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What's new in Ansible Automation Platform 2.1

sugitk
December 21, 2021

What's new in Ansible Automation Platform 2.1

2020-12-20 に実施された社内の勉強会で使った資料を公開向けに少々修正したものです。

sugitk

December 21, 2021
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  1. What’s new in Ansible Automation
    Platform 2.1
    Takashi Sugimura
    Senior Technical Support Engineer (Ansible)
    2021-12-21 Ansible Advent Calendar 2021

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  2. Agenda
    ● Version history
    ● What’s new in 2.1?
    ● Upgrade paths
    ● FAQ in support cases

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  3. 3
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    Version history

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  4. History
    Version history
    Red Hat Ansible Tower Life Cycle https://access.redhat.com/support/policy/updates/ansible-tower
    ### Ansible Automation Platform 1.0
    Released: November 14, 2019
    End of Life: May 14, 2021
    Product components:
    Ansible Tower 3.6 (final version 3.6.7)
    Ansible Engine 2.9 (current version 2.9.27)
    ### Ansible Automation Platform 1.1
    Released: May 18, 2020
    End of Life: November 18, 2021
    Product components:
    Ansible Tower 3.7 (final version 3.7.5)
    Ansible Engine 2.9 (current version 2.9.27)
    - Introduced Engine 2.9
    - Online activation
    - PostgreSQL 10
    - Collections support
    - Use a private copy of the project for each run
    - RHEL7.7 or RHEL8.2 required at least
    - Improved performance
    - Inventory plugins from upstream collections
    - Removed RabbitMQ, introduced Redis and
    WebSocket
    We have been gradually renaming the brand of the product.

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  5. Version history
    Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform Life Cycle https://access.redhat.com/support/policy/updates/ansible-automation-platform
    ### Ansible Automation Platform 1.2 (current version 1.2.6)
    Released: November 18, 2020
    End of Life: November 18, 2022
    Product components:
    Ansible Tower 3.8 (current version 3.8.5)
    Ansible Engine 2.9 (current version 2.9.27)
    Ansible Automation Hub 4.2 (current version 4.2.7)
    ### Ansible Automation Platform 2.0 (early access, current version 2.0.1)
    Released: July 15, 2021
    End of Life: January 15, 2023
    Product components:
    Ansible automation controller 4.0 (current version 4.0.0)
    Ansible Automation Hub 4.3 (current version 4.3.3)
    Execution Environments
    Ansible core 2.11 (current version 2.11.6)
    Ansible 2.9 (current version 2.9.27)
    Current supported versions
    - Introduced Private Automation Hub
    - License activation has been changed
    - More performance improvements
    - Ansible Tower renamed as Ansible
    automation controller
    - New Web UI using PatternFly 4
    - Refactored to EE (Podman container)

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  6. Version history
    Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform Life Cycle https://access.redhat.com/support/policy/updates/ansible-automation-platform
    ### Ansible Automation Platform 2.1 (current version 2.1.0)
    Released: December 2, 2021
    End of Life: June 2, 2023
    Product components:
    Ansible automation controller 4.1 (current version 4.1.0)
    Ansible Automation Hub 4.4 (current version 4.4.0)
    Red Hat Single Sign-On 7.4
    Execution Environments
    Ansible core 2.12 (current version 2.12.0)
    Ansible 2.9 (current version 2.9.27)
    New release
    This presentation will describe the updates in
    details

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  7. Summary - Product components
    Version history
    AAP 1.x AAP 2.0 AAP 2.1
    Ansible Engine 2.9 - 2.11 for installation
    Execution Environments
    (Podman container image)
    - ee-minimal (2.11)
    - ee-supported (2.11)
    - ee-2.9
    - 2.12 for installation
    Execution Environments
    (Podman container image)
    - ee-minimal (2.12)
    - ee-supported (2.12)
    - ee-2.9
    Customized Ansible Engine Python Virtual Environment Create an EE image
    Web UI / service Ansible Tower 3.6/3.7/3.8 Ansible automation controller 4.0 Ansible automation controller 4.1
    Automation Mesh
    Private Automation Hub 4.2 (since AAP 1.2) 4.3 4.4
    PostgreSQL 10 12
    Content Creator Experience (community provided) ansible-builder
    ansible-navigator
    VScode plugin
    Molecule
    ansible-lint

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  8. 8
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    What’s new in
    2.1?

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  9. Rough Architecture of AAP 1.x
    What’s new in 2.1?
    inventory credential
    servers
    networks
    cloud
    playbooks
    roles
    plugins
    configurations
    project
    variables
    Web UI
    Ansible Engine
    on Python venv
    project
    credentials
    inventory
    variables
    job template
    background
    services
    Web browser
    SCM repository
    Public / Private
    Automation Hub
    database
    external auth
    (SAML / LDAP, etc)
    collections
    git, etc
    HTTPS
    SSH, etc

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  10. Rough Architecture of AAP 2.1
    What’s new in 2.1?
    inventory credential
    servers
    networks
    cloud
    playbooks
    roles
    plugins
    configurations
    project
    variables
    Web UI
    Ansible Core on
    Execution Environment
    project
    credentials
    inventory
    variables
    job template
    background
    services
    SCM repository
    database
    Podman container
    Ansible Core 2.12
    PostgreSQL
    10 → 12
    New Web UI
    Design
    Clustering
    and SSO
    Automation Mesh
    (Receptor)
    EE image
    external auth
    (SAML / LDAP, etc)
    Web browser Also supported
    Ansible Automation Platform Operator
    for OCP 4
    HTTPS
    git, etc
    collections
    container image
    Public / Private
    Automation Hub
    SSH, etc

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  11. Changes - New Web UI Design
    What’s new in 2.1?
    Based on PatternFly 4

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  12. Changes - Containerized Ansible EE
    What’s new in 2.1?
    When a user has an additional requirement to execute a playbook, they needed to create another
    Python virtual environment. It was a kind of a craftsmanship.
    I want to use Python 3 libraries for
    third party modules on RHEL 7.
    Where can I create a directory for
    venv? Tower didn’t find it.
    My Tower cluster has 3 nodes, should
    I create the venv on all nodes?
    How can I create a venv on OCP4?
    Now you can create a customized Podman container image with the unified way using the
    ansible-builder command.
    And since 2.10, Ansible Core 2.12 separates the modules into built-in and optional collections.
    You can use supported container images and customized image.

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  13. Changes - Automation Mesh
    What’s new in 2.1?
    https://www.ansible.com/products/automation-mesh
    Where does AAP run the playbook?
    Until AAP 1.2 (Ansible Tower), the Tower nodes
    and isolated nodes are able to run the playbook.
    Now 2.1, it has expanded as plane.
    Control plane
     Hybrid nodes, Control nodes
    Execution plane
     Execution nodes, Hop nodes
    Control plane
    Automation controller
    Execution plane
    node type: hybrid or
    controller
    Automation mesh
    hop node
    Connects segmented
    environments
    Executes automation
    locally in environments
    segmented
    environment
    Remote location
    execution
    node(s)
    execution
    node(s)
    Resilient to high latency
    and connection
    disruptions

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  14. Changes - Automation Hub
    What’s new in 2.1?
    Red Hat Ansible
    Automation
    Platform cluster
    Private
    Automation Hub
    Custom
    enterprise
    content
    Automation Hub
    cloud.redhat.com
    Ansible Galaxy
    Developer
    IDE
    Content
    SDK
    Build Publish Deliver
    Clustering
    and SSO
    Execution
    Environment
    As a Podman
    image registry

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    Upgrade paths

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  16. Upgrade paths
    Upgrade paths
    ・Supported path
     AAP 1.2 (Tower 3.8) -> 2.1
     AAP 2.0 -> 2.1
    ・Tower 3.7 or previous versions should be upgraded to 3.8 in advance
    ・AAP 2.1 works only RHEL 8.4 or later
    For example, RHEL 7.7 + Tower 3.7.5
    ・Take a backup
    ・Create a RHEL 8.5 + Tower 3.7.5 and restore the backup
    ・Upgrade it to 3.8.5 and AAP 2.1 step by step
    ・Create an EE if you were using a venv We don’t support leapp to upgrade from
    RHEL 7 to 8. Reinstallation is needed.

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  17. 17
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    FAQ in support
    cases

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  18. FAQ in support cases
    FAQ in support cases
    ■ Running a playbook job
    - 2.9 will reach EOL soon (2021-12-31) → you can continue using it until the EOL of AAP 1.2
    - how to create and use venv with 3rd party python libraries for community maintained collections
    - how to connect Windows servers
    - how to connect via jumphost
    ■ Using controller (and Tower)
    - SAML authentication (OKTA, Azure AD, etc)
    - how to use dynamic inventory (filtering, grouping, new collections, etc)
    - how to upgrade
    - database performance
    ■ License and subscription
    ■ OCP environment
    ■ hardening, security scanning services
    ■ etc and etc

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  19. Skill change is needed for us
    FAQ in support cases
    ■ Ansible / Ansible Tower / Ansible Automation Platform
    - new features after 2.10 - 2.12, devel
    - new architectures on AAP 2.x
    - old architectures are still supported until AAP 1.2 EOL (2022-11-18)
    - even already EOL versions, we are often asked (we cannot forget RabbitMQ!)
    - SSO is introduced for AH, we have to learn Keycloak
    ■ Containers
    - Podman, Container registry, OpenShift Container Platform
    - persistent storage on OCP
    - how to gather information from running containers (logs, processes, resources, etc)
    ■ Use-case changes
    - cloud and network operations rather than RHEL automations
    - authentications (SAML, SAML and SAML)
    - these kinds of queries are often hard to reproduce on our side

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  20. The important things
    FAQ in support cases
    Ansible Automation performs so much operations at once very easily.
    When the product is not functional or works a wrong behavior, it may impact to customer’s business
    widely. As Ansible can reduce the 99% cost compared to manual operation, then if stops the
    customer’s cost makes 100 times than usual.
    I always keep in mind that it is the reason why we are here.

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  21. 21
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    Questions?
    Feel free to contact me anytime.
    I have written blog articles every month in this site:
    https://rheb.hatenablog.com/archive/category/Ansible

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  22. linkedin.com/company/red-hat
    youtube.com/user/RedHatVideos
    facebook.com/redhatinc
    twitter.com/RedHat
    Thank you!!!

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