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Riviera JUG : Ingest Node

Riviera JUG : Ingest Node

Talk given at Riviera JUG, Nice, FR

Lorsque vous injectez des données dans elasticsearch, vous pouvez avoir besoin de réaliser des opérations de transformation assez simples. Jusqu'à présent, ces opérations devaient s'effectuer en dehors d'elasticsearch, avant l'indexation proprement dite.

Souhaitez la bienvenue à Ingest node ! Un nouveau type de noeud qui vous permet justement de faire cela.

Ce talk explique le concept de Ingest Node, comment l'intégrer avec le reste de la suite logicielle Elastic et comment développer son propre plugin Ingest par la pratique en montrant comment j'ai développé le plugin ingest-bano pour enrichir des adresses postales et/ou des coordonnées géographiques françaises (pour l'instant).

Ce talk parlera également de l'API de réindexation qui peut également bénéficier du pipeline d'ingestion pour modifier vos données à la volée lors de la réindexation.

http://www.rivierajug.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/201706-elasticsearch

Dd9d954997353b37b4c2684f478192d3?s=128

Elastic Co

June 13, 2017
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Transcript

  1. ‹#› Ingest Node is powered by (re)indexing and enriching documents

    within Elasticsearch David Pilato Developer | Evangelist @dadoonet
  2. ‹#› Why ingest node?

  3. ‹#› I just want to tail a file.

  4. sli.do/elastic Logstash: collect, enrich & transport 4 grok date mutate

    input output Filters The file Elasticsearch
  5. sli.do/elastic Logstash common setup 5 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +0200]

    "GET /robots.txt HTTP/1.1" 200 68 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:01 +0200] "GET /cgi-bin/try/ HTTP/1.1" 200 3395 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:15 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:18 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +0200] "GET /robots.txt HTTP/1.1" 200 68 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:01 +0200] "GET /cgi-bin/try/ HTTP/1.1" 200 3395 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:15 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:18 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +0200] "GET /robots.txt HTTP/1.1" 200 68 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:15 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 message
  6. sli.do/elastic Or … 6 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +0200] "GET

    /robots.txt HTTP/1.1" 200 68 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:01 +0200] "GET /cgi-bin/try/ HTTP/1.1" 200 3395 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:15 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:18 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +0200] "GET /robots.txt HTTP/1.1" 200 68 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:01 +0200] "GET /cgi-bin/try/ HTTP/1.1" 200 3395 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:15 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:18 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +0200] "GET /robots.txt HTTP/1.1" 200 68 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:15 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 message
  7. sli.do/elastic Ingest node setup 7 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +0200]

    "GET /robots.txt HTTP/1.1" 200 68 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:01 +0200] "GET /cgi-bin/try/ HTTP/1.1" 200 3395 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:15 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:18 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +0200] "GET /robots.txt HTTP/1.1" 200 68 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:01 +0200] "GET /cgi-bin/try/ HTTP/1.1" 200 3395 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:15 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:18 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +0200] "GET /robots.txt HTTP/1.1" 200 68 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:15 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24
  8. sli.do/elastic Filebeat: collect and ship 8 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04

    +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] "GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1" 404 7218 127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 3638 { "message" : "127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] \"GET / HTTP/1.1\" 200 24" } { "message" : "127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:07 +0200] \"GET /not_found/ HTTP/1.1\" 404 7218" } { "message" : "127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:09 +2000] \"GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1\" 200 3638" }
  9. sli.do/elastic Elasticsearch: enrich and index 9 { "message" : "127.0.0.1

    - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] \"GET / HTTP/1.1\" 200 24" } { "request" : "/", "auth" : "-", "ident" : "-", "verb" : "GET", "@timestamp" : "2016-04-19T10:00:04.000Z", "response" : "200", "bytes" : "24", "clientip" : "127.0.0.1", "httpversion" : "1.1", "rawrequest" : null, "timestamp" : "19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200" }
  10. ‹#› How does ingest node work?

  11. sli.do/elastic Ingest pipeline 11 Pipeline: a set of processors grok

    date remove document enriched document
  12. sli.do/elastic 12 grok remove attachment convert uppercase foreach trim append

    gsub set split fail geoip join lowercase rename date
  13. Extracts structured fields out of a single text field 13

    Grok processor { "grok": { "field": "message", "patterns": ["%{DATE:date}"] } }
  14. set, remove, rename, convert, gsub, split, join, lowercase, uppercase, trim,

    append 14 Mutate processors { "remove": { "field": "message" } }
  15. Parses a date from a string 15 Date processor {

    "date": { "field": "timestamp", "formats": ["YYYY"] } }
  16. Adds information about the geographical location of IP addresses 16

    Geoip processor { "geoip": { "field": "ip" } }
  17. You know, for documents 17 Attachment processor { "attachment": {

    "field" : "file" } } // Send a binary content {
 "file": "BASE64"
 }
  18. Introducing new processors is as easy as writing a plugin

    18 Plugins { "your_plugin": { ... } }
  19. sli.do/elastic Define a pipeline PUT /_ingest/pipeline/apache-log { "processors" : [

    { "grok" : { "field": "message", "patterns": ["%{COMMONAPACHELOG}"] } }, { "date" : { "field" : "timestamp", "formats" : ["dd/MMM/YYYY:HH:mm:ss Z"] } }, { "remove" : { "field" : "message" } } ] } 19
  20. ‹#› Where can ingest pipelines be used?

  21. 21 Index api PUT /logs/apache/1?pipeline=apache-log { "message" : "..." }

  22. 22 Bulk api PUT /logs/_bulk { "index": { "_type": "apache",

    "_id": "1", "pipeline": "apache-log" } }\n { "message" : "..." }\n { "index": {"_type": "mysql", "_id": "1", "pipeline": "mysql-log" } }\n { "message" : "..." }\n
  23. Scroll & bulk indexing made easy 23 Reindex api POST

    /_reindex { "source": { "index": "logs", "type": "apache" }, "dest": { "index": "apache-logs", "pipeline" : "apache-log" } }
  24. ‹#› Error handling

  25. sli.do/elastic 25 grok date remove { "message" : "127.0.0.1 -

    - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +040] \"GET / HTTP/1.1\" 200 24" }
  26. sli.do/elastic 26 grok date remove 400 Bad Request unable to

    parse date [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +040] { "message" : "127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +040] \"GET / HTTP/1.1\" 200 24" }
  27. sli.do/elastic 27 grok date remove set on failure processors at

    the pipeline level { "message" : "127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +040] \"GET / HTTP/1.1\" 200 24" }
  28. sli.do/elastic 28 remove 200 OK grok date set on failure

    processors at the pipeline level { "message" : "127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +040] \"GET / HTTP/1.1\" 200 24" }
  29. sli.do/elastic 29 grok date remove set on failure processors at

    the processor level remove { "message" : "127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +040] \"GET / HTTP/1.1\" 200 24" }
  30. sli.do/elastic 30 grok date remove set remove 200 OK on

    failure processors at the processor level { "message" : "127.0.0.1 - - [19/Apr/2016:12:00:00 +040] \"GET / HTTP/1.1\" 200 24" }
  31. ‹#› Ingest node internals

  32. sli.do/elastic cluster Default scenario 32 Client node1 logs 2P logs

    3R CS node2 logs 3P logs 1R CS node3 logs 1P logs 2R CS Cluster State logs index: 3 primary shards, 1 replica each All nodes are equal: - node.data: true - node.master: true - node.ingest: true
  33. sli.do/elastic cluster Default scenario 33 Client node1 logs 2P logs

    3R CS node2 logs 3P logs 1R CS node3 logs 1P logs 2R CS Pre-processing on the coordinating node All nodes are equal: - node.data: true - node.master: true - node.ingest: true index request for shard 3
  34. sli.do/elastic cluster Default scenario 34 Client node1 logs 2P logs

    3R CS node2 logs 3P logs 1R CS node3 logs 1P logs 2R CS Indexing on the primary shard All nodes are equal: - node.data: true - node.master: true - node.ingest: true index request for shard 3
  35. sli.do/elastic cluster Default scenario 35 Client node1 logs 2P logs

    3R CS node2 logs 3P logs 1R CS node3 logs 1P logs 2R CS Indexing on the replica shard All nodes are equal: - node.data: true - node.master: true - node.ingest: true index request for shard 3
  36. sli.do/elastic cluster Ingest dedicated nodes 36 Client node1 logs 2P

    logs 3R CS node2 logs 3P logs 1R CS node3 logs 1P logs 2R CS node4 CS node5 CS node.data: false node.master: false node.ingest: true node.data: true node.master: true node.ingest: false
  37. sli.do/elastic cluster Ingest dedicated nodes 37 Client node1 logs 2P

    logs 3R CS node2 logs 3P logs 1R CS node3 logs 1P logs 2R CS node4 CS node5 CS index request for shard 3 Forward request to an ingest node
  38. sli.do/elastic cluster Ingest dedicated nodes 38 Client node1 logs 2P

    logs 3R CS node2 logs 3P logs 1R CS node3 logs 1P logs 2R CS node4 CS node5 CS index request for shard 3 Pre-processing on the ingest node
  39. sli.do/elastic cluster Ingest dedicated nodes 39 Client node1 logs 2P

    logs 3R CS node2 logs 3P logs 1R CS node3 logs 1P logs 2R CS node4 CS node5 CS index request for shard 3 Indexing on the primary shard
  40. sli.do/elastic cluster Ingest dedicated nodes 40 Client node1 logs 2P

    logs 3R CS node2 logs 3P logs 1R CS node3 logs 1P logs 2R CS node4 CS node5 CS index request for shard 3 Indexing on the replica shard
  41. ‹#› Dealing with apache logs Demo time! 52.35.38.35 - -

    [19/Apr/2016:12:00:04 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 24
  42. ‹#› From postal address to geo_point From geo_point to postal

    address bano-ingest plugin
  43. sli.do/elastic What is BANO? • French Open Data base for

    postal addresses • http://openstreetmap.fr/bano • http://bano.openstreetmap.fr/data/ 43 per department all addresses
  44. sli.do/elastic BANO Format 44 • bano-976.csv sample (full.csv.gz has same

    format) 976030950H-26,26,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.891701,45.202652
 976030950H-28,28,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.891900,45.202700
 976030950H-30,30,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.891781,45.202535
 976030950H-32,32,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.892005,45.202564
 976030950H-3,3,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.892444,45.202135
 976030950H-34,34,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.892068,45.202450
 976030950H-4,4,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.892446,45.202367
 976030950H-5,5,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.892461,45.202248
 976030950H-6,6,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.892383,45.202456
 976030950H-8,8,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.892300,45.202555
 976030950H-9,9,RUE DISMA,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.892355,45.202387 976030951J-103,103,RTE NATIONALE 3,97660,Bandrélé,CAD,-12.893639,45.201696 \_ ID | \_ Street Name | \ \_ Source \_ Geo point | | \ |_ Street Number |_ Zipcode \_ City Name
  45. sli.do/elastic Features • Download, transform and index BANO datasource •

    Create a new ingest processor 45 curl -XPUT 127.0.0.1:9200/_bano/17 curl -XPUT 127.0.0.1:9200/_bano/17,95,29 curl -XPUT 127.0.0.1:9200/_bano/_full curl -XPUT "localhost:9200/_ingest/pipeline/bano-test?pretty" -d '{ "description": "my_pipeline", "processors": [ { "bano": {} } ] }'
  46. ‹#› Bano plugin and reindex Demo time!

  47. ‹#› Writing an ingest plugin

  48. sli.do/elastic Writing the processor public final class BanoProcessor extends AbstractProcessor

    { private final String cityField; public BanoProcessor(String cityField) { this.cityField = cityField; } @Override
 public void execute(IngestDocument ingestDocument) {
 // Implement your logic code here if (ingestDocument.hasField(cityField)) { String city = ingestDocument.getFieldValue(cityField, String.class) // Like searching in elasticsearch with a city field Location location = banoEsClient.searchByCity(city); // Then modify the document as you wish Map<String, Object> locationObject = new HashMap<>();
 locationObject.put("lat", location.getLat());
 locationObject.put("lon", location.getLon());
 ingestDocument.setFieldValue("location", locationObject); } } } 48
  49. sli.do/elastic Writing the processor factory 49 public static final class

    Factory implements Processor.Factory { @Override
 public Processor create(Map<String, Processor.Factory> map, String processorTag, Map<String, Object> config) throws Exception { // Read the bano processor config
 String cityField = readStringProperty("bano", processorTag, config, "city_field", // We read here the value of "city_field" in config "address.city"); // If not set we will read from "address.city" by default // Do the same for other fields // Create the processor instance return new BanoProcessor(cityField, otherFields...); }

  50. sli.do/elastic Writing an ingest plugin 50 public class IngestBanoPlugin extends

    Plugin implements IngestPlugin { 
 @Override
 public Map<String, Processor.Factory> getProcessors(Processor.Parameters parameters) {
 return Collections.singletonMap("bano", new BanoProcessor.Factory());
 } }
  51. ‹#› https://www.elastic.co/downloads/elasticsearch Go get Elasticsearch 5.4.1!

  52. None
  53. ‹#› Watch this space: https://github.com/dadoonet And follow me on Twitter!

    Bano ingest plugin David Pilato Developer | Evangelist @dadoonet Ingest Node