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An Introduction to Open Research

An Introduction to Open Research

Presentation given at Steenbock Library BioCommons, UW-Madison, as part of my workshop series on digital scholarship topics for grad students and early career researchers. December 2015.


Brianna Marshall

December 10, 2015


  1. AN! INTRODUCTION! TO! OPEN! RESEARCH! Brianna Marshall | @notsosternlib !

    UW-Madison Libraries!
  2. about me! Brianna Marshall! Digital Curation Coordinator, UW Libraries! Lead,

    Research Data Services – Education + training – Consultations – Data management plans (DMPs) researchdata.wisc.edu @UWMadRschSvcs ! !
  3. caveats! •  Given limited time, I’ve chosen to mention things

    - even just briefly! - rather than forego them entirely •  Hopefully you’ll get ideas for concepts and tools to explore later •  Expectations and best practices for (open) research are often field-specific, so it’s tough to generalize
  4. hopes + dreams! you’ll find something I talk about today

    useful + put it into practice you’ll share your top open research tips with us you’ll tell me what you want to know more about for future workshops! you’ll be energized enough by the topic to find something else that works for you and / or
  5. scope! •  Benefits and challenges of open research •  Incorporating

    open research techniques and tools •  Openness examples
  6. Image used courtesy of whyopenresearch.org (CC BY)

  7. Image used courtesy of whyopenresearch.org (CC BY)

  8. Image used courtesy of whyopenresearch.org (CC BY)

  9. Image used courtesy of whyopenresearch.org (CC BY)

  10. Image used courtesy of whyopenresearch.org (CC BY)

  11. Image used courtesy of whyopenresearch.org (CC BY)

  12. BONUS openness benefit! Helps researchers around the world! –  Colleges

    and universities whose libraries don’t (or can’t) subscribe to certain journals –  Unaffiliated researchers of all ages –  Organizations in developing countries
  13. openness challenges! •  It’s often more work than what is

    required through traditional research processes (though it can have higher payoff, too!) •  These principles aren’t always incentivized by the existing academic system (though the system is changing!) •  Platforms and approaches are shifting constantly (requiring a willingness to be flexible and adaptable, again not such a bad thing!)
  14. federal funding requirements! Data management plans (DMPs) are required by

    all federal funding agencies. Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) memo –  Released spring 2013; took effect fall 2015 –  Requires open sharing of published articles and data –  Publication repository is provided; data repository is not –  Applies to agencies with $100M + in R&D
  15. describing openness! “For me, openness means an honesty about the

    messiness of research and transparency in methods and process that helps both the researcher and the audience. It helps the researcher by allowing others to comment and get involved in the research earlier if they spot flaws in the methodology or process, and the audience by showing (especially junior or first- time researchers) that research is rarely a clean progression from simply-defined goals to a final research output, and instead involves reworking and change as certain aspects of the originally-scoped research may become untenable or new areas prove to be more interesting or researchable.” –Thomas King, Open Research course participant https://courses.p2pu.org/he/courses/2377/content/4682/
  16. how to be open •  Share your process – Documentation – Notes,

    drafts, etc. •  Share your outputs – Publications – Data
  17. what is open access?! “Open access is the free, immediate,

    online availability of research articles, coupled with the rights to use these articles fully in the digital environment.” Scholarly Publishing & Academic Research Coalition
  18. open access publishing! Steps taken from: http://whyopenresearch.org/journals.html

  19. open access publishing! Steps taken from: http://whyopenresearch.org/journals.html

  20. use an author addendum! Download here: http://www.sparc.arl.org/resources/authors/addendum

  21. use a creative commons license! http://creativecommons.org/licenses/

  22. use a creative commons license! Graph used courtesy of SPARC:

  23. open dissemination! •  Create a project identity on various tools

    •  Make the project blog the core part of the project identity •  Share research progress, outputs and methods on a regular basis, via website/ blogs and other media •  Share data openly, including survey results •  Share methodology and research instruments under a CC-BY license Adapted from Open Research Course, “Examples of Open Dissemination.” https://courses.p2pu.org/he/courses/2377/content/4695/
  24. tools supporting open dissemination! •  Social networks – Personal – Academic • 

    Repositories •  Collaboration platforms •  Portfolios/personal websites
  25. open access! open dissemination! open licensing! ! open attitudes!

  26. Image courtesy of: https://courses.p2pu.org/he/courses/ 2377/open-research-2014/ openness examples !

  27. KARL BROMAN @kbroman Department of Biostatistics & Medical Informatics UW-Madison

  28. None
  29. steps toward reproducible research! –  Everything with a script – 

    Organize your data and code –  Automate the process –  Turn scripts into reproducible reports –  Turn repeated code into functions –  Package functions for reuse –  Use version control –  License your software Note: These steps apply primarily to computational research. http://kbroman.org/steps2rr/
  30. ERIN MCKIERNAN @emckiernan13 Postdoctoral Fellow, Neuroscience Wilfrid Laurier University

  31. erin’s openness pledge! I pledge to: –  edit and review

    only for open access journals –  publish only in open access journals –  openly share my working manuscripts –  openly share my code, when possible –  openly share my data, when possible –  openly share my notebooks, when possible –  ask my professional societies to support open research –  speak out in support of open research hAps://emckiernan.wordpress.com/pledge/
  32. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h4jWAj6Ji08 for ideas on how to be open!

  33. JOHN HAWKS @johnhawks Vilas-Borghesi Distinguished Achievement Professor of Anthropology UW-Madison

  34. [ http://elifesciences.org/content/4/e09560 ]

  35. - Denne Reed, Homo Naledi team [ http://www.nature.com/news/crowdsourcing-digs-up-an-early-human-species-1.18305 ] “We’re

    more interested in openly sharing data… the advantages in collaboration far outweigh any of the risks.”!
  36. and from the flip side…!

  37. None
  38. “The investigators collected their samples, returned home and published the

    startling results in European medical journals. Few Liberians were then trained in laboratory or epidemiological methods. Even today, downloading one of the papers would cost a physician here $45, about half a week’s salary. …To our knowledge, no senior official now serving in Liberia’s Ministry of Health had ever heard of the antibody studies’ findings. Nor had top officials in the international organizations so valiantly supporting the Ebola response in Liberia, including United Nations agencies and foreign medical teams.” - BERNICE DAHN, VERA MUSSAH and CAMERON NUTT http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/08/opinion/yes-we-were-warned-about-ebola.html
  39. None
  40. final thoughts! •  Keep reading about the many, many approaches

    to openness – I’ve barely scratched the surface in this talk •  Start small: incorporate incremental moves toward openness into your work •  Discuss (and advocate for!) openness with your peers and colleagues
  41. None
  42. whyopenresearch.org!

  43. open research course! hAps://courses.p2pu.org/he/courses/2377/open-research-2014

  44. open science course! hAps://courses.p2pu.org/he/courses/5/content/1370/

  45. http://stories.cogdogblog.com/

  46. https://thewinnower.com/keywords/arcs2015

  47. uwopenmeetup.wordpress.com!

  48. researchdata.wisc.edu!

  49. digital scholarship workshops! AVAILABLE ONLINE Project Management + Productivity Tools

    Crafting Your Digital Identity Research Data Management + Sharing Steenbock Library BioCommons | 4-5pm
  50. BRIANNA MARSHALL! @notsosternlib! brianna.marshall@wisc.edu!