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The rapid publications on COVID: An open science perspective

The rapid publications on COVID: An open science perspective

Author: Dasapta Erwin Irawan1, Astadi Pangarso2, Ilham Akhsanu Ridlo3, dan Anis Fuad4

1 Fakultas Ilmu dan Teknologi Kebumian, Institut Teknologi Bandung
2 Fakultas Komunikasi dan Bisnis, Universitas Telkom
3 Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga
4 Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Abstrak
Pandemi COVID-19 telah menjadi tragedi kemanusiaan abad ini. Seluruh negara di dunia sedang berpacu dengan waktu untuk melawan penyebaran dan dampak mematikan dari virus ini. Makalah ini adalah sebuah telaah meta secara ringkas (short/rapid communications) literatur tentang COVID-19/NCOV/Virus Corona yang ada dalam basis data komersial dan non komersial untuk mengetahui profil publikasi tentang Virus Corona di dunia dan melakukan asesmen singkat menggunakan prinsip-prinsip akses terbuka (open access) dalam penyebaran pengetahuan. Telaah literatur kemudian divisualisasikan menggunakan perangkat lunak pengolah tabel sederhana. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa basis data non komersial perlu digunakan juga oleh para peneliti karena mengindeks jumlah dokumen yang jauh lebih besar dibanding basis data komersial. Mayoritas publikasi terbit sebagai artikel di journal (peer reviewed journal) yang memiliki prestise tinggi (ditunjukkan dengan nilai JIF besar). Jurnal OA yang umumnya dipilih adalah yang berjenis Gold OA atau hybrid, walaupun biaya publikasinya (APC) sangat mahal (hingga USD 5000). Pilihan berikutnya adalah jurnal non OA yang dikelola asosiasi profesi JAMA. Risetnya sendiri dilakukan oleh beberapa negara saja: Asia (Cina, Jepang, India), AS, Eropa (UK dan Jerman), dan Arab Saudi. Bila dikaitkan dengan urgensi musibah pandemi, maka penelitian terutama yang dilaksanakan di negara-negara rendah representasinya (under-represented countries) perlu memaksimumkan publikasi via repositori (Green OA) dan peninjauan secara komunal untuk bersama-sama meninjau dan menguji validitasnya. Publikasi via jurnal dapat dilakukan sebagai langkah berikutnya.
Kata kunci: COVID-19, pandemic, akses terbuka, jurnal prestise, penyebaran pengetahuan

Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic is a human tragedy of this century. All countries in the world are racing against time to fight the spread and deadly effects of this virus. This paper is a short meta analysis (short/rapid communications) literature review of COVID-19 / NCOV / Corona Virus in the Scopus, Dimensions, Lens, and Europe PMC database. We aim to find out the profile of publications about Corona Virus in the world, and do a short assessment using the principles of open access in knowledge distribution. The method used is literature review using commercial and non-commercial databases which are then visualized using simple spreadsheets software. The results of this study indicate that non-commercial databases also need to be used by researchers because they contain a much larger number of documents than major commercial databases. The majority of publications are peer reviewed articles in prestige journals (indicated by a high JIF). Gold OA and hybrid journals are generally chosen although the cost of publication (APC) is very expensive (up to USD 5000). The next option would be a non-OA association journal (eg: JAMA). The research itself was carried out by a small number of countries: Asia (China, Japan, India), the US, Europe (UK and Germany), and Saudi Arabia. When linked to the urgency of a pandemic disaster, COVID-19 research, especially those carried out in under-represented countries, needs to maximize the publicity via public repositories (Green OA route) under supervision of research communities to jointly review and test the validity. Publication via journal can be done as a later step.
Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, open access, prestige journal, knowledge distribution

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Dasapta Erwin Irawan

March 31, 2020
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Transcript

  1. The rapid publications on COVID: An open science perspective Dasapta

    Erwin Irawan, Astadi Pangarso, …, ..., ...
  2. Background 2

  3. Objectives 3 • Knowledge distribution on COVID: geographically and thematically

    • How researchers share their knowledge • How could we contribute
  4. Method • Date: 23 March 2020 • Database: Scopus, EuroPMC,

    Lens, Dimensions • Text mining software: Vosviewer • Keywords: “corona virus” OR “ncov” OR “covid” • Filter: intitle 4
  5. Data • Scopus: 344 docs (RIS file attached) • EuropePMC:

    1842 docs • Lens: 1416 docs • Dimensions: 2778 docs 5
  6. Preliminary results • Closed database: based on journal registration, moderated,

    mostly contains peer review articles from (selected) journals • Open database: based on DOI, no or less strict moderated, contains various types of articles (and also datasets) • Closed database contains far less docs than open databases, therefore: ◦ Users would get less perspectives ◦ Users wouldn’t see the complete picture of works on COVID/ncov/Corona virus 6
  7. Preliminary results • The majority of researchers are still aiming

    journals (prestige journals) with the potential of delay in publications (however, many of those journals offer rapid publications with an average of 1 week of process time). • With the urgency of the COVID pandemic, researchers should aim for rapid publications with the support of data (raw data) and clear method and analysis to make their results reproduced by others (for public peer review/checking/validation). • Scopus is based on journal registration with a strict criteria, hence it’s not a global database of knowledge. So an information search should also take into account other databases, especially those that don’t rely on journal registration. 7
  8. Results Section 1: closed database Scopus (344 docs) 8 344

    docs
  9. Top 10 journals 9

  10. Pubs APC vs JIF 10 APC (USD) Journal Impact Factor

  11. Process time in top 10 journals 11 Manuscript submitted between

    Jan - March 2020, published in 0 day to 1 week
  12. 4 docs in 2019 249 docs in 2020 Pubs by

    year 12
  13. Pubs by type 13

  14. Pubs by subject 14

  15. Pubs by author 15

  16. Pubs by affiliation 16

  17. Pubs by country 17

  18. Pubs by funders 18

  19. Text co-occurences 19

  20. Co-authorship 20

  21. Co-authorship (2) 21

  22. Results Section 2: open database EuropePMC (1842 docs) 22 EUROPE-

    PMC PREPRI NT SERVER S GRANT FUNDER S PUBMED & PUBMED CENTRAL "COVID-19" OR "SARS-CoV-2"
  23. Co-authorship EuropePMC 23

  24. Co-authorship (2) EuropePMC 24

  25. Affiliation EuropePMC 25

  26. Co-occurences EuropePMC 26

  27. Results Section 2: open database The Lens (1416 dok) 27

    THE LENS MS ACAD CROSS REF CORE PUBMED & PUBMED CENTRAL
  28. Top 10 media 28

  29. Top 10 institution 29

  30. Top 10 countries 30

  31. Top 10 authors 31

  32. Pubs by type 32

  33. OA by institutions 33

  34. OA by funders 34 China Scholarship Council National Basic Research

    Program of China National Institutes of Health National Science Foundation Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology Inamori Foundation Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development JSPS Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology National Natural Science Foundation of China
  35. Field studies 35

  36. Results: Dimensions (tautan) 2778 docs 36

  37. Results: Dimensions (tautan) 2778 docs 37

  38. Results: Dimensions (tautan) 2778 docs 38

  39. Results: Dimensions (tautan) Dua makalah bidang ilmu kebumian (sains atmosfer)

    39 Roles of meteorological conditions in COVID-19 transmission on a worldwide scale Biqing Chen, Hao Liang, Xiaomin Yuan, Yingying Hu, Miao Xu, Yating Zhao, Binfen Zhang, Fang Tian, Xuejun Zhu 2020, medRxiv - Article Spread of SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus likely to be constrained by climate Miguel B. Araujo, Babak Naimi 2020, medRxiv - Article Yang menarik adalah dua paper tersebut berjenis pracetak (preprint) di server MedRxiv. Simak juga daftar makalah di server pracetak MedRxiv dan BioRxiv tentang “COVID-19 SARS-CoV-2“
  40. Co-authorship Result: Dimensions (1) using keyword: “ncov” 40

  41. Co-authorship Result: Dimensions (2) using keyword: “corona virus” 41

  42. Co-authorship Result: Dimensions (3) using keyword: “covid” 42