Using Linked Data to Mine RDF from Wikipedia's Tables

175389e8c3ad885108fc33f8f05ba9bd?s=47 Emir Muñoz
February 27, 2014

Using Linked Data to Mine RDF from Wikipedia's Tables

In 7th ACM Web Search and Data Mining Conference (WSDM 2014), New York City, New York, 24-28 February

175389e8c3ad885108fc33f8f05ba9bd?s=128

Emir Muñoz

February 27, 2014
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  1. Using Linked Data to Mine RDF from Wikipedia’s Tables http://emunoz.org/wikitables

    Emir Muñoz Fujitsu (Ireland) Limited National University of Ireland Galway Joint work with A. Hogan and A. Mileo WSDM 2014 @ New York City, February 24-28
  2. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 2 MOTIVATION (1/10)
  3. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 3 MOTIVATION The tables embedded in Wikipedia articles contain rich, semi-structured encyclopaedic content … BUT we cannot query all that content… A query example: (2/10) Wikipedia tables or tables in the body are ignored [Borrowed from Entity Linking tutorial]
  4. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 4 Results at 25-02-2014
  5. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 5 First result
  6. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 6 Second result 10 Airlines
  7. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 7 Third result 19 Airlines
  8. • Same query in SPARQL over Emir M. - WSDM,

    New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 8 MOTIVATION SELECT ?p ?o WHERE { <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Airbus_A380> ?p ?o . } FAIL (7/10)
  9. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 9
  10. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 10 No evidence of A380
  11. • We perform automatic facts extraction (RDF) from Wikipedia tables

    using KBs MOTIVATION Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 11 Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/ (10/10)
  12. • As far as we know, DBpedia and YAGO ignore

    tables in article’s body – Mainly focused on info-boxes • Languages such as R2RML can express custom mappings from relational database tables to RDF – Each row as a subject, each column as a predicate and each cell as an object – Needs a mapping definition Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 12 EXTRACTING RDF FROM TABLES (1/4)
  13. • [Limaye et al. 2010; Mulwad et al. 2010&2013] presented

    approaches using a in-house KB and small datasets for validation – Entity recognition/disambiguation – Determine types for each column – Determine relationships between columns • We focus on Wikipedia tables, running our algorithms over the entire corpus with “row-centric” features for Machine Learning models Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 13 EXTRACTING RDF FROM TABLES (2/4)
  14. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 14 EXTRACTING RDF FROM TABLES • Extraction of two types of relationships – Between main entity and cell in the same columns, e.g., “Manchester United F.C.” and “David de Gea” – Between entities in different columns but same row (3/4) dbp:currentClub dbp:position
  15. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 15 EXTRACTING RDF FROM TABLES (4/4)
  16. • Wikipedia dump from February 13th 2013 • Table taxonomy

    Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 16 WIKITABLES SURVEY (1/2) 1.14 million tables
  17. • Table model – Input: a source of tables (a

    set of tables) • E.g., a Wikipedia article • Each table belongs to is modeled as an matrix • We do normalize the tables and convert each HTML table into a matrix Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 17 WIKITABLES SURVEY (2/2)
  18. • To extract RDF from Wikitables we rely on a

    reference knowledge base – Version 3.8 Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 18 MINING RDF FROM WIKITABLES Extract links in the cells Mapping links to DBpedia Lookups on DBpedia to find relationships between entities in the same row Candidate relationships Wikipedia table (1/6)
  19. • We aim to discover: – Relations between entities on

    the same row – Relations between entities in the table and the protagonist of the article • Map the links inside the cells to RDF resources • Get candidate relationships from the KB Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 19 MINING RDF FROM WIKITABLES SELECT DISTINCT ?p1 ?p2 WHERE { {<e1>} ?p1 <e2> } UNION { <e2> ?p2 <e1>} } (2/6)
  20. • We detected some weak relationships • … We need

    more filtering for relationships Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 20 MINING RDF FROM WIKITABLES dbp:currentClub dbp:youthClubs (3/6)
  21. • Features at different levels used to train Machine Learning

    models • Article features (e.g., # of tables) • Table features (e.g., #rows, #columns, ratios) • Cell features (e.g., # of entities, string length, has format) • Column features (e.g., # of entities, # of unique entities) • Predicate/Column features (e.g., string similarity, # of rows where relation holds) • Predicate features (e.g., triple count, count unique) • Triple features (e.g., is the table from article or body) Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 21 MINING RDF FROM WIKITABLES (4/6)
  22. • The experimentation set-up – Wikipedia dump from February 2013

    – DBpedia dump version 3.8 – 8 machines (ca. 2005) with 4GB of RAM, 2.2GHz single-core processors • After 12 days we got 34.9 million unique triples not in DBpedia • We manually annotated a sample of 750 triples to train the ML models Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 22 MINING RDF FROM WIKITABLES (5/6)
  23. Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February,

    2014 23 MINING RDF FROM WIKITABLES (6/6) Bagging DT Simple Logistic SVM accuracy 78.1% 78.53% 72.6% precision 81.5% 79.62% 72.4% recall 77.4% 79.01% 75.8%
  24. • In this work we aimed to – Interpret the

    semantic of tables using KB’s – Enrich KB’s with new facts mined from tables • With the best model we got 7.9 million unique novel triples • We still don’t – consider literals/string values in the cells – Explode domain/range of predicates – Test other KBs like Freebase and YAGO Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 24 CONCLUSION
  25. • Most of the related papers use some knowledge base,

    such as DBpedia – They can be benefited by new RDF triples extracted from Wikipedia tables • We can use the similarity proposed in Knowledge-based graph document modeling, by Schuhmacher and Ponzetto, to improve the relation extraction • And use the paper Trust, but Verify: Predicting Contribution Quality for Knowledge Base Construction and Curation, Chun How et al, to determine the correctness of the quality of the output triples Emir M. - WSDM, New York City, USA, 27th February, 2014 CONTRAST WITH OTHER PAPERS 25
  26. Thank you! Emir Muñoz SVM our third best model 

    http://emunoz.org/wikitables