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Human Document Project

andreas manz
November 27, 2014

Human Document Project

time scales and the future

andreas manz

November 27, 2014

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  1. Andreas Manz KIST Europe, Saarbrücken, Germany Mechatronics, Saarland University, Germany

    time scales and the future
  2. contents what is “time”? how is time scaling with length?

    the Human Document Project predicting the future!
  3. what is “time”?

  4. time is a parameter which is very well known to

    all of us!
  5. “what time is it?” “time is money” “1 second is

    the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium 133 atom”
  6. “… the indefinite continued progress of existence and events in

    the past, present, and future regarded as a whole …” (Oxford dictionary)
  7. … time is advancing in one direction, and cannot be

    stopped or reversed.
  8. random time sequence

  9. backward time sequence

  10. forward time sequence

  11. “… time is part of the universal structure of the

    universe… ... a dimension independent of events, in which events occur in sequence...” (Isaac Newton)
  12. “… time is part of a fundamental intellectual structure within

    which humans sequence and compare events...” (Immanuel Kant, Gottfried Leibniz)
  13. None
  14. ... I am not speaking of very unlikely events here!

    „Earth hit by an asteroid“, „supervolcano“ etc.
  15. Boltzmann brain paradox a massively improbable event: a hypothesized self

    aware entity which arises due to random fluctuations out of a state of chaos 1 in 1010 50 years Ludwig Boltzmann 1844-1906
  16. ... I am not speaking of extraterrestrial civilisations here, either!

  17. Fermi paradox contradiction between (1) estimates of probability of existence

    of exaterrestrial civilization and (2) humanities lack of evidence for such civilizations Enrico Fermi 1901-1954
  18. ... I am not speaking of exotic physics theory here!

    „matter travelling faster than the speed of light“
  19. Bootstrap paradox only self-consistent trips are permitted in “time travel”:

    information is passed from future to past, then subsequently passed from the past to the future Kurt Gödel 1906-1978 Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov 1935
  20. None
  21. how is time scaling?

  22. lab on a chip, mass transport by diffusion

  23. similarity scaling down a chemical reaction or separation by a

    factor d, the time scale must also be scaled by a factor d2
  24. similarity examples for similarity: frequency of steps, wing beats, reaction

    on optical input
  25. similarity

  26. human perception < 100ms is fast > 10 min is

    slow > 100 years is not relevant
  27. None
  28. the Human Document Project

  29. „the human document project“ goal •to produce a document about

    human culture, science, arts etc. •to preserve it for 1 million years
  30. „the human document project“ Epic of Gilgamesh begins with instructions

    on how to find a box of copper inside a foundation stone in the great walls of Uruk 3,000 B.C.
  31. the “culture record” of Hominids has some similarity to the

    fossil record governed by mechanisms of preservation and corrosion / destruction NEARLY 100% will be LOST
  32. „the human document project“ Egyptian tombs are also time capsules

  33. „the human document project“ time capsule 1939 crypt of civilization,

    Oglethorpe University, Atlanta, Georgia
  34. „the human document project“ Pioneer plaque 1972, Voyager CD 1977

  35. „the human document project“ The Long Now Foundation  Daniel

    Hillis, San Francisco The Ozymandias Project  David Green, New York
  36. „the human document project“ main question: why is it that

    occupying territory (space) means POWER, occupying the future (time) appears not to be interesting ?
  37. a small project in the lab to introduce written language

    to a future reader to store it on solid material to test processes of aging
  38. deep etching of monocrystalline silicon

  39. learning / definitions Like Rosetta stone

  40. embedding it in amber resin source today Agathis australis (New

    Zealand) monomer: communic acid
  41. learning / definitions like children’s learning

  42. • Children taught to read by using pictures • Books

    focus on teaching how the characters sound (with teacher/parental assistance) Analyze Children’s books do not teach the meaning of words Need external influences to assist learning Primary school textbooks Problems 8/35 Jukyung Park
  43. Picture-based dictionary Example 호랑이 : 털색은 녹슨 듯한 오렌지색, 녹슨

    듯한 갈색, 몸 아래 쪽과 얼굴 일부분은 흰색 사자에 비해 얼굴이 작고 갈기가 없음. 온몸에 검은색 세로 줄무늬가 있음 One picture is worth a thousand words 10/35 Jukyung Park
  44. Picture-based dictionary Problems  Unable to explain all words by

    pictures alone  Inefficient, in terms of coverage Possible solution  Ontology: classification of words, and the relationships between them 11/35 Jukyung Park
  45. Example 육식 동물: 동물을 먹이로 삼는 동물이다 Ontology 육식 동물

    포유 동물 Mammal 어류 Fish 조류 Bird 동물 Animal Predators Enlarge the tree with basic pictures 12/35 Jukyung Park
  46. Applying the ontology to a chip Super picture picture which

    represents a current view of the Earth Master picture  Master classes  Unique objects (e.g Sun, Moon)  Exceptions (e.g. cloud, humans, fire) 15/35 Slave picture picture which are inside the master pictures Jukyung Park
  47. Super picture design Master pictures Ontology tree Jukyung Park

  48. the wafer 19/36 Jukyung Park

  49. the wafer 19/36 Jukyung Park

  50. aging experiments, extrapolated chemical etching of Si under atmospheric, freshwater

    or ocean conditions (pH7-8) 14,000,000 years loss of information on chip (pH7-8) 100,000 years friction, in soil, 1mm/year, 2N force 15 years cracking under pressure, 1cm2 chip, buried 4.6MN at surface, 43MN 3m underground high temperatures (dry, 800C) or freeze/thaw no problems expected
  51. the oldest digital document on this planet … is DNA

    and proteins for many protein sequences, the evolution can be tracked back 1,000,000,000 or 2,000,000,000 years death penalty for copy errors !!!
  52. age of proteins Evolutionary Horizons (Million years) Fibrinopeptides 200 Mammalian

    Radiation Lactalbumins 670 Vertebrates Ribonucleases 850 Animals Hemoglobins 1,500 Plants/Animals Acid Proteases 2,300 Prokayrotic/Eukarotic adapted from R.F.Doolittle et al., Cold Spring Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol., 51:447–455, 1986
  53. predicting the future!

  54. assumption 1 1 million years ahead can be precisely extrapolated

    for geology for astronomy
  55. a Million years? 19/36

  56. a Million years? 19/36

  57. a planetary clock ? easiest to recognise, very rare occultation

    of Saturn by Jupiter 19/36 … 78,300 july 30 74,944 april 18 70,852 june 23 57,089 september 10 48,213 january 17 44,062 august 22 42,573 august 30 41,500 october 24 37,628 may 13 36,774 september 25 30,121 november 28 23,350 january 18 21,303 november 6 13,738 february 11 13,340 september 19 8,674 february 27 7,541 june 18 7,541 february 17 -6,856 -10,610 -14,879 -19,089 -22,267 -22,445 -31,144 -31,600 -40,755 -44,450 -47,130 -48,262 -53,842 -55,769 -60,952 -61,171 -61,230 … smallest gap 7,541 june 18 7,541 february 17 just 121 days ! biggest gap 7,541 february 17 -6,856 june 4 more than 14,000 years !
  58. a planetary clock ? intervals occultation of Saturn by Jupiter

    19/36 Saturn / Moon is known 2014 is somewhere here
  59. a planetary clock ? similar to dendrochronology occultation of Saturn

    by Jupiter 19/36
  60. a planetary clock ? similar to dendrochronology 19/36 2,000 years

    dating possible with 1-year rings assumption: up to 8,000,000 years dating possible with ca 4,000 year intervals between occultations of Saturn by Jupiter
  61. a reference point unique in 1 million years? 19/36 571,741

    AD simultaneous transit Venus + Earth seen from Mars 38,172 AD transit of Uranus seen from Neptune 69,163 AD simultaneous Venus + Mercury transit 15,232 AD simultaneous total solar eclipse and transit of Venus -15,607 BC simultaneous total solar eclipse and transit of Venus -373,173 BC simultaneous Venus + Mercury transit
  62. assumption 2 1 million years means corrosion and decay for

    chemistry, and mechanics
  63. archaeological / fossil evidence how much more was there, actually?

  64. archaeological / fossil evidence example: beginning of the Bronze Age

  65. archaeological / fossil evidence example: beginning of the Bronze Age

  66. archaeological / fossil evidence mostly corrosion of bronze artefacts?

  67. assumption 3 1 million years back is similar to 1

    million years ahead for biology
  68. 1 million years back 6 5 4 3 2 1

    0 Ardipithecus Australopithecus Paranthropus Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo heidelbergensis Homo neanderthalensis Homo sapiens million years
  69. „art“ in human culture Lespugue, upper paleolithic, 25,000 B.C.

  70. 1 million years back how much more was there, actually?

    6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Ardipithecus Australopithecus Paranthropus Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo heidelbergensis Homo neanderthalensis Homo sapiens pebble tools stone axes venus statuettes, cave paintings pottery fire for cooking
  71. assumption 4 the future could be much longer than the

    past for intelligent life for Hominid species
  72. in 1 million years a biological species may have evolved

    into another (similar) one likelihood nearly 100% Homo sapiens may no longer exist
  73. assumption 5 we tend to underestimate Hominid intelligence, past and


  75. Neandertal humans could have had an elaborate musical talent, playing

    guitars and singing with it. Perhaps they simply forgot to put it in a “human document” at their time.
  76. conclusions & outlook

  77. CONCLUSION motivation “drop” a few facts, documents etc for future

    generations to be picked up such that they have an impression who we were, what we did, etc  BEAT FOSSILIZATION in efficiency !!!
  78. acknowledgement Miko Elwenspoek, PhD, Professor Leon Abelmann, PhD, Professor Jukyung

    Park …and many more… the Internet (!) Funding: FRIAS, Freiburg Institute for Advaced Studies, Freiburg, Germany KIST Europe, Korea Institute for Science and Technology, Saarbrucken, Germany