Learning to Fly — Twitter Flight and Mixins

Learning to Fly — Twitter Flight and Mixins

Presented at BrazilJS, Porto Alegre, August 22nd 2013

52c6174ba60557536f93809b4e95d97c?s=128

Angus Croll

August 23, 2013
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  1. Learning to fly Twitter Flight and Mixins @angustweets Thursday, August

    22, 13
  2. the most difficult part of JS inheritance... And on the

    6th day, God created an abundance of Talking Animals, that they may be used in JavaScript inheritance examples. Thursday, August 22, 13
  3. So, talking animals it is! meow!! Thursday, August 22, 13

  4. Flight flightjs.github.io An event driven web framework by Twitter Thursday,

    August 22, 13
  5. Flight powers... twitter.com tweetdeck gumroad yinzcam crashalytics and more... Thursday,

    August 22, 13
  6. A set of components which bind functionality to DOM Nodes...

    Thursday, August 22, 13
  7. github.com/flightjs/example-app Thursday, August 22, 13

  8. github.com/flightjs/example-app Thursday, August 22, 13

  9. Components are completely decoupled and communicate via event bubbling Thursday,

    August 22, 13
  10. Thursday, August 22, 13

  11. Components often share behaviours Thursday, August 22, 13

  12. Components often share behaviours So we needed a re-use technique

    Thursday, August 22, 13
  13. Inheritance classical composition mixins Functions Object.create Constructor.prototype function passing /

    callbacks Objects call/apply functional mixins (Some) JavaScript Re-use Patterns Thursday, August 22, 13
  14. Inheritance classical composition mixins Functions Object.create Constructor.prototype function passing /

    callbacks Objects call/apply functional mixins (Some) JavaScript Re-use Patterns Thursday, August 22, 13
  15. Classical Inheritance Thursday, August 22, 13

  16. ES 6 is giving us class. Some libraries have their

    own versions. Thursday, August 22, 13
  17. implementation varies widely and abstraction is often leaky (const, static)

    class, extend and super are reserved words in particular, the relationship between this and super is difficult... Thursday, August 22, 13
  18. //Prototype.js var SwimmingAnimal = Class.create(Animal, { type: 'SwimmingAnimal', speak: function($super)

    { return $super() + ", glug"; } }); //https://github.com/ded/klass var Alien = SuperHuman.extend({ speak: function() { this.supr(); //speak like a SuperHuman } }); Thursday, August 22, 13
  19. Do you even want classes? Thursday, August 22, 13

  20. Animal Walking Animal Swimming Animal Flying Animal Cat Elephant Crocodile

    Whale Eagle Bat Egg-laying Animal Migrating Animal Thursday, August 22, 13
  21. Crocodile Animal Walking Animal Swimming Animal Flying Animal Cat Elephant

    Whale Eagle Bat Egg-laying Animal Migrating Animal Thursday, August 22, 13
  22. Crocodile Animal Walking Animal Swimming Animal Flying Animal Cat Elephant

    Whale Eagle Bat Egg-laying Animal Migrating Animal WTF? I walk too!! Thursday, August 22, 13
  23. Animal Walking Animal Swimming Animal Flying Animal Cat Elephant Crocodile

    Whale Eagle Bat Egg-laying Animal Migrating Animal Thursday, August 22, 13
  24. Duck? Animal Walking Animal Swimming Animal Flying Animal Cat Elephant

    Crocodile Whale Eagle Bat Egg-laying Animal Migrating Animal Thursday, August 22, 13
  25. Duck? Animal Cat Elephant Crocodile Whale Eagle Bat Thursday, August

    22, 13
  26. Duck? Animal Cat Elephant Crocodile Whale Eagle Bat Walking Animal

    Swimming Animal Flying Animal Egg-laying Animal Migrating Animal Thursday, August 22, 13
  27. Classical inheritance Requires up-front knowledge of general case Single rooted

    hierarchy We’re really bad at classification Thursday, August 22, 13
  28. Constructor.prototype chaining Thursday, August 22, 13

  29. awkward and unnatural Thursday, August 22, 13

  30. var Animal = function(gender, says) { this.gender = gender; this.says

    = says; }; var WalkingAnimal = function(gender, says) { Animal.call(this, gender, says); } WalkingAnimal.prototype = new Animal(); Thursday, August 22, 13
  31. ...and new Constructor syntax is classical inheritance Thursday, August 22,

    13
  32. Beyond classification... Thursday, August 22, 13

  33. 19th century British philosophers Whewell and Jevons argued that there

    are no objectively “right” classifications Thursday, August 22, 13
  34. “In general, when working with prototypes, one typically chooses not

    to categorize but to exploit alikeness.” –Antero Taivalsaari (Nokia Research Center) Thursday, August 22, 13
  35. liberates prototype chaining from classification Object.create Thursday, August 22, 13

  36. var animalProto = { speak: function() { console.log(this.says); } }

    var walkingAnimalProto = Object.create(animalProto); // then augment walkingAnimalProto here... Thursday, August 22, 13
  37. but, that second argument :’’( Thursday, August 22, 13

  38. var animalProto = { speak: function() { console.log(this.says); } }

    var walkingAnimalProto = Object.create( animalProto, { walk: { value: function() { console.log('walking'); } } //... } ); Thursday, August 22, 13
  39. and inheritance is still single rooted Thursday, August 22, 13

  40. The sad thing is that we even care about inheritance

    hierarchies... Thursday, August 22, 13
  41. The sad thing is that we even care about inheritance

    hierarchies... ...because in JavaScript they’re quite unnecessary... Thursday, August 22, 13
  42. JavaScript has first class functions Any function can be assigned

    to any object Thursday, August 22, 13
  43. Mixins Thursday, August 22, 13

  44. //A property copy mixin var withWalking = { walk: function()

    { console.log('walking'); }, turn: function(direction) { console.log('turning', direction); }, stopWalking: function() { console.log('stopped walking'); } }; Thursday, August 22, 13
  45. var extend = function(destination, source) { for (var k in

    source) { if (source.hasOwnProperty(k)) { destination[k] = source[k]; } } return destination; }; extend(Crocodile.prototype, withWalking); extend(Crocodile.prototype, withSwimming); Thursday, August 22, 13
  46. No hierarchical constraints Functionality is grouped by what it does

    not who it belongs to Define special cases first; common code later Thursday, August 22, 13
  47. Mixin must know about target Properties can only clobber But...

    Thursday, August 22, 13
  48. Functional Mixins Thursday, August 22, 13

  49. var withWalking = function() { this.walk = function() { console.log('walking');

    }; this.turn = function(direction) { console.log('turning', direction); }; this.stopWalking = function() { console.log('stopped walking'); }; }; Thursday, August 22, 13
  50. function Crocodile(name, gender) { this.name = name; this.gender = gender;

    } Crocodile.prototype.stalkTourists = function() { //.. }; withWalking.call(Crocodile.prototype); withSwimming.call(Crocodile.prototype); Thursday, August 22, 13
  51. Flight uses functional mixins Thursday, August 22, 13

  52. github.com/flightjs/example-app Thursday, August 22, 13

  53. function withSelect() { this.defaultAttrs({ selectedIds: [] }); this.selectItem = function($item,

    append) { $item.addClass(this.attr.selectedClass); this.attr.selectedIds.push($item.attr('id')); this.trigger('uiSelectionChanged', {selIds: this.attr.selectedIds}); }; this.unselectItem = function($item) { $item.removeClass(this.attr.selectedClass); this.attr.selectedIds.splice(getIdIndex($item), 1); this.trigger('uiSelectionChanged', {selIds: this.attr.selectedIds}); }; } Thursday, August 22, 13
  54. defineComponent(mailItems, withSelect); defineComponent(folders, withSelect); defineComponent(moveToSelector, withSelect); Thursday, August 22, 13

  55. The Advice Mixin Thursday, August 22, 13

  56. advice.js is a mixin Thursday, August 22, 13

  57. advice.js is a mixin it lets you add custom code

    before(), after() or around() an existing function. Thursday, August 22, 13
  58. all flight mixins get advice.js for free Thursday, August 22,

    13
  59. all flight mixins get advice.js for free so mixins can

    augment functions, not clobber them Thursday, August 22, 13
  60. withAdvice.call(Crocodile.prototype); function withFlu() { this.before('walk', function() { console.log('sniff'); }); }

    var sickCrocodile = new Crocodile(); withFlu.call(sickCrocodile); sickCrocodile.walk(); //"sniff, pad, pad, pad, pad" Thursday, August 22, 13
  61. function withSelect() { this.defaultAttrs({ selectedIds: [] }); this.toggleItemSelect = function(ev,

    data) { var $item = $(data.el), append; if ($item.hasClass(this.attr.selectedClass)) { this.unselectItem($item); } else { this.selectItem($item, isMultiSelect(ev)); } }; this.selectItem = function($item, append) {/*..*/}; this.unselectItem = function($item) {/*..*/}; this.after('initialize', function() { this.on(this.select('itemSelector'), 'click', this.toggleItemSelect); }); } Thursday, August 22, 13
  62. So why do we like functional mixins? Thursday, August 22,

    13
  63. Mixins as verbs instead of nouns. Mixins are functions. We

    can take advantage of closure scope and arguments. A mixin can be applied to any object type: prototype, instance, whatever. Advice allows functional mixins to augment existing functions, not clobber them. Thursday, August 22, 13
  64. Works with the language Simple to understand No surprises! Thursday,

    August 22, 13
  65. Obrigado! @angustweets javascriptweblog.wordpress.com/2011/05/31/a-fresh-look-at- javascript-mixins/ Thursday, August 22, 13