Slides for an introduction to philosophy course at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, BC, Canada.
“If only there were superiors who delighted in
[impartial caring and benefiting one another], who
encouraged their practice through rewards and
praise, and threatened those who violate them with
penalties and punishments, I believe that the people
would take to impartially caring for and benefitting
one another …” (Mozi 76).
If only there were rulers who appreciated them,
who encouraged their practice and punished
those who violated them, the people would
value impartially caring for and benefiting one
“Killing an innocent person … is even more wrong
than entering his stable and stealing his horses
and cattle. … Up to this point, all the gentlemen
of the world know well enough to condemn such
actions and declare that they are wrong. But when
it comes to the great wrong of attacking another
state, they do not know enough to condemn it”
Killing an innocent person is even more wrong
than stealing his horses and cattle. … Everyone
knows to condemn killing and say it is wrong. But
when it comes to attacking another state, they
do not condemn it.
“But now people see a small wrong and know
enough to condemn it but see the great wrong of
attacking another state and do not know enough
to condemn it. Rather, they praise this and declare
that it is the right thing to do. Can they be said to
understand the difference between right and
wrong?” (Mozi 78).
How would you paraphrase this in your own