Karlsruhe/DE 2001) ST. (ITB/ID 1997) Institut Teknologi Bandung School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Head of Telematics Laboratory Institut for Innovation & Entrepreneurship Dev. Division Chief - Industrial & Business Incubator
of people to lose trust in banks as trusted third parties. Many questioned whether banks were the best guardians of the global nancial system. Bad investment decisions by major banks had proved catastrophic, with rippling consequences. Bitcoin - also proposed in 2008 - presented something of an alternative.
used to describe a variety of innovative business models and emerging technologies that have the potential to transform the nancial services industry. Financial Technology describes tech-enabled products and services that improve traditional nancial services.
or more speci c nancial products or services in an automated fashion through the use of the internet. unbundle the di erent nancial services traditionally o ered by service providers -- incumbent banks, brokers or investment managers. Examples Equity crowdfunding platforms intermediate share placements Peer-to-peer lending platforms intermediate or sell loans Robo-advisers provide automated investment advice Social trading platforms o er brokerage and investing services
cial Intelligence Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs) Such emerging technologies can be used to supplement both FinTech new entrants and traditional incumbents, and carry the potential to materially change the nancial services industry.
the 2008 Financial Crisis, FinTech startups have targeted single underserved nancial products with better UI, digital marketing, and services that cater to shifting customer demands. Ref: [Banks in Fintech]
supply is bank money held on computers. This is also considered digital currency. One could argue that our increasingly cashless society means that all currencies are becoming digital ("electronic money"), but they are not presented to us as such. Cf. [Digital currency] Cryptocurrency A special kind of digital currency. The most popular Cryptocurrency is Bitcoin. "Crypto" refers to the cryptographic method used in the currency to secure transactions and create new unit of the currency. This kind of digital money is a revolutionary technology that allows people or institutions to transfer funds instantly, securely and without a middleman.
after Bitcoin. Because Bitcoin's code is open-source, anyone can use Bitcoin's code to create an altcoin. Many of them seek to improve on Bitcoin or expand its capabilities. Altcoins use di erent rules and engage with other economic models.
almost all shared the original purpose of removing middlemen. Some of the most popular cryptocurrencies include Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, Dash, NEO, Monero, and IOTA. The list grows constantly, because new cryptocurrencies are created all the time. Anybody is allowed to create their own cryptocurrency. In fact, there are already over 1,500 di erent ones, and that number is growing quickly. People are developing new cryptocurrencies for fun, to solve problems, and to make money. Because anybody with some technical skills can make them, it's important to know that some cryptocurrencies are more trustworthy than others. Ref: [upfolio.com]
public ledger of transactions, that everyone can inspect but which no single user controls. It is a distributed database that maintains a continuously growing list of transaction data records, cryptographically secured from tampering and revision. Ref: [blockchainhub.net]
list, or chain of blocks, where each block contains a certain number of transactions that were validated by the network in a given timespan. The crypto-economic rulesets of the blockchain protocol (consensus layer) regulate the behavioral rulesets and incentive mechanism of all stakeholders in the network.
malicious Permissioned Identi ed Trusted Consensus Mechanisms PoW, PoS, etc. Large energy consumption No nality 51% attack Voting or Multi-Party Consensus Algoritm Lighter Faster Low energy consumption Enable nality Transaction Approval Freq. Long Bitcoin: 10+ mins Short 100x ms USP Disruptive Cost Cutting E ciency / Automation 41 / 65
request ConsenSys Blockchain First Develop using the tools provided by the blockchain Ethereum, Bitcoin Development Platforms Tools for IT Professionals ERIS, Tendermint, Hyperledger Vertical Solutions Industry speci c Axoni, Chain, R3, itBit, Clearmatics Special APIs & Overlays DIY building blocks Blockstack, Factom, Open Assets, Tierion 53 / 65
Cognizant, Deloitte, IBM, PWC, Ernst & Young Developers will have a single-click cloud-based blockchain developer environment, that will allow for rapid development of smart contracts. The big players in the cloud industry like Amazon(AWS), Microsoft(Azure), IBM(BlueMix) have seen the potential bene ts of o ering blockchain services in the cloud and started providing some level of BaaS to their customers. Users will bene t from not having to face the problem of con guring and setting up a working blockchain. Hardware investments won't be needed as well. IBM BueMix Blockchain (Hyperledger Fabric). AWS Blockchain Templates (Hyperledger Fabric, Ethereum). Google: "would introduce open-source integrations for apps built with the blockchain-based platforms Hyperledger Fabric and Ethereum later this year".
create an architecture that can connect geographically dispersed L2 islands over any available infrastructure. BaaT achieves control plane (VXLAN) operation via blockchain. It supports unicast, multicast & broadcast. Ref: [OpenCT Whitepaper]
with Software-De ned WAN (SD-WAN) for a secure, scalable virtualization of WAN transport technologies. BD-WAN dynamically establishes and tears down logical and physical circuits so customers pay only for what they consume. Ref: [OpenCT Whitepaper]
Machine Intelligence Platform @CBInsights 3. Mastering Bitcoin 2nd Edition - Programming the Open Blockchain +Many others cited in-context (on resp. slides). Credits Icons made by Pixelmeetup from Flaticon 64 / 65