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The death of security as we know it: Platform and Security Engineering join forces to build more secure and robust applications

The death of security as we know it: Platform and Security Engineering join forces to build more secure and robust applications

Fully automated attacks take companies into insolvency. The attackers use the latest automation technology to break into your company, making it nearly impossible to prevent an attack. The only question left: when will it happen?

While the tech industry has advanced in the last decade towards platform engineering and multiple releases per hour, security tooling and culture have yet to catch up. Working with the most advanced companies with high security and privacy requirements, we observed a shift in how those teams collaborate.

This talk shares the learnings from hundreds of discussions and how companies use new approaches to build and ship more robust application delivery with platform and security engineering.

Christoph Hartmann

March 18, 2023
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  1. Platform and Security Engineering join forces to
    build more secure and robust applications.
    The death of #security
    as we know it
    Christoph Hartmann
    @chri_hartmann

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  2. Hi, I am Chris. I am CTO
    at Mondoo - leader in
    Security Posture
    Management
    What is your
    background?
    Y
    I co-created the open source
    security projects DevSec Project
    and InSpec, Co-Founded
    Vulcano Security (acquired by
    Chef Software) and was Director
    of Engineering at Chef Software
    @chri_hartmann

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  3. What is the
    problem?
    @chri_hartmann

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  4. 4
    Hackers used to look like this

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  5. 5
    Ransomware is a business
    Name Name
    Words words
    Sales Quotas
    Playbooks
    Customer
    Support
    Affiliate
    Programs

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  6. 6
    Average of 20% increase
    of YoY CVE publication

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  7. Vulnerability Discovery
    0⃣
    0-Day
    Exploit
    💥
    Vulnerability
    discovered
    📢
    CVE
    published
    🏗
    Patch
    by vendor
    📝
    CVE
    assigned
    0⃣
    Exploit
    ~25% of CVEs have known exploits
    14% exploits published before the patches
    23% exploits published in the first week after CVE
    50% exploits were published in the first month after CVE

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  8. Patch Rollout
    🎟
    Tickets
    created
    🐌
    Rollout
    Slow
    🏗
    Fixed
    in dev
    🔎
    Identify
    in dev
    🛑
    Report
    created
    According to NTT Application Security
    average time to fix high severity
    vulnerabilities is about 246 days

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  9. 9
    🔥
    Yearly increase of 20% of known vulnerabilities
    🏎
    Hackers use full automation to discover and hack targets, about 90% of exploits are
    available within the first month after the CVE has been published
    🐌
    Rollout of fixes is way too slow
    Issues outpace the fix

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  10. 10
    Independent survey of
    1100 IT and security professionals

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  11. 11
    Hardening of
    Infrastructure
    (Cloud, Servers,
    Workstation)
    Patch
    Management
    01 02
    Main Problems:
    Why Hackers are so successful?
    The same root causes are also corroborated in the Cyber Signals Report by
    Microsoft that revealed 80% of attacks can be attributed to outdated
    software and misconfiguration.

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  12. Why is it so
    difficult?
    @chri_hartmann

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  13. 13
    Software delivery
    Local
    Development
    Source Control CI/CD Pre-Production Production

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  14. 14
    Use Case:
    Ensure that Cloud Storage Buckets
    have a uniform bucket level access
    enabled

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  15. 15
    Ensure that Cloud Storage Buckets
    have a uniform bucket level access
    enabled
    Security Engineers focus on attack paths

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  16. 16
    Ensure that Cloud Storage Buckets
    have a uniform bucket level access
    enabled
    Platform Engineers focus on automation

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  17. 17
    Software delivery
    Local
    Development
    Source Control CI/CD Pre-Production Production

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  18. 18
    Leads to frustration

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  19. 19
    Security Therapy

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  20. Interviewed and worked
    with 100+ Sec/DevOps Leaders
    Theme In their words…...
    More organized threats Software is eating the world so hackers are having a feast
    Wait days/weeks to data Coordinating over 30+ security tools to answer if we have the vulnerability and then waiting
    for verification it’s been fixed
    Security owns all the tools DevOps don’t have consistent access to what security uses, just their outputs aka a giant
    spreadsheet
    Security vendors are slow Their product roadmap is the same every year, so we hacked a solution to dump into Splunk
    Unclear on the right priority for the business The trade off between shipping new features vs fixing what security wants us to fix.
    Re-enforces good practices I need my teams to have a way continuous improve our posture and for management to
    recognize the effort

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  21. Security is Hard

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  22. What is the
    solution?
    @chri_hartmann

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  23. Cloud Services
    Cluster Nodes
    Workloads
    (Deployments / Pods)
    Cluster Configuration
    Application Containers
    Unified
    View
    Tech Stack

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  24. Cloud Services
    Cluster Nodes
    Workloads
    (Deployments / Pods)
    Cluster Configuration
    Application Containers
    Application Delivery Pipeline
    Local
    Development
    Source Control CI/CD

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  25. 25
    Ensure that Cloud Storage Buckets have a
    uniform bucket level access enabled
    Reach the next level:
    Focus on Problem

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  26. 26
    Software delivery
    Local
    Development
    Source Control CI/CD Pre-Production Production

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  27. 27
    What are successful
    security engineers using
    Access: Every
    developer and
    security engineer has
    access to the same
    tooling
    Coverage: security
    tooling that supports
    build and runtime
    Automation: security
    tooling that works
    hand-in-hand with
    automation
    Extensible: security
    tooling that has open
    source foundation,
    not hard-coded rules
    1 2
    3 4

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  28. 28
    open source security
    https://cnquery.io
    Asset Inventory, search and gather
    information about your
    infrastructure
    https://cnspec.io
    Security Scanner, scan for
    vulnerabilities and
    misconfiguration

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  29. 29
    Amazon S3 buckets do not allow public read access
    S3 Buckets are configured with 'Block public access'
    Easily ask questions with
    GraphQL-based MQL

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  30. 30
    Use Security as Code to
    define requirements

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  31. 31
    Discover Security Content
    Security Registry
    mondoo.com/registry
    Security Policies
    github.com/mondoohq/cnspec-policies
    Inventory and Incident Response Query Packs
    github.com/mondoohq/cnquery-packs

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  32. 32
    We can be more secure!
    Local
    Development
    Source Control CI/CD Pre-Production Production

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  33. We built a platform we are using
    we worked at
    Soo
    Choi
    CEO
    Dominik
    Richter
    CPO
    Christoph
    Hartmann
    CTO
    Patrick
    Münch
    CISO

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  34. Christoph Hartmann
    🐦 @chri_hartmann
    [email protected]
    🏠 mondoo.com
    Thank you

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