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Drones - Topic Overview

January 30, 2016

Drones - Topic Overview

An overview on the drone impact on our society.
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto


January 30, 2016

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  1. DRONES: A SHORT INTRO Information Systems and Software Engineering Seminar

    João Pedro Dias – João Sá – José Faria
  2. AGENDA 1. Definition of drone 2. Drones history 3. Impact

    of drones 4. Future of drones 5. Drones and Portugal

  4. DEFINITION • An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as

    a drone is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard. The flight of UAVs may be controlled either autonomously by onboard computers or by the remote control of a pilot on the ground or in another vehicle. In Wikipedia
  5. CLASSIFICATION • Target and decoy – providing ground and aerial

    gunnery a target that simulates an enemy aircraft or missile • Reconnaissance – providing battlefield intelligence • Combat – providing attack capability for high-risk missions • Logistics – UAVs specifically designed for cargo and logistics operation • Research and development – used to further develop UAV technologies to be integrated into field-deployed UAV aircraft • Civil and commercial UAVs – specifically designed for civil and commercial applications

  7. THE BEGINNINGS 1849 Austria sent unmanned, bomb-filled balloons to attack

    Venice. 1914-1918 World War I 1935 The first scale remote piloted aircraft was developed. 1939 OQ-2 Radioplanewas developed. This was the first mass-produced UAV in the United States. 1939-1945 World War II 1959 The U.S. Air Force, concerned about losing pilots over hostile territory, began planning for the use of unmanned aircraft.
  8. • The Lockheed D-21 was an American reconnaissance drone. The

    D-21 was initially designed to be launched from the back of a M-21 carrier aircraft.
  9. RECENT HISTORY 1959 America's highly classified UAVs go into their

    first combat missions of the Vietnam War. 1967 - 1970 Use of UAVs with reconnaissance cameras into combat in the Middle East. 1973 Israel developed the first UAV with real-time surveillance technology. 1986 RQ-2 Pioneer medium-size drone was developed jointly by the United States and Israel. This drone was used until 2007. 1990 GNAT 750 was the first tactical reconnaissance UAV built in the U.S. 2000 Predator drones were born and made its first flight over Afghanistan.
  10. • General Atomics MQ-1 Predator was built by General Atomics

    and used primarily by the United States Air Force and Central Intelligence Agency. It was introduced in 1995 and it is still in use today.
  11. TODAY 2009 U.S. Air Force receive pentagon approval to arm

    the Predator with Hellfire missiles. 2004 - Today CIA initiated about 400 drones strikes in Pakistan, plus 184 in Yemen and 20 in Somalia by order of the pentagon. 2014 Amazon proposes the use of drones for delivering packages to the costumers. 35 states in the U.S. introduce legislation to limit drone usage.

  13. SEARCH & RESCUE • In 2013 Sky-Watch provided a Huginn

    X1 quadcopter to help Search & Rescue teams deployed in the Philippines after the typhoon Haiyan raged over the islands. • Refugee rescue organization Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) has used the S- 100 to assist in search and rescue missions for troubled ships carrying refugees from a variety of countries, including Eritrea, Somalia, and Syria, across the Mediterranean.
  14. JOURNALISM & PHOTOGRAPHY • The Daily Dot used a Phantom

    drone for first hand footage of a building that collapsed in Harlem on March 2014. • Filmmaker Danny Cooke used a drone to capture shots of the abandoned amusement park, some residential shots of decaying walls, children's toys and gas masks. He collected them in a 3-minute short film “Postcards From Chernobyl”, released in November 2014.
  15. PROTECTING ENDANGERED WILDLIFE • Lindbergh Foundation aims to preserve the

    environment through the use of technology. It launched the Air Shepherd project in response to illegal poaching problem in southern Africa, a crisis it says saw 40,000 elephants and 1,200 rhino killed in a single year. • Activists launched a long-range drone in 2012 to locate and photograph a Japanese whaling ship as the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society attempted to block Japan's annual whale hunt in Antarctic waters.
  16. AERIAL INSPECTIONS • Cyberhawk octocopter drone for power line inspections

    in use by New York Power Authority in a hydroelectric generating site in the Catskills, near Blenheim, N.Y. • Sky-Futures, a provider of drone inspection services for the oil and gas industry, has raised $3,89m from a venture capital fund.
  17. WARFARE • In June 2015 the total death toll of

    U.S. drone strikes was estimated to exceed 6,000 in the last five years. • “Russia began its air strikes in Syria on September 30 and says it has hit some 500 'terrorist' targets”
  18. SURVEILLANCE • US Special Forces are testing a tiny bug-like

    drone that could change the future of warfare. The teeny flying robot, called the PD-100 Black Hornet 2, weighs 18 grams with regular and thermal cameras and fits in the palm of your hand. • According to an investigation by the BBC, there have been about 10,000 drone flights since the new border control strategy began in March 2013.
  19. ENTERTAINMENT • Air 2015: World's first helicopter drone entertainment show

    to debut in Amsterdam. • “Delighting Star Wars fans everywhere, Disney unveils Millennium Falcon and X-Wing drones”. • In Maker Faire 2014, an event that celebrates self-made projects of all kinds, several drones entered a makeshift arena and fought until there was only one left standing (or flying, as it were).

  21. AIRBORNE AID • Syria Airlift Project seeks to end the

    use of mass starvation and medical deprivation as weapons of war. • UAV as a compact flying toolbox containing essential supplies for advanced life support. The first product focuses on the most pressing use case: delivery of an automated external defibrillator.
  22. AIR DELIVERY • In 2013 DHL parcel service subsidiary of

    Deutsche Post AG tested a "microdrones md4-1000" for delivery of medicine. • In 2013 Amazon announced Amazon Prime Air a future delivery system from Amazon designed to safely get packages to customers in 30 minutes or less using small.
  23. PROVIDING INTERNET ACCESS • Facebook unveils solar-powered Aquila plane that

    will beam the internet to remote locations. • Google Project Loon looks to use a global network of high-altitude balloons to connect people in rural and remote areas who have no Internet access at all, help fill coverage gaps for areas that can’t be served profitably by existing providers, and rapidly connect people after disasters when existing infrastructure has been compromised.
  24. TRANSPORTATION • “A fully autonomous quadcopter that can transport people

    without any human intervention, in order to be useful for the common public it should fly without requiring a human pilot.“ • Lockheed Martin's Skunk Works division is building a drone that will be able to transport cars, storage containers, and eventually even pods full of soldiers for DARPA (U.S.).

  26. CURRENT SITUATION IN PORTUGAL • Legislative proposal on the use

    of drones is yet to be finished by the National Institute of Civil Aviation • The Portuguese company Tekeverpresented in July 2012, at the Farnborough Airshow in the United Kingdom the first Portuguese unmanned aerial vehicle, totally designed and developed in Portugal • In October 2013 was presented a new UAV designed and developed in Portugal under a partnership between the Portuguese air force and the CEIIA: UAS30.
  27. DRONE USE IN PORTUGAL • In 2013 PSP (Polícia de

    Segurança Pública) has acquired two Drones but they remains with no use today because of the lack of legislation. • In 2014 a Tekever drone was use to collected "several hours" of aerial images of the volcano nearly a month ago, the Cape Verdean island of Fogo.
  28. None
  29. Q & A Thank you!