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Building Open in Engineering

Devin Berg
March 27, 2018

Building Open in Engineering

A description of ongoing efforts to build a culture for open in engineering. I will overview some of the tools that have been developed to promote open practices in engineering and discuss some of the barriers to adoption within the field.

Presented 27 March 2018 at the "E"ffordabilitiy Summit, Menomonie, WI.

Devin Berg

March 27, 2018

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  1. Building Open in Engineering Devin R. Berg www.devinberg.com @devinberg #openengr

    DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.6015932 March 27, 2018
  2. Who am I? University of Wisconsin-Stout Design, robotics, medical devices

    Engineering education and practice 2
  3. WHAT

  4. What is open engineering? The rules are simple Make the

    work accessible 4
  5. What do you mean accessible? Accessible is obtainable Accessible is

    understandable Accessible is reproducible Accessible is inclusive 5
  6. As open as desired There is no wrong way to

    be open Find the level of open that works There is a community out there willing to help! 6
  7. 7

  8. WHY

  9. 9 DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/K54UV

  10. To have an impact!

  11. People can't access the work Many institutions do not have

    subscriptions Non-academics can’t understand the work Motivated individuals can’t recreate the work 11
  12. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural

    life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 27 section 1
  13. ...to aid in diffusing among the people of the United

    States useful and, practical information... Morrill Land-Grant Act, 1862; Smith–Lever Act, 1914
  14. Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public.

    NSPE Code of Ethics
  15. Create work that is reproducible All needed components are available

    The workflow can be replicated Can recreate it 20 years from now 15
  16. 16

  17. HOW

  18. How to be open Make the work obtainable Make the

    work understandable Make the work reproducible Make the work inclusive 18
  19. To be obtainable Preprint and self-archive Publish open access Open

    up other artifacts 19
  20. Preprints... → speed up dissemination → should be licensed and

    formatted to facilitate reuse → provide a record of priority → do not lead to being scooped → provide access to scholarly content that would otherwise be lost 20 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005473
  21. Preprints... → do not imply low quality → supports the

    rapid evaluation of controversial results → do not typically preclude publication → can further inform grant review and academic advancement → one size does not fit all 21 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005473
  22. To be understandable Think about the audience Consider accessible language

    Focus on applications/implications 22
  23. To be reproducible Use reproducible workflows Use open and non-proprietary

    softwares Provide what others will need 23 DOI: 10.7717/peerj-cs.112
  24. To be inclusive Accommodations for all who might want to

    access your work? Project teams that include a diversity of perspectives Sustained, evidence-based efforts to remove established cultural and structural barriers and recognize implicit biases 24 Resources: one, two, three
  25. There are many resources available Make the work available in

    the correct format How will others find it and interact with it? Use the available tools! 25
  26. 26

  27. 27

  28. Examples Open engineering can lead to some amazing outcomes Everything

    from hardware to software to workflows. 28
  29. 29 The Story of Pat Delany, Open Source Machine Tools

  30. 30 Lorena Barba: Reproducible and replicable CFD; Image

  31. 31 Jessica Vechakul: Zambulance

  32. 32 Joshua Pearce: Open hardware

  33. 33 GliaX Stethoscope; Image

  34. Other examples Fully public grant proposals Cover letters, research statements,

    etc. An open pledge 34
  35. Barriers to adoption Need for training and updated workflows Career

    reward structures Pressures of capitalism 35
  36. But what about patents?1 Of course the rules of prior

    art still apply In the US, preprinting may help establish your priority Is patenting your best route to having an impact? 36 1I am not an attorney and this is not legal advise.
  37. 37

  38. Guiding Principles Budapest Open Access Initiative Declaration on Research Assessment

    FAIR Data Principles 38
  39. Further information Dr. Kyle Niemeyer on Open Science Why Open

    Research with Dr. Erin McKiernan WhyOpenResearch.org 39
  40. 40 Thank You!