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A precious resource: irrigation water requirement of golf courses

A precious resource: irrigation water requirement of golf courses

This presentation was given at the Philippine Golf Course Management Conference at Orchard Golf and Country Club. This describes a method to use the daily soil water balance to predict irrigation water requirement, and then shows how to optimize the "irrigation rules" to minimize the amount of water used.

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Micah Woods

May 01, 2017
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Transcript

  1. A precious resource: irrigation water requirement of golf courses Micah

    Woods 4 May 2017 Chief Scientist | Asian Turfgrass Center www.asianturfgrass.com
  2. 1. Why might we want to know?

  3. 1. Why might we want to know? 2. How can

    we figure it out?
  4. 1. Why might we want to know? 2. How can

    we figure it out? 3. What happens if I change locations?
  5. 1. Why might we want to know? 2. How can

    we figure it out? 3. What happens if I change locations? 4. Or change grasses, soil, or the way I manage?
  6. Why might we want to know?

  7. With no water, grass stops growing Hua Hin, May 2010

  8. Grass survival, playability, business?

  9. The R&A say “water is a precious resource and golf

    courses should only use what is absolutely necessary.”
  10. The USGA say “it is essential for everyone involved in

    the game to strive to conserve and protect the world’s most vital resource.”
  11. Cost: water, irrigation system, and energy

  12. How can we figure it out?

  13. None
  14. Water budget, calculated monthly Gross & Hartwiger, Green Section Record,

    1 April 2016
  15. The water budget equation ETc − Peff DULQ = IrrReq

    ETc is the crop evapotranspiration in mm Peff is the effective precipitation in mm DULQ is the distribution uniformity of the irrigation system IrrReq is the irrigation requirement in mm
  16. The estimate of grass water use is evapotranspiration (ET).

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  22. What about the rootzone?

  23. What about the weather? Cavite, 13 August 2014

  24. None
  25. Precipitation data from stations in the Philippines

  26. None
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  32. What happens if I change locations?

  33. Irrigation requirement at Cebu

  34. None
  35. None
  36. What happens if I change grasses, soil, or the way

    I manage?
  37. With the irrigation “rules” shown previously, the irrigation water requirement

    at Manila in 2016 was 859 mm.
  38. Changing the irrigation “rules” DULQ from 0.75 to 0.8 This

    will reduce water use by applying the water more evenly across the land area.
  39. None
  40. Changing the irrigation “rules” Rootzone depth from 10 to 15

    cm This will increase the effective precipitation.
  41. None
  42. Changing the irrigation “rules” Change Kc from 0.7 to 0.6

    When using a more drought tolerant grass, the required crop adjustment (Kc ) goes down.
  43. None
  44. Changing the irrigation “rules” Increase the field capacity from 25

    to 30% This will increase the effective precipitation.
  45. None
  46. Changing the irrigation “rules” Irrigate at 9% rather than 12%

    This is the type of change one might make when using a soil surfactant.
  47. None
  48. Changing the irrigation “rules” Irrigate more frequently, but don’t fill

    to field capacity This will increase the effective precipitation.
  49. None
  50. Changing the irrigation “rules” Or make many small changes Try

    this with the Shiny irrigation apps at www.asianturfgrass.com.
  51. None
  52. For more information 1. These slides at https://speakerdeck.com/micahwoods 2. Daily

    soil water balance in chapter 2 of Effective Rainfall in Irrigated Agriculture: http: //www.fao.org/docrep/x5560e/x5560e00.htm 3. Gross & Hartwiger’s article on Water Budgets in the Green Section Record, 1 April 2016