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Make A Change_社會企業國外趨勢分析

January 12, 2012

Make A Change_社會企業國外趨勢分析

協助主管蒐集資訊分析趨勢,協助其對外簡報呈現。此份報告主要目的為分析美國政府與國外學術環境的社會企業(Social Enterprise)發展趨勢,主要分為兩方面:美國政府所成立之Social Innovation & Civic Participation(SICP)、世界頂尖學府所設立之社會企業研究中心及其相關作為。


January 12, 2012

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  1. Traditional NGO/ NPO They are dedicated and compassionate, but face

    the predicament of sustainability. For-profit Companies They are pragmatic and efficient, but maximizing profits is their priority. 3
  2. Social Entrepreneur Note: The Skoll Foundation is a social entrepreneurship

    foundation to drive large-scale change by investing in, connecting, with social entrepreneurs. They embrace Mother Teresa’s compassion They also possess Bill Gates’ innovation They solve social problems with business solutions “ The field of social entrepreneurship is a response to the failure of both business and government to deliver on their promise to society.” -Lance Henderson, Vice-President at Skoll Foundation* 4
  3. Social Entrepreneur Muhammad Yunus Founder of Grameen Bank* 2006 Nobel

    Peace Prize Recipient Note: Grameen Bank is a microfinance organization and community development bank started in Bangladesh that provides credit to the impoverished without any collateral. In Bangladesh today, • Grameen has served more than 8 million borrowers • Over 97% of loans are paid back “By defining entrepreneur in a broader way we can change the character of capitalism radically, and solve many of the unresolved social and economic problems within the scope of the free market. -Excerpt from Yunus’ Nobel Lecture on Dec. 10, 2006 5
  4. Social Entrepreneur Sam Goldman Funder of D.Light Design* Note: D.light

    Design is an international consumer products company serving people without access to reliable electricity. From 2007 to March, 2010, D.Light Design has impacted 1 million lives through selling solar lanterns to off-grid households in over 30 developing countries “We could have done it as a nonprofit over a hundred years, but if we wanted to do it in 5 or 10 years, then we believed it needed to be fueled by profit.” -Excerpt from the New York Times on Mar. 5, 2009 6
  5. [1] Resource from: http://www.arwu.org/ARWU2009.jsp • In 2009, President Barack Obama

    created the Office of Social Innovation and Civic participation(SICP) within the White House • According to 2009 World Universities Rankings*, 7 schools in top 10 establish research centers for social innovation or social entrepreneurship. Social entrepreneurship is no longer an issue of awareness; It is now an issue of action. Changes Are Happening 8
  6. Part One. The Actions of the US Government Socia ntrepreneurship

    9 Social Innovation and Civic Participation (SICP)
  7. The White House Office of Social Innovation & Civic Participation

    (SICP) Missions of SICP • Promote service as a solution and a way to develop community leaders • Increase investments for innovative solutions that demonstrate results • Develop new, innovative models of partnership 10 To Find the Best Solutions to America’s Challenges… Obama Establishes…
  8. SICP directly created within the White House Office, with the

    largest budget in the US history • The Supreme Court of the United State Judicial Branch The Constitution • The President •The Vice President •Executive Office of the President Executive Branch •The Congress •Senate House Legislative Branch Administrative Hierarchy 11 The White House Office of SICP President Obama requested a 2010 budget for SICP
  9. Part Two. The Actions of Leading Schools Establish Research Center

    of Social Innovation and Social Entrepreneurship Socia ntrepreneurship 12
  10. • Harvard University held annual Social Venture Plan Contest since

    1997 • Stanford University published Stanford Social Innovation Review (SSIR) since 2003 • Berkeley offers a series of courses for Social Entrepreneurship with McKinsey • MIT sent Sloan MBAs to polish Health Care system in Africa since 2008 • Oxford Skoll Center chooses 5 fully-funded MBAs dedicated to Social Innovation A Trend Among Top Universities… 13
  11. Top Universities In Asia Are Following… Partner with Leading Universities:

    • Peking University connects Harvard University with Social Innovation Project • Waseda University cooperates with Stanford University for Exploring Social Innovation (ESI) Program • Fudan University collaborates with National University of Singapore with Social Innovation Project Initiate Independent Programs: • CEIBS hosts International Roundtable on Entrepreneurship and Innovation • Singapore Management University provides 14 professional nonprofit module courses • Hong Kong University offered Social Innovation Internship Program since 2009 14
  12. Socia ntrepreneurship 17 Backup. 1. The Initiatives of SICP 2.

    Course & Program Offerings in Top Universities 3. Key Actions of Asian Universities
  13. 18 1 Mission Initiatives Results Promote Service • Signed into

    law to provide financial and non-financial support to expend community service opportunities •Fiscal Year 2010 budget provided $1.149 billion, the largest in history •Launched United We Serve(UWS) campaign to create a sustained, collaborative, and focused effort to meet community needs via the official website, Serve.gov •Serve.gov has amassed nearly 250,000 searchable opportunities Find Solutions •Provided Social Innovation Fund(SIF) & Investing In Innovation(i3) Fund to find the most effective programs •CNCS awarded nearly $50 million in SIF grants to 11 organizations • Traveled across the country to discover and evaluate the best bottom-up solutions in the communities • From July, 2009 to May 2010, set out 11 community solution tours • Held competitions to identify the best models and increase civic participation in certain area by working closely with other agencies • NASA announced Innovation Incubator Initiative, an online ”innovation marketplace” with 180,000 participants to spur solutions Develop Partnership • Partnered with nonprofits, foundations, philanthropists, private organizations, academia, and all levels of government to launch various campaigns in solving shared problems • UWS engaged 400 national service partners, including over 120 organizations introduced for the first time to Corporation for National and Community Service(CNCS) The Initiatives of SICP
  14. 19 Course & Program Offerings in Top Universities Research Center

    Courses Practical Programs Special Features Harvard Social Enterprise Initiative • Executive Education • MBA courses & curriculum • Immersion Experience Program (IXP) • Social Venture Track of the HBS Business Plan Contest • Social Venture Track of the HBS Business Plan Contest MIT Sloan Lab for Sustainable Business; Global Health Delivery Lab • Strategies for Sustainable business • All the projects in the labs connected with real organizations • Long time on-site commitment Stanford Center for Social Innovation • MBA public Management program • Personalized online courses & Conferences and workshops • Fellowship for MBA Grads’ Launching Social Ventures • Board Fellows • Summer internships • Stanford Social Innovation Review • Popular public Management program Berkeley Center for Nonprofit and Public Leadership • Social Entrepreneurship • Undergraduate & graduate courses • Berkeley Board Fellows • Social Sector Solutions • Silicon Valley Social Ventures Fellowships • Courses for undergraduate Cornell Center for Sustainable Global Enterprise • Environmental Management • Innovation • Entrepreneurship • Life Sciences • Pyramid Learning Lab • Sustainable Innovation Learning Lab • Sustainable Global Enterprise Initiative Program • Learning Lab constitute by companies, NGOs, etc Oxford Skoll Center for Social Entrepreneurship • Social Entrepreneurship & Innovation • Social Finance • Social Enterprise Design • Oxford Business Network on Social Entrepreneurship (SE-OBN) • Well-rounded research centers 2
  15. 20 3 Key Actions of Asian Universities University Key Actions

    Peking University 北京大學 • Kept long-term relationship with Harvard University and Sun Culture Foundation (SCF) by holding philanthropy forums and providing elementary & advanced annual classes for researching NPO cases and NPO’s development since 2006 Fudan University 復旦大學 • Collaborates with National University of Singapore (NUS) with Xun-Ji (尋跡), a project holds China’s first student-initiated annual Social Innovation Forum, aiming to generate more awareness about social innovation among young people China Europe International Business School (CEIBS) 中歐國際工商學院 • Hosted International Roundtable on Entrepreneurship and Innovation since 2007 • Organized Global Entrepreneurship Week in China and invited leading experts of entrepreneurship for an discussion of the growth and development of entrepreneurship in China and worldwide Waseda University 早稻田大學 • Founded The Hirayama Ikuo Volunteer Center (WAVOC) in 2002, provides courses combine lectures and practical learning, independent self-organized volunteer projects and Exploring Social Innovation (ESI), a 2-week program partnered with Stanford University Singapore Management University 新加坡管理大學 • Established Lien Center, connected with Lien Foundation, provides professional education for NPO managers with 14 modules including Board Effectiveness & branding and 12 on-site case studies for experiential learning Hong Kong University 香港大學 • Offered Social Innovation Internship Program, partnered with more than 30 NPOs and focusing on Social Innovation and Global Citizenship since 2009 • Undergraduate students are required to undertake 24 credits of the program-related off- campus learning