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失敗に学べ!!

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June 10, 2016

 失敗に学べ!!

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PPPO

June 10, 2016
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  1. ࣦഊ͸ͳͥى͜Γ ଓ͘ͷ͔ΛಛఆͤΑ 2016 ໦Լ ੪ Ұൠࣾஂ๏ਓΤϦΞɾΠϊϕʔγϣϯɾΞϥΠΞϯε Ұൠࣾஂ๏ਓެຽ࿈ܞࣄۀػߏ

  2. ࣦഊΛى͜͠ɺ܁Γฦ͢ʮ3ͭͷนʯ (C) 2016 Area Innovation Alliance ๏཯ͷน ૊৫ͷน ࣄۀͷน

  3. ࣦഊࣄྫͨͪʰุඪʱ (C) 2016 Area Innovation Alliance 185ԯԁ(։ൃඅ͸͏ͪ85ԯԁิॿ) →࣏ࣗମ͸૯ֹ208ԯԁࢧԉɾɾɾ͔͠͠ 270ԯԁ(։ൃඅ͸͏ͪ85ԯԁิॿ) →௵Ε͔͚ͯ60ԯԁن໛ͷࢧԉɻࢢ௕͸Ϧίʔϧɻ

    ٞձɺߦ੓ɺࢢຽ͕࿈ܞࣦͯ͠ഊ͢Δߏ଄ ੨৿ࢢΞ΢Ψ ௡ࢁࢢΞϧω௡ࢁ
  4. ิॿۚґଘͷѱ॥؀ (C) 2016 Area Innovation Alliance ิॿۚґଘͰ׆ੑԽࡦΛ΍Ε͹΍Δ΄Ͳ஍ํ͸ਰୀ

  5. (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita اۀ΋ܦࡁ΋ତམͰ͖Δ༨༟͕͋Δ͕Ώ͑ʹତམ ͢ΔͷͰ͋Δɻ(Hirschman,1970) ʮତམʯ͸ࣗΒট͘ͷͰ͋Δɻ

  6. ࣦഊʹ͸ϝΧχζϜ͕͋Δ ྫ͑͹ɺ૊৫ΛΈͯ΋

  7. ܦӦ૊৫తͳ෼ੳ͔ΒݟΔ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ༨༟͋Ε͹ಡΜͰΈ͍ͯͩ͘͞

  8. ૊৫ͷนʮूஂϧʔϧʯ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ʮ࡞๏Ұਓલʯ Ұਓલʹ࢓ࣄΛͰ͖ΔΑ͏ʹձࣾ಺ͷҰൠతͳϧʔϧ΍ϚφʔΛ਎ʹ ͚ͭΔͷʹඞཁͳฏۉతͳظؒ 14ϲ݄ (3.9ϲ݄ʙ43.9ϲ݄)

    اۀจԽͷա৒Ͱूஂߦಈʹద߹ͤ͞Α͏ͱ͢Δ͕ ݁Ռͱͯ͠ϑϦʔϥΠμʔ΍಺޲͖ௐ੔ࢤ޲ΛڧΊͯ͠·͏
  9. ૊৫ʹଟ͍ʮখਓʯ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ʮ܅ࢠ͸࿨ͯ͠ಉͥͣɺখਓ͸ಉͯ͡࿨ͤͣʯ

  10. (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ϗϯω λςϚΤ ϝϯόʔͷߴྸԽ͸ɺ௕೥ಉ͡ϝϯόʔͰ΍ΓͱΓͨ͠ ಉੈ୅ͷूஂ͕ଟ͘ͳΔͨΊɺ೉͍͠૊৫ʹɻ ཧղ͢Δͷʹ ໿3೥


    (4.8ϲ݄ʙ84.2ϲ݄) ݐલͱຊԻ͕෼͔Βͳ͍҉߸Խ૊৫
  11. νΣοΫϦετ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita 1. ޱ͸ग़͕͢੹೚ΛͱΒͳ্͍͕࢘ଟ͍ 2. ࣗ෼ͷ෦໳ͷར֐ʹݻ͍ࣥͯ͠Δதؒ؅ཧ৬͕ଟ͍ 3.

    1ਓͰ΋͝ͶΔͱɺҙࢥܾఆʹ͔͔Δ͕࣌ؒҟৗʹ૿͑Δ 4. ࣗ෼ͷ෦໳ʹ͸ઓུ৹ඒ؟ʹ༏Εͨதؒ؅ཧ৬͕গͳ͍ 5. ࣗ෼ͷ෦໳ͷརӹΛ্͍͛ͯͳ͍͜ͱΛࣗ෼ͷ௧Έͱͯ͠ײ͡ͳ͍ਓ͕ଟ͍ 6. զࣾͷτοϓϚωδϝϯτ͸త֬ͳҙࢥܾఆΛߦ͏ೳྗ͕௿͍ 7. ސ٬΍ڝ૪ͷ໰୊ΑΓ΋಺޲͖ͷ߹ҙΛͱΓ͚ͭΔ͜ͱʹਅ݋ʹ഑ྀ͍ͯ͠Δہ ໘͕͠͹͠͹ΈΒΕΔ 8. ෦໳಺ͷௐ੔Λߦ͏ࡍʹɺܦӦతͳར֐ͷ໰୊Ͱ͸ͳ͘ɺ୯ʹϝϯπ͚ͩͷ໰ ୊ղܾΛਤΖ͏ͱ͍ͯ͠ΔΑ͏ͳؾ࣋ͪʹͳΔ 9. զࣾͷτοϓपลʹ͸حົͳ੓࣏ྗֶ͕ಇ͍͍ͯΔ 10.ܾΊΔ΂͖ਓ͕ܾΊͯ͘Εͳ͍ 11.ܹ͍ٞ͠࿦͸େਓ͛ͳ͍ͱࢥΘΕΔ 12.ਖ਼౰ͳҙݟΛسጨͳ͍͘͏ਓΑΓ΋ɺରཱճආͷͨΊͷؾ഑ΓΛ͢Δਓͷํ͕ ग़ੈ͢Δ
  12. ૊৫ͷॏ͞ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ʮա৒ͳ࿨ͷଚॏʯ ʮܦࡁ߹ཧੑ͔Β཭Εͨ಺޲͖ͷ߹ҙܗ੒ʯ ʮϑϦʔϥΠμʔ໰୊ʯ ʮܦӦϦςϥγʔෆ଍ʯ →૊৫͸ତམͷҰ్ΛͨͲΔ

  13. ϒϨετͷແೳ͞ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ΦζϘʔϯͷϒϨΠϯετʔϛϯά →ΞΠσΞͷ࣭ͷ൑அΛޙʹͷ͹ͯ͠ɺແ൷൑తʹΞΠσΞΛग़͢ ͜ͱͰɺ਺Λ૿΍݁͠Ռతʹ࣭ͷྑ͍ΞΠσΞ ̋ϒϨετͷجຊݪଇ 1)ࣗ༝ຉ์Λ׻ܴɻͲΜͳΞΠσΞͰ΋OK


    2)ग़͞ΕͨΞΠσΞʹ͍ͨͯ͠ධՁ͸ޙճ͠
 3)ྔ͕େ੾ɻྔ͕ଟ͚Ε͹ଟ͍΄Ͳ࣭΋ߴ·Δ 4)ଞऀͷΞΠσΞΛΑΓΑ͍΋ͷʹ͢ΔίϝϯτΛߟ͑ͯɺ2-3ʹ·ͱΊ ͯΈͨΓ޻෉Λ͢Δ
  14. ϒϨετͷແೳ͞ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ϒϨΠϯετʔϛϯάʹؔͯ͠ॳظʹߦͳΘΕ࣮ͨݧͰ͸ɼ ᶃूஂ৚݅ͷਓʹ͸ϒϨΠϯετʔϛϯάͷํ๏ཹҙ఺ͳͲɼࣄલʹઆ໌ ͕͋Γ໨తͱҙཉ͕ߴΊΒΕΔηογϣϯ͕ઃ͚ΒΕ͍͕ͯͨɼ ᶄݸਓ৚݅ͷਓʹ͸ͦΕ͕ແ͔ͬͨͷͰɼਖ਼֬ͳൺֱ͕ग़དྷͳ͍ͱ͍͏൷ ൑͕ఏग़͞Εͨɻ

    →ͦͷޙ৚݅Λಉ౳ʹ͢Ε͹ɺݸਓͷํ͕༏Ε͍ͯΔͱ͍͏ݚڀ݁Ռ͕ग़ ͞Εͨɻ 4ਓूஂͷϓϨΠϯετʔϛϯάͰ28ͷΞΠσΞ/1ηογϣϯ͕ఏग़͞Εͨ ͕ɺݸਓঢ়گͰͷΞΠσΞ૑ग़ʹΑͬͯಘΒΕͨΞΠσΞΛ4ਓ෼ूܭ͢Δ ͱ74.5ݸͰ͋ͬͨɻ·ͨݸਓͷ࣭΋ݸਓঢ়گͷํ͕ྑ͍ͱ൑அ͞Εͨɻ (Diehl and Stroebe, 1987; Mullen, Johnson , and Salas, 1991)
  15. ϒϨετͷແೳ͞ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ϒϨετ͕ػೳ͠ͳ͍ཧ༝ (1)ࣾձతखൈ͖(ϑϦʔϥΠυ) (2)ϓϩηεϩε ɹ(a)օ͕ൃݴ͍ͯ͠Δͷ͕͏Δ͍͞ͷͰࢥߟͰ͖ͳ͍ ɹ(b)ࣗ෼ͷ൪͕ճͬͯ͘Δ·ͰʹΞΠσΞΛ๨ΕͨΓɺݴ͏ͷΛ΍ΊΑ͏ͱ͢Δ

    (3)ධՁݒ೦(ઐ໳Ո͕ۙ͘Ͱฉ͍͍ͯΔͱۓுͯ͠ݴ͑ͳ͍) (4)ࣾձతൺֱ(օΑΓ΋ଟ͘ൃݴ͍ͯ͠Δਓ͕ଞਓͱͷόϥϯεΛؾʹͯ͠ൃݴΛ ߇͑Δ) (5)ࣗ෼ͨͪͷ੒ՌΛաେධՁ ɹ(a)ࣗ෼ͨͪͷूஂ͕ୡ੒ͨ͠੒ՌΛߴΊʹݟੵ΋Γ͗͢Δ
 ɹ(b)ूஂͷϝϯόʔ΋ࣗ෼ͷߩݙ౓ΛपғΑΓߴ͍ͱࣗݾධՁ
  16. ूஂҙࢥܾఆͷҰൠత໰୊ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita 1.ूஂ౼ٞͰ͸૬ޓཧղΑΓޡղ͕ଟ͍ ɹ(a)ࣗ෼ͷҙݟΛද໌͢ΔεΩϧෆ଍ ɹ(b)ૉ௚ʹ͖͍ͯཧղ͢ΔεΩϧෆ଍ 2.ूஂ౼ٞΛ્֐͢ΔϦετ(Salvo et

    al.1989) ɹίϛϡχέʔγϣϯɾεΩϧෆ଍ɺࣗ෼উखͳߦಈɺෆࢀՃ ɹԣಓʹͦΕΔɺअຐ(࿩ͷࠊΛંΔ)ɺ ɹ๬·͘͠ͳ͍Ϧʔμʔߦಈ(มͳ࢓੾Γ԰)ɺѱ͍ଶ౓ͱײ৘తͳߦಈ ɹͳͲ 3. ଟ͘ͷਓ͸ࣗ෼ͷ੹೚Ͱҙࢥܾఆ͢Δ͜ͱΛආ͚͍ͨͱߟ͍͑ͯΔɻͦ ͷͨΊɺूஂٞ࿦ʹ͓͍ͯ΋ҙࢥܾఆΛආ͚Α͏ͱ͢Δɻ ɹ(ྫɺ౴͕͑୭Ͱ΋͙͢ʹͰΔ໰୊ʹऴ࢝͠ɺॏཁ͚ͩΕͲ΋౴͑Λग़͠ ʹ͍͘ɺ੹೚͕໰ΘΕΔ໰୊͸ޙճ͠ʹͯ͠ઌૹΓʹ͢Δ)
  17. ڞ༗৘ใόΠΞε (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ٞ࿦ͷϓϩηεʹ͸2ͭͷ໨త͕͋Δ (1)ྑ͍ҙࢥܾఆΛߦ͏ͨΊʹ৘ใΛ఻͑߹͏ (2)ٞ࿦Λ௨ͯ͡ଞऀʹӨڹྗΛۦ࢖͠ɺଞऀͷҙݟΛม͑ͯ߹ҙܗ੒Λ໨ࢦ͢ →ຊདྷ͸ڞ༗͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍৘ใΛٞ࿦͢Δ͜ͱ͸ҙࢥܾఆͰେ੾͕ͩɺڞ༗͞Ε͍ͯ Δ৘ใ͚ͩͰଞऀͷҙݟͱͷ߹ҙܗ੒Λߦ͏͜ͱࣗମ͕໨తԽ͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͕ଟ͍

    →ਖ਼ղͷͳ͍ɺ൑அ͕ٻΊΒΕΔ՝୊ʹରͯ͠͸ɺ߹ҙܗ੒ࣗମ͕໨తԽ͞Εɺڞ༗ ৘ใόΠΞε͕ൃੜ͠΍͍͢ ʮूஂ͸օʹڞ༗͞Ε͍ͯΔ৘ใʹؔ͢Δٞ࿦ʹଟ͘ͷ࣌ؒΛඅ΍͠ɺ ڞ༗͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍৘ใʹؔ͢Δٞ࿦ʹ͸ଟ͘ͷ࣌ؒΛඅ΍͞ͳ͍ʯͱ ͍͏܏޲͕͋Δɻ(Stasser,1992)
  18. ڞ༗৘ใόΠΞε (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ڞ༗͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍৘ใʹ͍ͭͯ஫໨͢Δ ڞ༗͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍৘ใΛؚΊͯٞ࿦͢Δ
 →୹࣌ؒͩͱڞ༗৘ใ͚ͩͰऴΘΔՄೳੑ͕ߴ͍ օͷख࣋ͪ৘ใΛࣄલʹڞ༗Ͱ͖Δ৘ใγεςϜΛ ׆༻͢Δ͜ͱͰɺޮ཰తʹߦ͏

  19. ֬ূόΠΞε (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ݸʑਓͷઌೖ؍΍બ޷͔Βελʔτͯ͠ɺͦΕΛ֬ ূ͢Δ৘ใ͹͔ΓΛूΊͯࣗ෼ͷઌೖ؍΍બ޷Λิ ڧ͍ͯ͘͠ͱ͍͏ݱ৅ ྫ)੾ΓࠐΜ࣭ͩ໰Λ͢Δͱʮ৽ೖࣾһ͸ɺ৔ΛಡΊͳ͍Α͏ͳ ൃݴΛ͢Δʯͱ͍ͬͨΑ͏ͳ݁࿦ʹࢸΔɻ

    ଟ༷ͳࢀՃऀɺՁ஋؍ͷҧ͏ਓࡐ͕ू·ͬͨձٞ ͷํ͕֬ূόΠΞε͸؇࿨͞ΕΔ →ಉࣾ͡಺ਓһͰ͹͔ΓͰ৘ใڞ༗͍ͯͨ͠Βμϝ
  20. ༏Εͨճ౴Λड͚ೖΕͳ͍ूஂ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ୭͔Ұਓ͕ਖ਼͍͠౴͑ʹ౸ୡ͢Ε͹ྑ͍໰୊ (1)Group಺Ͱͦͷ՝୊ʹؔͯ͠΋ͬͱ΋༏Εͨϝϯόʔͷೳྗʹґଘ (2)༏Εͨϝϯόʔͷ౴͑Λड͚ೖΕΔGroupͷಛ௃ɾ՝୊ͷಛ௃ʹ΋ґ ଘ ɹa)΋ͬͱ΋༏Εͨϝϯόʔ͕ूஂ಺Ͱ஍Ґ͕௿͍৔߹

    ɹb)΋ͬͱ΋༏Εͨϝϯόʔ͕ࣗ৴Λ͍࣋ͬͯͳ͍৔߹ ɹc)ղʹօΛೲಘͤ͞Δڻ͖ͷͳ͍΋ͷͷ৔߹ Ҏ্ͷΑ͏ͳ৚݅ԼͰ͸༏Εͨϝϯόʔ͕͍͘Β͍ͯ΋ूஂ͕՝୊͚ͩ ͷղܾΛ༏ઌ͢Δ͜ͱ͸೉͍͠
  21. (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ʮ1961೥݄̐1400ਓͷΩϡʔόਓ๢໋ऀͷ෦ୂ͕ΞϝϦΧͷࢧԉͷԼʹϐοά ζ࿷ʹ্཮ɽͦͷޙɼ2000ਓͷΩϡʔόฌʹแғ͞Εɼੜଘऀ1200໊͕߱෬ʯ (a)ྗετϩ܉ͷฌྗͷಡΈҧ͍,ྗετϩࢧ࣋ج൫ͷڧݻ͞(20ສਓͷΩϡʔό܉ʹର͠, ๢໋Ωϡʔόਓ1400ਓ͚ͩͰ৵߈ͨ͠.͞Βʹۭ܉ʹ༌ૹધΛܸ௜͞ΕΔʣ (b)্཮஍఺ͷϛε (c)ܭըࣗମʹෆඋ

    (d)Ωϡʔόਓ๢໋ऀͷ࢜ؾͷ௿͞ ूஂઙྀ ྫ)஍ํ׆ੑԽͷ৔໘Ͱ΋ɺ͞·͟·ͳௐࠪΛߦ͍ɺ ઐ໳Ոͱ஍ݩؔ܎ऀΛೖΕͯࣄۀܭըΛࡦఆ͠ɺ։ ൃ͞ΕͨڊେͳӺલ࠶։ൃ঎ۀࢪઃ͕2೥ͰܦӦഁ ୼͢Δͱ͍͏ࣄྫ΋ɻଟ͘ͷਓ͕ͨͪؔΘΓɺٞ࿦ ΛੵΈॏͶ͍ͯͬͨ݁Ռ͕େࣦഊʹͭͳ͕͍ͬͯ͘ɻ
  22. ूஂઙྀ (C) 2014 Hitoshi Kinoshita ̋ूஂͷྗͱಓಙੑͷաେධՁ ɹ(a)ෆഊͷݬ૝(ࣗ෼ͨͪ͸༗ೳͰ༏ΕͨҙࢥܾఆΛߦ͍ͬͯΔͱ͍͏ݬ૝͕ڞ༗͞Εɺ՝୊ ͳϦεΫςΠΫʹ܏͍͍ͯ͘) ɹ(b)ಓಙੑͷݬ૝(ࣗ෼ͨͪͷूஂతͳ݁࿦͕ಓಙతʹ΋Α͍΋ͷͰ͋Γແ൷൑ʹड͚ೖΕΔ) ̋ด࠯తͳ৺ཧ܏޲

    (a)ෆ౎߹ͳ৘ใΛׂΓҾ͍ͯղऍ͠ɼ౰ॳ͔ΒͷҙࢥܾఆΛ߹ཧԽ͢Δ౒ྗ͕ߦͳΘΕΔɽͱ ΓΘ͚ఢΛ㚽ࢹ͢Δ͋·ΓɼఢͷೳྗΛ௿͘ݟੵ΋Δ܏޲͕ग़ݱ͢Δɻ (b)ఢͷϦʔμʔΛѱਓɻແೳͱεςϨΦλΠϓԽ͢Δ܏޲ ̋੪Ұੑ΁ͷѹྗ (a)ࣗݾݕӾɹ໰୊ͩͱࢥͬͯ΋ݴ͍ग़͢લʹࣗॏ͢Δ (b)ຬ৔Ұகͷݪଇ୭΋ਅ݋ͳ൓ରҙݟΛड़΂ͳ͍ͷͰɺ୭΋͕ଞऀ͸ͦͷϓϥϯΛࢧ͍࣋ͯ͠ Δͷͩͱࢥ͍ࠐΉʢ͔͠΋ɼ൓ରҙݟΛݴͬͯूத๒ՐΛཋͼΔΑΓ͸ɼͦͷ৔ͷงғؾΛյ ͞ͳ͍͜ͱΛ༏ઌʣ (c)௚઀తͳѹྗ͠͹͠͹ਫ਼ਆͷ൪ਓΛࣗ೚͢Δऀ͕ݱΘΕɼ౎߹ͷѱ͍৘ใΛഉআ͠ɼ൓ର ҙݟΛݴ͏ਓʹѹྗΛ͔͚Δɽ
  23. ໰୊ͷݪҼ͕Θ͔Δͱରࡦ΋Θ͔Δ