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UXINDIA17 - Get Strategic: Plan To Embed User Experience More Deeply Into Your Organization.

D7424ff0e1dc983d898de62c7496c321?s=47 uxindia
November 20, 2017

UXINDIA17 - Get Strategic: Plan To Embed User Experience More Deeply Into Your Organization.

Get Strategic: Plan To Embed User Experience More Deeply Into Your Organization.

D7424ff0e1dc983d898de62c7496c321?s=128

uxindia

November 20, 2017
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  1. None
  2. Get Strategic: A Hands-On, Collaborative Workshop For Creating A UX

    Strategic Plan Paul Sherman, PhD Kent State University
  3. The Problem Good user experience research and design are no

    longer “nice to have”…they are essential. But most organizations don’t know how to effectively integrate UX practices into existing practices and processes. 2
  4. They’re Looking To You For UX Leadership! 3 And if

    they’re not, you need to start acting like they are.
  5. Goals Of This Workshop We’ll be learning about and discussing

    these topics together: How to identify and cultivate UX champions. How to leverage small tactical wins to drive toward a strategic UX approach. How to get the right UX activities embedded into the right places in your organization’s product life cycle. 4 UX
  6. Agenda 5 Topic Format Timing Introductions - - 05 -

    15 Setting context Presentation 15 - 45 Small group breakout - - 45 - 50 Assignment 1 Group work 50 - 80 Selling UX Presentation 80 - 90 Break - - 90 - 110 Setting goals & activities Presentation 110- 120 Assignment 2 Group work 120 - 145 Break - - 145- 150 Discussion Interaction 150 - 175 Wrap-up & going forward Discussion 175- 180
  7. Ground Rules Work together and collaborate! Listen respectfully to each

    other. I’m a bit ADD too. I understand. Get up and stretch if you need to. 6
  8. Assignments Assignment 1 Defining Current state Desired state Obstacles Leverage

    points 7 Assignment 2 Planning One year target 30-60-90 day steps
  9. Why This Approach? 8 You’ve heard “a journey of a

    thousand miles begins with single step.” There’s actually data behind it. More to come.
  10. Introductions Name Role Organization (optional) UX challenge you’re facing –

    one sentence maximum. 30 seconds max! “I’m Paul Sherman. I’m a user experience manager at BigSoft. My UX challenge is that BigSoft wants ‘Apple-like’ user experiences for our products, but won’t give me budget or headcount to achieve this.” 9
  11. Who Am I? PhD in Human Factors Psychology Practicing user

    experience for 18 years Internal: External: Teaching since 2001 10 + a few defunct agencies…
  12. Who Am I? I’ve built small UX teams and large

    multi- location teams. Today, I… Provide user experience research and design consulting. Teach, mentor students, and develop courses for the Kent State University UX program. 11 And attempt to make cake with my daughters.
  13. I’m Also A Pixar Plot Device 12

  14. Before All That… I worked in aviation human factors. I

    studied how pilots’ communication and behavior affected flight safety. Why? Because 2/3 of aviation accidents involved perfectly functioning aircraft. “Pilot error” was usually the given cause. But what did that actually mean? 13
  15. The Human Factor My advisor and his collaborators learned that

    certain behaviors were associated with safer flight: Verbalizing one’s own actions and assumptions about flight status. Cross-checking each other’s actions. Be willing to question each other’s decisions, even the captain’s decisions, without judgment. So they began working with airline training organizations to incorporate these “soft” skills into regular flight training. 14
  16. Obstacles To Implementing Safety Processes They encountered resistance from all

    sides: Airlines’ upper management “Check pilots” (pilot evaluators) Air traffic control Federal Aviation Administration International agencies 15
  17. What Was Happening? They had bumped up against culture-based impediments:

    Organizational culture Training and evaluation processes Cultures in different fleets (aircraft types) Regulatory culture 16
  18. Some Definitions Culture: The set of attitudes, values, beliefs, and

    behaviors shared by a group of people, but different for each individual, communicated from one generation to the next. Organizational culture: “The way we work around here.” 17 Matsumoto, D. (1996) Culture and Psychology. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. https://hbr.org/2013/05/what-is-organizational-culture
  19. Cultures Overlap, Influence And Affect Each Other 18 National Culture

    Organizational Culture Professional Culture Formal Processes Informal Processes Training Culture Regional Cultures Organizational Subcultures Organizational Subcultures Regional Cultures
  20. A Systems Approach The researchers realized that in order to

    make progress, they needed to adopt a systems approach and act as change agents in each part of an organization. 19 Professional Culture Teach pilots the safety value of communication, coordination, cross- checking, and questioning. Formal Processes Informal Processes Training Culture Organizational Subcultures Train the trainers. Modify the curricula. Standardize soft skill training across fleets. Ensure safety behaviors are part of standard operating procedures. Reinforce safety behaviors through behavioral norms and values.
  21. Results? It worked. 20

  22. 21

  23. It Wasn’t Easy It required change at many levels in

    each organization. 22
  24. What’s A Product Organizational Culture Like? Here’s one model. Do

    you recognize your organization? 23
  25. 24 Might never have had a UX team or a

    designer on staff. Products are created from interesting technology. Territorial about the UI. Confident that they can anticipate what users will want in the future. View design as a creative, not functional endeavor. May focus on designs that other designers like and respect. Represented by powerful people who know the loudest buyers... but who don’t know the actual users or their workflows and processes. Collect lots of survey-based and market-level data. Tendency to deem a product usable if it is merely possible to do the task. Rely heavily on their own experience when designing. Feel they are doing the right thing for the customer, even if they don’t have evidence. Often define the user experience in terms of aesthetics rather than satisfying workflow needs. Rely heavily on their own instincts about users. Focus only on data that confirms their viewpoints. Rely heavily on buyers’ feedback and random customer suggestions to drive feature prioritization. Often overconfident in their ability to know what the customer needs. Challenges Characteristics Engineer Centric Design Centric Sales & Marketing Centric
  26. 25 Might never have had a UX team or a

    designer on staff. Products are created from interesting technology. Territorial about the UI. Confident that they can anticipate what users will want in the future. View design as a creative, not functional endeavor. May focus on designs that other designers like and respect. Represented by powerful people who know the loudest buyers... but who don’t know the actual users or their workflows and processes. Collect lots of survey-based and market-level data. Tendency to deem a product usable if it is merely possible to do the task. Rely heavily on their own experience when designing. Feel they are doing the right thing for the customer, even if they don’t have evidence. Often define the user experience in terms of aesthetics rather than satisfying workflow needs. Rely heavily on their own instincts about users. Focus only on data that confirms their viewpoints. Rely heavily on buyers’ feedback and random customer suggestions to drive feature prioritization. Often overconfident in their ability to know what the customer needs. Challenges Characteristics Engineer Centric Design Centric Sales & Marketing Centric
  27. 26 Might never have had a UX team or a

    designer on staff. Products are created from interesting technology. Territorial about the UI. Confident that they can anticipate what users will want in the future. View design as a creative, not functional endeavor. May focus on designs that other designers like and respect. Represented by powerful people who know the loudest buyers... but who don’t know the actual users or their workflows and processes. Collect lots of survey-based and market-level data. Tendency to deem a product usable if it is merely possible to do the task. Rely heavily on their own experience when designing. Feel they are doing the right thing for the customer, even if they don’t have evidence. Often define the user experience in terms of aesthetics rather than satisfying workflow needs. Rely heavily on their own instincts about users. Focus only on data that confirms their viewpoints. Rely heavily on buyers’ feedback and random customer suggestions to drive feature prioritization. Often overconfident in their ability to know what the customer needs. Challenges Characteristics Engineer Centric Design Centric Sales & Marketing Centric Hanson, K. & Castleman, W. (2006). Tracking Ease-of-Use Metrics: A Tried and True Method for Driving Adoption of UCD in Different Corporate Cultures. Usability Success Stories, Ashgate/Gower.
  28. And That’s Only A One Dimensional Characterization! There’s also… Existing

    individual relationships Traditional power bases Incentive structures Can you think of other aspects? 27
  29. UX work happens in a multi-faceted environment. 28

  30. So how do you do strategic UX? 29

  31. Strategy “A long term plan of action designed to achieve

    a particular goal.” “Strategy is differentiated from tactics or immediate actions by its orientation on affecting future, not immediate conditions.” 30 <Lazy>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategy</>
  32. Strategy vs. Tactics 31

  33. Strategy vs. Tactics 32 Strategic plan: Go from airport to

    hotel Tactics: Accelerate Make some turns Slow down Stop
  34. Tactics are good practice… But only if you know where

    you’re going. Do you? 33
  35. How Do You Do Strategic UX? Give yourself a new

    job: change agent. 34 UX UX
  36. Change Agent A person who leads a business initiative by:

    Defining and researching the problem Planning the intervention Building business support for the intervention Enlisting others to help drive change “Change agents must have the conviction to state the facts based on data, even if the consequences are associated with unpleasantness.” 35 Six Sigma - http://Isixsigma.com/dictionary/change-agent/ UXmatters - The User Experience Practitioner As Change Agent – http://bit.ly/a2Xwux
  37. UX Practitioner As Change Agent To be a change agent,

    you must focus on strategic goals. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t strive for short-term wins. But they should be in the service of a long-term strategy. 36 UX
  38. So how do you do strategic UX? 37

  39. Strategic Planning It sounds mysterious. It’s not. You first need

    to identify: 38 Your current state Your desired state Obstacles Leverage points
  40. Strategic Planning 39 Your current state What services do you

    currently provide? What areas of UX do you currently cover? At what stages of product processes is UX work being done? How much of the overall product experience does UX own? How is UX performance measured? Where does UX report to now? (Anything else to characterize UX at your organization.) Your desired state Obstacles Leverage points
  41. Strategic Planning 40 Your current state What services do you

    currently provide? What areas of UX do you currently cover? At what stages of product processes is UX work being done? How much of the overall product experience does UX own? How is UX performance measured? Where does UX report to now? (Anything else to characterize UX?) Your desired state Obstacles Leverage points What services do you want to provide? What areas of UX do you want to cover? At what stages do you want more (or less) UX representation? How much of the product experience do you want UX to own? How do you want UX to be measured? Do you want UX to stay where it is or move? To where? (Anything else?)
  42. Strategic Planning 41 Your current state What services do you

    currently provide? What areas of UX do you currently cover? At what stages of product processes is UX work being done? How much of the overall product experience does UX own? How is UX performance measured? Where does UX report to now? (Anything else to characterize UX?) Your desired state Obstacles Leverage points What services do you want to provide? What areas of UX do you want to cover? At what stages do you want more (or less) UX representation? How much of the product experience do you want UX to own? How do you want UX to be measured? Do you want UX to stay where it is or move? To where? (Anything else?) What obstacles do you foresee having to overcome before you get to your desired state? • Organizational • Budgetary • Resource • Interpersonal • Etc.
  43. Strategic Planning 42 Your current state What services do you

    currently provide? What areas of UX do you currently cover? At what stages of product processes is UX work being done? How much of the overall product experience does UX own? How is UX performance measured? Where does UX report to now? (Anything else to characterize UX?) Your desired state Obstacles Leverage points What services do you want to provide? What areas of UX do you want to cover? At what stages do you want more (or less) UX representation? How much of the product experience do you want UX to own? How do you want UX to be measured? Do you want UX to stay where it is or move? To where? (Anything else?) What obstacles do you foresee having to overcome before you get to your desired state? • Organizational • Budgetary • Resource • Interpersonal • Etc. What business-critical problems is UX uniquely positioned to solve? Who can you ask for a chance to tackle these problems? What high-level support can you cultivate? What keeps the business leaders up at night? Can UX help in these areas? Anything else?
  44. Strategic Planning Armed with this information, you can direct your

    actions toward strategic goals… Rack up some tactical wins… And embed UX practices and process more deeply into your organization. You will be transforming your organization! 43
  45. Agenda 44 Topic Format Timing Introductions - - 05 -

    15 Setting context Presentation 15 - 45 Small group breakout - - 45 - 50 Assignment 1 Group work 50 - 80 Selling UX Presentation 80 - 90 Break - - 90 - 110 Setting goals & activities Presentation 110- 120 Assignment 2 Group work 120 - 145 Break - - 145- 150 Discussion Interaction 150 - 200 Wrap-up & going forward Discussion 200 - 210
  46. Assignment 1 Break into groups of 4-5. Using the paper

    provided, start discussing and documenting: Your current state Your desired state Obstacles you face Leverage points Work on your own for 10-15 minutes. Then share with your group members. You will find yourself cycling back between the areas as you listen to your group members. 30 minutes total 45
  47. Assignment 1 - Strategic Planning Questions 46 Your current state

    What services do you currently provide? What areas of UX do you currently cover? At what stages of product processes is UX work being done? How much of the overall product experience does UX own? How is UX performance measured? Where does UX report to now? (Anything else to characterize UX?) Your desired state Obstacles Leverage points What services do you want to provide? What areas of UX do you want to cover? At what stages do you want more (or less) UX representation? How much of the product experience do you want UX to own? How do you want UX to be measured? Do you want UX to stay where it is or move? To where? (Anything else?) What obstacles do you foresee having to overcome before you get to your desired state? • Organizational • Budgetary • Resource • Interpersonal • Etc. What business-critical problems is UX uniquely positioned to solve? Who can you ask for a chance to tackle these problems? What high-level support can you cultivate? What keeps the business leaders up at night? Can UX help in these areas? Anything else?
  48. Assignment 1 Time’s up! 47

  49. Agenda 48 Topic Format Timing Introductions - - 05 -

    15 Setting context Presentation 15 - 45 Small group breakout - - 45 - 50 Assignment 1 Group work 50 - 80 Selling UX Presentation 80 - 90 Break - - 90 - 110 Setting goals & activities Presentation 110- 120 Assignment 2 Group work 120 - 145 Break - - 145- 150 Discussion Interaction 150 - 200 Wrap-up & going forward Discussion 200 - 210
  50. “Selling” UX Selling UX in your organization means aligning with

    the needs of the business. Ask yourself these questions: What are the critical needs of the business? How does UX solve the problems of the business? How does UX impact the bottom line? 49
  51. Marketing 101 for UX’ers AIDA - Attention, Interest, Desire, Action

    Capture their attention. Appeal to emotion, not logic. Hold their attention. Maintain their interest! Understand what they desire. Show the benefits. Move them to take the intended action. 50
  52. Tactics For Selling UX Just a few tactics: Show your

    work. Leave it up! Conduct lessons learned sessions after projects. Point to the intranet UX page in your signature. Assist the help desk and customer service department. Run free training sessions and brown bag luncheons. What else has worked for you? 51
  53. What Doesn’t Sell Being inflexible Being too academic Jargon: UCD,

    IXD, HCI ROI-based justifications 52
  54. A Word On Jargon At a former company, we referred

    to contextual inquiry by two acronyms… FMO FMH Any guesses? 53
  55. A Word On Jargon “Follow Me to the Office” “Follow

    Me Home” Use words that resonate with your organization. 54 This is just an adorable picture. It’s not jargon-related.
  56. Let’s do a few minutes of discussion on selling UX.

    What’s worked for you? 55
  57. Agenda 56 Topic Format Timing Introductions - - 05 -

    15 Setting context Presentation 15 - 45 Small group breakout - - 45 - 50 Assignment 1 Group work 50 - 80 Selling UX Presentation 80 - 90 Break - - 90 - 110 Setting goals & activities Presentation 110- 120 Assignment 2 Group work 120 - 145 Break - - 145- 150 Discussion Interaction 150 - 200 Wrap-up & going forward Discussion 200 - 210
  58. Lunch! 57

  59. Agenda 58 Topic Format Timing Introductions - - 05 -

    15 Setting context Presentation 15 - 45 Small group breakout - - 45 - 50 Assignment 1 Group work 50 - 80 Selling UX Presentation 80 - 90 Break - - 90 - 110 Setting goals & activities Presentation 110 - 120 Assignment 2 Group work 120 - 145 Break - - 145- 150 Discussion Interaction 150 - 200 Wrap-up & going forward Discussion 200 - 210
  60. Setting Goals & Defining Activities Strategic plans are a fine

    thing. But to achieve them you need to set medium- and short-term goals and define activities. 59
  61. Three Key Readings https://hbr.org/2007/07/to-succeed-in-the-long-term-focus-on-the-middle-term 60

  62. Three Key Readings https://hbr.org/2016/06/all-hail-medium-term-planning 61

  63. Three Key Readings https://hbr.org/2014/01/the-big-lie-of-strategic-planning 62

  64. Your target goals and activities will shift on the way

    to your strategic ends. Your strategic endpoint may even shift! This is OK. 63
  65. There are many paths to your desired state. Your 1-30-60-90

    plan is a just a beginning. 64
  66. “Fear and discomfort are an essential part of strategy making.”

    - Roger L. Martin, “The Big Lie Of Strategic Planning” 65
  67. Agenda 66 Topic Format Timing Introductions - - 05 -

    15 Setting context Presentation 15 - 45 Small group breakout - - 45 - 50 Assignment 1 Group work 50 - 80 Selling UX Presentation 80 - 90 Break - - 90 - 110 Setting goals & activities Presentation 110- 120 Assignment 2 Group work 120 - 145 Break - - 145- 150 Discussion Interaction 150 - 200 Wrap-up & going forward Discussion 200 - 210
  68. Assignment 2 67 Review your work from assignment 1. Based

    on the information you generated, make some reasonable assumptions about where you want to be in 1 year. Then make a 30-60-90 day plan that moves you toward your 1 year goals and your desired state. 10 minutes writing on your own 15 minutes discussing w/ your group 25 minutes total
  69. Assignment 2 Time’s up! 68

  70. Discussion and Feedback You’ve made your 1-30-60-90 plans. One person

    from each group volunteer to share your: Desired state 1-30-60-90 plan Anyone? 69
  71. Wrap-Up Let’s continue the conversation. Come to strategicux.slack.com/ Post your

    plans. I’ll provide feedback, and hopefully so will your colleagues. Any other questions? 70
  72. Paul Sherman psherma4@kent.edu paul@shermanux.com +1.512.917.1942 QUESTIONS AND CONTACT