Lecture Session 3

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September 16, 2020

Lecture Session 3

Fish E-fish-ency

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learnenergy

September 16, 2020
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  1. Ene rgy Education and Ene rgy Lite racy: Ene rgy

    Syste m - Transportation Lecture Session No. 3 Wednesday 8.21.19 2019 International Workshop on Energy Education Tainan, Taiwan
  2. Re vie w /Re cap: The 2 Big g e

    st Contributors to Energy Consum ption 1. Electricity Consumption 1. Transportation https://tnimage.taiwannews.com.tw/photos/shares/5ab07bf10ba38.j https:/ / www.romaniajournal.ro/ wp- content/ uploads/ 2016/ 12/ electricity- consumption.jpg
  3. Think abo ut … W hat Is a SU STAINABLE

    Ene rgy Syste m ? Sustainable Development, as defined in 1987 by the Brundtland Commission (formally known as the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). “Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
  4. In the conte xt of ENERG Y … ✔CONSERVE –

    find ways to USE LESS ENERGY (smaller systems, personal choice, etc.) ✔IMPROVE EFFICIENCY – replace/improve end use technology or energy conversion technology ✔SUBSTITUTE renewables for non-renewable resources 3 Approaches to design or modify an energy system so it is more sustainable:
  5. In the conte xt of ENERG Y … ✔CONSERVE –

    find ways to USE LESS ENERGY (smaller systems, personal choice, etc.) ✔IMPROVE EFFICIENCY – replace/improve end use technology or energy conversion technology ✔SUBSTITUTE renewables for non-renewable resources 3 Approaches to design or modify an energy system so it is more sustainable:
  6. Fish E-fish-ency A ctivity This activity is used as a

    kinesthetic demonstration to allow students to understand fuel economy statistics and to generate a conversation about energy efficiency.
  7. Fish E-fish-ency A ctivity 13 m pg 13 steps 13

  8. Re ady Set G o!

  9. Ve hicle s 1. Dump Truck/Tractor Trailer = 6 mpg

    (39 L/100km) 2. Bus-Style Recreation Vehicle = 10 mpg (24 L/100 km) 3. Lamborghini = 11 mpg (21 L/100 km) 4. Jeep Grand Cherokee = 13 mpg (18 L/100 km) 5. Toyota Tundra = 14 mpg (17 L/100 km) 6. Toyota Land Cruiser = 15 mpg (16 L/100 km) 7. Toyota Sienna Minivan = 20 mpg (12 L/100 km) 8. Honda Odyssey Minivan = 22 mpg (11 L/100 km) 9. Chevy Spark = 33 mpg (7 L/100 km) 10.Ford Fusion = 42 mpg (6 L/100 km) 11.Toyota Prius = 56 mpg (4 L/100 km) 12.Hyundai Ioniq (hybrid) = 58 mpg (4 L/100 km) 13.Hyundai Ioniq Electric = 136 mpge (2 L/100 km) https://www.numbeo.com/gas-prices/in/Kaohsiung#
  10. Fish E-fish-ency A ctivity Activity guide can be found in

    the Google Classroom!
  11. W hat doe s EFFIC IENC Y re ally m

    e an? 14 mpg (17 L/100 gal) 136 mpge (2 L/100 gal) 33 mpg (7 L/100 gal) BU T… EFFICIENCY =USABLE ENERGY OUT ENERGY IN
  12. Inte rnal C om bustion Engine s: G asoline https://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/atv.shtml

    Overall Efficiency of Gasoline- powered vehicle: 14%-30%
  13. Ele ctric/G asoline Hybrids Overall Efficiency of Hybrid vehicle: 25%-40%

    https://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/atv.shtml
  14. All-Ele ctric Ve hicle s Overall Efficiency of all-electric vehicle:

    74%-94% https://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/atv.shtml
  15. “True ” Efficie ncy … “Life C ycle Efficie ncy”

    Electricity ‘true e fficie ncy’ o f this e ne rgy syste m ? Expands the System Boundary to include the primary resource Efficiency = energy provided by car potential energy in primary resource Efficiency ~ 35% Efficiency ~ 74 -95% coal
  16. “True ” Efficie ncy … “Life C ycle Efficie ncy”

    Expands the System Boundary to include the primary resource Efficiency ~ 14 -30% Efficiency ~ 80% (exploration, extraction, processing, transport)
  17. “Well to Wheels Efficiency” https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/jec/activities/wtw

  18. Diesel Fuel Cell Natural Gas Gasoline Hybrid gas/ elect. Electric

    Eberhard & Tarpenning, Tesla Motors, Inc., July 2006.
  19. Mile ag e Standard - Project Activity guide can be

    found in the Google Classroom!
  20. W hat happe ns w he n w e look

    be yond ENERG Y EFFIC IENC Y? A true ‘Life Cycle Assessment’ will consider impacts to society and the environment, all along the fuel chain.
  21. W hat happe ns w he n w e look

    be yond ENERG Y EFFIC IENC Y? A true ‘Life Cycle Assessment’ will consider impacts to society and the environment, all along the fuel chain.
  22. LCA Activity: Students lay out an initial Life Cycle Assessment

    of 3 different fuel systems Gasoline Car Fuel Cell Car Biofuel Car
  23. Inputs Water Use Electricity Use Crude Oil Extraction Refining Oil

    to Gasoline Electric Power Transmission On-site hydrolysis H2 NG Reforming H2
  24. Outputs Spills to Water/Soil Air Emissions

  25. None
  26. None
  27. None
  28. None
  29. None
  30. Student Activity: Sustainable Transportation Technologies

  31. In the conte xt of ENERG Y … ✔CONSERVE –

    find ways to USE LESS ENERGY (smaller systems, personal choice, etc.) ✔IMPROVE EFFICIENCY – replace/improve end use technology or energy conversion technology ✔SUBSTITUTE renewables for non-renewable resources 3 Approaches to design or modify an energy system so it is more sustainable:
  32. W hich Natural Re ne w able Re so urce

    s Does Taiw an Have at its Fingertips? Does the wind blow in Taiwan? Does the sun shine in Taiwan? Do rivers run down your mountains? Do you have high tides and low tides? Do you have active geothermal activity? https:/ / www.google.com/ imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fqvcc.edu%2Fwp- content%2Fuploads%2F2017%2F03%2FSun-PNG- Image.png&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fqvcc.edu%2Fprograms%2Facademics%2Fsun-png- image%2F&docid=pMabP8bFnKdkmM&tbnid=6mRQSFAsNrHdsM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwiO6OGNqvfjAhVjZN8KHT7lA1MQMwiMASgQMBA..i&w=1080&h=1080&bih=625&biw=1366& q=sun&ved=0ahUKEwiO6OGNqvfjAhVjZN8KHT7lA1MQMwiMASgQMBA&iact=mrc&uact=8
  33. Wind Power Density Potential https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/globalwindatlas/posters/Taiwan_PD.png

  34. Solar Radiation Zoning https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&sour ce=images&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwjW9b KArvHiAhWrxVkKHbEnD3wQjRx6BAg BEAU&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.sci encedirect.com%2Fscience%2Farticle %2Fpii%2FS0960148114008088&psig =AOvVaw0x1xzD72UMliyM9qOJib0V&

    ust=1560889845384779
  35. Potential for Run of the River Generators https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=ima ges&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwiQioi8r_HiAhVLxVk KHY_IDncQjRx6BAgBEAU&url=https%3A%2

    F%2Fwww.worldatlas.com%2Fwebimage%2 Fcountrys%2Fasia%2Ftaiwan%2Ftwland.htm &psig=AOvVaw24AyR2fkrN- n2Za6XtqSGl&ust=1560890176241380
  36. Potential for Tidal Power Plants https://marineenergy.biz/2018/01/17/minesto- plans-taiwan-as-first-ocean-current-power- producer/ http://www.energybc.ca/tidal.html https://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7e/forecast/fishery/t

    ide_1.htm Minesto plans Taiwan as first ocean current power producer
  37. Potential Geothermal Power Locations https://www.intechopen.com/books/renewable-geothermal-energy-explorations/geothermal-explorations-on-the- slate-formation-of-taiwan

  38. Interactive Map of Existing Power Plants in Taiwan by type

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of _power_stations_in_Taiwan
  39. Taiwan’s Green Shift is Ready to Begin! https://apjjf.org/2016/19/Hu.html

  40. Le t’s w rap up the day! • What have

    we learned today? • Look at United States efforts • Web- based resources for lesson design and data • Looking forward to Thursday and Friday
  41. W hat W e Have Le arne d To day

  42. Fram e w o rk fo r K-12 Science Education

    and Next G eneration Science Standards (NG SS) United States Goal: 1. Create common standards for teaching science. 2. Develop interest among students to pursue studies in STEM 3. Greater focus on process skills a. Developing/ testing ideas b. Analyzing/ interpreting data c. Evaluating evidence d. Communicating results
  43. 1. Energy is a concept used in the design of

    Science and Engineering Practices. 2. It’s important that students learn how to apply ideas learned through the Disciplinary Core Ideas. 3. Energy is a Cross-Cutting Concept that applies to all domains of science (life, physical, Earth & space). Ene rgy in the NG SS
  44. Exam ple o f a NG SS Standard

  45. http://www.need.org/ W e b-base d Re so urce s fo

    r Le sso n De sign & Data 1. Energy 101 - https:/ / www.energy.gov/ eere/ education/ energy- 101 2. Teach Engineering - https:/ / www.teachengineering.org/ lessons/ view/ cla_ lesson3_ energy_ basics 3. KEEP Program - https:/ / www.uwsp.edu/ cnr- ap/ KEEP/ Pages/ default.aspx 4. CLEAN Network - https:/ / cleanet.org/ index.html 5. NEED Program - https:/ / www.need.org/ 6. Our World in Data - https:/ / ourworldindata.org/ 7. The Shift Project Data Portal - https:/ / www.tsp- data- portal.org
  46. http://www.need.org/ W e b-base d Re so urce sfo r

    Le sso n De sign & Data Resource guide can be found in the Google Classroom!
  47. http://www.need.org/ W hat W ill Happe n O ve r

    The Ne xt Tw o Days? 1. Thursday: a. What type of energy do we use and how do we use it? b. Saving energy through efficiency and conservation. 2. Friday: a. Example of innovation - building windmills b. Sharing an example lesson plan - lecture and active learning c. Work session and sharing/ discussion of workshop ideas
  48. Re so urce s in G o o gle C

    lassro o m Find our presentations and all of our lessons to modify to meet your own needs.
  49. Tim e to P ut o n yo ur Hat

    and Sunglasses! https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fcdn.shopify.com%2Fs%2Ffiles%2F1% 2F0148%2F9585%2Fproducts%2Fsunglasses-natty-ice-lime- 1_1024x1024.jpg%3Fv%3D1557937551&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.blenderseyewear.co m%2Fcollections%2Fall-sunglasses%2Fproducts%2Fnatty-ice- lime%3FyoReviewsPage%3D12&docid=TeJGwJb2lxoLzM&tbnid=dd28Xcw- 3__bQM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwj2- KDurPfjAhXGhOAKHXOlBwcQMwidASgRMBE..i&w=948&h=538&itg=1&bih=625&biw=1366&q=s unglasses&ved=0ahUKEwj2-KDurPfjAhXGhOAKHXOlBwcQMwidASgRMBE&iact=mrc&uact=8 https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fstockx.imgix.net%2Fproducts%2Fstreetwear%2FNi ke-x-Atmos-NRG-AW84-Hat-Blue-Black-Flash- Crimson.png%3Ffit%3Dfill%26bg%3DFFFFFF%26w%3D700%26h%3D500%26auto%3Dformat%2Ccompres s%26q%3D90%26dpr%3D2%26trim%3Dcolor%26updated_at%3D1553543721&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2F stockx.com%2Fnike-x-atmos-nrg-aw84-hat-blue-black-flash- crimson&docid=fHjG0zgIo8YgZM&tbnid=pSx52Vjdgu4HxM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwiYp4nVrPfjAhXBmeAKHRIO DIEQMwjkASgxMDE..i&w=1400&h=1000&bih=625&biw=1366&q=hat&ved=0ahUKEwiYp4nVrPfjAhXBmeAKH
  50. HOT HOT HOT Buster Poindexter Let’s switch today / Let’s

    switch today The Earth’s on fire - - climate on fire - - Feeling hot hot hot Fossil fuels are- - Burnin’ ‘round me feeling hot hot hot What to do - at a time like this Switch to solar - we can't resist We need to switch today. Renewables are the way! Storms go rum- bum- bum- bum they go rum- bum- bum- bum Climate is hot hot hot - - Feeling hot hot hot - oh Lord
  51. The ice caps melting -- cause lowland flooding -- that’s

    not hot hot hot ocean currents changing -- they’re rearranging -- that’s not hot hot hot It's in the air - violent storms Polar vortex - they’re not the norms We need to switch today. Renewables are the way! Storms go rum-bum-bum-bum they go rum-bum-bum-bum Climate is hot hot hot -- Feeling hot hot hot - Oh Lord
  52. Let’s switch today / Let’s switch today Let’s switch today

    / Let’s switch today Coal, oil, gasses - hot hot hot Hydro-fracking - hot hot hot We need to buy renewables on the spot We need to buy renewables on the spot I'm hot -- You're hot -- He's hot -- She's hot I'm hot -- You're hot -- He's hot -- She's hot (Real hot) -- (Real hot) -- (Real hot) -- (Real hot) Ha-ha-ha - Oh Lord
  53. How you feeling? (Hot hot hot) How you feeling? (Hot

    hot hot) How you feeling? (Hot hot hot) How you feeling? (Hot hot hot) (Hot hot hot)(Hot hot hot) (Hot hot hot)(Hot hot hot)