July 2012

July 2012

A Hindi Magazine on Education & Learning

Transcript

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  3. 1 OwbmB©, 2012 H«$_ df© : 37 A§H$ : 7

    OwbmB©,2012 Amfm‹T>-lmdU>>${d.g§. 2069 g_H$mbrZ {ejm-{MÝVZ H$s n{ÌH$m gånmXH$ a_oe WmZdr à~ÝY g§nmXH$ ào_ Jwám àH$meZ g§nmXH$ {Xbrn e_m© - EH$ à{V nÝÐh énE - dm{f©H$ gh`moJ am{e EH$ gm¡ nMmg énE - g§ñWmAm| Ho$ {bE Xmo gm¡ nMmg énE - ì`{º$JV gXñ`m| Ho$ VrZ df© H$m Mma gm¡ énE - g§ñWmAm| Ho$ {bE VrZ df© H$m N>: gm¡ énE - _¡Ìr g_wXm` H$s gh`moJ am{e nÝÐh gm¡ énE amOñWmZ àm¡‹T> {ejU g{_{V 7-E, PmbmZm Sy>§Jar g§ñWmZ joÌ O`nwa-302 004 \$moZ -2707698, 2700559 \¡$Šg - 0141-2707464 B© _ob - raeajaipur@indiatimes.com thanviramesh@gmail.com AgVmo _m gX²J_` & V_gmo _m Á`mo{VJ©_`Ÿ& _¥Ë`mo_m© A_¥V_²J_`Ÿ& ~mobVo nmR>H$ : 2 AnZr ~mV : {ejm_§{Ì`m| H$s {ejm H$m¡Z H$ao ? 4 g§ñ_aU : Hw$N> gnZo Hw$N> hH$sH$V 14 boI : nmR> H$s g§doXZm 17 nwÊ`-ñ_aU : S>m°. \$Voh qgh 21 \w$Q>H$a : EH$ {ejH$ H$s H$s_V 23 Vm{H$ gXZ aho : H$mQy>©Z 24 boI : _m§ Am¡a em§{V {ZHo$VZ 19 H${dVm : ñHy$b OmZo Ho$ {b`o nmR>H$ A~ B§Q>aZoQ> na AZm¡nMm[aH$m ZrMo {bIo qbH$ na Am°Z bmBZ n‹T> gH$Vo h¢ - http://speakerdeck.com/u/anoupcharika/p/july-2012 AZm¡nMm[aH$m Ho$ {nN>bo A§H$ ^r Amn ZrMo {bIo qbH$ na XoI gH$Vo h¢ - http://speakerdeck.com/u/anoupcharika/p/june-2012 6
  4. 2 OwbmB©, 2012 ~mobVo nmR>H$ O`nwa go Xod{f© H$bmZmW emór

    AZm¡nMm[aH$m H$m _¢ {Z`{_V nmR>H$ hÿ§, g§J«hH$Vm© hÿ§ Am¡a Bg VÏ` H$m gmjr ^r {H$ àË`oH$ A§H$ _| Amn H$moB© {Mañ_aUr` gm_J«r Adí` XoVo h¢Ÿ& Bg ~ma H$s AmnH$s "AnZr ~mV' H$mQy>©Z OJV² Ho$ ^rî_ {nVm_h e§H$a H$s AZNw>B© J[a_m H$mo ~‹S>o _mgy_ Am¡a OmZH$mar go ^ao A§XmO _| namogVr h¡Ÿ; {~Zm Cg KQ>Zm H$m {OH«$ {H$`o {H$ {H$g àH$ma AYH$Mao amOZoVmAm| Ho$ {damoY Zo EZ.gr.Ama.Q>r. H$s gw{dMm[aV nmR²>`nwñVH$ ûm§¥Ibm _| go H$mQy>©Z hQ>mZo H$s O‹S>VmnyU© KmofUm H$adm XrŸ& h_mao ~‹S>~mobo Am¡a S>o‹T> g`mZo {ejm_§Ìr {gã~b~m~y H$s H$mañVmZr go Vmo g^r n[a{MV h¢ {H$ÝVw {~Zm CgHo$ g§X^© Ho$ e§H$a na Xr OmZH$mar Am¡a Bg KQ>Zm na AmnH$s à{V{H«$`m öX` H$mo Ny> JB©Ÿ& _¢Zo Bg KQ>Zm na 30-40 à{V{ð>V n{ÌH$mAm| H$s à{V{H«$`m n‹T>r h¡Ÿ& AmnH$s à{V{H«$`m go gdm©{YH$ AmbmoH$ {_bmŸ& _¢ e§H$g© drH$br H$m {Z`{_V nmR>H$ ahm WmŸ& Bg A§H$ _| AX_ Jm|S>dr H$s ghO Am¡a {XbH$e em`ar H$m `WmW© Vmo Jham à^md N>mo‹S>Vm hr h¡, CZH$m n[aM` {Og àH$ma {X`m J`m h¡ dh ^r ^mdwH$ H$a XoVm h¡ Ÿ& S>m°. H¥$îU{~hmar {_l H$mobH$mVm _| ahH$a Omo gm{hË` gmYZm H$a aho h¢ CgH$s n¥ð>^y{_ Ho$ n[aM` Ho$ gmW CZH$m "Z _Yo`m' CÕ¥V H$a AmnZo nmR>H$m| H$mo EH$ Xygao hr bmoH$ _| nhþ§Mm {X`m Ohm§ g{X`m| Ho$ AÜ`mË_ H$m AmbmoH$ h¡, AmO H$s MH$mMm¢Y Zht Omo dñVwV: Kmoa A§YH$ma h¡Ÿ& AmnZo BZHo$ J«§W "H$ënVé H$s CËgd brbm' H$m C„oI {H$`m h¡, BZHo$ A{^ZÝXZ J«§W "Jm§d H$s H$b_' Am¡a BZHo$ EH$ AÝ` J«§W "^maV H$s OmVr` nhMmZ : gZmVZ _yë`' H$m Zht, na ZdrZV_ J«§W H$s OmZH$mar nm H$a AmZÝX> Am J`mŸ& _¢ ^r BZHo$ àe§gH$m| _| hÿ§Ÿ& gr/8, n¥ÏdramO amoS>, gr-ñH$s_, O`nwa-302001 Abda go S>m°. lram_ _ëhmoÌm AZm¡nMm[aH$m H$m _B© A§H$ `hm§ `Wm g_` àmá hmo J`m WmŸ& AmnHo$ g§nmXH$s` Am¡a A§H$ Ho$ AÝXa bJ^J AmR> n¥ð> Ho$ _¡S>_ Amem Aæ`a Ûmam {b{IV {ddoMZ Zo Bg A§H$ H$mo A{^^mdH$ g_{n©V A§H$ ~Zm {X`m h¡Ÿ& ~ƒm| H$s {ejm Xrjm _| A{^^mdH$m| H$m ñWmZ {H$VZm _hÎdnyU© h¡, Bg {df` na {ejm emó H$s {H$Vm~m| _| ~hþV {dñVma go {bIm J`m h¡Ÿ& `h EH$ ñWm{nV gZmVZ gË` h¡ {H$ ~mbH$ H$s {ejm _| g§~§{YV A{^^mdH$ {OVZr g{H«$` Ed§ _Zmo{dkmZ AmYm[aV ^y{_H$m {Z^m`|Jo ~mbH$ H$s {ejm CVZr hr H$ï>-_wº$ Ed§ \$bXm`r hmoJrŸ& àñVwV A§H$ _| {ejm joÌ go A{^^mdH$ H$m nbm`Z `m Xygao eãXm| _| ~ƒm| H$s {ejm H$mo ghr {Xem XoZo _| A{^^mdH$m| H$s Ah_ ^y{_H$m H$mo Jhao go aoIm§{H$V {H$`m J`m h¡Ÿ& _¡S>_ Aæ`a Zo Ohm§ AnZo {dñV¥V {ddoMZ _| ~ƒm| Ho$ bmbZ-nmbZ, n‹T>mB©-{bImB© Ed§ ì`dhma H$m¡eb H$mo _Zmod¡km{ZH$ YamVb àXmZ H$aZo H$s g\$b H$mo{ee H$s h¡ dht AmnZo AnZo g§nmXH$s` _| A{^^mdH$ {ejU hoVw {d{eï> {dÚmb` ImobZo H$s dH$mbV Ho$ gmW Bg {df` go g§~§{YV àH$m{eV H${Vn` nwñVH$m| H$s MMm© ^r H$s h¡Ÿ& A{^^mdH$ {ejU hoVw AmnHo$ Ûmam H$s
  5. 3 OwbmB©, 2012 J`t g§ñVw{V`m§ gmW©H$ hmoVo hwE ^r BZHo$

    bmJy hmoZo _| g§Xoh h¢Ÿ& Eogm H$ht g§nmXH$s` _| ^r Üd{ZV h¡Ÿ& _oam _mZZm h¡ {H$ A{^^mdH$ {ejU H$m H$m`© _hÎdnyU© hmoVo hþE ^r, Bg hoVw ñWm{nV Am¡nMm[aH$ {dÚmb`m| Ûmam {H$`m J`m OmZm g§^d Zht h¡Ÿ& `h H$m`© Vmo g^r {dÚmb`m| H$mo hr H$aZm Mm{h`oŸ& A{Ib ^maVr` {ejm g§ñWmZ "{dÚm ^maVr' ({OgHo$ Ûmam gånyU© ^maV _| H$ar~ 28000 {dÚmb` g§Mm{bV h¢§ ) AnZo Ûmam g§Mm{bV {dÚmb`m| _| Eogm Hw$N> H$a ^r ahm h¡Ÿ& Bg g§ñWmZ H$m _mZZm h¡ {H$ A{^^mdH$ {ejU H$m H$m_ ^r {dÚmb`m| Ho$ H$m`©joÌ _| hmoZm Mm{h`oŸ& {dÚm ^maVr _| `h H$m`© {ZåZm§{H$V {d{Y`m| Ûmam g§nÞ {H$`m OmVm h¡ - A{^^mdH$ gå_obZ - {dÚmb` _| A{^^mdH$m| H$mo gÌ _| EH$ `m EH$ go A{YH$ ~ma gm_y{hH$ ê$n go AWdm dJ© dma ~wbm H$a ~mbH$/~m{bH$m H$s {ejm na {H«$`mË_H$ MMm© Am`mo{OV H$s OmVr h¡Ÿ& AnZo ~mbH$/~m{bH$m H$s {ejm H$mo _O~yV AmYma XoZo _| EH$ A{^^mdH$ Š`m Hw$N> H$a gH$Vm h¡, Bg na A{^^mdH$m| H$m kmZdY©Z {H$`m OmVm h¡Ÿ& _mV¥ gå_obZ- {ejm gÌ _| EH$ `m Xmo ~ma {dÚmb` _| AÜ``ZaV ~mbH$/~m{bH$mAm| H$s _mVmAm| Ho$ gå_obZ ^r Am`mo{OV {H$`o OmVo h¢Ÿ& Bg gå_obZ _| _mVmAm| H$mo hr ~wbm`m OmVm h¡Ÿ& g§ñWmZ H$s _mÝ`Vm h¡ {H$ ~mbH$/ ~m{bH$m H$s àW_ Jwé _mVm hmoZo Ho$ H$maU EH$ A{^^mdH$ Ho$ ê$n _| _mVm H$m ñWmZ _hÎdnyU© h¡ Am¡a Cgo {e{jV {H$`m OmZm Á`mXm Oê$ar h¡Ÿ& BZ _mV¥ gå_obZm| _| EH$ A{^^mdH$ Ho$ ZmVo _{hbmAm| H$s Š`m ^y{_H$m hmo gH$Vr h¡, Bg na {deX MMm© hmoVr h¡Ÿ& A{^^mdH$ gånH©$ - {dÚm ^maVr go gå~Õ {dÚmb`m| H$m EH$ _hÎdnyU© H$m`©H«$_ A{^^mdH$ gånH©$ ^r h¡Ÿ& BgHo$ AÝVJ©V {dÚmb` _| H$m`©aV AÜ`mnH$ H«$_mZwgma AnZo {dÚmb` _| AÜ``ZaV ~mbH$/ ~m{bH$mAmo§ Ho$ Ka OmH$a A{^^mdH$m| go gånH©$ H$aVo h¢ {Og_| {dÚmWu Ho$ e¡j{UH$ g_wÞ`Z Ho$ Abmdm A{^^mdH$ Xm{`Ëdm| na ^r Iwb H$a MMm© hmoVr h¡Ÿ& D$na Hw$N> Eogo H$m`©H«$_m| H$s MMm© H$s JB© h¡ {OZH$m g\$bVmnyd©H$ g§MmbZ H$a A{^^mdH$ {ejU H$m H$m`© dV©_mZ _| H${Vn` {dÚmb`m| _| {H$`m Om ahm h¡Ÿ& Eogo AZoH$ H$m`©H«$_m| H$s aMZm H$a A{^^mdH$ {ejU H$m H$m_ g^r {dÚmb`m| H$mo H$aZm Mm{h`o, Eogr _oar _mÝ`Vm h¡Ÿ& A{^^mdH$ à{ejU hoVw Am¡nMm[aH$ {ejU {dÚmb` Imobm OmZm Hw$N> Aì`dhm[aH$ àVrV hmoVm h¡Ÿ& ZmWÛmam go gXm{ed lmo{Ì` AZm¡nMm[aH$m H$m OyZ A§H$ {_bm Vmo bJm {H$ AmnZo dh H$m_ {H$`m Omo {H$gr AÝ` ì`{º$ Zo BVZr AÀN>r Vah go Zht {H$`m WmŸ& ~m~m gmh~ Ho$ H$mQy>©Z g§~§Yr VÏ`m| H$mo AmnZo AnZo g§nmXH$s` VWm H$da Ho$ Vrgao n¥ð> H$m Cn`moJ H$aVo hþE {Og Vah nyam Imob H$a nmR>H$m| Ho$ gm_Zo aIm Cg Vah em`X {H$gr Zo Zht aIm WmŸ& Omo bmoJ OZV§Ì Ho$ ñdmñÏ` Ho$ {bE bmoJm| H$mo ghr AWm] _| {e{jV H$aZm MmhVo h¢ do à{V~Õ bmoJ hr AmOH$b nÌH$m[aVm _| BVZm l_ H$aVo h¢Ÿ& daZm {hÝXr AI~mam| H$m hmb Vmo `h h¡ {H$ PJ‹S>o H$s MMm© Adí` H$a|Jo na `h ~VmZo H$m H$ï> Zht CR>m`|Jo {H$ PJ‹S>m {H$g ~mV na hþAm h¡Ÿ& bmoJ ñdV§Ì ê$n go {H$gr _gbo na gmoM-{dMma gH|$ `h CÔoí` Z Vmo h_mar {ejm ì`dñWm Zo AnZo gm_Zo aIm h¡ Am¡a Z hr _moQ>o Vm¡a na h_mar dV©_mZ nÌH$m[aVm ZoŸ& VÏ`m§o H$mo Vmo‹S>-_amo‹S> H$a ha ì`{º$ O¡go-V¡go _VXmVm H$mo AnZo nj _| H$aZo H$mo AmVwa h¡Ÿ& Eogo _| gƒm OZV§Ì H¡$go nZn gH$Vm h¡ ? AX_ Jm|S>dr H$s MMm© Am¡a CZHo$ H$mì` H$mo Bg A§H$ _| ñWmZ XoH$a ^r AmnZo EH$ Oê$ar H$m_ {H$`m h¡Ÿ& CZHo$ H$hZo _| Hw$N> Eogr Im{g`V Wr {H$ lmoVm Ho$ {Xb na CZH$s ~mV grYm Aga H$aVr WrŸ& A\$gmog Bg ~mV H$m h¡ {H$ eam~ Zo CÝh| h_go N>rZ {b`mŸ& 38, Z`r hdobr, ZmWÛmam-313301 {ejm Zht H$moB© H$mamo~ma `h h° OZVm H$m A{YH$ma g~H$mo {ejm EH$ g_mZ _mßJ ahm h° {h›XwÒVmZ
  6. 4 OwbmB©, 2012 AnZr ~mV ` h EH$ amoMH$ {df`

    h¡Ÿ& Bggo ^r A{YH$ amoMH$ {df` `h h¡ {H$ h_mao Xoe Ho$ g^r àXoem| Ho$ {ejm_§Ìr amoO Š`m n‹T>Vo h¢ Am¡a grIZo Ho$ {b`o {H$VZo VËna ahVo h¢Ÿ& `h EH$ gm_mÝ` ~mV h¡ {H$ Omo ñd`§ {ejm_§Ìr h¡ CgHo$ {b`o amoO grIZm Vmo CVZm hr Amdí`H$ h¡ {OVZm à{V{XZ XmoZm| dº$ H$m ^moOZ H$aZmŸ& Bg {df` Ho$ AÜ``Z go nhbo JdofUm H$m nhbm {df` `h hmoJm {H$ h_mao Xoe Ho$ g^r àXoem| Ho$ {ejm_§Ìr H$m¡Z-H$m¡Z gr embmAm| _| n‹T>o h¢Ÿ& àíZ Ho$db embmJV n‹T>mB© H$m hr Zht h¡, {S>J«r hm{gb H$aZo H$m hr Zht h¡ Cggo ^r nhbo do H¡$go Kam| _| OÝ_o h¢, {H$g g_mO _| Iobo Am¡a ~‹S>o hþE h¢Ÿ? CZH$m ~MnZ {H$g àH$ma AZÝV ß`ma Am¡a ñZoh go gtMm J`m h¡Ÿ? CZH$mo AnZo ~MnZ _| IobZo Ho$ {b`o {H$VZo ~‹S>o Am¡a Iwbo _¡XmZ {_bo h¢Ÿ& CÝhm|Zo AnZo ~MnZ _| Iwbm AmH$me XoIZo, nhm‹S>m| na M‹T>Zo, g_wÐ Ho$ gwXrK© {dñVma H$mo XoIZo Am¡a Hw$XaV Ho$ H$ar~ ahH$a gƒm nmR> n‹T>Zo Ho$ {H$VZo Adga nm`o h¢ ? BVZm hr Zht Oê$aV Vmo Bg ~mV H$s ^r h¡ {H$ CÝhm|Zo AnZo ~MnZ _| {H$VZr Jar~r XoIr h¡ ? Am¡a `{X Jar~r ñd`§ AnZo n[adma _| Zht XoIr h¡ Vmo CÝhm|Zo Jar~ H$mo XoIZo Am¡a XrZ Xw{I`m| H$s godm H$aZo Ho$ {H$VZo grYo Adga nm`o h¢Ÿ? Š`m Xoe Ho$ {H$gr EH$ ^r {ejm _§Ìr Zo {H$gr H$mo‹T>r Ho$ Kmdm| na _ah_ bJm`m h¡Ÿ ? {H$gr Eogo ~ƒo H$mo XyY {nbm`m h¡ {OgH$mo XyY H$m ñdmX nVm Zht h¡Ÿ& Š`m H$^r {H$gr {ejm_§Ìr Zo {H$gr {dH$bm§J ~mbH$ H$mo JmoX boH$a Cgo ~‹S>m H$aZo H$m gwI nm`m h¡Ÿ? BZ g~ gdmbm| H$s AnZr EH$ àmg§{JH$Vm h¡ Am¡a BZHo$ AnZo Hw$N> Eo{Vhm{gH$ g§X^© ^r h¢Ÿ& O~ h_ {H$gr H$mo‹T>r H$s godm H$s ~mV H$aVo h¢ Vmo h_| Jm§YrOr H$s `mX AmVr h¡ Am¡a gmW hr ~m~m AmåQ>o H$s `mX ^r AmVr h¡Ÿ& CZ g§X^m] H$mo `mX H$aVo hþE h_ AmídñV hmoVo h¢ {H$ g_mO go Ow‹S>o {~Zm Am¡a Oê$aV_§X bmoJm| H$s godm {H$`o {~Zm {H$gr ^r ì`{º$ H$s gÀMr {ejm hmo hr Zht gH$VrŸ& {ejm_§{Ì`m| H$s {ejm H$m¡Z H$ao ?
  7. 5 OwbmB©, 2012 g_mO godm Ho$ Adgam| Ho$ Abmdm grIZo

    H$m Omo Xygam òmoV h¡ dh h¡ ^maVr` qMVH$m|, {ejm{dXm| Ed§ g§V _hmË_mAm| AWdm G${f-_w{Z`m| H$s qMVZYmam _| AdJmhZ H$aZmŸ& XoIZm h_| `h h¡ {H$ h_mao {H$g {ejm_§Ìr Zo JwéXod adrÝÐ ZmW R>mHw$a Am¡a _hmË_m Jm§Yr H$mo {H$VZm H$ar~ go OmZm h¡ Am¡a CZHo$ {dMmam| Am¡a Xe©Z go Š`m grIm h¡ ? OmZZm `h ^r Oê$ar h¡ {H$ CÝhm|Zo _h{f© Aa{dÝX, _h{f© a_U Am¡a ^maV Ho$ _hmZ G${f na_h§g am_H¥$îU go Š`m Hw$N> grIm h¡ ? Bg Xoe _| {OZ bmoJm| Zo {ejm H$m H$m_ {H$`m CZ_| {JOw^mB© ~YoH$m ^r EH$ Wo, Vmam~oZ _moS>H$ ^r EH$ Wt Am¡a AZwVmB© dmK ^r EH$ WtŸ& OmZZm hmoJm {H$ h_mao Xoe `m àXoe H$m H$m¡Z {ejm_§Ìr BZ {ejm{dXm| H$mo H$ar~ go OmZVm h¡ Am¡a BZH$s am` H$mo A§JrH$ma H$aVo hþE BZH$s ~mV H$mo _mZVm h¡Ÿ? nyN>Zm `h ^r n‹S>oJm {H$ {H$g {ejm_§Ìr Zo {dZmo~m H$mo ^r H$ar~ go OmZm Am¡a g_Pm h¡Ÿ? {dZmo~m Ho$ ~mao _| `h H$hm Om gH$Vm h¡ {H$ do ~rVr hþB© eVmãXr Ho$ A§{V_ G${f WoŸ& CZH$s nwñVH$ {ejm Xe©Z ha {ejm_§Ìr Ho$ {bE EH$ A{Zdm`© nwñVH$ h¡Ÿ$& OmZZm `h ^r Oê$ar h¡ {H$ h_mao {H$g {ejm_§Ìr H$mo ^maVr` dm“_` H$s {H$VZr g_P h¡ŸAm¡a h_mar g_¥Õ gm§ñH¥${VH$ naånam H$s {H$VZr nhMmZ h¡ ? ^maV Ho$ nhbo àYmZ_§Ìr Odmha bmb Zohê$ Zo Oob _| ahH$a Bg Xoe Ho$ B{Vhmg Am¡a BgH$s gm§ñH¥${VH$ naånam H$m JhZ AÜ``Z {H$`m WmŸ& Eogm AÜ``Z H$aVo hþE CÝhm|Zo AnZo {bE Bg Xoe H$mo nwZ: AÝdo{fV {H$`m WmŸ& V^r do {S>ñH$dar Am°\$ B§{S>`m O¡gr {H$Vm~ {bI gHo$ WoŸ& BVZm hr Zht O~ {XZH$a Or Zo g§ñH¥${V Ho$ Mma AÜ`m` O¡gm J«§W {bIm Vmo CgH$s ^y{_H$m Odmha bmb Zohê$ Zo {bIr WrŸ& dh ^y{_H$m AmO ^r ha _§Ìr Ho$ {bE EH$ nR>Zr` gm_J«r h¡Ÿ& Oê$aV Vmo Bg ~mV H$s ^r h¡ {H$ h_mao Xoe Ho$ {ejm_§Ìr Xw{Z`m Ho$ gmao H«$m§{VH$mar {ejm{dXm| H$mo n‹T>| • _H$ma|H$mo, gwImoåbrÝgH$s, {n`mOo, Om°Z hm°ëQ>, nmCbmo \«o$ao, BdmZ B{bM, _mVm _moÝVoñgmoar, EdQ>© ar_a, nm°b JwS>_¡Z, OmZyg H$moMm©H$ Am¡a EH$ N>moQ>o go A\«$sH$s Xoe {JZr{~gmD$ Ho$ nhbo àYmZ_§Ìr A{_bH$a H$~amb Am{X H$B© Zm_ h¢ {OZHo$ boIZ _| Pm§H$ boZo VH$ go EH$ VrW© `mÌm O¡gm bm^ {_b gH$Vm h¡Ÿ& _Ja g~go ~‹S>m àíZ `h h¡ {H$ {ejm_§{Ì`m| H$s {ejm H$m¡Z H$ao ? Am¡a Cggo ^r nhbo CZH$s {ejm H$m boIm-PmoIm H$m¡Z bo ? `o gmar ~mV _¢ Bg g§X^© _| {bI ahm hÿ§ {H$ EH$ g_mOdmXr gaH$ma H$m {ejm_§Ìr ~ƒm| H$mo _maZo go Am¡a gOm XoZo go {ejm H$m grYm [aíVm Omo‹S>Vm h¡Ÿ& CZH$m H$hZm h¡ {H$ {~Zm gOm Ho$ gƒr {ejm hmo hr Zht gH$VrŸ& h_mar àmW©Zm h¡ {H$ CZH$mo H$moB© erK« hr gÝ_{V Xo Am¡a gX²~w{Õ XoŸ& a_oe WmZdr
  8. 6 OwbmB©, 2012 _m§ Am¡a em§{V {ZHo$VZ nydm© `m{kH$ Hw$edmhm

    lr_Vr nydm© `m{kH$ Hw$edmhm H$s {ejm _| Jhar é{M h¡ŸŸ& Bg é{M H$s n¥ð>^y{_ {H$VZr bå~r h¡ Bgo Vmo nmR>H$ àñVwV boI n‹T> H$a hr g_P gH$Vo h¢Ÿ& nhbo Vmo _m§ Zo AnZo ~MnZ _| em§{V {ZHo$VZ _| {ejm nm`r Am¡a {\$a {ddmh hmoZo Ho$ níMmV nydm©Or Ho$ _mVm-{nVm XmoZm| _mVm _m°ÝVoñgmoar Ho$ nhbo {dÚmWu ahoŸ& XmoZm| Zo _m°ÝVoñgomar Ho$ {ejm {gÕmÝVm| H$mo R>rH$ go A§JrH$ma {H$`m Am¡a {\$a H$bH$Îmo _| CÝht {gÕmÝVm| na AmYm[aV EH$ N>moQ>o go {dÚmb` H$s ñWmnZm H$sŸ& dh {dÚmb` \$bVm-\y$bVm ahm _Ja g_` ~rVZo Ho$ gmW nydm©Or H$s _m§ O`nwa Mbr AmBª Am¡a O`nwa AmH$a amOñWmZ {dÚmb` H$s àmMm`© ~ZtŸ& Ka _| ha {XZ {ejm na hr MMm© hmoVr ahVr, Bgr n¥ð>^y{_ _| nydm©Or H$s {ejm _| é{M {ZaÝVa ~‹T>Vr ahrŸ& CÝhm|Zo {ejm H$s H$B© _hÎdnyU© nwñVH$m| H$m {hÝXr AZwdmX {H$`m h¡Ÿ& AmO ^r AZwdmX Ho$ H$m_ _| OwQ>r ahVr h¢Ÿ& AnZr _m§ Ho$ ñHy$br {XZm| H$s EH$ AmË_r` Vñdra CHo$aVo hþE nydm©Or H$m EH$ _m{_©H$ boI àñVwV h¡Ÿ& g§. boI d h ídoV-í`m_ N>m`m-{MÌ gagar ZOa S>mbZo na A{V- gmYmaU bJ gH$Vm h¡Ÿ; na h_mao n[adma Ho$ {b`o ~ohX Xwb©^ d _yë`dmZ h¡Ÿ& H$b hr H$s ~mV h¡ {H$ Cgo Ohm§ aIm h¡ dh ^yb, Cgo ImoOZo H$s H$mo{ee _| bJ^J nJbm hr J`r& na V~ Zynwa Zo `mX {Xbm`m {H$ dh EH$ Eë~_ _| {MnH$m {X`m J`m h¡Ÿ& Cg IOmZo H$mo {\$a go nm H$a AmídpñV H$s, Jhar gm§g brŸ& {MÌ H$s n¥ð>^y{_ _| EH$ ^dZ h¡, N>moQ>m- gmŸ& CgHo$ R>rH$ gm_Zo Xg nwéf I‹S>o h¢, C_« H$m A§XmO bJmZm H${R>ZŸ& Cg H$Vma Ho$ R>rH$ gm_Zo ~rMm|-~rM aIr Hw$gu na JwéXod adrÝÐZmW R>mHw$a {damO_mZ h¢Ÿ& CZHo$ gm_Zo, bJ^J CZHo$ MaUm| _| hr g_P|, hOmar àgmX {ÛdoXr h¢, Am¡a CZHo$ XmoZm| Amoa nm§M- nm§M ~m{bH$mE§ & BZ gm‹S>r Ymar {H$emoa AmH¥${V`m| Ho$ {b`o ~m{bH$mE§ eãX H$m à`moJ Bg{bE {H$`m {H$ CZ_| go EH$ _m§, ~«Ooe Hw$_mar bmbOr `m {ddmhmonamÝV ~«Ooe Hw$_mar `m{kH$, ^r h¢Ÿ& _m§ H$m OÝ_ em`X 1922 _| hþAm Wm, Am¡a `h {MÌ gå^dV: Zdå~a 1939 _| {H$gr a_Z Xm Ûmam ItMm J`mŸ hmoJmŸ& AWm©V² Bg {MÌ _| _m§ H$s Am`w 16 `m 17 df© H$s hr h¡Ÿ& n¥ð>^y{_ _| ZOa AmZo dmbm ^dZ- H$bm ^dZ, g§JrV ^dZ, `m H$moB© Am¡a ^r hmo gH$Vm h¡Ÿ& R>rH$-R>rH$ OmZZo H$m H$moB© Cnm` Zht h¡Ÿ& JwéXod, {ÛdoXr Or Am¡a _m§ Ho$ Abmdm Cg {MÌ _| em`X gw{_ÌmZ§XZ n§V H$s ^m§Or gmo_m ^r h¢ Am¡a AJa do hr "{edmZr' H$s ~hZ Zht h¢, Vmo _oar OmZH$mar _| nm§Mdt AmH¥${V bo{IH$m {edmZr H$s ~hZ H$s h¡Ÿ& na _oao {b`o A~ Zm_m| Am¡a Moham| H$mo n¸o$ ^amogo Ho$ gmW Omo‹S>Zm H${R>Z h¡Ÿ& ~hahmb, Ag} VH$ _m§ H$mo em§{V {ZHo$VZ go Omo‹S>Zo dmbr MrOm| Ho$ R>mog àVrH$m|
  9. 7 OwbmB©, 2012 _| EH$ `h N>m`m-{MÌ Wm, Am¡a Xygar

    MrO Wr M_‹S>o H$s {OëX dmbr EH$ Am°Q>moJ«m\$ - ~wH$ {Og_| JwéXod, Z§Xbmb ~mgw BË`m{X Ho$ hñVmja h¢Ÿ& ~oeH$ h_mao OohZ _| _m§ H$s gwZmB© B¸$s-Xw¸$s H$hm{Z`m§ ^r Wt, Omo em§{V {ZHo$VZ Ho$ AZw^d H$mo ~ImZVr WtŸ& _m§ H$s _¥Ë`w Ho$ EH$ Ag} ~mX _m¡gr, {_{Wboe _wIOu Zo O~ AnZm AmË_-H$Ï` {bIZm àma§^ {H$`m Vmo CÝhm|Zo AnZo ~agm| go ghoOo aIo H$mJOm| _| go do nÌ {ZH$mb H$a _wPo gm¢n {X`o Omo em§{V {ZHo$VZ go _m§ Zo CÝh| Am¡a ~‹S>r _m¡gr H$mo {bIo WoŸ& CZ nÌm| H$mo n‹T> EH$mEH$ {dídmg Zht hmoVm {H$ do EH$ 16-17 ~ag H$s {H$emoar Ûmam {bIo J`o h¢Ÿ& na em`X `h H$hZm ^r nyar Vah go R>rH$ ^r Zht Š`m|{H$ Hw$N> nÌ, `m Hw$N> nÌm| Ho$ Hw$N> {hñgo, ~oeH$ `h Am^mg XoVo h¢ {H$ CÝh| {bIZo dmbr {H$emoar ê$R> J`r h¡, {~XH$ J`r h¡ `m {H$gr go AH$maU-gH$maU ~ohX-~ohX ZmamO h¡Ÿ& `h gM h¡ {H$ em§{V {ZHo$VZ H$s _m§ go gwZr _m¡{IH$ H$WmAm| _| A{YH$m§e {dñ_¥V hmo MwH$s h¢Ÿ& H$_ go H$_ _oao g{R>`m MwHo$ ñ_¥{V-nQ>b go nwN> MwH$s h¢Ÿ& {gdm _m§ H$s Xr Bg OmZH$mar Ho$ {H$ {H$gr ^r JrV- Jr{V ZmQ²>` BË`m{X Ho$ àXe©Z Ho$ EoZ nXm© IwbZo Ho$ nhbo ^r AJa R>mHw$a _moem` H$mo bha M‹T> AmVr Vmo do JrV Ho$ gwa- b`-Vmb _| OJh, OJh VãXrbr H$a XoVoŸ& Om{ha h¡ {H$ V~ BVZm g_` ^r Zht hmoVm {H$ Jm`H$ `m ZV©H$ _§S>br ({Og_| _m§ ^r hþAm H$aVr WtŸ) _yb YwZ Am¡a gmW _| Omo‹S>o J`o g^r ~Xbmdm| H$m EH$ gmW EH$ {ahg©b VH$ H$a gH|$Ÿ& Am¡a {\$a JwéXod H$s aMZm H$s _yb àñVw{V H$s Jw§OmBe Wr hr Zht Vmo N>mÌ-N>mÌmE§ H¡$go VZmd go JwOaVo hm|Jo BgH$s H$ënZm H$aZm ^r H${R>Z h¡Ÿ& _m§ Ho$ em§{V {ZHo$VZ go {bIo nÌ CZHo$ b¡Q>a h¡S> na h¢Ÿ& ~mBª Amoa amo_Z Ajam| _| {_g ~«Ooe Hw$_mar bmbOr Am¡a Xm{hZr Amoa "lr ^dZ', nmo.Amo. em§{V {ZHo$VZ, ~§Jmb, {bIm h¡Ÿ& lr ^dZ g§^dV: _{hbm N>mÌmdmg ^dZ H$m hr Zm_ bJVm h¡Ÿ& g^r nÌm| H$s {bImB© EH$gma Zht h¡Ÿ& H$ht R>ha H$a YraO go Aja gmY H$a {bIZo H$s Moï>m PbH$Vr h¡Ÿ Vmo H$ht h‹S>~‹S>r _| KgrQ>m-_ma {bImB© ^r h¡Ÿ& ~hahmb _m¡{g`m| H$mo g§~mo{YV nÌm| _| EH$mY 15, H$Mhar amoS>, Bbmhm~mX go, Vmo EH$mY gmYZm, {g{db bmBÝg, AO_oa go Am¡a EH$mY ~mX _| ~r‹S>Z ñŠd¡`a, H$bH$Îmm go ^r {bIo J`o h¢Ÿ& 4 OZdar, 1937 H$mo AnZr XmoZm| ~hZm| H$mo AO_oa go {bIo nÌm| _| Bbmhm~mX go AO_oa AnZo {nVm Ho$ nmg Mbo AmZo H$m {OH«$ Oê$a h¡Ÿna {ZH$Q> ^{dî` _| em§{V
  10. 8 OwbmB©, 2012 {ZHo$VZ OmZo H$s Z MMm© h¡, Z

    hr Eogr {H$gr `moOZm H$m H$moB© gwamJ hrŸ& Am¡a V~ AMmZH$ VH$ar~Z N>h _mh ~mX 14 OwbmB©, 1937 H$mo {bIm nÌ lr ^dZ, nmo.Amo. em§{V {ZHo$VZ, go ^oOm J`m h¡Ÿ& nÌ Ho$ _O_yZ go H$`mg `h bJVm h¡ {H$ _m§ H$mo em§{V {ZHo$VZ Am`o Hw$N> g_` hmo MwH$m h¡, Š`m|{H$ "{à` {_ËWb' H$mo g§~mo{YV `h nÌ "Vwåhmam bå~m nÌ {_bm Wm'Ÿgo ewê$ hmoVm h¡Ÿ& Om{ha h¡ {H$ H$_ go H$_ EH$ nÌ Vmo em§{V {ZHo$VZ go {_ËWb _m¡gr H$mo {_bm hmoJm Am¡a CÝhm|Zo CgH$m CÎma ^r ^oOm hmoJmŸ& ~hahmb \w$g©V go {bIm J`m `h IV em§{V {ZHo$VZ Ho$ gw§Xa dmVmdaU H$m dhm§ {d{^Þ àm§Vm| go Am`o g^r Vah Ho$ N>mÌ-N>mÌmAm| H$m, dhm§ Ho$ nwéf N>mÌm| H$s {eï>Vm Am{X H$s gyMZm XoVm h¡Ÿ& Am¡a V~ _m§ "~«Ooe' Š`m grI-n‹T> ahr h¢ CgH$s g_J«, Zht na Hw$N> {~Iar OmZH$mar XoVm h¡Ÿ& Bg_| _m§ em§{V {ZHo$VZ H$s àmV:H$mbrZ àmW©Zm d¡Vm{bH$ H$m dU©Z BZ eãXm| _| H$aVr h¢ - "gw~h gm‹T>o N>h ~Oo d¡Vm{bH$ hmoVm h¡-AWm©V² b‹S>Ho$ Am¡a b‹S>{H$`m§ gmW I‹S>o hmoVo h¢ Ÿ& Xg {_ZQ> VH$ K§Q>m ~OVm h¡Ÿ& CgH$s bh[a`m§ Hw$N> VoO Am¡a {\$a Yr_r hmoH$a eyÝ` _| {_b OmVr h¢Ÿ& EH$ gÞmQ>m ahVm h¡-Imbr K§Q>m 1---/1-2-3/1- --/1-2-3 ~OVm ahVm h¡Ÿ& BgHo$ ~mX Hw$N> íbmoH$ H$hVo h¢-Am¡a IË_ hmoZo na g~Ho$ _ñVH$ PwH$ OmVo h¢Ÿ& {\$a EH$ ~§Jmbr JmZm-Omo amoO Z`o-Z`o Jm`o OmVo h¢-hmoVm h¡Ÿ& nVbr Am¡a _moQ>r AmdmOm| H$m AOr~ g§{_lU hmoVm h¡-gmW _| ~OVm h¡ BgamOŸ& BgHo$ ~mX g~ Yrao-Yrao AnZr Šbmgm| Ho$ {b`o OmVo h¢Ÿ&' g§Ü`m éQ>rZ Ho$ ~mao _| _m§ {bIVr h¢, "em_ H$mo Joåg Ho$ ~mX h_mao `hm§ "CnmgZm' hmoVr h¡Ÿ& {Og_| nm§M {_ZQ> VH$ h_ bmoJ g~ Mwn ahVo h¢Ÿ& {\$a íbmoH$ nmR> hmoVm h¡Ÿ& BgHo$ ~mX h_ bmoJm| H$mo ~mha OmZo H$s BOmOV Zht h¡Ÿ&' AnZr ghnm{R>Zm|-ghnm{R>`m| Ho$ {b`o _m§ {bIVr h¢ : "`hm§ g^r Vah H$s b‹S>{H$`m§ h¢Ÿ& {gÝYr, n§Om~r, _wgb_mZ, {H«$píM`Z- _Ðmgr, ~§JmbrŸ&... `hm§ Ho$ b‹S>Ho$ ~hþV hr AÀN>o h¢, H$moB© V§J Zht H$aVmŸ& g~ {ga PwH$m H$a MbVo h¢ Am¡a h_ bmoJm| Ho$ {b`o amñVm H$a XoVo h¢Ÿ& `hm§ g~ YmoVr-Hw$Îmm© nhZVo h¢ Am¡a N>moQ>o go boH$a ~‹S>o VH$ Z§Jo nm§d MbVo h¢Ÿ& b‹S>{H$`m§ ^r Z§Jo nm§d MbVr h¢Ÿ& _¢ ^r H$^r-H$^r OmVr hÿ§-na _oar AmXV ZhtŸ&' _m§ _¡g Ho$ ImZo go, Hw$N> D$~Zo bJr h¢, Omo AmO Ho$ {hgm~ go _wPo Vmo "amOgr' àVrV hmoVm, `h g§Ho$V do AnZr XrXr H$mo XoVr h¢ : "`hm§ H$m ImZm AÀN>m h¡ _Ja Kr Zht {_bVmŸ& agoXma VaH$mar ^r Vob _| hr hmoVr h¡Ÿ& Or D$~ J`m h¡Ÿ& d¡go VaH$mar VrZ go H$_ Zht {_bVrŸ-H$^r Mma ^r {_bVr h¢Ÿ& Xhr Mmhmo Vmo Xhr, `m XyY Mmhmo Vmo XyY {_bVm h¡Ÿ& Xmo _rëg Am¡a VrZ bmBQ> _rëg hmoVo h¢Ÿ& Zm¡ ~Oo Ho$ H$ar~-argog _| Xhr H$s bñgr `m e~©V {_bVm h¡Ÿ& g~oao Q>moñQ>, _ŠIZ, H$moB© {_R>mB©, H$^r H$Mm¡‹S>r, H$^r byMr-VaH$mar Am¡a Vah-Vah H$s MrOm| _| go EH$ MrO Am¡a XyY {_bVm h¡Ÿ& B§VOm_ AÀN>m h¡Ÿ& gamo{OZr Xr ImZo H$s B§OmM© h¢, _wPo ~‹S>m ß`ma H$aVr h¢Ÿ&' AnZo Bg nhbo nÌ _| do gm_mÝ` H$jmAm| H$s ~mV H$a, IwX {OZ H$jmAm| _| OmVr h¢, CgH$m Hw$N> {OH«$ H$aVr h¢Ÿ& d¡Vm{bH$ Ho$ ~mX hr àmV:H$mbrZ H$jmE§ àma§^ hmo OmVr h¢, `h ñnï> H$aZo Ho$ ~mX do {bIVr h¢: "Šbmg| no‹S>m| Ho$ ZrMo hmoVr h¢... nmZr ~agZo na g~ AnZr {H$Vm~| Am¡a AmgZ CR>m H$a ^mJVo h¢...Ÿ& _Ja h_ bmoJm| H$s Šbmg| H$_am| _§o hmoVr h¢ (g§JrV VWm H$bm H$s)Ÿ& gm‹T>o Xg VH$ Šbmg| hmoVr h¢Ÿ~mX _| ImZm ImVo h¢Ÿ& ImZm g~ OëXr Im boVo h¢Ÿ& ImZm b‹S>H$m- b‹S>H$s gmW ImVo h¢-Imbr ~¢M§o AbJ- AbJ ahVr h¢Ÿ&' AnZr H$jmAm| Ho$ {df` _| CZH$s {Q>ßnUr h¢- "_wPo g~ Hw$N> ng§X h¡, na n|qQ>J H$m _m_bm Hw$N> J‹S>~‹S> h¡-`o bmoJ "noñQ>b S´>mB§J' na Omoa XoVo h¢Ÿ_wPo AmVm ZhtŸ& "MmaH$mob S´>mB§J' ^r g‹S>r bJVr h¡Ÿ& ~ƒm| H$s Vah {S>OmBZ ~ZdmVo h¢-Am¡a ~mX _| "dm°Q>a n|qQ>J' {gImVo h¢Ÿ& "AmBb n|qQ>J' H$m B§VOm_ Zht h¡, Am¡a noÝQ>a gmh~ (ZÝXbmb ~mog) em`X OmnmZ J`o h¢Ÿ& ~‹S>r Am\$V h¡Ÿ& Jm¡ar Xr (ZÝXbmb ~mog
  11. 9 OwbmB©, 2012 H$s b‹S>H$s) _wPgo ZmamO ^r h¡Ÿ& `hm§

    g~ Q>rMg© H$mo, Omo `§J h¢- bmñQ> _o§ "Xm' H$hVo h¢-{OgH$m AW© h¡ ^mB©Ÿ& Am¡aV Q>rMg© H$mo "Xr' H$hVo h¢-{OgH$m AW© ~{hZ go h¡Ÿ& ZÝXbmb ~mog H$mo "_míQ>a _moem`' H$hVo h¢Ÿ& CZgo {_br hÿ§Ÿ& ~hþV ~y‹T>o Zht h¡, O¡gm gwZm WmŸ& CZH$s b‹S>H$s Jm¡ar Xr H$s emXr hmo J`r h¡Ÿ&' g§JrV Am¡a Z¥Ë` H$s H$jmAm| Ho$ ~mao _| Bg nÌ _| _m§ Zo {bIm h¡ {H$ -"_¢ `hm§ {hÝXr Am¡a ~m§½bm å`y{OH$ XmoZm| grIVr hÿ§Ÿ& Zm_ A^r R>rH$ go Zht _mby_ {\$a {bIy§JrŸ& Šbmgog A^r R>rH$ go ewê$ Zht hþB© h¢-15 go hm|JrŸ& S>m§g {gImZo dmbo A^r Zht Am`o, BgamO dmbo ^r H$b hr Am`o h¢-A^r CZgo {_br ZhtŸ&' 28 OwbmB©, 37 H$mo {bIo AnZo AJbo IV _| do AnZo g§JrV {ejH$m| H$m Zm_ {JZmVr h¢- "{gVma Ho$ _mñQ>a lr gwerb Hw$_ma ^§OŸ& ~§Jmbr JmZo Ho$ _mñQ>a lr em§{V Xo~ KmofŸ& {hÝXr JmZo Am¡a BgamO _mñQ>a Am{ef ~¡ZOuŸ& `h (Am{ef ~¡ZOu) EH$ 18 gmb H$m b‹S>H$m h¡Ÿ& JO~ H$m {gVma-BgamO ~OmVm h¡ Am¡a h_ bmoJm| H$mo {gImVm h¡Ÿ& {hÝXr å`y{OH$ Á`mXm AÀN>m Zht h¡Ÿ&' em§{V {ZHo$VZ H$m gm_mÝ` OrdZ Am¡Xm`© Am¡a gm¡hmX© H$m, N>mÌ-N>mÌmAm| Ho$ ~rM {eï> d g§`{_V ñZoh, h§gr-{R>R>mobr Am¡a gm¡å` gm_y{hH$ J{V{d{Y`m| H$m Wm Eogm Bg àW_ nÌ Ho$ Bg dU©Z go bJVm h¡: "H$b H$s amV ñ_aUr` Wr Am¡a Eogm H$^r _mh _| Xmo `m EH$ ~ma hmoVm h¡Ÿ& Zm¡ ~Oo amV Ho$ H$ar~ h_ bmoJ BH$Æ>o hþE-EH$ Va\$ b‹S>{H$`m§ I‹S>r hþBªŸ& h_ bmoJm| Zo EH$ ~§Jmbr JmZm grIm WmŸ& Cgr H$mo h_ bmoJm| Zo Jm`m-H$s nmBZr Vmao hr... (Añnï> eãX) {_bmVo, _m°Zmo _moa Zmht amOrŸ& _moQ>r Am¡a nVbr AmdmO, EH$ gmW H$m§nVr EH$ gmW éH$Vr-{\$a EH$ gmW Yr_r hmoH$a M‹T> OmVrŸ& BgHo$ ~mX JmVo-JmVo h_ bmoJm| Zo MbZm ewê$ H$a {X`mŸ& h_ bmoJ JmVo hþE Mbo Om aho Wo, O¡go AZ§V _§{Ob|, JmH$a V¡ H$a S>mb|JoŸ& _wñH$wamVo hþE h_ bmoJ XoIVo-JmVo- Q>¸$a ImVo-Hw$N> BYa-CYa hmoVo hþE, Jm`o Om aho Wo-"H$s nmBZr Vmao hr...'Ÿ& öX` C_§J go ^am n‹S>m Wm-JmVo OmVo Wo, H$^r _w‹S>Vo Wo-{\$a ~‹T> OmVo Wo-O¡go nmJb hm|Ÿ& _Ja g~Ho$ {Xb gm\$ WoŸ& {díd^maVr amV _| Jy§O ahr WrŸ& R>rH$ Xg ~Oo h_ bmoJ éHo$Ÿ& Xg {_ZQ> VH$ éH$ H$a Jm`mŸ& {\$a h_ bmoJ bm¡Q> n‹S>o-EH$ ~ma h§gr go gmam dmVmdaU Jy§O n‹S>mŸ& {\$a g~ gmo J`oŸ& bmBQ> ~wP J`rŸ& _¢ ~¡R>r ahrŸ& Xya VH$ {I‹S>H$s go Hw$N> {XImB© Zht Xo ahm WmŸ& Imbr ~Xar- hao no‹S> {~ëHw$b H$mbo Am¡a ~‹S>o-~‹S>oŸ& Am¡a N>moQ>m gm Mm§X H$^r {XIVm, H$^r {N>n OmVmŸ& V~ ^r _oao H$mZm| _| Jy§O ahm Wm "H$s nmBZr...Ÿ! `{X `h H$ht amoO hmo-`{X H$ht Bgr Vah go _¢ JmVo-JmVo _a OmD§$Ÿ& AmohŸ! {H$VZm gwI ?' 28 OwbmB©, 37 H$mo {bIo nÌ _| _m§, AnZr ~hZ {_ËWb H$mo H$jm go BVa J{V{d{Y`m| Am¡a AZw^dm| Ho$ ~mao _| ~VmVr h¡ :Ÿ "`hm§ EH$ "gm{hpË`H$ gå_o{bZr' h¡-{OgH$s _oå~a _¢ O~aXñVr nH$‹S>-YH$‹S> H$a ~Zm Xr J`r hÿ§Ÿ& EH$ b‹S>H$m (gå_o{bZr H$m _§Ìr) _oao nmg Am`m-CgZo gwZ aIm WmŸ{H$ _¢ H$hmZr {bIVr hÿ§, ~‹S>m V§J H$aZo bJmŸ& Amn AmBE-Xo{IE Am¡a AmnH$mo BÝQ>aoñQ> boZm Mm{h`oŸ-Amn bmoJ Z b|Jo Vmo H$m¡Z boJmŸ& Am{XŸ& I¡a ^B© J`o Vmo ~‹S>m _Om Am`mŸ& `hm§ EH$ N>moQ>o n§{S>VOr h¢, do {dbm`V OmZo dmbo h¢Ÿ& CZH$s \o$`adob nmQ>u H$s ~mV WrŸ& EH$ b‹S>Ho$ Zo-Omo ~‹S>m e¡VmZ h¡-AnZr gå_{V Om{ha H$s "n§{S>VOr Xmo én`o hþE N>moQ>o b‹S>H$mo§ H$s gå_o{bZr Ho$ Am¡a Xmo én`o hþE ~‹S>o b‹S>H$m| Ho$ gå_o{bZr Ho$- MmaŸ& Am¡a Xmo én`o Amn bJm br{O`o D$na go Hw$N>...Ÿ& N>h hr én`o H$s Vmo ~mV h¡-Xo Z S>m{b`o EH$ nmQ>r©Ÿ&' ~oMmao n§{S>VOr \$¸$-H$hm§ Vmo ~mV Wr nmQ>u {_bZo H$s Am¡a H$hm§ nmQ>u n‹S>r AnZo {gaŸ& bJo ~Jb| Pm§H$ZoŸ& h_ bmoJm| H$mo X`m Am`rŸ& Vmo _¢Zo H$hm "Eogm Zht H${h`o, AJa nm§M-N>h én`o H$s ~mV h¡ Vmo EH$ nmQ>u h_ bmoJm| H$s Amoa go ghrŸ&' e¡VmZ b‹S>Ho$ H$s Vmo ~m§N>| {Ib CR>tŸ& ~mobm, "dmhŸ& Bggo ~‹T> H$a ~{‹T>`m ~mV Š`m hmo gH$Vr h¡- ~{hZ| {Ibm`| Am¡a ^mB© bmoJ Im`|Ÿ&' BgHo$ ~mX {\$a nmQ>u H$s ~mV MbrŸ& A~ _¢ MH$amB©, _¢Zo H$hm "A~ nmQ>u H¡$gr ?' bmoJ ~mobo "gå_o{bZr H$s Amoa goŸ&' _¢Zo H$hm- "dmhŸ& Amn bmoJ Vmo ~oMmao n§{S>VOr Ho$ {ga Q>mbo Xo aho WoŸ& ' bmoJ ~mobo "_OmH$ WmŸ&' Ny>Q>Vo hr _¢Zo H$hm, "_¢Zo ^r _OmH$ {H$`m Wm, _¢ Zht XoVr nmQ>u-dmQ>uŸ&' BVZm _OmH$ ahm, BVZm _OmH$ ahm, {OgH$m {R>H$mZm Zht, h_ bmoJ Iy~ h§goŸ&' Bgr nhbo nÌ _| _m§ AnZr ì`ñV {XZM`m© H$m C„oI H$aVo hþE {eH$m`V H$aVr h¢: "EH$ b‹S>H$m h¡ lr O¡Z-amOnyVmZo H$m h¡Ÿ& CgZo _oao nmg AnZr H$hmZr g_mbmoMZmW© ^oOr h¡Ÿ& g_mbmoMZm n‹T>r> h¡Ÿ& ^oOZo H$m _m¡H$m-Q>mB_ Zht h¡, Š`m H$ê§$Ÿ& gmao dº$ {ngr ahVr hÿ§-A^r {gVma H$m nr[a`S> Vmo {\$a BgamO H$m, {\$a ~§Jmbr å`y{OH$, {\$a {hÝXr å`y{OH$, {\$a H$bm ^dZ, S´>mB§J H$m, {\$a S>m§qgJ H$mŸ& Am¡a am_ OmZo Š`m-Š`m Am¡a nr[a`S> h¢Ÿ& WH$
  12. 10 OwbmB©, 2012 OmVr hÿ§Ÿ& amV _| ½`mah go nhbo

    Zht gmoVrŸ& g~oao Mma-gm‹T>o Mma Am¡a AJa Z ZhmAmo Vmo nm§M VH$ CR>Zm n‹S>Vm h¡Ÿ& ZtX nyar hr Zht hmoVrŸ&' AnZo ñdmñÏ` Am¡a ImgH$a AnZr Am§Im| H$s Ñ{ï> H$mo boH$a _m§ H$s qMVm H$m C„oI ^r EH$mY nÌ _| {_bVm h¡Ÿ& EH$ _| em§{V {ZHo$VZ _| hþE "h¡ëW M¡H$An' Ho$ g§X^© _|, Am¡a Xygao _| "Joåg' go Nw>Å>r nmZo H$s _§em go & XaAgb _m§ ~MnZ _| ^`mZH$ MoMH$ Ho$ {eH§$Oo _| OH$‹S>r JBª WtŸ& CÝht go gwZm Wm {H$ CZH$s Ñ{ï> OmVo-OmVo ~Mr WrŸ& dh ^r ZmZr lr_Vr am_ß`mar M§{ÐH$m H$s bJZ Am¡a g_PXmar H$s dOh goŸ& _m§ ~VmVr Wt {H$ ZmZr CÝh| "_oar Jar~ {~{Q>`m' H$hVr Wt Am¡a MoMH$ Ho$ Xm¡amZ V_m_ godmAm| Ho$ gmW ZmZr Vah-Vah Ho$ A§OZ ~Zm CZH$s Am§Im| _| S>mbVr ahr WtŸ& ~hahmb 14 OwbmB© 37 Ho$ nÌ Ho$ nwZíM: _| _m§ Zo {bIm WmŸ& "_oam dOZ 92 nmCÊS> h¡-`hm§ Ho$ S>mŠQ>a Zo h¡ëW EŠOm_ {b`m WmŸ& Am§Im| Ho$ Iam~ hmoZo H$m H$maU CÝhm|Zo ñ_m°b nm°Šg ~Vm`mŸ& Am¡a H$hm {H$ Vw_ B©ída H$mo YÝ`dmX Xmo {H$ Am§I| Iam~ hr h¢- A§Yr Zht hmo J`tŸ& Zht Vmo bmoJ Eogr ^`mZH$ nm°Šg _| A§Yo hmo OmVo h¢Ÿ& _wPo bJm O¡go EH$ ~moP CVa J`m-Š`m|{H$ A~ CÝh| Iam~ H$aZo H$m BëOm_ _oao ga na Zht, Z _oar Ho$`ab¡gZ¡g BgHo$ {b`o {Oå_oXma h¡Ÿ&' AnZo 28 OwbmB©, 1937 H$mo {bIo IV _| do AnZr {_ËWb XrXr go {Mam¡ar H$aVr h¢, MmhVr h¢ {H$ do OrOmOr (lr am_ ^maVr`) go AZwamoY H$a H$moB© Eogm IV {bIdm X| {Oggo CÝh| Iob-Hy$X _| A{Zdm`© {eaH$V go _w{º$ {_b Om`oŸ& "_¢ MmhVr hÿ§ {H$ _¢ Joåg _| ^mJ Z {b`m H$ê§$, _Ja dh Oê$ar h¡Ÿ& Am§Im| H$m S>a h_oem ~Zm ahVm h¡Ÿ& H$ht Am§Im| _| bJ-dJ Z Om`o Vmo AmYr A§Yr Vmo hÿ§-nyar na ~Z Am`oŸ& Ky_Zo Zht OmZo {X`m OmVm Š`m|{H$ {\$a g^r b‹S>{H$`m§ Ky_Zo OmZm Mmh|JrŸ& _¢ MmhVr hÿ§ OrOmOr A¸$m H$mo {bI X| {H$ do _wPo Joåg Ho$ ~Om` Ky_Zo OmZo {X`m H$a|Ÿ& _wPo em_ H$mo amoZm AmVm h¡, O~ Joåg Ho$ {b`o _wPo \$mog© {H$`m OmVm h¡Ÿ& B©ída OmZVm h¡ _¢ Eogo CN>b Hy$X Ho$ Iob EH$X_ ngÝX Zht H$aVrŸ& OrOmOr H$mo `h IV {XIm XoZm-_wPo {dídmg h¡ do {bI|JoŸ&' _m§ Bg g_ñ`m go {ZOmV nm gH$s¨ `m Zht, CZHo$ OrOmOr Zo Eogm H$moB© IV {bIm `m Zht nVm ZhtŸ& Š`m|{H$ AJbo nÌm| _| BgH$m {OH«$ Zht {_bVmŸ& naÝVw EH$ Xygar hr Vah H$s Q>rg H$s MMm© do 12 \$adar, 1938 H$mo AnZr {_ËWb XrXr H$mo g§~mo{YV IV _| H$aVr h¢: "`h _oam H$Xm{MV n{hbm OÝ_ {XZ hmoJm O~ {H$ _¢ Vw_ bmoJm| go AbJ ahÿ§Jr- BgHo$ n{hbo EH$ ~ma _¢ ~Zmag _| WrŸ& V~ em`X _¢Zo AHo$bmnZ \$sb Zht {H$`m Wm Š`m|{H$ gm{dÌr XrXr dht Wr§ Am¡a _¢ ~Þo OrOm Ho$ Ka _| WrŸ& V~ _wPo Hw$N> ZdrZVm hr bJr Wr, _Ja A~ ? g~ bmoJm| go AbJ, Bg Xya Xoe _| Cg ~X_me H$mo `mX H$ê§$Jr, {OgZo EH$ {XZ \y$b H$mo H$moQ> H$s Oo~ _| Im|g H$a H$hm Wm-"OÝ_ {XZ H$m hmgŸ&' `h IV {bIVo g_` _m§ H$m _Z Hw$N> C{Û¾ h¡Ÿ& g§^dV: n[aOZm| go Xya OÝ_ {XZ {~VmZo H$s ~mÜ`VmŸ Ho$ H$maU `m {\$a `m| hr gm_mÝ`V: H$^r-H$^ma g~H$mo Koa boZo dmbr CXmgr `m IrP Ho$ H$maUŸ& ~hahmb do AmJo {bIVr h¢- "H$b h_ bmoJm| H$m ñnmoQ©²>g S>o' hmoJmŸ& _Ja _¢Zo {H$gr _| ^r ^mJ Zht {b`m h¡Ÿ& g§JrV ^dZ H$s b‹S>{H$`m§o Ho$ {b`o AbJ- AbJ MrO| h¢Ÿ& H$bm ^dZ Ho$ {b`o AbJŸ& _Ja _wPo Hw$N> ^r _Vb~ ZhtŸ& _¢ CZ ~mVm| H$mo H$aZo Ho$ {b`o `m Vmo ~hþV hr N>moQ>r hÿ§, `m ~hwV hr ~‹S>r-^JdmZ OmZoŸ&' Bgr nÌ _| AmJo _m§ BÀN>m àH$Q> H$aVr h¢ {H$ H$me {bIo J`o IV H$m Odm~ CÝh| Xygao hr {XZ {_b OmVmŸ& Am¡a V~ `h: "H$b gw~oao Mma ~Oo d¡Vm{bH$ hmoJm-JmZm h¡ "Vw{_ {H$Ny> {XE OmAmo' Am¡a _Vb~ h¡ "Vw_ Hw$N> Xo OmAmoŸ&' n§{º$`m| H$m gm¢X`© CgH$s amJ _| h¡Ÿ& Am¡a _oar BÀN>m hmoVr h¡ {H$ Vw_ bmoJm| Ho$ nmg C‹S> H$a Jm OmD§$-"Vw_ {H$Ny> {XE OmAmoŸ&' bJVm h¡ AnZo OÝ_ {XZ Ho$ {bE Vw_go Hw$N> _m§J ahr hÿ§, AÀN>m XoVr Zht, Vmo Hw$N> bo hr OmAmo-"Vw_ {H$Ny> {ZE OmAmoŸ&' Am¡a Vw_ Hw$N> ~mobVr Zht hmo- Vw_ Mwn hr hmo Am¡a O¡go _¢ AQ>H$ n‹S>Vr hÿ§-"Oo ~mZr Zra~mo Zm¡`moZo'... (Omo ^mfm Zrad Z`Zm| _| h¡... dh ^mfm _¢ n‹T> Zht nmVrŸ&' na `h _Z:pñW{V {ZpíMV ê$n go ñWm`r Zht h¡Ÿ& AnZo nhbo nÌ _| do EH$ {nH${ZH$ na OmZo Ho$ Am_§ÌU H$m Am¡a V~ em§{V {ZHo$VZ n[aga go nm§M _rb Xya pñWV lr {ZHo$VZ H$s amoMH$ `mÌm H$m dU©Z H$aVr lr_Vr ~«Ooe `m{kH$ : embm Ho$ ~ƒm| H$s qMVm _|
  13. 11 OwbmB©, 2012 h¢Ÿ& {nH${ZH$ OmZo H$m Am_§ÌU _m§ H$mo

    EH$ {gI b‹S>Ho$ Zo {X`m Wm, Omo CÝh| ^¡UOr H$h g§~mo{YV H$aVm WmŸ&' em§{V {ZHo$VZ nhþ§MZo Ho$ ~mX _m§ H$s _wbmH$mV EH$ n§Om~r b‹S>H$s hf© à^m Am¡a CgHo$ ^mB© go ^r hþB© WrŸ& Cg g_` _m§ Ho$ A{^^mdH$ ~Z H$a Xm{Ibm H$admZo AmE CZHo$ OrOmOr ^r _m¡OyX WoŸ& hf© à^m Ho$ ^mB© H$mo _bo[a`m hmo J`m Wm Am¡a dh ~ohX K~‹S>m J`r WrŸ& OrOmOr H$s nhb na _m§ Am¡a OrOmOr Zo _arO H$s XoI^mb _| Hw$N> _XX H$sŸ& OrOmOr Ho$ AmXoe na AJbo {XZ _arO H$mo ~ohVa hmb _| XoIZo ^r JBª& V~ Am¡a Z Om gH$s¨Ÿ& Bgr H«$_ _| _m§ Zo _m¡gr H$mo {bIm: "nagm| hf© à^m H$m ^mB©-Omo R>rH$ hmo J`m Wm-Am`mŸ& _¢ ~mha ~¡R>r WrŸ& Joåg hmo aho WoŸ& EH$mEH$ "~«Ooe, ~«Ooe H$s AmdmO gwZ _¢ Mm¢H$sŸ& XoIm hf© à^m H$m ^mB© _wPo nwH$ma ahm WmŸ& CgHo$ gmW do _hme` ^r Wo AnZr "^¡U' Ho$ "^mB©'Ÿ& _¢Zo Z_ñH$ma {H$`mŸ& hf© à^m H$m BVZm ~‹S>m ~r.E. nmg ^mB© _wPgo Rw>ZH$ H$a ~mobm- "Amn AmBª Zht Š`m| ?'-Am{XŸ& _wPo BVZm AOr~ bJm {H$ {OgH$m {R>H$mZm ZhtŸ& do _hme` I‹S>o _wñHw$am aho Wo-BgHo$ ~mX EH$X_ _oao nmg AmH$a CÝhmo|Zo H$b Ho$ {bE {nH${ZH$ Ho$ {bE Am_§{ÌV {H$`mŸ& (gmW _| Am¡a ^r Hw$N> b‹S>{H$`m§ H$mo) na A\$gmog h_ bmoJm| H$mo na{_eZ Zht {_brŸ& Š`m|{H$ `hm§ H$s H$Vm©-YVm© JwéXod H$s nwÌdYw h¢-do Zht WtŸ& do h_ bmoJm| H$mo H$ht Xya OmZo- AmZo H$s BOmOV Xo gH$Vr h¢Ÿ& I¡a...Ÿ&' na {nH${ZH$ _| Z Om gH$Zo Ho$ ~mdOyX _m§ AÝ` N>mÌ-N>mÌmAm| Ho$ gmW lr {ZHo$VZ Om gH$s¨Ÿ& Bgr nÌ _| _m§ Zo {bIm: "H$b h_ bmoJ lr {ZHo$VZ, Omo `hm§ go Mma-nm§M _rb ~mX h¡, J`oŸ& hf© à^m H$m ^mB© Wm, dh {gŠI gaXma ^r Wm-Xmo Am¡a b‹S>Ho$ Wo, CZ_| go EH$ H$m Zm_ A{Zb WmŸ& EH$ N>moQ>m b‹S>H$m ^r Wm, Zm_ h¡ "Jwbw'Ÿ& ~mH$s g~ b‹S>{H$`m§ WrŸ& ~g N>moQ>r Wr Bg{b`o Xmo ~ma _§o h_ bmoJ J`oŸ& ~‹S>m _Om ahmŸ& Iy~ Ky_o, BQ>¡{b`Z \«o$ñH$mo n|qQ>½g² XoIt, OyVm ~ZVm XoIm, M_‹S>o H$m H$m_ XoIm, _erZ| XoIt, X[a`m§ ~ZVr XoIt, AmgZ ~ZVo XoIoŸ& g~ b‹S>{H$`m| Zo MrO| IarXt-_wPo ^r IarXZr n‹S>r-_oam gmam gm_mZ hf© à^m Ho$ ^mB© Zo T>mo`mŸ& O~ {\$a `hm§ Am`o Vmo _oam Am¡a gaXma H$m ~‹S>m PJ‹S>m hþAm-OZm~ Zo h_ VrZm| H$m {H$am`m IwX {X`m Am¡a AnZm ^rŸ& _¢Zo H$hm Eogm Zht hmo gH$VmŸ& _¢Zo CgH$s Oo~ _| S>mb {X`mŸ& CgZo _oao hmW _| W_m {X`m Am¡a ^mJmŸ& _¢ nrN>o-nrN>o ^mJrŸ& amñVo ^a ~‹S>~‹S>mVr ahrŸ& na ~X_me dh gmao dº$ h§gVm ahm-~mobm, Eogm PJ‹S>m AJa h_oem hmoVm aho Vmo Š`m _Om Am`oŸ& {\$a h_ bmoJ S>mBqZJ hm°b _| nhþ§MoŸ& dh h§gVm ahmŸ& _Ja d¡go dh h¡ ~hþV hr AÀN>m AmX_rŸ&' N>mÌ-N>mÌmAm| go Bg Vah _ob- _wbmH$mV, h§gr {R>R>mobr Ho$ Abmdm em§{V {ZHo$VZ AmZo dmbo A{V{W`m| go {_b nmZo, ~mVMrV H$a nmZo H$m Adga ^r _m§ H$mo {_bmŸ& AnZo 12 \$adar 1938 Ho$ nÌ _| do Ako`Or Am¡a CZH$s ~hZ Ho$ em§{V {ZHo$VZ AmZo H$m {OH«$ Hw$N> A\$gmog Ho$ gmW H$aVr h¢Ÿ& A\$gmog Bg ~mV H$m {H$ ~{hZ Ho$ A{V CËgmh Ho$ MbVo CÝh| "Ako`' go Img ~mVMrV H$m _m¡H$m Zht {_b nm`mŸ& na gmW hr H$m\$s e¡VmZr Ho$ gmW Omo‹S>Vr h¢ {H$ {\$a ^r "Ñ{ï> {dn`©`' Iy~ hmo gH$m: "EH$ ~mV Cg IV _| {bIZm ^yb J`r WrŸ& `hm§ lr Ako` Am¡a CZH$s ~{hZ AmB© WtŸ& ~‹S>m _Om ahmŸ& CZH$s ~{hZ _wPgo ~‹S>r BåàoñS> hþB© WtŸ& H$hZo bJt {H$ em§{V {ZHo$VZ Ho$ H$moZo-H$moZo _| H$bmH$ma h¢-Am¡a Amn ^r CÝht H$bmH$mam| _| go EH$ h¢-_oam Xw^m©½` h¡ Omo _¢ OëXr Om ahr hÿ§-Zht Vmo AmnHo$ nmg ahVr Am¡a AmnH$mo Am¡a AmnHo$ ^rVa Ho$ H$bmH$ma H$mo g_PZo H$s H$mo{ee H$aVrŸ& ' _¢ X§J ah J`r _¢Zo gmoMm _OmH$ H$a ahr h¢, Mm¢H$ H$a XoIm -_Ja Cg _wI na {dídmg H$s Am^m Wr {Og_| J§^raVm Ho$ {gdm` Hw$N> Zht WmŸ& _¢Zo Itgo {ZH$mb XtŸ& {ga PwH$m H$a ~mobr "qh: {h§: AmnH$s H¥$nm h¡ Zht Vmo _¢ Hw$N> ^r ZhtŸ& Am¡a CÝhm|Zo Bgo _oar gm¡OÝ`Vm hr g_PrŸ& _wPo H$bH$Îmm OmZo H$m {Z_§ÌU Xo J`r h¢Ÿ& H$h J`r h¢ {H$ CZH$m "g~go ~‹S>m gm¡^m½` hmoJm `{X _¢ CZHo$ Ka R>harŸ&' Am¡a AnZo am_ Zo _Z _| H$hm-~ƒr Hw$N> {XZ ahVt Vmo _mby_ hmoVm-gmar ^mdwH$Vm a\y$ hmo OmVrŸ& _oao JmZo na dh nmJb hmo J`r Wr§Ÿ& _oam JÚ JrV n‹T> AnZo nmg Yao bo ahr Wr§, Am¡a n|qQ>Jm| na _w½Y WtŸ& na nVm Zht Š`m| _wPgo _m§Jm ZhtŸ& em`X gmoMm hmo {H$ ~hþV A{YH$ IM© H$s hmoŸ& `{X _m§JVr§ Vmo em`X EH$ Xo XoVr, `Ú{n do _¢Zo AnZo `hm§ H$s
  14. 12 OwbmB©, 2012 _¡JOrZ Omo hñV{b{IV hmoVr h¡ Ho$ {bE

    ~Zm`r WtŸ& dh _oao nrN>o n‹S> JB© Wr {H$ _¢ Cgo AnZr H${dVm {XImD§$, Omo CgH$s g_P _| _¢ Adí` {bIVr hÿ§- _Ja {XImVr ZhtŸ& H$h ahr Wr {H$ "Amn H${dVm Zht {bIVt `h _¢ _mZ hr Zht gH$VrŸ&' CgHo$ gmW BVZr b‹S>{H$`m§ Wt _Ja dh {H$gr go Zht ~mob ahr WrŸ& CgZo _oam hmW nH$‹S> {b`m Wm Am¡a H$^r-H$^r CÎmo{OV hmo X~m XoVr WrŸ& Cgo BVZm ^r Ü`mZ Zht Wm {H$ _wPo CgHo$ ^mB© go ^r ~mobZm h¡Ÿ& Am¡a _¢ dmñVd _| ~mobZm MmhVr ^r WrŸ& Bg Vah Ako` Or H$s ~{hZ H$s _yI©Vm go _¢ CZgo ^md {dn`©` H$aZo go d§{MV ah J`r, `Ú{n Ñ{ï> {dn`©` Iy~ hþAmŸ&' Bg {eH$m`V Ho$ ~mX, \$m¡aZ _m§ CZH$m bJ^J ~Mmd H$aVo hþE H$hVr h¢: "_Ja BZ ~mVm| go CÝh| (~{hZ H$mo) {gbr Q>mBn H$s _V g_P boZmŸ& Š`m|{H$ _oar g_P _| do Cg Am`w H$mo {~Vm MwH$s Wt Am¡a EH$ OJh ãbmBÝS> Am¡a S>o\$ H$mo n‹T>mZo H$s Q´>oqZJ bo ahr Wt, Am¡a em`X ~r.E. nmg Wt VWm {H$gr ñHy$b H$s Q>rMa WtŸ& CÝhm|Zo _wPo H$moB© ~‹S>r ^mar MrO g_Pm WmŸ& b‹S>{H$`m§ _wPo {M‹T>mVr Wt-CÝht Ho$ {bE Am¡a Bg Vah _wPo EH$ ES>_m`aa gm{h~m {_btŸ&' _OoXma ~mV Omo _m§ Zo AmJo Omo‹S>r h¡ {H$ `h ES>_m`Q>a gm{h~m H$bH$Îmo bm¡Q>Vo g_` _m§ go CZH$m nVm boZm, Am¡a AnZm nVm _m§ H$mo XoZm ^yb J`rŸ& gmo Om{ha h¡ {H$ Bg n[aM` H$m A§V ^r em§{V {ZHo$VZ _| hr hmo J`mŸ& _m§ H$s J{V{d{Y`m| _| {hÝXr gm{hË` gå_o{bZr, JÚ-nÚ aMZm H$m C„oI Vmo h¡, na hOmar àgmX Or {ÛdoXr go Hw$N> grIZo, CZH$s H$jmAm| _| CnpñWV hmoZo H$m C„oI Zht h¡Ÿ& Z hr {hÝXr Ho$ {H$gr AÝ` {ejH$ H$mŸ& 23 AJñV 1937 Ho$ AnZo nÌ _| _m§ JwéXod Ho$ gmW {~Vm`o g_` H$m dU©©Z H$aVr h¢: "dfm© _§Jb Ho$ [ahg©b Ho$ {b`o h_ bmoJ amoO JwéXod Ho$ `hm§ "CÎmam`U' OmVo h¢Ÿ& CZH$m JmZm h_ bmoJm| Ho$ {b`o "ao`a' Zht h¡Ÿ& amoO do JmVo h¢, h§gVo h¢, H$^r ZmamO hmoVo h¢, H$^r Am§I| ~§X H$aHo$ hmWm| go BYa- CYa Hw$N> eyÝ` _| ~ZmVo h¢Ÿ& gm_Zo JwéXod, h_mao nrN>o ~‹S>r ^mar {I‹S>{H$`m§ Am¡a Iwbm XadmOm hmoVm h¡Ÿ& Cg_| go H$^r Mm§X Pm§H$Vm h¡, H$^r [a_{P_ ~y§X| {JaVr h¢, Am¡a h_ bmoJ ~¡R>o JmVo ahVo h¢Ÿ& bmoJ JwéXod Ho$ Xe©Z H$mo VagVo h¢ Am¡a EH$ h_ h¢ Omo amoO Xmo K§Q>o CÝht Ho$ nmg S>Q>o ahVo h¢Ÿ& H$^r _mZ-_Zm¡ìdb ^r H$admVo h¢-Mwn ~¡R> OmVo h¢, JmVo ZhtŸ& ~oMmao JwéXod g_PVo h¢ {H$ Jbm Iam~ h¡, `m V{~`V Iam~ h¡Ÿ& nyN>Vo hr ah OmVo h¢ {H$ Š`m hþAm Am¡a h_ Jwé-K§Q>mb Odm~ Zht XoVoŸ& XrXr, h_ bmoJm| H$s OÝ_-OÝ_ H$s gmYZm h¡, Vnñ`m h¡, Omo h_ bmoJ Eogo gwAdga go bm^ CR>m aho h¢Ÿ& AmO XmXm, OrOm Am¡a XrXr Ho$ {bE _oam amo_-amo_ Amerdm©X Xo ahm h¡Ÿ- {OÝhm|Zo BVZo gmao Am°ãOoHo$eÝg² Ho$ hmoVo hþE ^r _wPo `hm§ ^oO {X`mŸ& H$hm§ h¢ ZmZm ? AJa H$ht do EH$ ~ma AmH$a h_ bmoJm| H$mo XoI b|- EH$ ~ma AmH$a `hm§ Ho$ dmñV{dH$ dmVmdaU H$mo Omo gM _| n{dÌ h¡-XoI b|, Vmo do H$^r Z H$h| {H$ h_ bmoJm| H$mo `hm§ Zht ^oOZm Mm{hEŸ& eham| Ho$ dmVmdaU go O{ZV AewÕVm, öX` H$s g§H$sU©Vm {_Q>Vr Om ahr h¡Ÿ& XrXr, dmñVd _| _¢ nyU©ê$noU n{dÌ AnZo H$mo nm ahr hÿ§Ÿ& _wP _| EH$ AnamYr- gr ^mdZm Wr dh Mbr J`r h¡-_¢ n{hbr gr hÿ§Ÿ& (H$^r-H$^r) Y§wYbr N>m`m H$s Vah öX` nQ>b na Hw$N> Ky_ OmVm h¡-V~ CXmg hmo OmVr hÿ§Ÿ& na {\$a R>rH$ hmo OmVr hÿ§Ÿ& _¢ Iwe hÿ§, _wP _| g§Vmof H$s ^mdZm h¡Ÿ&' Bg nÌ H$mo n‹T>Zo go nhbo _wPo nVm hr Zht Wm {H$ em§{V {ZHo$VZ OmZo Ho$ {df` _| _m§ Ho$ ZmZmOr Zo hr Amn{Îm H$s WrŸ& Am¡a CZHo$ {nVm, h_mao ZmZm, àmo\o$ga bmbOr Am¡a CZH$s ~‹S>r XrXr, lr_Vr gm{dÌr ^maVr`m d OrOm Zo BZ Amn{Îm`m| H$mo Xa-{H$Zma {H$`m WmŸ& `h g§X^© gm\$ H$aVm h¡ {H$ O~ _oar N>moQ>r ~hZ Anydm© Zo E\$Q>rAmB©AmB© _| {\$ë_m| H$m AÜ``Z H$aZo nwUo OmZo H$m, g§H$ën {H$`m Vmo _m§ Zo, {nVm, àVmnam` `m{kH$ g{hV g^r n[adma OZm| Ho$ {damoY H$m S>Q>H$a gm_Zm Š`m| {H$`m hmoJmŸ& 23 Zdå~a, 1939 H$mo {bIo nÌ _| _m§ EH$ \«|$M _{hbm gwnadmBOa VWm ~mX _| JwéXod H$m {\$a go C„oI H$aVr h¢Ÿ& JwéXod Ho$ Bg C„oI _| dh lÕm d AmZÝX ^{º$ ^md ZXmaX h¡, Omo h_| em§{V {ZHo$VZ Ho$ ~mao _| ~VmVo g_` CZHo$ dU©Zm| _| hmoVm Wm,`m CZHo$ hr Cnamoº$ nÌ _| h¡Ÿ& Bg C„oI _| {H$emoad` H$s ñdm^m{dH$ An[an¹$Vm Am¡a hoR>r PbH$Vr h¡ Omo CZHo$ ~mH$s "nmH$m-nmH$m' dº$ì`m| go {^Þ h¡Ÿ& I¡a, Bg IV _| do {bIVr h¢: "h_ bmoJm| H$s gwnadmBOa EH$ \«|$M boS>r h¢-dh _wPo Iy~ ß`ma H$aVr h¡Ÿ& H$hVr h¡ {H$ _wPo g~ b‹S>{H$`m§ AÀN>r bJVr h¢, _Ja Vwåh| XoIH$a Omo Iwer hmoVr h¡ dh {H$gr Am¡a H$mo XoI H$a Zht hmoVrŸ& Iy~ VwVbm H$a ~mobVr h¡, H$^r-H$^r Vmo g_PZm _wpíH$b hmo OmVm h¡Ÿ& H$b dh ~Zmag J`r h¢Ÿ& 5-6 {XZ _| bm¡Q>|JrŸ& ~‹S>r AÀN>r h¢Ÿ&'
  15. 13 OwbmB©, 2012 BgHo$ ~mX _m§ JwéXod go _wbmH$mV H$m

    dU©Z H$aVr h¢, Omo em`X Ka bm¡Q>Zo Ho$ ~mX hþB© hmoJr : "Xmo VrZ {XZ hþE JwéXod Ho$ nmg J`r WrŸ& ~mobo {H$ "_¢Zo Vmo gwZm h¡ Vwåhmar emXr hmoZo dmbr h¡ Bgr{bE Vw_ Mbr J`r Wt-Š`m emXr hmo J`r ?' _¢ Iy~ h§gr, do ^r Iy~ h§go ~mobo, "g~ Om-Om H$a {\$a `ht bm¡Q> AmVo h¢Ÿ&' _¢Zo nyN>m-"Amngo {H$gZo H$hm {H$ _oar emXr hmoZo dmbr h¡ ?' Vmo H$hVo h¢-"`hm§ `hr I~a WrŸ&' ~mX _| nVm bJm {H$ CÝhm|Zo BÝXw Xr Ho$ {bE ^r `hr ~mV H$hr WrŸ& {X_mJ Hw$N> Iam~ hmo J`m h¡ em`XŸ&' {H$emoamdñWm H$s PH$, Va§J, `m Omo H$hZm Mmh| Cg {d{MÌ _Zmo^md H$mo _m§ 12 \$adar, 1938 H$mo {bIo EH$ nÌ _| AnZo ~§Jmbr g§JrV Ho$ _mñQ>a _moem` em§{V Xod Kmof Ho$ g§X^© _| ^r àH$Q> H$aVr h¢: "EH$ ~mV ~VmD§$ ? Z OmZo Š`mo§ em§{VXm go _¢ ZmamO hmo J`r hÿ§Ÿ& _¢ AnZo go ~hþV nyN>Vr hÿ§ Š`m| ? Vmo BgH$m CÎma Zht {_bVmŸ& ~g BVZm hr OmZVr hÿ§ {H$ CZgo ~hþV Á`mXm ZmamO hÿ§Ÿ& AmO CZH$s Šbmg _| Zht J`r& {I‹S>H$s go JwOao Vmo _w§h _mo‹S> {b`mŸ& ZrMo ~oMmao nyN>Zo Am`o Vmo H$hbdm {X`m V{~`V ZmgmO h¡ & ~oMmao AnZm-gm _w§h boH$a Q>mnVo Mbo J`oŸ& H$h J`o {H$ [ahg©b OëXr hmoJm-gm‹T>o nm§M ~Oo Am OmZmŸ& Am¡a _¢ ^^H$ n‹S>r-"`h hþŠ_ hw§: _¢ _mZVr hÿ§ ? Am¡a OëXr OmZo H$s H$m¡Z H$ho _¢ J`r ^r Zht EH$X_Ÿ&' AnZo ~§Jmbr g§JrV Ho$ {ejH$ go `h ZmamOJr AH$maU Wr O¡gm dU©Z go bJVm h¡, `m gH$maU {OgH$mo do ~VmZm Z MmhVr hm|, `h Vmo gm\$ Zht hmoVmŸ& na `h IV {Og g_` {bIm J`m Wm Cg g_` _m§ AnZr ~hZm§o Am¡a ^mB`m|, AnZo {nVm AnZo n[adma H$s `mX go ~ohX ÌñV ahr hm|JrŸ& Š`m|{H$ EH$ {V{W a{hV EH$ nÌ _| do CÝh| em§{V {ZHo$VZ {H$VZm ngÝX h¡ `h AnZr ~hZ {_ËWb H$mo ~VmVr h¢: "dmñVd _| _oar {H$gr OÝ_ H$s gmYZm Bg OÝ_ _| g\$b hmo ahr h¡Ÿ& Bggo A{YH$ Am¡a _¢ Š`m {bI gH$Vr hÿ§Ÿ& _¢ nmagmb ^r `hm§ AmD§$Jr-`hm§ AmH$a {H$gr ^r {XZ _¢Zo gmoMm {H$ _¢ `hm§ Š`m| Am J`r ...Ÿ& nN>Vmdm _wPo H$^r Zhr§ hþAmŸ&' em§{V {ZHo$VZ go {bIo _m§ Ho$ nÌm| _| nhbm 14 OwbmB©, 1937 H$m Am¡a Am{Iar 23 Zdå~a, 1939 H$m h¡ Bg AmYma na VH$ar~Z T>mB© ~ag _m§ Zo dhm§ {ZpíMV ê$n go JwOmao WoŸ& dhm§ go {H$gr ñVa H$s narjm nmg H$s `m Zht `h ^r _m§ go Zht nyN>m H$^rŸ& na em§{V {ZHo$VZ Am¡a JwéXod CZHo$ OrdZ _| A§Xa VH$ aM-~g J`o WoŸ& H$bH$Îmm Ho$ ~mbrJ§O BbmHo$ _| 1 Zå~a {VbH$ amoS> Ho$ {ZMbo V„o _| _m§- nmnm Zo AnZm ~mb _§{Xa Imobm WmŸ& Zm_ Wm "~mb {ejm _§{XaŸ&' BgHo$ ~‹S>o hm°b _| Hw$N> ídoV-í`m_ N>m`m{MÌ H$mbo \«o$_ _| _§T>o, ~ƒmo§ H$mo {XI| Cg D§$MmB© na Q>§Jo WoŸ& BZ_| CZHo$ JwéAm|-_Xm_ _m°ÝVogmoar, CZHo$ nwÌ _m[a`mo _m°ÝVogmoar, {JOw^mB© Ho$ gmW EH$ JwéXod H$m ^r WmŸ& H$jm VrZ VH$ Ho$ Bg ~mb _§{Xa _| ~ƒo {hÝXr, ~§Jmbr, A§J«oOr, JwOamVr, _amR>r H$B© ^mfmAm| Ho$ JrV-H${dVmE§ JmVo WoŸ, BZ_| adrÝÐ g§JrV ^r WmŸ& em§{V {ZHo$VZ Ho$ gw§Xa - gag- _Ywa dmVmdaU H$m EH$ ZÝhm g§ñH$aU _m§ Zo ~mb {ejm _§{Xa Ho$ g^r N>mÌ-N>mÌmAm| H$mo Am¡a AnZr VrZm| ~o{Q>`m| H$mo ^r CnbãY H$adm`m WmŸ& ~r-86, ~OmO ZJa, O`nwa _mo. Z§. 9928550094 {H$ggo S>aVo hmo Hw$gw_ dra {H$ggo S>aVo hmo bmoJm| go, AnZm| go, ~oJmZm| go `m {\$a IwX AnZo Amn go Omo ^rVa ~°R>m ha nb H$MmoQ> ahm h°, ^oX ahm h° VwÂhmar H$m`aVm H$moü& _V S>amo Bg ~mV go, {H$ bmoJ ä`m H$h|Jo, CZgo-Vw_go, _wPgo `m, g~go _V amoH$mo AnZo dOyX H$mo IãS>m hmoZo Xmo Cgo AnZo Hß$Ym| na hQ>m Xmo CZ ~°gm{I`m| H$mo Anm{hO ~Zm {X`m h° {OgZo VwÂhmao ApÒVÀd H$mo nhZ bmo draVm H$m H$dM ZmoM S>mbmo ~ZmdQ>r AmdaU {_Q>m Xmo ^` H$s gbdQ>| {bI Xmo Z`m A‹`m` Vw_ nhMmZ Xmo {ZO Zm_ H$mo ~Mm bmo AnZo _mZ H$mo bbH$mamo Vw_ ha KmV H$mo AnZm bmo em°`© Am°a emZ H$mo ~ãT>o Mbmo Cg na Ohmß gÂ_mZ H$m {VbH$ {_bo Bg Yam na ha H$moB© Zm ^rV {\$a Vw_H$mo H$hoü& 1884, goŠQ>a-37, Zmo`S>m-201303
  16. 14 OwbmB©, 2012 Hw$N> gnZo, Hw$N> hH$sH$V gwXoe ~Ìm ha

    {ejH$ N>mÌm| H$mo Hw$N> {gImVm ^r h¡ Am¡a CZgo Hw$N> grIVm ^r h¡ H$jm XaAgb {ejH$ Ho$ {bE EH$ à`moJembm h¡ dh Bg à`moJembm _| {ejm H$mo gånÞ hmoVo hþE XoIVm h¡ Am¡a BgHo$ gmW hr _Z hr _Z Hw$N> gnZo ~wZZo bJVm h¡ Ÿ& BZ gnZm| Ho$ gmW N>mÌm| H$m ^{dî` ^r Ow‹S>m hmoVm h¡ Am¡a AnZm ^{dî` ^r Ÿ& ha {ejH$ MmhVm h¡ {H$ CgHo$ N>mÌ ^r gdm}ƒ {eIa na nhþ§Mo Am¡a dh ñd`§ ^r AnZr kmZ gmYZm _| {ZV Z`o Am`m_m| H$m AÝdofU H$aVm aho Ÿ& gwXoeOr H$mo {ejm H$m bå~m AZw^d h¡ Am¡a gmW hr aMZmË_H$ boIZ H$m ^r Ÿ& do H${dVm ^r H$aVr h¢ Am¡a {ejm H$mo {MÝVZ AZw{MÝVZ _| ^r _JZ ahVr h¢ Ÿ& CZHo$ e¡{jH$ AZw^dm| na AmYm[aV EH$ boI àñVwV h¡ Ÿ& g§. g§ñ_aU ~r.E. Ho$ àW_ df© _| hr _¢Zo AnZo gnZo H$s ^{dî`dmUr H$a Xr Wr {H$ _¢ O`nwa Ho$ _hmamZr H$m°boO _| boŠMaa ~Zy§Jr-hmbm§{H$ V~ Z O`nwa XoIm Wm, Z _hmamZr H$m°boO naÝVw hmbmVm| Zo BVZr H$adQ>| br {H$ gnZm O¡go CZHo$ ~rM {ngVm hr ahm, _Ja _am ZhtŸ& Am{Ia ~agm| ~mX _¢Zo amOñWmZ `y{Zd{g©Q>r H$s {I‹S>H$s Imob hr brŸ& _¢Zo AÜ`mnZ H$s H$moB© Q´>oqZJ Zht br WrŸ& ~g EH$ {dídmg Wm {H$ AmO H$jm _|, _¢ _oO Ho$ Bg nma hÿ§ Am¡a gmao {dÚm{W©`m| Ho$ Mohao n‹T> gH$Vr hÿ§, `h ^r {H$ _¢ BZ g~ go A{YH$ OmZVr hÿ§, AV: `o _wPo "hÿQ>' Zht H$a gH$VoŸ& _oam _mZZm Wm {H$ H$jm _| Ho$db "arqS>J' Zht Mm{hE, ~pëH$ Cg {df` go gå~pÝYV Hw$N> àíZ I‹S>o H$aZo h¢, {OZHo$ AmYma na ~mV _| go ~mV {ZH$boJrŸ& _¢Zo `h _hgyg {H$`m h¡ {H$ AÜ`mnH$ H$mo ñd`§ H$jm H$m EH$ {hñgm ~ZZm n‹S>Vm h¡, AV: CgH$s ^mfm H$s gåàofUr`Vm, gagVm, Vm{H©$H$Vm Am¡a Amamoh-Adamoh `wº$ J§^ra Üd{Z dmVmdaU ~ZmZo _| ~hþV H$maJa hmoVr h¡Ÿ& `{X AÜ`mnH$ H$s AdYmaUmE§ ñnï> Zht h¢, `{X CgH$m AÜ``Z Am¡a g§X^© {dñV¥V Am¡a ~hþAm`m_r Zht h¡, `{X CgH$m Vmb_ob H$jm _| {Zînj Zht h¡ Vmo Cgo {dÚm{W©`m| H$m "aognmÝg' Zht {_b gH$VmŸ& AÜ`mnH$ CZHo$ {bE EH$ "amob _m°S>b' hmoVm h¡, CgH$s ì`{º$JV g_ñ`mE§ CgH$s N>{d H$mo I§{S>V H$a gH$Vr h¢Ÿ& CgH$s gmXJr Am¡a Jå^raVm {dÚm{W©`m| _| EH$ {ZH$Q>Vm Am¡a {dídmg n¡Xm H$aVr h¡, gmW hr H$jm _| g_` na {Z`{_V CnpñW{V {dÚm{W©`m| H$mo ^r AZwem{gV aIVr h¡Ÿ& H$B© IVao ^r h¢, AË`{YH$ nm§{S>Ë` AWdm Ah§ H$m àXe©Z, O{Q>b dmŠ`
  17. 15 OwbmB©, 2012 {dÝ`mg, Xwéh ^mfm-e¡br AWdm ì`{º$JV AZw^dm| H$m

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  18. 16 OwbmB©, 2012 {ÛVr`, V¥Vr` J«oS> {ejH$ H$s {Z`w{º$ Ho$

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  19. 17 OwbmB©, 2012 nmR> H$s g§doXZm í`m_ {d_b ^mB© í`m_

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  20. 18 OwbmB©, 2012 n{h`m à~b h¡' dmbr ~mb H${dVm n‹T>Vo

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  21. 19 OwbmB©, 2012 H${dVm ñHy$b OmZo Ho$ {bE lr_Vr ào_

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  22. 20 OwbmB©, 2012 ImVo h¢ H$Ém näH$m ÒdmX ~oÒdmX ImZmü&

    IaJmoe go H$mo_b {Zarh ~Éo AHo$bonZ H$s AßJwbr Wm_o gyZonZ H$mo nmQ>Vo h¢ ^` Am°a AmVßH$ go Omo nmQ>m OmVm Wm H$^r XmXr-ZmZr H$s H$hm{Z`m| go & C›h| H$Ér näH$s ZtX _| S>amVo h¢ ÒHy$br {Z`_ H$m`Xo `mß{ÃH$Vm _| H°$X Zrag {O›XJr Ho$ bÂ~o ~m°Zo ^yV Omo Q>r.dr. gr[a`b namogVo amV-{XZü& BZ gmar ZmJ\${Z`m| Ho$ ~rM {IbVm h° EH$ Jwbm~.... ÒdflZ _| ZmOwH$ AßJw{b`mß CãS>mVr nVßJ| Dß$Mr Am°a Dß$Mr ... V^r Qy>Q> OmVr h° S>moa ~O CR>Vm h° "Abm_©' nVßJ CãS>mVo, Xm°ãS>Vo ~Ém| H$mo XheV ^ao Òda na N>moãS>Zm nãS>Vm h° {~ÒVa AZMmho hr ÒHy$b OmZo Ho$ {bEü& 1 Y, 10 XmXm~m‹S>r, H$moQ>m-324009 _mo.9887217614
  23. 21 OwbmB©, 2012 S>m°. \$Vohqgh aoUwH$m amR>m¡‹S> nwÊ`-ñ_aU Jw é

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  24. 22 OwbmB©, 2012 ~mV Wr CZH$s "gabVm'Ÿ& {dÛVm H$m A§e_mÌ

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  25. 23 OwbmB©, 2012 EH$ {ejH$ H$s H$s_V H$m{V©Ho$` {_Îmb ^mB©

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  26. 24 OwbmB©, 2012 Vm{H$ gZX aho 5 OwbmB©, 2012 OZgÎmm

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