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らくらくでペラペラよ!  Japanese through onomatopoeia

らくらくでペラペラよ!  Japanese through onomatopoeia

Japanese is a language that engages the senses — especially when it comes to onomatopoeia. These expressive, useful expressions of sound help us to relate to the language and culture more closely. In this talk, I’ll introduce onomatopoeia, it’s place in Japanese culture and language, and how you can use this as a first step to making learning breakthroughs with Japanese, whether your first steps or sounding more native or expressive.


Jennifer Geacone-Cruz

June 03, 2018


  1. 『らくらくでペラペラよ!』 
 Japanese through onomatopoeia! Jennifer Geacone-Cruz
 Polyglot Gathering 2018

    Sunday, June 3
 Bratislava, Slovakia 
 ダイナミック コード (作画 崩壊)/Dynamic Chord (Sakuga Hokai) @anomiseditrix
  2. @anomiseditrix Jennifer Geacone-Cruz Language Technologist Japanologist (EAJS) School of International

    Liberal Studies (SILS)
 Waseda University/早稲田大学 Tokyo, Japan Tokyo ⾯ Berlin ⾯ London ⾯ Tallinn
  3. @anomiseditrix mimetic language ideophones onomatopoeia What are we actually talking

  4. @anomiseditrix What is an ideophone? A vivid representation of an

    idea in sound. A word, often onomatopoeic, which describes a predicate, qualificative or adverb in respect to manner, color, sound, smell, action, state or intensity. — Clement Martyn Doke

  5. @anomiseditrix Why are ideophones important? linguistic bootstrapping when 

 (Imai, Kita, 2014)(Liang, 2014) “illustrative language or interjections” are not bound by register (in Japanese)
  6. @anomiseditrix What about Japanese? every day speech hiragana vs katakana

    manga and advertising reduplication & gemination
  7. @anomiseditrix Mimetic & Ideophonic language in Japanese 擬声語
 (giseigo/ぎせいご) 擬音語

    (giongo/ぎおんご) 擬態語
 (gitaigo/ぎたいご) 擬容語
 (giyougo/ぎようご) 擬情語
  8. @anomiseditrix Mimetic & Ideographic language in Japanese 擬声語
 (giseigo/ぎせいご) 擬音語

    (giongo/ぎおんご) 擬態語
 (gitaigo/ぎたいご) 擬容語
 (giyougo/ぎようご) 擬情語
 (gijougo/ぎじょうご) animal / human sounds objects / nature conditions / states movements / motion feelings
  9. @anomiseditrix 擬声語 (giseigo/ぎせいご) animal / human sounds ニャンニャン�(nyan nyan) ごろごろ�(goro

    goro) ペラペラ�(pera pera) “You’re making a racket
 with your ‘blablabla’”
  10. @anomiseditrix 擬声語 (giseigo/ぎせいご) animal / human sounds ペラペラ�(pera pera) “You’re

    making a racket
 with your ‘blablabla’”
  11. @anomiseditrix 擬音語(giongo/ぎおんご) objects / nature ドドドドド�(do do do do) ざーざー�(zaa

    zaa zaa) ごろごろ�(goro goro)
  12. @anomiseditrix 擬態語(gitaigo/ぎたいご) conditions / states ベタベタ�(beta beta)

  13. @anomiseditrix 擬音語(giongo/ぎおんご) conditions / states サラサラ (sara sara) みずみず (mizu

    mizu) すべすべ (sube sube) ツルツル (tsuru tsuru) ふわふわ (fuwa fuwa) kiki/bouba effect 
 (Köhler, 1929)
  14. @anomiseditrix 擬容語(giyougo/ぎようご) movements / motion うろうろ�(uro uro) のろのろ�(noro noro) わいわい�(wai

  15. @anomiseditrix 擬情語(gijougo/ぎじょうご) feelings “This isn’t the time to lose my

 “I need to get a grip.” あわあわ�「慌てる」�(awa awa) うっとり�(uttori) もやもや�(moya moya)
  16. @anomiseditrix 擬情語(gijougo/ぎじょうご) feelings “It feels great to sing in a

    loud voice!”
 “Yeah, it makes me happy too!” ウキウキ (uki uki) らくらく (raku raku)
  17. @anomiseditrix Recap! 擬声語
 (giseigo/ぎせいご) 擬音語
 (giongo/ぎおんご) 擬態語
 (gitaigo/ぎたいご) 擬容語

 (gijougo/ぎじょうご) animal / human sounds objects / nature conditions / states movements / motion feelings
  18. @anomiseditrix References Imai, Mutsumi; Kita, Sotaro (2014-09-19). "The sound symbolism

    bootstrapping hypothesis for language acquisition 
 and language evolution". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.
 Iwasaki, Noriko; Vinson, David P.; Vigliocco, Gabriella (2007). "What do English Speakers know about gera-gera 
 and yota-yota?: A Cross-linguistic Investigation of Mimetic Words for Laughing and Walking". Japanese Language Education around the Globe.
 Köhler, W (1929). Gestalt Psychology. New York: Liveright.
 Laing, C. E. (2014). Phonological ‘wildness’ in early language development: Exploring the role of onomatopoeia. In 
 PARLAY Proceedings 2013 (York Papers in Linguistics), University of York, UK, 6 September 2013, pp. 48–62.
  19. @anomiseditrix ありがとう! Special thanks to my friends and colleagues who

    contributed ideas and supported me in making this, 
 in particular: @jah_fish, @nicohagenburger, @francescok, Dr. C. Ruecker, @vivien_leung, 
 @jakeadelstein, Sam, @glebmaltsev and others (you know who you are!)
  20. @anomiseditrix More info can be found here! anomiseditrix.net @anomiseditrix