Roman Art

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=47 nichsara
October 12, 2013

Roman Art

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=128

nichsara

October 12, 2013
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  1. !"#$%&'()*&!+,-./01&)"&2#,0(+& !"#$%&'() !013$(4&5(0//0$%)6&783+&'-)3"(0)9&":& ;0<+%+==>&:("#&*+,-,#%-.,"6&,,?&@ABCC?&& & !#&'"() DEF&5G2BAED&G2& !"/.01%2)#&$))34/%,") & 5",4678+&2"/-6()

    ;$H-#6&'+%+$=6&(+,-./016&=+%$)+6&I+(0=#6& ,$)(010$%6&,/+.0$%6&"/0J$(1396&)(0-#I0($)+6&& '-J-=)-=6&,(0%1+,=6&5$((+/&I$-/)6&J("0%& I$-/)6&$(1$4+6&+%J$J+4&1"/-#%6&=,"0/=6& )(0-#,3$/&$(136&=13+#$H16&$,")3+"=0=6& 1"%H%-"-=&%$(($HI+6&1/+#+%196&/#9) ,+4#&#?& :";)<+&.4"&-6() !  K"()($0)&":&'-/-=&L+)+//-=&M7)3+& N($)"(>O6&!"#$%&!+,-./01$%6&+$(/9&E=)& 1+%)-(9&5G2& !  K$)(010$%&G$((90%J&8P"&K"()($0)& Q+$4=6&!"#$%&2#,0(+6&1?&E=)&1+%)-(9& G2&! !  83+&'-J-=)-=&K(0#$,"()$6&!"#$%& R#,+(0$/6&E=)&1+%)-(9&G2?& !  '(13&":&80)-=6&'+(0$/&S0+P6&!"#+6&1?& TE&G2?& !  G"/-#%&":&8($U$%6&V"(-#&":&8($U$%6& EEABEEW&"(&$X+(&EEY&G2& !  2Z-+=)(0$%&[)$)-+&":&L$(1-=&'-(+/0-=6& !"#+6&1?&EYW&G2?& !  83+&8+)($(13=?&S+%01+?&1?&AFF&G2?& !  G"/"==$/&Q+$4&":&G"%=)$%H%+?&!"#+?& 1?&AE@BAED&5G2?&
  2. \3+%&'(+&\+]& 2)(-=1$%=*& & & & & &1?&TFFBAFF&5G2& !"#$%&!+,-./01* & &

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  3. !Rome is known fundamentally as an urban civilization L"4+/&":&)3+&G0)9&":&R#,+(0$/&!"#+& "#$%&'!#(!)*+!,#--+$$!

    .#/%0!1$)234-!5+4)678!59!!
  4. [3+B\"/:&$%4&8P"&5$.0+=&M783+&G$,0)"/0%+&\"/:>O6&5("%c+6& DFFBCTF&5G2&M\"/:O6&EW)3&1+%)-(9&M5$.0+=O?& V"-%4$H"%&L9)3*&!"#-/-=&$%4&!+#-=&

  5. 8".0$=&[H##+(6&!"#-/-=&<0//0%J&!+#-=6&b+(#$%& \""41-)6&ED)3&1+%)-(9?& V"-%4$H"%&L9)3*&!"#-/-=&$%4&!+#-=&

  6. '+%+$=&$%4&30=&="%&'=1$%0-=&/$%40%J&$)&;$H-#6& L$(./+&!+/0+:6&!"#+6&ECFBEDF&G2?&& V"-%4$H"%&L9)3*&'+%+$=&

  7. Q$%=&I"%&'$13+%6&!#/")+=)>.2,"?#6&1?&EWFF?&

  8. .#/%4!.+:6;<&'!

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  10. K"()($0)&":&'-/-=&L+)+//-=&M7)3+&N($)"(>O6& %+$(&;$<+&8($=0#+%"6&!"#$%&!+,-./01$%6& +$(/9&E=)&1+%)-(9&5G2&

  11. L$%&P0)3&,"()($0)&.-=)=&":&30=& $%1+=)"(=6&2$(/9&2#,0(+6&1?&E=)& 1+%)-(9&5G2?& L91+%$+$%&V-%+($(9&L$=<6&1?&EADF&5G2?&

  12. 7V"(&P3+%+I+(&"%+&":&)3+&/+$40%J&#+%&$#"%J=)&d)3+& !"#$%=e&40+=f?)3+9&,/$1+&$&/0<+%+==&":&)3+&4+$4& #$%&0%&)3+&#"=)&,-./01&,$()&":&)3+&3"-=+6&<++,0%J&0)& 0%&$&=#$//&P""4+%&=3(0%+?&&83+&/0<+%+==&0=&$&#$=<& +=,+10$//9&#$4+&:"(&$&1/"=+&(+=+#./$%1+f'%4& P3+%+I+(&$&/+$40%J&#+#.+(&":&)3+&:$#0/9&40+=6&)3+9& 0%)("4-1+&d)3+&P$g&#$=<=e6&0%)"&)3+&:-%+($/& ,("1+==0"%6&,-h%J&)3+#&"%&#+%&P3"&=++#&#"=)& /0<+&)3+#&0%&3+0J3)&$%4&$=&(+J$(4=&)3+&(+=)&":&)3+0(& J+%+($/&$,,+$($%1+f?R)&0=&%")&+$=9&:"(&$%&$#.0H"-=&

    $%4&30J3B#0%4+4&9"-%J&#$%&)"&=++&$&i%+(&=,+1)$1/+& )3$%&)30=?&&V"(&)3"=+&P3"&P"-/4&%")&.+&P"%&"I+(&$)& )3+&=0J3)&":&$//&)3+&#$=<=&)"J+)3+(&":&)3"=+&#+%&P3"& 3$4&.++%&+g)"//+4&:"(&I0()-+&$=&0:&)3+9&P+(+&$/0I+&$%4& .(+$)30%J?>&_K"/9.0-=&MQ0=)"(9&":&!"#+O&& L$%&P0)3&,"()($0)&.-=)=&":&30=& $%1+=)"(=6&2$(/9&2#,0(+6&1?&E=)& 1+%)-(9&5G2?&
  13. Portrait Head of an Elder. Roman Republican, c.80 BCE. S+(0=#&

  14. 83+&!0=+&":&a-/0-=&G$+=$(&

  15. 5-=)&":&a-/0-=&G$+=$(6&!"#$%&!+,-./01$%6& E=)&1+%)-(9&5G2&& [+=)+(H-=&":&a-/0-=& G$+=$(6&1?&CD&5G2&

  16. Jean-Léon Gérôme. The Death of Caesar. 1859-67. Oil on canvas,

    2`4z x 4`11z. Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. a+$%B;+"%&b+("#+6&j+$)3&":&a-/0-=&G$+=$(6& ETWY?&
  17. !0=+&":&'-J-=)-=& N1)$I0$%& L$(1-=&'%)"%0-=&

  18. !0=+&":&'-J-=)-=& N1)$I0$%& L$(1-=&'%)"%0-=& '1H-#&

  19. 83+&V$//&":&)3+&Q+//+%0=H1&\"(/4& EAA&5G2& =>%<#$!???! WC&5G2& @#/:+8! TF&5G2& @#/:+8! AE&5G2& =6A6$)6$!

  20. 5-=)&":&N1)$I0$%6&!"#$%&!+,-./01$%6&1?&A^& 5G2&

  21. 83+&'-J-=)-=&K(0#$,"()$6&!"#$%& R#,+(0$/6&E=)&1+%)-(9&G2&M,"==0./+& 1",9&":&@F&G2&"(0J0%$/O?&

  22. '-J-=)-=&K(0#$,"()$6&!"#$%&R#,+(0$/&E=)& 1+%)-(9&G2?& K"/9</+0)"=6&j"(9,3"("=6&!"#$%&G",96&D)3& G+%)-(9&G2&

  23. Augustus of Primaporta, Roman Imperial 1st Century CE @.1.6)<"-"11.6)A5B")C,#-+,DE)!"#$%& !+,-./01$%&1?&TF&5G2?&&&

  24. 2#,+("(&80)-=&$=&b+%+($/6&!"#+6&;$)+&E=)& G+%)-(9&G2& Augustus of Primaporta, Roman Imperial, early 1st century

    CE.
  25. Portrait Head of an Elder. Roman Republican, c.80 BCE. Augustus

    Primaporta, Roman Imperial 1st century CE.
  26. Augustus Primaporta, Roman Imperial 1st century CE. 5-=)&":&N1)$I0$%6&!"#$%&!+,-./01$%6&1?& A^&5G2& 'J+*&@C&

    'J+*&YY&
  27. 83+&'-J-=)-=&K(0#$,"()$6&!"#$%& R#,+(0$/6&E=)&1+%)-(9&G2&M,"==0./+& 1",9&":&@F&G2&"(0J0%$/O?&

  28. Roman soldier Cornucopia Parthian soldier Roman standard with sculpture of

    eagle Apollo on a griffin Diana on a stag Sol (Sun) on a chariot Luna (moon) @+7$#4&B'%C#4!#(! D#64)8!
  29. 83+&'-J-=)-=&K(0#$,"()$6&!"#$%& R#,+(0$/6&E=)&1+%)-(9&G2&M,"==0./+& 1",9&":&@F&G2&"(0J0%$/O?&

  30. G-,04& M2("=O& S+%-=& "'+%+$=& "&?&?&?&?&&"a-/0-=&G$+=$(& "'-J-=)-=&

  31. '(13&":&80)-=& 80)-=&#&Y^BTE&G2& "! E%'F+-!G+76$%<+/!&4!HI!59! j"#0H$%&#&TEB^W&G2&

  32. Arch of Titus E%'7+-!J%8!

  33. Arch of Titus, Aerial View, Rome, c. 81 CE.

  34. Arch of Titus, Aerial View, Rome, c. 81 CE. KL7&6/:*%<!=7'*!

  35. Arch of Titus, Aerial View, Rome, c. 81 CE. 83+&[+%$)+&$%4&)3+&!"#$%&K+",/+&

    &)"&)3+&j0I0%+&80)-=6&="%&":&)3+&40I0%+& S+=,$=0$%&'-J-=)-=?&
  36. Arch of Titus, Aerial View, Rome, c. 81 CE.

  37. !+/0+:& G"k+(& 7-40, Arch of Titus, Aerial View, Rome, c.

    81 CE.
  38. The Senate granted a triumph, or an event in which

    victorious troops left weapons outside the city and paraded through Rome Triumph of Titus, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE. \0%J+4&S01)"(9& 80)-=&
  39. Titus crowned by Victory, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81

    CE. ;$-(+/&\(+$)3& V("#&)3+&b+##$&'-J-=)+$6&EF&5G2BEF& G2&&
  40. Titus crowned by Victory, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81

    CE. N($)"(9&b+=)-(+& '-J-=)-=&":&K(0#$,"()$6&1?&E^&G2&
  41. The Senate granted a triumph, or an event in which

    victorious troops left weapons outside the city and paraded through Rome Triumph of Titus, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE. M&7)6$N.#/%! O#4#$!PO#4#7Q!
  42. Spoils from the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem, Arch of

    Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE. & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & 5&)8!94)7%4'+!
  43. *Also paraded through the city was the spoils of military

    conquests Spoils from the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE. "+4#7%*! E)%4-%7-! E)%4-%7-! E)%4-%7-! ! ! ! ! ! E%'7+-!E&<R+7!L76/:+)$!(#7!! .#$*!O%$*%4%*!
  44. [,"0/=&":&\$(& Spoils from the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem, Arch

    of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.
  45. Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE. ',")3+"=0=& ":&80)-=&

  46. Apotheosis of Titus, Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE.

    2$J/+&l&a-,0)+(&
  47. G"/-#%&":&8($U$%& 8($U$%&#&^TBEEY&G2& S%'&%!

  48. 5#<6/4!#(!L7%T%4!

  49. ',,("g?&EAF&:++)&)$//& Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after

    117 CE
  50. Danube River River God (typically a reclining and perhaps monumental

    figure) Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117 CE
  51. Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117

    CE
  52. Trajan Column of Trajan. Forum of Trajan. 113-116 or after

    117 CE.
  53. Column of Trajan. Forum of Trajan. 113-116 or after 117

    CE. Augustus of Primaporta, Copy of a original of c. 20 BCE. Trajan
  54. Battle between Romans and Dacians, Column of Trajan, Forum of

    Trajan, 113-116 or after 117 CE j$10$%& & & & !"#$%& !"#$% & &K$()30$%&
  55. Column of Trajan, Forum of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117

    CE N(0J0%$//96&$&=)$)-+&":&8($U$%6&.-)&%"P&$&=)$)-+&":&[)?&K+)+(6&)3+&i(=)& 50=3",&":&!"#+&
  56. 2Z-+=)(0$%&[)$)-+&":&L$(1-=&'-(+/0-=& "%7'6$!=67+<&6$!#!1U121VW!D59!

  57. 2Z-+=)(0$%&[)$)-+&":&L$(1-=&'-(+/0-=& K"==0./+&;"1$H"%&":& )3+&2Z-+=)(0$%&[)$)-+&

  58. L$(1-=&'-(+/0-=?& 1?&EWEBETF&G2?& Q$4(0$%?&&& 1?&&EEYBEAT&G2&&

  59. 5-=)&":&L$(1-=&'-(+/0-=?& !"#+?&1?&EWEBETF&G2?& 5-=)&":&K30/"=",3+(6&j+/,306& 1?&EFFB@FF&G2?&

  60. 2Z-+=)(0$%&[)$)-+&":& L$(1-=&'-(+/0-=6&!"#+6& 1?&EYW&G2?& b+=)-(+&":&G/+#+%19&

  61. Vanquished enemy

  62. 5-=)&":&K30/"=",3+(6&j+/,306& 1?&EFFB@FF&G2?& 2Z-+=)(0$%&[)$)-+&":&L$(1-=& '-(+/0-=6&!"#+6&1?&EYW&G2?&

  63. G$($1$//$&$%4&)3+&A(4&G+%)-(9&G(0=0=& Caracalla # c. 211-217 CE 7["/40+(&2#,+("(=>&

  64. Caracalla. c. 211-217 CE. L$(1-=&'-(+/0-=?& 1?&EWEBETF&G2?& Q$4(0$%?&&& 1?&&EEYBEAT&G2&&

  65. G$($1$//$&M@EEB@EY&G2O& [13+#$H1&

  66. 83+&8+)($(13=?&S+%01+?&1?&AFF&G2?&

  67. 83+&8+)($(13=?&S+%01+?&1?&AFF&G2?&

  68. 83+&8+)($(13=?&S+%01+?&1?&AFF&G2?&

  69. 83+&8+)($(13=?&S+%01+?& K"(,39(9?&1?&AFF&G2?& G"/"==$/&Q+$4&":&G"%=)$%H%+?& !"#+?&1?&AE@BAED&5G2?&

  70. 5#4$)%4C4+!)*+!,7+%)!#!XWH2XXH!59! 83+&'(13&":&G"%=)$%H%+&

  71. 83+&8+)($(13=?&S+%01+?& K"(,39(9?&1?&AFF&G2?& G"/"==$/&Q+$4&":&G"%=)$%H%+?& !"#+?&1?&AE@BAED&5G2?&

  72. G"/"==$/&Q+$4&":&G"%=)$%H%+?&!"#+?& 1?&AE@BAED&5G2?& 2Z-+=)(0$%&[)$)-+&":&L$(1-=& '-(+/0-=6&!"#+6&1?&EYW&G2?&

  73. G"/"==$/&Q+$4&":&G"%=)$%H%+?&!"#+?& 1?&AE@BAED&5G2?& Augustus Primaporta, Roman Imperial 1st century CE.

  74. =7'*!#(!5#4$)%4C4+! 83+&'(13&":&G"%=)$%H%+&

  75. Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.

  76. Arch of Titus. Rome. c.81 CE. Arch of Constantine (south

    side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
  77. 8($U$%& O%-7&%4! O%-7&%4! L$(1-=&'-(+/0-=& Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome.

    312-315 CE.
  78. Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.

  79. O%-7&%4! Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.

  80. Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315 CE.

  81. Oration Scene, Arch of Constantine. Rome.312-315 CE. Triumphal arch Triumphal

    arch Constantine
  82. Constantine Oration Scene, Arch of Constantine (south side). Rome. 312-315

    CE.
  83. Constantine Marcus Aurelius Hadrian Oration Scene, Arch of Constantine (south

    side). Rome. 312-315 CE.
  84. Arch of Constantine. Rome. 312-315 CE. Imperial procession. Detail of

    the relief on the south frieze of the Ara Pacis Augustae. Rome. c. 19 BCE