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A Brief Overview of Copyright

A Brief Overview of Copyright

A set of slides created as part of the Creative Commons Certificate Course for Educators in Summer 2018. These slides are licensed CC BY 4.0

See here for the slides in Power Point format that you can download and reuse: https://osf.io/qnupa/

Christina Hendricks

August 05, 2018
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  1. A brief overview of
    Copyright
    Christina Hendricks

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  2. What
    Who When
    Why Not

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  3. What is copyright?
    Allows the holder exclusive rights to:
    • Copy, translate, adapt, perform/communicate works

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  4. What can be copyrighted?
    No: facts or ideas Yes: Expressions

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  5. What are trademarks, patents?
    Also part of IP law, but different from copyright
    Trademarks
    Prevent uses of words,
    symbols, designs by those
    other than the holder, to
    avoid confusion over the
    source of goods or services.
    Patents
    Protect new inventions for
    limited time (e.g., 20 years):
    prevent others from making,
    using, or selling the
    patented item.
    See, e.g., Gov’t of Canada on intellectual assets

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  6. Who holds copyright?
    Not always the original creator! They may need to
    give up (some of) their rights to publishers or
    producers.

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  7. Why copyright?
    Encourage creation & spread of original knowledge &
    works, through quid pro quo (something for something)
    Creator: financial
    incentive to
    create & share;
    protection of
    attribution &
    integrity of works
    Audience: benefit
    of access to works,
    often with a fee
    and requirement to
    attribute & avoid
    altering
    See Copyright tells the story of his life, and CC Certificate resources unit 2

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  8. Why and who
    If the creator doesn’t hold copyright rights but has given
    them to publishers/producers, does this complicate
    incentive?

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  9. “While many books for example have . . . authors’
    names on them, in some cases the authors have
    signed away their lifelong right to benefit from the
    sale of their work. As a consumer that wants to
    support good art, I have no idea what has
    transpired behind the scenes, and whether or not
    my purchase will matter to the creator very much.
    It’s not a very transparent system.”
    – Jenni Hayman, discussion board for CC Certificate Course for
    Educators, July 2018

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  10. When does copyright start?
    Automatic: as soon as a work is fixed in a tangible
    medium (including digital)—no registration required.
    See the Berne Convention and Innovation, Science, & Economic Dev. Canada

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  11. When does copyright end?
    Varies by country . . .
    Berne Convention: Life of creator plus 50 years
    • Same in Canada
    Some countries: Life plus 70 or more
    50
    70
    99
    100
    75
    95

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  12. When not: public domain
    • Copyright has expired
    • Work not copyrightable
    ○ E.g., in the U.S., works by the U.S.
    government
    • Work dedicated to public domain
    ○ E.g., CC0 public domain declaration
    • Work not properly registered (rarely
    required anymore)

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  13. When not: exceptions &
    limitations
    Uses of works that are allowed under copyright law
    without permission, e.g.,
    • Criticism, parody, satire, education
    • Fair use or fair dealing (can include
    the above)
    ○ E.g., UBC Copyright office on fair
    dealing in Canada

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  14. What about
    CC licenses?

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  15. Creative Commons licenses
    Not an exception to copyright; these work within
    copyright law
    • By applying a CC license, the copyright holder
    grants others permissions to use the work under
    terms designated by the license.

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  16. Thanks!
    Except where otherwise noted (see next slide), these
    slides are licensed CC BY 4.0, by Christina Hendricks
    https://chendricks.org

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  17. Credits
    Special thanks to all the people who made and shared these
    awesome resources:
    • Presentation template licensed CC BY by SlidesCarnival
    • Most icons purchased with a subscription to The Noun
    Project, and thus are not part of the CC BY license applied to
    these slides generally.
    ○ Icons on the top right of slides 1, 2, 4-6, 10-12, 14-15, 17-18, and
    22 are from the Slides Carnival template these slides are
    based on, and are licensed CC BY to Slides Carnival.

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