Git is a free, distributed version control system that is fast, easy to learn, and has great features like cheap local branching and convenient staging areas. It has also taken the open source world by storm, especially with the help of online services like GitHub. Learn 20 essential commands that will help you work with your next project, as well as common conventions and workflows.
EDIT: Updated 2/3/2014 for Sunshine PHP Conference.
EDIT: Updated on 9/15/2013 for Web & PHP Con. See the recording of "You're Doin' Git!" performance on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gRWVIXRb0_Q