Varnish workshop - Drupal Europe 2018

Ca901ddcea38854b9783781c91fc87c9?s=47 Thijs Feryn
September 11, 2018

Varnish workshop - Drupal Europe 2018

See https://feryn.eu/speaking/varnish-workshop-drupal-europe-2018/ for more information about this Varnish workshop at Drupal Europe 2018.

Ca901ddcea38854b9783781c91fc87c9?s=128

Thijs Feryn

September 11, 2018
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Transcript

  1. 6.
  2. 7.
  3. 8.
  4. 9.
  5. 14.
  6. 22.
  7. 23.
  8. 26.
  9. 27.
  10. 28.

    ✓ Page cache ✓ Dynamic page cache ✓ Render cache

    ✓ BigPipe ✓ BigPipe sessionless
  11. 32.

    $ apt-cache policy varnish varnish: Installed: 6.0.0-1~stretch Candidate: 6.0.0-1~stretch Version

    table: *** 6.0.0-1~stretch 500 500 https://packagecloud.io/varnishcache/varnish60/debian stretch/main amd64 Packages 100 /var/lib/dpkg/status amd64 Packages 5.0.0-7+deb9u1 500 500 http://deb.debian.org/debian stretch/main amd64 Packages 500 http://security.debian.org stretch/updates/main amd64 Packages
  12. 36.

    -a: binding address & port -T: admin binding -f: VCL

    file -S: secret file -s: storage -j: jailing -l: shared memory log size -t: default TTL -p: runtime parameters Options
  13. 37.

    DAEMON_OPTS="-j unix,user=www-data \ -a main=0000:80 \ -a proxy=0.0.0.0:81,PROXY \ -T

    localhost:6082 \ -f /etc/varnish/default.vcl \ -S /etc/varnish/secret \ -l 100m,10m \ -t 60 \ -p feature=+esi_disable_xml_check \ -p feature=+http2 \ -p connect_timeout=20s \ -p first_byte_timeout=100s \ -p between_bytes_timeout=5s \ -s malloc,3g"
  14. 41.

    DAEMON_OPTS="-j unix,user=www-data \ -a main=0.0.0.0:80 \ -a proxy=0.0.0.0:81,PROXY \ -T

    localhost:6082 \ -b 127.0.0.1:8080 \ -S /etc/varnish/secret \ -s malloc,3g" Can't have -f In config file
  15. 42.
  16. 55.

    DAEMON_OPTS="-j unix,user=www-data \ -a :80 \ -a :81,PROXY \ -T

    localhost:6082 \ -f /etc/varnish/default.vcl \ -S /etc/varnish/secret \ -l 100m,10m \ -t 60 \ -p feature=+esi_disable_xml_check \ -p connect_timeout=20s \ -p first_byte_timeout=100s \ -p between_bytes_timeout=5s \ -s malloc,3g"
  17. 57.
  18. 59.

    // Initialize proxy settings. if ($settings->get('reverse_proxy', FALSE)) { $ip_header =

    $settings->get('reverse_proxy_header', 'X_FORWARDED_FOR'); $request::setTrustedHeaderName($request::HEADER_X_FORWARDED_FOR, $ip_header); $proto_header = $settings->get('reverse_proxy_proto_header', 'X_FORWARDED_PROTO'); $request::setTrustedHeaderName($request::HEADER_X_FORWARDED_PROTO, $proto_header); $host_header = $settings->get('reverse_proxy_host_header', 'X_FORWARDED_HOST'); $request::setTrustedHeaderName($request::HEADER_X_FORWARDED_HOST, $host_header); $port_header = $settings->get('reverse_proxy_port_header', 'X_FORWARDED_PORT'); $request::setTrustedHeaderName($request::HEADER_X_FORWARDED_PORT, $port_header); $forwarded_header = $settings->get('reverse_proxy_forwarded_header', 'FORWARDED'); $request::setTrustedHeaderName($request::HEADER_FORWARDED, $forwarded_header); $proxies = $settings->get('reverse_proxy_addresses', []); if (count($proxies) > 0) { $request::setTrustedProxies($proxies, Request::HEADER_X_FORWARDED_ALL | Request::HEADER_FORWARDED); } } Drupal\Core\StackMiddleware\ReverseProxyMiddleware
  19. 63.

    ✓ GET ✓ HEAD - POST - PUT - DELETE

    - PATCH Idempotence Result changes Result doesn't change Don't cache
  20. 64.
  21. 67.

    ✓ Request header ✓ Sent by client (~browser) ✓ Sent

    on every request ✓ Describes state ✓ Is not cached ✓ 3rd party tracking cookies vs own cookies About cookies Cookie: key=value;key2=value2
  22. 68.

    ✓ Response header ✓ Sent by backend server ✓ Only

    when backend is called ✓ Changes state ✓ Is not cached ✓ Blacklisted for 120s (by default) About cookies Set-Cookie: key=another_value
  23. 72.

    Use TTL not to cache Cache-Control: max-age=0 Cache-Control: s-maxage=0 Cache-Control:

    private Cache-Control: no-cache Cache-Control: no-store Expires: Fri, 1 Jan 1971 00:00:00 GMT
  24. 79.
  25. 80.

    Conditional requests HTTP/1.1 200 OK Host: localhost Etag: 7c9d70604c6061da9bb9377d3f00eb27 Content-type:

    text/html; charset=UTF-8 Hello world output GET / HTTP/1.1 Host: localhost User-Agent: curl/7.48.0
  26. 81.

    Conditional requests HTTP/1.0 304 Not Modified Host: localhost Etag: 7c9d70604c6061da9bb9377d3f00eb27

    GET / HTTP/1.1 Host: localhost User-Agent: curl/7.48.0 If-None-Match: 7c9d70604c6061da9bb9377d3f00eb27
  27. 82.

    Conditional requests HTTP/1.1 200 OK Host: localhost Last-Modified: Fri, 22

    Jul 2016 10:11:16 GMT Content-type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 Hello world output GET / HTTP/1.1 Host: localhost User-Agent: curl/7.48.0
  28. 83.

    Conditional requests HTTP/1.0 304 Not Modified Host: localhost Last-Modified: Fri,

    22 Jul 2016 10:11:16 GMT GET / HTTP/1.1 Host: localhost User-Agent: curl/7.48.0 If-Last-Modified: Fri, 22 Jul 2016 10:11:16 GMT
  29. 87.
  30. 88.

    $last_modified = $response->getLastModified(); if ($last_modified) { // See if the

    client has provided the required HTTP headers. $if_modified_since = $request->server->has('HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE') ? strtotime($request->server- >get('HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE')) : FALSE; $if_none_match = $request->server->has('HTTP_IF_NONE_MATCH') ? stripslashes($request->server- >get('HTTP_IF_NONE_MATCH')) : FALSE; if ($if_modified_since && $if_none_match // etag must match. && $if_none_match == $response->getEtag() // if-modified-since must match. && $if_modified_since == $last_modified->getTimestamp()) { $response->setStatusCode(304); $response->setContent(NULL); // In the case of a 304 response, certain headers must be sent, and the // remaining may not (see RFC 2616, section 10.3.5). foreach (array_keys($response->headers->all()) as $name) { if (!in_array($name, ['content-location', 'expires', 'cache-control', 'vary'])) { $response->headers->remove($name); } } } } Drupal\page_cache\StackMiddleware\PageCache
  31. 97.

    ✓ URL ✓ Hostname ✓ IP if hostname is not

    set ✓ Vary header Basic variations
  32. 99.
  33. 100.
  34. 101.
  35. 106.

    ✓vcl_recv: receive request ✓vcl_hash: compose cache key ✓vcl_miss: not found

    in cache ✓vcl_hit: found in cache ✓vcl_pass: don’t store in cache ✓vcl_pipe: bypass cache ✓vcl_backend_fetch: connect to backend ✓vcl_backend_response: response from backend ✓vcl_backend_error: backend fetch failed
  36. 107.

    ✓vcl_purge: after successful purge ✓vcl_synth: send synthetic output ✓vcl_deliver: return

    data to client ✓vcl_init: initialize VMODs ✓vcl_fini: discard VMODs ✓vcl_fail: stop execution
  37. 108.
  38. 109.

    ✓ hash: lookup in cache ✓ pass: don't cache ✓

    synth: synthetic HTML output ✓ pipe: bypass cache ✓ purge: remove from cache VCL_RECV
  39. 111.

    ✓ fetch: fetch data from backend, don't cache ✓ restart:

    restart transaction ✓ synth: synthetic HTML output VCL_PASS
  40. 112.

    ✓ deliver: send cached object ✓ miss: synchronous refresh despite

    hit ✓ pass: fetch data from backend despite hit, don't cache ✓ restart: restart transaction ✓ synth: synthetic HTML output VCL_HIT
  41. 113.

    ✓ fetch: fetch data from backend ✓ pass: fetch data

    from backend, don't cache ✓ restart: restart transaction ✓ synth: synthetic HTML output VCL_MISS
  42. 116.

    ✓ deliver: deliver object to client ✓ restart: restart transaction

    ✓ synth: synthetic HTML output VCL_DELIVER
  43. 118.

    ✓ fetch: fetch object from backend ✓ abandon: abandon request

    and send HTTP 503 error VCL_BACKEND_FETCH
  44. 119.

    ✓ deliver: send fetched data to client ✓ abandon: abandon

    request and send HTTP 503 error ✓ retry: retry backend request VCL_BACKEND_RESPONSE
  45. 120.
  46. 122.

    ✓ vcl_recv: hash ✓ vcl_hash: lookup ✓ vcl_miss: fetch ✓

    vcl_backend_request: fetch ✓ vcl_backend_response: deliver ✓ vcl_deliver: deliver MISS
  47. 124.

    ✓ vcl_recv: pass ✓ vcl_pass: fetch ✓ vcl_backend_request: fetch ✓

    vcl_backend_response: deliver ✓ vcl_deliver: deliver PASS
  48. 125.
  49. 126.

    ✓ req: incoming request object ✓ req_top: top level esi

    request ✓ bereq: request object to send to backend ✓ beresp: backend response ✓ resp: response to send back to client ✓ obj: cached object ✓ client: client information ✓ server: server information ✓ local: local TCP information ✓ remote: remote TCP information ✓ storage: storage information VCL Objects
  50. 127.
  51. 130.

    ✓ beresp.age ✓ beresp.backend.ip ✓ beresp.backend.name ✓ beresp.do_esi ✓ beresp.grace

    ✓ beresp.keep ✓ beresp.http.set-cookie ✓ beresp.ttl ✓ beresp.status ✓ beresp.uncacheable beresp variables
  52. 135.

    vcl 4.0; sub vcl_recv { if (req.method != "GET" &&

    req.method != "HEAD" && req.method != "PUT" && req.method != "POST" && req.method != "TRACE" && req.method != "OPTIONS" && req.method != “PATCH" && req.method != "DELETE") { return (pipe); } if (req.method != "GET" && req.method != "HEAD") { return (pass); } if (req.http.Authorization || req.http.Cookie) { return (pass); } return (hash); } Idempotence State Action Receive request
  53. 136.

    sub vcl_hash { hash_data(req.url); if (req.http.host) { hash_data(req.http.host); } else

    { hash_data(server.ip); } return (lookup); } Lookup in cache Variations Action
  54. 137.

    sub vcl_purge { return (synth(200, "Purged")); } sub vcl_hit {

    if (obj.ttl >= 0s) { return (deliver); } if (obj.ttl + obj.grace > 0s) { return (deliver); } return (miss); } sub vcl_miss { return (fetch); } sub vcl_deliver { return (deliver); } Remove from cache Found in cache Not found in cache Return HTTP response to client
  55. 138.

    sub vcl_synth { set resp.http.Content-Type = "text/html; charset=utf-8"; set resp.http.Retry-After

    = "5"; synthetic( {"<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>"} + resp.status + " " + resp.reason + {"</title> </head> <body> <h1>Error "} + resp.status + " " + resp.reason + {"</h1> <p>"} + resp.reason + {"</p> <h3>Guru Meditation:</h3> <p>XID: "} + req.xid + {"</p> <hr> <p>Varnish cache server</p> </body> </html> "} ); return (deliver); } Send custom HTML
  56. 139.

    sub vcl_backend_fetch { return (fetch); } sub vcl_backend_response { if

    (bereq.uncacheable) { return (deliver); } else if (beresp.ttl <= 0s || beresp.http.Set-Cookie || beresp.http.Surrogate-control ~ "no-store" || (!beresp.http.Surrogate-Control && beresp.http.Cache-Control ~ "no-cache|no-store|private") || beresp.http.Vary == "*") { set beresp.ttl = 120s; set beresp.uncacheable = true; } return (deliver); } Send backend request Receive backend response TTL State Receive backend response
  57. 140.

    sub vcl_backend_error { set beresp.http.Content-Type = "text/html; charset=utf-8"; set beresp.http.Retry-After

    = "5"; synthetic( {"<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>"} + beresp.status + " " + beresp.reason + {"</title> </head> <body> <h1>Error "} + beresp.status + " " + beresp.reason + {"</h1> <p>"} + beresp.reason + {"</p> <h3>Guru Meditation:</h3> <p>XID: "} + bereq.xid + {"</p> <hr> <p>Varnish cache server</p> </body> </html> "} ); return (deliver); } Send custom HTML on backend error
  58. 144.
  59. 145.
  60. 148.
  61. 149.
  62. 150.
  63. 151.

    set req.http.Host = regsub(req.http.Host, ":[0-9]+", ""); set req.url = std.querysort(req.url);

    if (req.url ~ "(\?|&)(utm_source|utm_medium|utm_campaign|utm_content|gclid|cx|ie| cof|siteurl)=") { set req.url = regsuball(req.url, "&(utm_source|utm_medium|utm_campaign| utm_content|gclid|cx|ie|cof|siteurl)=([A-z0-9_\-\.%25]+)", ""); set req.url = regsuball(req.url, "\?(utm_source|utm_medium|utm_campaign| utm_content|gclid|cx|ie|cof|siteurl)=([A-z0-9_\-\.%25]+)", "?"); set req.url = regsub(req.url, "\?&", "?"); set req.url = regsub(req.url, "\?$", ""); } if (req.url ~ "\#") { set req.url = regsub(req.url, "\#.*$", ""); } if (req.url ~ "\?$") { set req.url = regsub(req.url, "\?$", ""); } Normalize
  64. 153.

    vcl 4.0; sub vcl_recv { if (req.url ~ "^[^?]*\.(7z|avi|bmp|bz2|css|csv|doc|docx|eot|flac|flv|gif|gz|ico|jpeg| jpg|js|less|mka|mkv|mov|mp3|mp4|mpeg|mpg|odt|otf|ogg|ogm|opus|pdf|png|ppt|pptx|rar|rtf|

    svg|svgz|swf|tar|tbz|tgz|ttf|txt|txz|wav|webm|webp|woff|woff2|xls|xlsx|xml|xz|zip) (\?.*)?$") { unset req.http.Cookie; return (hash); } } sub vcl_backend_response { if (bereq.url ~ "^[^?]*\.(7z|avi|bmp|bz2|css|csv|doc|docx|eot|flac|flv|gif|gz|ico| jpeg|jpg|js|less|mka|mkv|mov|mp3|mp4|mpeg|mpg|odt|otf|ogg|ogm|opus|pdf|png|ppt|pptx| rar|rtf|svg|svgz|swf|tar|tbz|tgz|ttf|txt|txz|wav|webm|webp|woff|woff2|xls|xlsx|xml|xz| zip)(\?.*)?$") { unset beresp.http.set-cookie; } if (bereq.url ~ "^[^?]*\.(7z|avi|bz2|flac|flv|gz|mka|mkv|mov|mp3|mp4|mpeg|mpg|ogg|ogm| opus|rar|tar|tgz|tbz|txz|wav|webm|xz|zip)(\?.*)?$") { unset beresp.http.set-cookie; set beresp.do_stream = true; set beresp.do_gzip = false; } } Cache static assets
  65. 156.

    vcl 4.0; import std; sub vcl_recv { if (req.url ~

    "^[^?]*\.(7z|avi|bmp|bz2|css|csv|doc|docx|eot|flac|flv| gif|gz|ico|jpeg|jpg|js|less|mka|mkv|mov|mp3|mp4|mpeg|mpg|odt|otf|ogg| ogm|opus|pdf|png|ppt|pptx|rar|rtf|svg|svgz|swf|tar|tbz|tgz|ttf|txt|txz| wav|webm|webp|woff|woff2|xls|xlsx|xml|xz|zip)(\?.*)?$") { unset req.http.Cookie; return (pass); } } Don’t cache static assets
  66. 158.

    sub vcl_recv { if (req.url ~ "^/status\.php$" || req.url ~

    "^/update\.php$" || req.url ~ "^/admin$" || req.url ~ "^/admin/.*$" || req.url ~ "^/flag/.*$" || req.url ~ "^.*/ajax/.*$" || req.url ~ "^.*/ahah/.*$") { return (pass); } } URL blacklist
  67. 162.

    vcl 4.0; sub vcl_recv { if (req.http.Cookie) { set req.http.Cookie

    = ";" + req.http.Cookie; set req.http.Cookie = regsuball(req.http.Cookie, "; +", ";"); set req.http.Cookie = regsuball(req.http.Cookie, ";(SESS[a-z0-9]+|SSESS[a-z0-9]+|NO_CACHE)=", "; \1="); set req.http.Cookie = regsuball(req.http.Cookie, ";[^ ][^;]*", ""); set req.http.Cookie = regsuball(req.http.Cookie, "^[; ]+|[; ]+$", ""); if (req.http.Cookie == "") { unset req.http.Cookie; } else { return (pass); } } } Only keep Drupal cookies
  68. 163.

    sub vcl_recv { if (req.http.Cookie) { set req.http.Cookie = ";"

    + req.http.Cookie; set req.http.Cookie = regsuball(req.http.Cookie, "; +", ";"); set req.http.Cookie = regsuball(req.http.Cookie, ";(language)=", "; \1="); set req.http.Cookie = regsuball(req.http.Cookie, ";[^ ][^;]*", ""); set req.http.Cookie = regsuball(req.http.Cookie, "^[; ]+|[; ]+$", ""); if (req.http.cookie ~ "^\s*$") { unset req.http.cookie; return(pass); } return(hash); } } sub vcl_hash { hash_data(regsub( req.http.Cookie, "^.*language=([^;]*);*.*$", "\1" )); } Language cookie cache variation
  69. 167.
  70. 170.

    <esi:include src="/header" /> Edge Side Includes ✓Placeholder ✓Parsed by Varnish

    ✓Output is a composition of blocks ✓State per block ✓TTL per block
  71. 171.

    sub vcl_recv { set req.http.Surrogate-Capability = "key=ESI/1.0"; } sub vcl_backend_response

    { if (beresp.http.Surrogate-Control ~ "ESI/1.0") { unset beresp.http.Surrogate-Control; set beresp.do_esi = true; } } Edge Side Includes
  72. 172.

    <?php header("Cache-Control: public,must-revalidate,s-maxage=10"); echo "Date in the ESI tag: ".date('Y-m-d

    H:i:s').'<br />'; <?php header("Cache-Control: no-store"); header(“Surrogate-Control: content='ESI/1.0'"); echo '<esi:include src="/esi.php" />'.PHP_EOL; echo "Date in the main page: ".date('Y-m-d H:i:s').'<br />'; Main page ESI frame: esi.php Cached for 10 seconds Not cached
  73. 173.

    ESI_xmlerror No ESI processing, first char not '<'. (See feature

    esi_disable_xml_check) Expects HTML/ XML tags
  74. 176.

    vcl 4.0; backend default { .host = "nginx"; .port =

    "80"; } sub vcl_recv { if (req.esi_level > 0) { set req.http.x-parent-url = req_top.url; } } sub vcl_backend_response { if (beresp.http.Surrogate-Control ~ "ESI/1.0") { unset beresp.http.Surrogate-Control; set beresp.do_esi = true; } } Get parent URL
  75. 178.

    ✓ Server-side ✓ Standardized ✓ Processed on the “edge”, no

    in the browser ✓ Generally faster Edge-Side Includes - Sequential - One fails, all fail - Limited implementation in Varnish - Not that common
  76. 179.

    ✓ Client-side ✓ Common knowledge ✓ Parallel processing ✓ Graceful

    degradation AJAX - Processed by the browser - Extra roundtrips - Somewhat slower
  77. 181.
  78. 183.
  79. 187.

    services: esi: class: Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache\Esi esi_placeholders.esi_subscriber: class: Drupal\esi_placeholders\EventSubscriber\EsiSubscriber arguments: ['@esi'] tags:

    - { name: event_subscriber } esi_placeholders.placeholder_strategy.esi: class: Drupal\esi_placeholders\Render\Placeholder\EsiStrategy arguments: ['@request_stack','@esi'] tags: - { name: placeholder_strategy, priority: 0 }
  80. 189.

    <?php namespace Drupal\esi_placeholders\Render\Placeholder; use Drupal\big_pipe\Render\Placeholder\BigPipeStrategy; use Drupal\Core\Render\Markup; use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\RequestStack; use

    Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache\Esi; class EsiStrategy extends BigPipeStrategy { /** * @var RequestStack */ protected $requestStack; /** * @var Esi */ protected $esi; /** * EsiStrategy constructor. * @param RequestStack $request_stack * @param Esi $esi */ public function __construct(RequestStack $request_stack, Esi $esi) { $this->requestStack = $request_stack; $this->esi = $esi; } /**
  81. 190.

    /** * @param array $placeholders * @return array */ public

    function processPlaceholders(array $placeholders) { $request = $this->requestStack->getCurrentRequest(); $overridenPlaceHolder = []; foreach ($placeholders as $placeholder => $placeholder_elements) { if (isset($placeholder_elements['#lazy_builder']) && $this->esi->hasSurrogateCapability($request)) { $overridenPlaceHolder[$placeholder] = [ '#markup' => Markup::create( $this->esi->renderIncludeTag( '/esi/block/?'. $this->generateBigPipePlaceholderId($placeholder,$placeholder_elements), null, false ) ) ]; } } return $overridenPlaceHolder; } }
  82. 191.

    <?php namespace Drupal\esi_placeholders\Controller; use Drupal\Core\Cache\CacheableMetadata; use Drupal\Core\Cache\CacheableResponse; use Drupal\Core\Controller\ControllerBase; use

    Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Request; class EsiController extends ControllerBase { public function returnEsiBlockContent(Request $request) { $build = [ 'esiBlockContent' => [ '#lazy_builder' => [ $request->get('callback'), $request->get('args'), ] ] ]; $output = \Drupal::service('renderer')->renderRoot($build); $response = new CacheableResponse($output); $response->addCacheableDependency(CacheableMetadata::createFromRenderArray($build)); return $response; } }
  83. 192.

    <?php namespace Drupal\esi_placeholders\EventSubscriber; use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\Event\FilterResponseEvent; use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache\Esi; use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\KernelEvents; use

    Symfony\Component\EventDispatcher\EventSubscriberInterface; class EsiSubscriber implements EventSubscriberInterface { /** * @var Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache\Esi */ protected $esi; /** * @param Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache\Esi $esi */ public function __construct(Esi $esi) { $this->esi = $esi; } /** * @param FilterResponseEvent $event * @return \Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response */
  84. 193.

    /** * @param FilterResponseEvent $event * @return \Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response */ public

    function onRespond(FilterResponseEvent $event) { $request = $event->getRequest(); $response = $event->getResponse(); if($this->esi->hasSurrogateCapability($request)){ $this->esi->addSurrogateControl($response); return $response; } } /** * {@inheritdoc} */ public static function getSubscribedEvents() { $events[KernelEvents::RESPONSE][] = ['onRespond', -10000]; return $events; } }
  85. 196.
  86. 197.

    acl purgers { "localhost"; "127.0.0.1"; "::1"; } sub vcl_recv {

    if (req.method == "PURGE") { if (client.ip !~ purgers) { return (synth(405, "Method not allowed")); } return (purge); } } Purging
  87. 199.

    acl purge { "localhost"; "127.0.0.1"; "::1"; } sub vcl_recv {

    if (req.method == "PURGE") { if (client.ip !~ purgers) { return (synth(405, "Method not allowed")); } if(req.http.x-purge-regex) { ban("req.http.host == " + req.http.host + " && req.url ~ " + req.http.x-purge-regex); } else { ban("req.http.host == " + req.http.host + " && req.url == " + req.url); } return (synth(200, "Purged")); } } Banning
  88. 200.

    Banning curl -XPURGE "http://example.com/products" curl -XPURGE -H "x-purge-regex:/products" "http://example.com" Add

    to ban list, remove on next request Remove patterns via “X-PURGE-REGEX”
  89. 202.

    Ban lurker Object User Varnish Server Sends HTTP response Response

    stored in object Sends BAN to Varnish Ban lurker thread Ban list Reads ban list Removes object ban req.http.host == localhost && req.url ~ /products
  90. 203.

    Ban lurker ban req.http.host == localhost && req.url ~ /products

    Lurker can’t match request info Lurker can only match what’s in the object Next visitor triggers cache remove
  91. 204.

    acl purge { "localhost"; "127.0.0.1"; "::1"; } sub vcl_recv {

    if (req.method == "PURGE") { if (client.ip !~ purgers) { return (synth(405, "Method not allowed")); } if(req.http.x-purge-regex) { ban("obj.http.x-host == " + req.http.host + " && obj.http.x-url ~ " + req.http.x-purge-regex); } else { ban("obj.http.host == " + req.http.host + " && obj.http.x-url == " + req.url); } return (synth(200, "Purged")); } } sub vcl_backend_response { set beresp.http.x-url = bereq.url; set beresp.http.x-host = bereq.http.host; } sub vcl_deliver { unset resp.http.x-url; unset resp.http.x-host; } Lurker-friendly bans Store request info in response object
  92. 205.

    Lurker-friendly bans ban obj.http.x-host == localhost && obj.http.x-url ~ /products

    Lurker can match response info Ban lurker removes item from cache async
  93. 211.

    $ telnet varnish 6082 Connected to localhost. Escape character is

    '^]'. 107 59 cohvooigdtqvkpwewhdxkqiwkfkpwsly Authentication required. auth 5a9c5722f31cc3c92f0e4616571624df7bddde2f8e42aaffe795dc80fb8c91dd 200 240 ----------------------------- Varnish Cache CLI 1.0 ----------------------------- Linux,4.9.49-moby,x86_64,-junix,-smalloc,-smalloc,-hcritbit varnish-5.2.0 revision 4c4875cbf Type 'help' for command list. Type 'quit' to close CLI session. ban obj.http.x-host == localhost && obj.http.x-url ~ /products 200 0
  94. 212.

    <?php $challenge = $argv[1]; $secret = trim(fgets(STDIN)); $pack = $challenge

    . "\x0A" . $secret . "\x0A" . $challenge . "\x0A"; $key = hash('sha256', $pack); echo $key.PHP_EOL; Use secret & process challenge cohvooigdtqvkpwewhdxkqiwkfkpwsly 5a9c5722f31cc3c92f0e4616571624df7bddde2f8e42aaffe795dc80fb8c91dd E29F6DE6-3803-449E-8A01-AA537A8715B1
  95. 213.

    $ telnet varnish 6082 Connected to localhost. Escape character is

    '^]'. 107 59 cohvooigdtqvkpwewhdxkqiwkfkpwsly Authentication required. auth 5a9c5722f31cc3c92f0e4616571624df7bddde2f8e42aaffe795dc80fb8c91dd 200 240 ----------------------------- Varnish Cache CLI 1.0 ----------------------------- Linux,4.9.49-moby,x86_64,-junix,-smalloc,-smalloc,-hcritbit varnish-5.2.0 revision 4c4875cbf Type 'help' for command list. Type 'quit' to close CLI session. ban obj.http.x-host == localhost && obj.http.x-url ~ /products 200 0
  96. 215.

    DAEMON_OPTS="-j unix,user=www-data \ -a :80 \ -a :81,PROXY \ -T

    localhost:6082 \ -f /etc/varnish/default.vcl \ -S /etc/varnish/secret \ -l 100m,10m \ -t 60 \ -p feature=+esi_disable_xml_check \ -p connect_timeout=20s \ -p first_byte_timeout=100s \ -p between_bytes_timeout=5s \ -s malloc,3g"
  97. 216.
  98. 218.
  99. 219.
  100. 220.
  101. 221.
  102. 222.

    # Only allow BAN requests from IP addresses in the

    'purge' ACL. if (req.method == "BAN") { # Same ACL check as above: if (!client.ip ~ purge) { return (synth(403, "Not allowed.")); } if (req.http.Purge-Cache-Tags) { ban("obj.http.Purge-Cache-Tags ~ " + req.http.Purge-Cache-Tags); } else { return (synth(403, "Purge-Cache-Tags header missing.")); } # Throw a synthetic page so the request won't go to the backend. return (synth(200, "Ban added.")); }
  103. 224.

    Purge-Cache-Tags: block:the_date_time block_view config:block.block.bartik_account_menu config:block.block.bartik_branding config:block.block.bartik_breadcrumbs config:block.block.bartik_content config:block.block.bartik_footer config:block.block.bartik_help config:block.block.bartik_local_actions

    config:block.block.bartik_local_tasks config:block.block.bartik_main_menu config:block.block.bartik_messages config:block.block.bartik_page_title config:block.block.bartik_powered config:block.block.bartik_search config:block.block.bartik_tools config:block.block.thedateandtimeblock config:block_list config:color.theme.bartik config:filter.format.basic_html config:search.settings config:system.menu.account config:system.menu.footer config:system.menu.main config:system.menu.tools config:system.site config:user.role.anonymous config:views.view.frontpage http_response node:1 node:2 node_list node_view rendered user:1
  104. 226.
  105. 227.
  106. 230.
  107. 231.

    usage: varnishstat [-1lV] [-f field] [-t seconds|<off>] [-n varnish_name] [-N

    filename] -1 # Print the statistics to stdout. -f field # Field inclusion glob # If it starts with '^' it is used as an exclusion list. -l # Lists the available fields to use with the -f option. -n varnish_name # The varnishd instance to get logs from. -N filename # Filename of a stale VSM instance. -t seconds|<off> # Timeout before returning error on initial VSM connection. -V # Display the version number and exit. -x # Print statistics to stdout as XML. -j # Print statistics to stdout as JSON. Varnishstat usage
  108. 232.

    ~# varnishstat -f MAIN.cache_hit -1 MAIN.cache_hit 13049135 5.39 Cache hits

    Varnishstat usage ~# varnishstat -f MAIN.cache_hit -j -1 { "timestamp": "2016-06-14T16:10:32", "MAIN.cache_hit": { "description": "Cache hits", "type": "MAIN", "flag": "c", "format": "i", "value": 13050992 } }
  109. 233.

    Varnishstat usage ~# varnishstat -f MAIN.n_object -f MAIN.n_lru_nuked -j {

    "timestamp": "2016-06-14T16:14:49", "MAIN.n_object": { "description": "object structs made", "type": "MAIN", "flag": "g", "format": "i", "value": 46295 }, "MAIN.n_lru_nuked": { "description": "Number of LRU nuked objects", "type": "MAIN", "flag": "g", "format": "i", "value": 0 } }
  110. 235.

    ✓ Session ✓ Client ✓ Uptime ✓ Hit/miss ✓ Backend

    ✓ Fetch ✓ Threading ✓ Cache objects ✓ Memory ✓ Invalidation Varnishstat counters
  111. 236.

    VSL

  112. 238.

    ✓ In-memory logs ✓ Generated by varnishd ✓ 81 MB

    by default ✓ Customize with “-l” setting ✓ Varnishlog command ✓ Varnishtop command VSL
  113. 239.

    * << Request >> 10973258 - Begin req 10973257 rxreq

    - Timestamp Start: 1501507281.942533 0.000000 0.000000 - Timestamp Req: 1501507281.942533 0.000000 0.000000 - ReqStart 127.0.0.1 59753 - ReqMethod GET - ReqURL / - ReqProtocol HTTP/1.1 - ReqHeader Host: feryn.eu
  114. 241.

    ✓ Items of work ✓ Identified by VXID ✓ 2

    kinds: ✓ Sessions ✓ Requests Transactions
  115. 242.

    ✓ Identifies TCP connection ✓ Contains multiple requests Transactions ✓

    Client request ✓ Backend request ✓ ESI subrequest Session Request
  116. 243.
  117. 247.

    * << BeReq >> 98318 - Begin bereq 98317 fetch

    - BereqURL / * << BeReq >> 98320 - Begin bereq 98319 fetch - BereqURL /header * << Request >> 98319 - Begin req 98317 esi - ReqURL /header - Link bereq 98320 fetch * << BeReq >> 98322 - Begin bereq 98321 fetch - BereqURL /nav * << Request >> 98321 - Begin req 98317 esi - ReqURL /nav - Link bereq 98322 fetch * << Request >> 98317 - Begin req 98316 rxreq - ReqURL / - Link bereq 98318 fetch - Link req 98319 esi - Link req 98321 esi * << BeReq >> 98324 - Begin bereq 98323 fetch - BereqURL /footer * << Request >> 98323 - Begin req 98316 rxreq - ReqURL /footer - Link bereq 98324 fetch * << Session >> 98316 - Begin sess 0 HTTP/1 - Link req 98317 rxreq - Link req 98323 rxreq
  118. 249.

    * << Session >> 14 - Begin sess 0 HTTP/1

    - Link req 65539 rxreq - Link req 65545 rxreq ** << Request >> 65539 -- Begin req 14 rxreq -- ReqURL / -- Link bereq 65540 fetch -- Link req 65541 esi -- Link req 65543 esi ** << Request >> 65545 -- Begin req 14 rxreq -- ReqURL /footer -- Link bereq 65546 fetch *** << BeReq >> 65540 --- Begin bereq 65539 fetch --- BereqURL / *** << Request >> 65541 --- Begin req 65539 esi --- ReqURL /header --- Link bereq 65542 fetch *** << Request >> 65543 --- Begin req 65539 esi --- ReqURL /nav --- Link bereq 65544 fetch *** << BeReq >> 65546 --- Begin bereq 65545 fetch --- BereqURL /footer **** << BeReq >> 65542 ---- Begin bereq 65541 fetch ---- BereqURL /header **** << BeReq >> 65544 ---- Begin bereq 65543 fetch ---- BereqURL /nav
  119. 250.
  120. 251.
  121. 254.

    - ReqStart 127.0.0.1 56312 - ReqMethod GET - ReqURL /

    - ReqProtocol HTTP/1.1 - ReqHeader Host: localhost - ReqHeader Connection: keep-alive - ReqHeader Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 - ReqHeader User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_12_5) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/ 59.0.3071.115 Safari/537.36 - ReqHeader Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/ xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8 - ReqHeader Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, br - ReqHeader Accept-Language: nl,en-US;q=0.8,en;q=0.6 - ReqHeader X-Forwarded-For: 127.0.0.1
  122. 257.

    - RespProtocol HTTP/1.1 - RespStatus 200 - RespReason OK -

    RespHeader Host: localhost - RespHeader Cache-Control: public, s-maxage=500 - RespHeader Date: Tue, 01 Aug 2017 08:56:44 GMT - RespHeader ETag: "c5afddc587599a72d467caca23e980bf" - RespHeader Vary: Accept-Language - RespHeader Content-Length: 3098 - RespHeader Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 - RespHeader X-Varnish: 32770 - RespHeader Age: 10
  123. 266.
  124. 268.

    * << Request >> 5 - ReqURL / - VCL_call

    RECV - VCL_return hash - VCL_call HASH - VCL_return lookup - VCL_call MISS - VCL_return fetch - VCL_call DELIVER - VCL_return deliver ** << BeReq >> 6 -- BereqURL / -- VCL_call BACKEND_FETCH -- VCL_return fetch -- VCL_call BACKEND_RESPONSE -- VCL_return deliver
  125. 269.

    * << Request >> 6 - ReqURL / - VCL_call

    RECV - ReqURL / - VCL_return hash - VCL_call HASH - VCL_return lookup - VCL_call HIT - VCL_return deliver - VCL_call DELIVER - VCL_return deliver
  126. 270.

    * << Request >> 32789 - ReqURL /header - ExpBan

    98355 banned lookup ExpBan tag
  127. 271.

    * << Request >> 98369 - ReqURL /footer - Hit

    65597 Hit tag varnishlog -i "ReqUrl,Hit"
  128. 273.
  129. 274.

    %s %d %d %d %d [ %d %d %u %u

    ] | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | +- Max-Age from Cache-Control header | | | | | | | +---- Expires header | | | | | | +------- Date header | | | | | +---------- Age (incl Age: header value) | | | | +--------------- Reference time for TTL | | | +------------------ Keep | | +--------------------- Grace | +------------------------ TTL +--------------------------- "RFC" or "VCL" TTL tag
  130. 275.

    -- TTL VCL 120 10 0 1501597242 ✓ TTL decided

    by the VCL ✓ 120 seconds cached ✓ 10 seconds grace time ✓ 0 seconds keep time ✓ Reference time: 1501597242
 (2017-08-01 14:20:42)
  131. 276.

    -- RFC 500 10 -1 1501598872 1501598872 1501598872 0 500

    ✓ 500 seconds TTL (via headers) ✓ 10 seconds grace ✓ No keep value ✓ 2017-08-01 14:47:52 date, age & reference time ✓ Cache-control headers sets 500 second TTL
  132. 277.

    -- RFC 500 10 -1 1501598872 1501598869 1501598872 0 500

    ✓ Don’t screw with the age header ✓ Only 497 second effective TTL ✓ Custom Age header (3 seconds off)
  133. 278.
  134. 279.

    - Begin bereq 98317 fetch - Begin req 98317 esi

    - Begin req 98316 rxreq - Begin sess 0 HTTP/1
  135. 280.
  136. 283.

    %s: %f %f %f | | | | | |

    | +- Time since last timestamp | | +---- Time since start of work unit | +------- Absolute time of event +----------- Event label Timestamp tag
  137. 284.

    * << Request >> 65539 - Timestamp Start: 1501601912.758662 0.000000

    0.000000 - Timestamp Req: 1501601912.758662 0.000000 0.000000 - Timestamp Fetch: 1501601912.806733 0.048071 0.048071 - Timestamp Process: 1501601912.806750 0.048088 0.000017 - Timestamp Resp: 1501601912.806787 0.048125 0.000037 ** << BeReq >> 65540 -- Timestamp Start: 1501601912.758753 0.000000 0.000000 -- Timestamp Bereq: 1501601912.758952 0.000199 0.000199 -- Timestamp Beresp: 1501601912.806677 0.047924 0.047725 -- Timestamp BerespBody: 1501601912.806749 0.047996 0.000072
  138. 286.

    ✓ -i: include tags ✓ -I: include tags by regex

    ✓ -x: exclude tags ✓ -X: exclude by regex Filtering output
  139. 289.

    * << Session >> 252394 ** << Request >> 252395

    -- ReqURL / -- VCL_call RECV -- VCL_return hash -- VCL_call HASH -- VCL_return lookup -- VCL_call HIT -- VCL_return deliver -- VCL_call DELIVER -- VCL_return deliver *** << Request >> 252397 --- ReqURL /header --- VCL_call RECV --- VCL_return hash --- VCL_call HASH --- VCL_return lookup --- VCL_call HIT --- VCL_return deliver --- VCL_call DELIVER --- VCL_return deliver *** << Request >> 252399 --- ReqURL /nav --- VCL_call RECV --- VCL_return hash --- VCL_call HASH --- VCL_return lookup --- VCL_call HIT --- VCL_return deliver --- VCL_call DELIVER --- VCL_return deliver *** << BeReq >> 252396 --- VCL_call BACKEND_FETCH --- VCL_return fetch --- VCL_call BACKEND_RESPONSE --- VCL_return deliver **** << BeReq >> 252398 ---- VCL_call BACKEND_FETCH ---- VCL_return fetch ---- VCL_call BACKEND_RESPONSE ---- VCL_return deliver **** << BeReq >> 252400 ---- VCL_call BACKEND_FETCH ---- VCL_return fetch ---- VCL_call BACKEND_RESPONSE ---- VCL_return deliver
  140. 292.

    * << Request >> 314125 - ReqStart 127.0.0.1 64585 -

    ReqMethod GET - ReqURL / - ReqProtocol HTTP/1.1 - ReqAcct 476 0 476 311 0 311 * << Request >> 314126 - ReqStart 127.0.0.1 64585 - ReqMethod GET - ReqURL /footer - ReqProtocol HTTP/1.1 - ReqAcct 370 0 370 309 0 309
  141. 295.

    * << Request >> 374378 - ReqURL / - ReqHeader

    Accept-Language: nl,en-US;q=0.8,en;q=0.6 * << Request >> 374379 - ReqURL /footer - ReqHeader Accept-Language: nl,en-US;q=0.8,en;q=0.6
  142. 297.

    * << Request >> 374384 - ReqURL /footer - RespHeader

    Host: localhost - RespHeader X-Powered-By: PHP/7.0.15 - RespHeader Cache-Control: public, s-maxage=500 - RespHeader Date: Wed, 02 Aug 2017 11:27:21 GMT - RespHeader ETag: "d47ac09f5351f8f4c97c99ef5b3d2ecd" - RespHeader Vary: Accept-Language - RespHeader Content-Length: 80 - RespHeader Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 - RespHeader X-Varnish: 374384 15367 - RespHeader Age: 334 - RespHeader Via: 1.1 varnish-v4 - RespHeader Connection: keep-alive
  143. 299.

    * << Request >> 374384 - ReqURL /footer - RespHeader

    Host: localhost - RespHeader Cache-Control: public, s-maxage=500 - RespHeader Date: Wed, 02 Aug 2017 11:27:21 GMT - RespHeader ETag: "d47ac09f5351f8f4c97c99ef5b3d2ecd" - RespHeader Vary: Accept-Language - RespHeader Content-Length: 80 - RespHeader Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 - RespHeader Age: 334 - RespHeader Via: 1.1 varnish-v4 - RespHeader Connection: keep-alive
  144. 300.
  145. 302.

    * << Request >> 59383 - ReqStart 127.0.0.1 53195 -

    ReqMethod GET - ReqURL / - ReqHeader Host: localhost - ReqHeader Connection: keep-alive - ReqHeader Cache-Control: max-age=0 - ReqHeader Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 - ReqHeader User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_12_5) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/59.0.3071.115 Safari/537.36 - ReqHeader Accept: text/ html,application/ xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/ webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8 - ReqHeader Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, br - ReqHeader Accept-Language: nl,en- US;q=0.8,en;q=0.6 - ReqHeader If-None-Match: W/"27f341f8e459dd35f1087c55351cacda" - ReqHeader X-Forwarded-For: 127.0.0.1 - ReqUnset Accept-Language: nl,en- US;q=0.8,en;q=0.6 - ReqHeader accept-language: nl - ReqHeader Surrogate-Capability: key=ESI/1.0 - ReqUnset Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, br - ReqHeader Accept-Encoding: gzip - RespHeader Host: localhost - RespHeader Cache-Control: public, s- maxage=500 - RespHeader Date: Wed, 02 Aug 2017 11:46:49 GMT - RespHeader ETag: "27f341f8e459dd35f1087c55351cacda" - RespHeader Vary: Accept-Language - RespHeader Content-Length: 3098 - RespHeader Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 - RespHeader Age: 152 - RespHeader Via: 1.1 varnish-v4 - RespHeader ETag: W/"27f341f8e459dd35f1087c55351cacda" - RespHeader Connection: keep-alive - Timestamp Resp: 1501674561.472358 0.000068 0.000020
  146. 303.

    ✓ All response headers ✓ All tags that start with

    “Req” ✓ Exclude “x-“ response headers ✓ Include “response time” timestamp ✓ Exclude request protocol log lines, and the request accountancy log lines All-in-one
  147. 311.

    * << Request >> 374400 - VCL_call RECV - VCL_return

    hash - VCL_call HASH - VCL_return lookup - VCL_call HIT - VCL_return deliver - VCL_call DELIVER - VCL_return deliver
  148. 312.

    varnishlog -i ReqUrl -q "VCL_call eq 'MISS' or VCL_call eq

    'PASS'" varnishlog -i ReqUrl -I "Timestamp:Resp" -q "Timestamp:Resp[2] > 1.0"
  149. 314.

    varnishlog -n myVarnishInstance varnishlog -d varnishlog -w file varnishlog -r

    file varnishlog -A -a -w file varnishlog -i "ReqUrl,VCL_*" -D -a -A -w /var/log/varnish/custom.log - P /var/run/custom_varnishlog.pid
  150. 315.
  151. 317.

    $ varnishtop -I reqheader:Accept-Language -q "ReqUrl eq '/'" list length

    4 0.86 ReqHeader Accept-Language: en-US 0.80 ReqHeader Accept-Language: nl-NL,nl;q=0.8,en- US;q=0.6,en;q=0.4 0.54 ReqHeader Accept-Language: nl,en-US;q=0.8,en;q=0.6 0.39 ReqHeader Accept-Language: nl-BE
  152. 322.

    * << Request >> 12 - ReqMethod GET - ReqURL

    / - ReqProtocol HTTP/1.1 - ReqHeader Host: localhost - ReqHeader User-Agent: curl/7.48.0 - ReqHeader Accept: */* - ReqHeader Cookie: myCookie=bla - ReqHeader X-Forwarded-For: 127.0.0.1 - VCL_call RECV - VCL_return pass - VCL_call HASH - VCL_return lookup - VCL_call PASS - VCL_return fetch - VCL_call DELIVER - VCL_return deliver
  153. 323.

    << Request >> 32779 - ReqMethod POST - ReqURL /

    - ReqProtocol HTTP/1.1 - ReqHeader Host: localhost - ReqHeader User-Agent: curl/7.48.0 - ReqHeader Accept: */* - ReqHeader X-Forwarded-For: 127.0.0.1 - VCL_call RECV - VCL_return pass - VCL_call HASH - VCL_return lookup - VCL_call PASS - VCL_return fetch - VCL_call DELIVER - VCL_return deliver
  154. 324.

    * << Request >> 15 - ReqMethod GET - ReqURL

    / - ReqProtocol HTTP/1.1 - ReqHeader Host: localhost - ReqHeader Authorization: Basic dGhpanM6ZmVyeW4= - ReqHeader User-Agent: curl/7.48.0 - ReqHeader Accept: */* - ReqHeader X-Forwarded-For: 127.0.0.1 - VCL_call RECV - VCL_return pass - VCL_call HASH - VCL_return lookup - VCL_call PASS - VCL_return fetch - VCL_call DELIVER - VCL_return deliver
  155. 327.

    * << Request >> 19010384 - ReqURL /my-url - VCL_call

    RECV - VCL_return hash - VCL_call HASH - VCL_return lookup - VCL_call PASS - VCL_return fetch - VCL_call DELIVER - VCL_return deliver ** << BeReq >> 19010385 -- VCL_call BACKEND_FETCH -- VCL_return fetch -- BerespProtocol HTTP/1.1 -- BerespStatus 200 -- BerespReason OK -- BerespHeader Date: Thu, 03 Aug 2017 08:15:22 GMT -- BerespHeader Server: Apache/ 2.4.10 (Debian) -- BerespHeader Last-Modified: Tue, 01 Aug 2017 07:21:00 GMT -- BerespHeader ETag: "5c0d-555abfd3f422f-gzip" -- BerespHeader Vary: Accept- Encoding -- BerespHeader Content-Encoding: gzip -- BerespHeader Cache-Control: max- age=0 -- BerespHeader Expires: Thu, 03 Aug 2017 08:15:22 GMT -- BerespHeader Content-Length: 7686 -- BerespHeader Content-Type: application/json -- TTL RFC 0 10 -1 1501748123 1501748123 1501748122 1501748122 0 -- VCL_call BACKEND_RESPONSE -- TTL VCL 120 10 0 1501748123 -- VCL_return deliver
  156. 328.

    * << Request >> 65551 - ReqURL /set-cookie - VCL_call

    RECV - VCL_return hash - VCL_call HASH - VCL_return lookup - VCL_call PASS - VCL_return fetch - VCL_call DELIVER - VCL_return deliver ** << BeReq >> 65552 -- VCL_call BACKEND_FETCH -- VCL_return fetch -- BerespProtocol HTTP/1.1 -- BerespStatus 200 -- BerespReason OK -- BerespHeader Cache-control: s-maxage=10 -- BerespHeader Set-Cookie: myCookie=bla -- BerespHeader Content-type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 -- BerespHeader Date: Thu, 03 Aug 2017 08:39:04 GMT -- TTL RFC 10 10 -1 1501749545 1501749545 1501749544 0 10 -- VCL_call BACKEND_RESPONSE -- TTL VCL 120 10 0 1501749545 -- VCL_return deliver
  157. 330.