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Roman Architecture

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=47 nichsara
October 11, 2012

Roman Architecture

Lecture given October 11, 2012.

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=128

nichsara

October 11, 2012
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  1. !"#$%&'()*&'(+,-).+)/(.& !"#$%&'() *+,-.+#$0&1234155& & !#&'"() 677&89:4;77&9:& !,/#&)!"0123%4#&5)!,/#&)6/0"7%#3) & 8"7/.9:,&4"0+.() $<-$=0&$>/.?/+)0&$(+,0&$(+$?.0&@$/=)0&

    A.BC)"%.0&D$((.=&@$/=)0&E("-%&@$/=)0& @"/CC"-(C0&CF$%?(.=C0&.%E$E.?& +"=/#%0&?"(-+0&-"%-+0&+"(-%),-$%0& $+$%),/C0&D$C-=-+$0&+$=?.(-/#0& G(-E-?$(-/#0&).F-?$(-/#0&D(.$?&$%?& +-(+/C.C0&F$=$.C)($H& ;,&1/"&+)<%.+() !  24120&I.#F=.0&F.(,$FC&?.?-+$).?& )"&J"()/%/CH&!"#$%&!.F/D=-+0& K$).&C.+"%?&+.%)/(B&89:H&& !  JEH&1560&J"%)&?/&L$(?0&MN#.C& OP($%+.QH&&R#F.(-$=&!"#$%0&K$).& S(C)&+.%)/(B&89:H&& !  24TU0&P=$@-$%&'#F,-),.$).(&O),.& 9"=-C./#QH&R#F.(-$=&!"#$%0&57437& 9:H&& !  24TV0&'F"=="?"(/C&"G&W$#$C+/CH&& P"(/#&"G&I($X$%0&R#F.(-$=&!"#$%0& +H&116&9:H& !  24UU0&8$),C&"G&9$($+$==$0&!"#.0& R#F.(-$=&!"#$%0&+H611&9:H& &
  2. !Rome is known fundamentally as an urban civilization Y"?.=&"G&),.&9-)B&"G&R#F.(-$=&!"#.& !"#$%&'"(')*+',"--+##'

    ."/$0'1#)234-'5+4)678'59''
  3. 6-16, Temple (perhaps dedicated to Portunus) In the Cattle Market,

    Rome. Late second century BCE.
  4. Seen from rear. 6-16, Temple (perhaps dedicated to Portunus) In

    the Cattle Market, Rome. Late second century BCE.
  5. 6-16, Temple (perhaps dedicated to Portunus) In the Cattle Market,

    Rome. Late second century BCE.
  6. 6-3, Reconstruction of an Etruscan temple, according to description by

    Vitruvius. 5-31, Iktinos and Kallikrates. The Parthenon (seen from northwest). Athens, Greece. 447-438 BCE.
  7. 6-3, Reconstruction of an Etruscan temple, according to description by

    Vitruvius. 5-31, Iktinos and Kallikrates. The Parthenon Athens, Greece, 447-438 BCE. 6-16, Temple, perhaps dedicated to Portunus, In the Cattle Market, Rome. Late 2nd century BCE
  8. Nîmes

  9. Pg. 172, Pont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Late first century

    BCE. Z &'>/.?/+)*&'%&$([S+-$=&+,$%%.=&G"(&)($%CF"([%E&\$).(&G("#&$&?-C)$%)&C"/(+.& :$)+7'
  10. 177&E$=="%C&F.(&F.(C"%& T7&Y-=.C&M"(),& 9,$%%.=&\"/=?&,$@.&D..%&+"@.(.?&)"&F(.@.%)& ,.$[%E&$%?&+"%)$#-%$["%& Pg. 172, Water Channel, Pont du

    Gard, Nîmes (France). Late first century BCE.
  11. Pg. 172, Pont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Late first century

    BCE.
  12. ]+$^"=?-%E&/C.?&G"(& +"%C)(/+["%&$%?&(.F$-(H& Pg. 172, Pont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Late

    first century BCE.
  13. •  Voussoir: A wedge- shaped block used in the construction

    of an arch •  The central voussoir is the keystone
  14. I,.&?-C)(-D/["%&"G&\.-E,)&"%&$%&$(+$?.H&

  15. P=$@-$%&'#F-),.$).(&56437&9:& I-)/C&"&5V437&9:& _.CF$C-$%&"&2V45V&9:&

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  17. None
  18. Doric Ionic Corinthian 24TU0&P=$@-$%&'#F,-),.$).(&O9"=-C./#Q0&!"#.0&56437&89:H&& Engaged columns !:%E$E.?&+"=/#%C&"%=B&E-@.&),.&-#F(.CC-"%&"G& C/FF"()H&&I,.&$(+$?.C&+"/=?&C/FF"()&),.#C.=@.CH&

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  20. Diagram of an arch Diagram of a barrel vault _$/=)C&C/FF"().?&),.&C.$)C&$%?&C/DC)(/+)/(.&"G&

    ),.&9"=-C./#H&
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  22. Diagram of a barrel vault Diagram of a groin vault

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  35. 6-39, Apollodorus of Damascus. Forum of Trajan, (reconstruction), Dedicated in

    112 CE. =+/?@+')"')*+';%A%4+'=7$>$4' 5"@6/4'"('=7$>$4' B%C7$7%+#' D$#%@%&$'E@?%$' !''$''7''F''+'')''#' B"4G%)6-%4$@'HI%#'
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  39. 24TV0&'F"=="?"(/C&"G&W$#$C+/C0&Y$(A.)C0&P"(/#&"G& I($X$%0&+H&115&9:H& gY.(+,$%)Ch&])$==C& gI$@.(%CiP""?&])$==C& g9"##/%$=&]F$+.&

  40. I,.&J$%),."%& J$-7%$4'"'11K21LM'59''

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  42. ! Temple dedicated to all the gods (pan=all and theion=gods)

    pediment ?"7&*' -"/+' &8@%4-7%&$@'' -76/' 24;10&I,.&J$%),."%0&!"#.0&+H&113416U&9:H&
  43. Temple, perhaps dedicated to Portunus. In the Cattle Market, Rome.

    Late second century BCE. I,.&J$%),."%0&!"#.0&+H&113416U&9:H&
  44. O&6@6#' 5"P+7' ! 143 feet !QR'(++)' !'3R'(++)' 24;10&I,.&J$%),."%0&!"#.0&+H&113416U&9:H&

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  46. I,.&8$),C&"G&9$($+$==$& Caracalla " c. 211-217 CE

  47. I,.&8$),C&"G&9$($+$==$&

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