    2
    3

    View full-size slide

  7. Docker: the power of AND
    + +
    State of App development Survey: Q1 - 2016

    View full-size slide

  8. ClusterHQ Survey (in progress…)
    36% 38%
    74%
    chose speed
    of delivery
    related
    responses

    View full-size slide

  9. SPEED
    “In the first half of 2014 we thought the market
    would be driven by increased utilization, it
    turned out it was SPEED...”
    Scott Johnston, Docker

    View full-size slide

  10. Components of Agility...
    Agility
    Latency Throughput Scalability
    Delivery
    Pipeline
    Value
    chain
    Team
    Structure
    Architecture Contention Coherence
    (of your organisation and processes,
    not just your software!)
    CI/CD DevOps Containers
    Microservices Cloud
    How fast can you
    deliver software?
    + How fast can you respond to runtime changes?
    Orchestration

    View full-size slide

  11. Docker: driving force behind modern app initiatives
    Source: Docker, State of App development Survey: Q1 - 2016

    View full-size slide

  12. Understanding portability
    So there’s this thing
    called the public
    cloud...
    FROM: “we can’t move to
    the cloud because…”
    TO: “we’re moving to the
    public cloud, so we need to
    fix these issues...”

    View full-size slide

  13. The drive to the cloud
    “Our goal is to be [able to be] 100% on the public cloud (any
    cloud). It’s just obvious. But we can’t be only on one public
    cloud…”
    - Don Duet, Head of Technology, Goldman Sachs
    Typical enterprise target: AWS + 1 + Data centres

    View full-size slide

  14. Symbiosis
    Containers are the portability layer that enable enterprises to
    move aggressively towards public cloud with confidence.
    “We’re attaching to massively funded
    cloud projects left, right, and center...”
    - Scott Johnston, Docker

    View full-size slide

  15. How portability drives Azure Container Service strategy
    ● Microsoft’s container efforts are open and standard
    ○ Partnered with Mesosphere and Docker on Azure rather than develop own
    schedulers
    ○ ACS is Linux-first, with Windows coming
    ○ Windows support is being done by contribution to Docker OSS
    “This is important to customers because in the fast-changing cloud ecosystem
    they want open systems without lock-in…”
    - John Gossman, Microsoft Azure Architect

    View full-size slide

  16. Foundations and (anti-) lock-in
    CNCF, CFF, OCI, …
    ● Help vendors align & trust each other
    ● Gives adopters assurance

    View full-size slide

  17. CNCF Mission & Membership
    “The CNCF will harmonize
    emerging technologies and
    foster innovation in
    container packaged,
    dynamically scheduled,
    and microservices based
    application development
    and operations.”

    View full-size slide

  18. Case study: Goldman Sachs
    Top three initiatives:
    1. Velocity of Change
    2. Private to Public
    3. Proprietary to Open
    Scale of the challenge:
    ● 8K technical employees
    ● 5K applications
    ● 75K database instances
    ● 39 PB data (59% growth)
    ● 165K servers
    Vast majority already on
    internal cloud infrastructure
    Source: Don Duet,
    GS European Tech Founders Summit May 2016

    View full-size slide

  19. Case Study: Skipjaq - Docker + Kubernetes
    Why containers?
    ● Hide underlying platforms (AWS, GCP, Azure, and vSphere)
    ● Flexible deployment topologies
    ● Local development
    ● Decouple packaging and topology
    Why kubernetes?
    ● Needed to be universal, not just AWS (e.g. ECS)
    ● Liked the pluggability of Kubernetes (logs, volumes, network, …)

    View full-size slide

  20. Case Study: Skipjaq
    “The initial experience of going from no containers to basic
    kubernetes was incredibly smooth. It took about two weeks
    and we had a full stack running… All-in-all it was about
    seven weeks to get fully-integrated with kubernetes for
    volume management, service handling, log shipping,
    monitoring.”
    - Rob Harrop, CTO

    View full-size slide

  21. Case Study: Skipjaq
    “We have containers from the developer desktop right
    through to production. The same containers can be arranged
    in clusters of varying size on platforms ranging from AWS to
    vSphere. We've isolated all the platform-specific bits into the
    thin layer that is the K8S cluster. Even their K8S tooling
    makes cluster config easy.”
    - Rob Harrop, CTO

    View full-size slide

  22. Case Study: Atomist
    “We wanted a platform suited for the cloud, focusing mostly
    on resiliency to failure and evolvability. We also wanted an
    active, preferably open platform. Kubernetes and Docker
    Swarm rose to the top of the list… Kubernetes appeared to be
    geared for large scale deployments and have better
    engineering around ops. Docker was more geared towards
    developers…”
    - David Dooling, Atomist

    View full-size slide

  23. State of the Market
    ● Everyone is winning! (A rising tide…)
    ● Containers are in production
    ● Revenue is now flowing
    ● Typical (enterprise) customer journey is 18 - 24 months

    View full-size slide

  24. Docker has over 10K customers...
    ● 10,000 cloud customers, 75+ F500 customers
    Source: Docker

    View full-size slide

  25. … and a thriving ecosystem
    Source: Docker

    View full-size slide

  26. Kubernetes is on the rise
    Stack overflow questions (via Chris Gaun)

    View full-size slide

  27. Kubernetes is on the rise
    (via Chris Gaun, Apprenda)

    View full-size slide

  28. Kubernetes is on the rise

    View full-size slide

  29. Yet Docker...
    vs

    View full-size slide

  30. Docker Survey 2016

    View full-size slide

  31. ClusterHQ Survey
    What container orchestration tools
    does your organisation use? (check
    all that apply)

    View full-size slide

  32. Containers are in production
    Sept 2015,
    O’Reilly via
    Docker
    June 2016,
    ClusterHQ
    Survey
    76%

    View full-size slide

  33. Amazon ECS
    “A growing number of AWS customers across healthcare, hospitality, media and
    entertainment, and other industries have embraced Docker and committed to
    going into production. We built Amazon EC2 Container Service (ECS) to be the best
    place for these customers to run Docker in production securely and at scale.”
    - Deepak Singh, Amazon ECS.
    ● ECS is a result of the traction the AWS team were already seeing
    ● Container management, scheduling, and deep integration with AWS platform
    ● Examples: Linden Lab, Empire

    View full-size slide

  34. Amazon ECS Partner Program

    View full-size slide

  35. Azure Container Service
    ● Has only been generally available for a few weeks
    ● Serious usage already - sustained large deployments
    ● Usage going up every day, not dropping at weekends
    “The team is also getting far more inquiries that we can
    handle quickly, so interest is higher than anticipated”
    - John Gossman, Microsoft Azure Architect

    View full-size slide

  36. Mesos is on the rise
    “Uber has recently started
    transitioning most of its
    services, including the
    storage services, to run on
    top of Mesos”
    - Matthias Eichstaedt
    “Service style applications, batch jobs,
    and stream processing alike, from a
    variety of use cases across Netflix rely
    on executing container based
    applications in multi-tenant clusters
    powered by Mesos and Fenzo.”
    - Sharma Podila, Netflix

    View full-size slide

  37. Microservices are on the rise…

    View full-size slide

  38. Yet Docker...

    View full-size slide

  39. Docker Survey 2016

    View full-size slide

  40. ClusterHQ Survey

    View full-size slide

  41. Microservices are on the rise…
    3.66M
    Spring Boot: Monthly Maven downloads
    Source: oss.sonatype.org, via Pivotal

    View full-size slide

  42. Microservices and containers
    “We’ve seen the whole trend towards microservices and
    Docker come up together. Customers tell us that they value
    the scale and agility provided by the AWS platform when
    coupled with the developer productivity benefits of Docker’s
    dependency management and deployment capabilities.”
    - Deepak Singh, Amazon ECS

    View full-size slide

  43. Cloud Foundry is on the rise...
    CF Summit 2016 - 2000 attendees
    173 user groups, more than 33,400 individual members

    View full-size slide

  44. Cloud Foundry is on the rise...
    Idea -> Feature:
    Weeks -> 2-3 days
    Application Scaling:
    Months -> minutes

    View full-size slide

  45. Typical customer journey
    “We see about 20% top-down, and 80% bottoms-up
    adoption in enterprises” - Scott Johnston, Docker
    1
    2
    3
    LAND: lift-and-shift existing app (no microservices),
    adopt CI etc. 6-9 months
    PRODUCTION: getting the first app from there into
    production, about 6 months
    PLATFORM: floodgates open and big re-platforming
    project begins...
    12-15
    months

    View full-size slide

  46. Typical customer journey: Kubernetes example
    LAND: starts with one app in one data center
    EXPAND 1: several apps within one data center
    EXPAND 2: bridge several data centers
    “[This customer] wants to leverage existing data centers (each of which have
    thousands of nodes) while increasing their cloud footprint. They will migrate
    everything to Kubernetes running everywhere over the next two years.”
    - David Aronchick, Google

    View full-size slide

  47. Typical customer journey: Cloud Foundry example
    TOP-DOWN enterprise sale, it’s all about apps, not containers...
    Once the platform is in…
    ● Repeated experience: 500+ devs, 1,000+ apps in first couple
    of months
    ● V. low ops overhead: e.g. 1500 apps onboarded in 6 months,
    < 2 people to run

    View full-size slide

  48. Investment funds continue to flow...
    ● Weaveworks $15M Series B (May)
    ● CoreOS $28M Series B (May)
    ● Rancher Labs $20M Series B (May)
    ● Pivotal $253M Series C (May) (+ $400M debt/equity swap)
    ● Sysdig $15M Series B (April)
    ● Docker $95M Series D (April)
    ● Mesosphere $73.5M Series C (March)

    View full-size slide

  49. What’s Next?
    Right now we’re seeing this change from a simple “let’s run
    containers!” to “we’re building apps… and of course we’re
    using containers.”
    -
    John Gossman, Microsoft Azure
    “We’re seeing a shift with many customers starting with the
    application, not the infrastructure.”
    - Deepak Singh, Amazon ECS

    View full-size slide

  50. What’s Next?
    ● A heterogeneous world
    ● The value line moves up
    ● Giving customers what they want (delivering on
    velocity and agility)
    ○ Containers are the easy part!

    View full-size slide

  51. Multi-cloud: by accident or by design...
    “Bridging multi-cloud and on-premise
    environments is the reality for enterprises, for
    many years to come.”
    - David Aronchick

    View full-size slide

  52. Multi-cloud challenges
    ● “Any cloud” approach needs a portability layer
    ○ By definition, not tied to any one cloud vendor
    ● An important ‘cloud’ is the developer laptop
    ● Applications may run in several different environments as
    part of the development lifecycle
    ○ Even if production migration is rarer
    ● Need to consider not just compute, but also networking and
    storage
    ○ Data gravity vs data agility

    View full-size slide

  53. Multi-platform? The Platform Wars
    What kind of platform?
    Bottoms-up?
    DevOps, PlatformOps, AppOps, & IT
    Orchestration is a layer
    “The Platform Wars, Begun They Have” - Alexis Richardson

    View full-size slide

  54. Deployment granularity
    Physical
    Virtual
    Container
    Unikernel
    Lambda
    Becoming
    finer-grained
    Enterprise may well
    end up with all of
    these!
    Mixed deployments,
    E.g. GS, NOTHS

    View full-size slide

  55. Evolution
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the
    shelf
    Commodity
    Credit: Simon Wardley

    View full-size slide

  56. Evolution
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the shelf Commodity
    Credit: Simon Wardley
    Evolution
    commoditise
    exploit*

    View full-size slide

  57. Evolution
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the shelf Commodity
    Credit: Simon Wardley
    Evolution
    commoditise
    exploit*
    innovate

    View full-size slide

  58. Evolution
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the shelf Commodity
    Credit: Simon Wardley
    Evolution
    Value

    View full-size slide

  59. Evolution
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the shelf Commodity
    Evolution
    commoditise
    exploit
    Containers
    Container
    Orchestration
    In-house
    framework

    View full-size slide

  60. Evolution: death of the in-house framework
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the shelf Commodity
    Evolution
    commoditise
    exploit
    Containers
    Container
    Orchestration
    In-house
    framework
    Value
    Competitive advantage
    becomes competitive
    disadvantage

    View full-size slide

  61. Giving customers what they want...
    Velocity/Agility
    Latency Throughput Scalability
    Delivery
    Pipeline
    Value
    chain
    Team
    Structure
    Architecture Contention Coherence
    (of your organisation and processes,
    not just your software!)
    CI/CD DevOps Containers
    Microservices Cloud
    How fast can you
    deliver software?
    + How fast can you respond to runtime changes?
    Orchestration

    View full-size slide

  62. Value Chain extract
    Velocity
    DevOps
    Culture
    OODA
    Loop
    Microservices CI/CD
    Microservices
    Platform
    Orchestration
    Ops Tools
    Registry
    Container
    Runtime
    IaaS

    View full-size slide

  63. Wardley Map
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the shelf Commodity
    Value Velocity
    DevOps
    Culture
    OODA
    Loop
    Microservices
    CI/CD
    Microservices
    Platform
    Orchestration
    Ops Tools
    Registry
    Container
    Runtime
    IaaS

    View full-size slide

  64. Wardley Map
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the shelf Commodity
    Value Velocity
    DevOps
    Culture
    OODA
    Loop
    Microservices
    CI/CD
    Microservices
    Platform
    Orchestration
    Ops Tools
    Registry
    Container
    Runtime
    IaaS
    Data
    Agility
    App Ops
    Policy

    View full-size slide

  65. Wardley Map
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the shelf Commodity
    Value Velocity
    DevOps
    Culture
    OODA
    Loop
    Microservices
    CI/CD
    Microservices
    Platform
    Orchestration
    Ops Tools
    Registry
    Container
    Runtime
    IaaS
    Data
    Agility
    App Ops
    Policy

    View full-size slide

  66. Wardley Map
    Genesis Custom
    Built
    Off the shelf Commodity
    Value Velocity
    DevOps
    Culture
    OODA
    Loop
    Microservices
    CI/CD
    Microservices
    Platform
    Orchestration
    Ops Tools
    Registry
    Container
    Runtime
    IaaS
    Data
    Agility
    App Ops
    Policy

    View full-size slide

  67. Zero to one is still too hard
    Monolith Monolith
    usvc
    usvc

    View full-size slide

  68. Velocity vs Complexity
    1 x
    monolith
    x 20-30 microservices
    x 2-3 container
    images per service
    x 1-n instances
    per role
    x 1-2 concurrent
    versions
    x f feature flags/
    A-B / MAB
    x multiple
    deploys/
    day
    Death
    star

    View full-size slide

  69. Universal Scalability Law
    Credit: Neil Gunther

    View full-size slide

  70. Universal Scalability Law
    Credit: Neil Gunther
    Capacity (N) =
    N
    1 +α(N-1) + β.N(N-1)
    coherence

    View full-size slide

  71. Erdös and Rényi
    n nodes and m links
    Phase transition at m = n/2 -> Giant
    component
    All nodes connected to each other by
    short paths, degree of separation
    grows slowly

    View full-size slide

  72. Microservices challenges: thoughts from Sam Newman

    View full-size slide

  73. Cognitive load
    Source: Adrian Cockcroft

    View full-size slide

  74. Problems that remain
    ● Security is a mess
    ● Understanding what services depend on what other services
    is something everyone seems to be hand rolling
    ● Even basic things like knowing who to talk to about a service
    is difficult in larger organisations
    ● Very little is being done to help developers, outside of
    platforms that make things easier to deploy
    ● Data is still problematic - replication, and moving process to
    data

    View full-size slide

  75. Recap
    01 Start with why: velocity, portability, efficiency
    02 State of the market: rising tide, moving to
    production, two-year journey
    03 What’s next? : heterogeneity, value line,
    delivering on the promise

    View full-size slide