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implicit def bias = stereotypes |+| prejudices

implicit def bias = stereotypes |+| prejudices

Jeferson David Ossa

March 12, 2020

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  1. Automatic bias: Unintended and immediate cultural association. Ambiguous bias: Distance

    from outgroup. Ambivalent bias: Divisions by warmth and competence.
  2. Implicit bias Bias occur within an individual and may vary

    on the level of awareness of the person who harbors it. Implicit bias involves a lack of awareness and unintentional activation. Represent learned and habitual cultural associations.
  3. Prejudice A preconceived, unfair judgement toward a person, group, or

    identity. An emotion reflecting an overall evaluation of a group.
  4. Ambivalent sexism - Hostile: Punishes women who deviate from subordinate

    roles. - Benevolent: Subtle, pernicious ‘positive’ beliefs and feelings.
  5. Ambivalent sexism - Hostile: “Women don’t appreciate all that men

    do for them”. - Benevolent: “Women should be cherished and protected by men”.
  6. Stereotyping - Associations of specific characteristics to a group. -

    Beliefs that assist people in rapidly responding to situations that are similar to past experiences. This is NOT to suggest that these beliefs are objectively true.
  7. - Stereotypically warm and competent groups elicit pride and admiration.

    - Stereotypically warm but incompetent groups produce pity and sympathy. Stereotypes’ dimensions
  8. - Stereotypically cold and competent groups elicit envy and jealousy.

    - Stereotypically cold and incompetent groups generate anger and resentment. Stereotypes’ dimensions
  9. Tokenism Tokens or solos experience a high level of self-consciousness

    and vulnerability, which reduces their ability to think and act effectively.
  10. Stereotype threat Occurs when people become aware of negative stereotypes

    about them. This produces anxiety and cognitive preoccupation.
  11. The ability to reject stereotypes is a function of prior

    experience, cognitive development and a source of influence, parents or peers, school and environment.
  12. References Dovidio, J.F. & Hewstone, Miles & Glick, Peter &

    Esses, Victoria. (2010). Prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination: Theoretical and empirical overview. The SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination. 3-28. 10.4135/9781446200919.n1. Wright, Stephen & Taylor, Donald. (2003). The social psychology of cultural diversity: Social stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. 10.4135/9781848608221.n16. Spencer, S. J., Steele, C. M., & Quinn, D. M. (1999). Stereotype threat and women’s math performance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 35, 4–28. Fiske, S. T. (2020). Prejudice, discrimination, and stereotyping. In R. Biswas-Diener & E. Diener (Eds), Noba textbook series: Psychology. Champaign, IL: DEF publishers. Retrieved from http://noba.to/jfkx7nrd https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/index.jsp