Pycon Italia 2017: Planet Friendly Python

Pycon Italia 2017: Planet Friendly Python

My talk from Pycon Italia Europe about Planet friendly Web development with Python.

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Chris Adams

April 07, 2017
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  1. Planet friendly Web Development with Python Chris Adams Pycon Italia

    2017
  2. Chris Adams: @mrchrisadams This guy Environmentally focussed web generalist

  3. A.M.E.E. (Avoid Mass Extinction Engine) - CO2 calculation APIs Loco2

    - Low CO2 travel in Europe by train TeaLight - Low CO2 cups of tea, with demand response My Background:
  4. Pycon Italia 2017 - Planet Friendly Web Development @mrchrisadams

  5. Pycon Italia 2017 - Planet Friendly Web Development @mrchrisadams @mrchrisadams

    What can a technologist do about climate change: worrydream.com/climatechange
  6. Pycon Italia 2017 - Planet Friendly Web Development @mrchrisadams http://www.iea.org/media/news/2017/GlobalCarbonEmissions2.png

    http://www.iea.org/newsroom/news/2017/march/iea-finds-co2-emissions-flat-for-third-straight-year-even-as-global- economy-grew.html
  7. Pycon Italia 2017 - Planet Friendly Web Development @mrchrisadams http://folk.uio.no/roberan/t/global_mitigation_curves.shtml

  8. Pycon Italia 2017 - Planet Friendly Web Development @mrchrisadams @mrchrisadams

    World GHG Emissions in 2010 - Analysis by ECOFYS Source* Greenhouse gas Coal 25% Natural Gas 19% Oil 21% Waste 0.4% Sector Direct emissions 34.6% * Greenhouse gases can arise from two sources N20 7% CH4 15% CO2 76% HFCs & PFCs 2% Transport 15% Residential Buildings 11% Commercial/Public Buildings & Services 7% Land Use Change 15% Industry 29% 7% 6.0% 4.8% 4.3% 1.4% 1.1% 1.0% 10.5% 1.5% 2.6% 10.5% 5.5% 1.4% 1.8% 3.1% 4.4% 10.3% Other industries Paper, pulp and printing Food and tobacco Non-ferrous metals Chemical and petrochemical Iron and steel Non-metallic minerals Aviation Others Road Livestock and manure Agricultural Energy Use Coal Mining Oil and gas extraction, refining and processing Deforestation/Afforestation and Land Use CO2 Agricultural soils 1.3% 1.6% Landfills Waste water & others Waste 3% Agriculture Energy Supply 13% 8.3% Energy industry own use & losses
  9. Pycon Italia 2017 - Planet Friendly Web Development @mrchrisadams ©

    2011-2012 GreenTouch Consortium 2020 ICT Carbon Footprint 820m tons CO2 360m tons CO2 260m tons CO2 2007 Worldwide ICT
 carbon footprint:
 2% = 830 m tons CO2 Comparable to the
 global aviation 
 industry Expected to grow 
 to 4% by 2020 The Climate Group, GeSI Report “Smart 2020”, 2008 Full report - https://www.slideshare.net/greentouch-org/intro-to-green-touch
  10. Pycon Italia 2017 - Planet Friendly Web Development @mrchrisadams A

    mental model for thinking about this
  11. Pycon Italia 2017 - Planet Friendly Web Development @mrchrisadams Your

    Servers Your Packets Your Process
  12. Your servers Provider Provisioning

  13. Your servers Provider: Where did the power your servers run

    on come from?
  14. Power quote From 2017 report - http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/global-warming/click-clean/

  15. Your servers Provision: How many server resources do you use?

    And when?
  16. The power of wireless cloud 2013 (CEET - http://www.ceet.unimelb.edu.au/publications)

  17. “many workloads are spiky or drop to zero for extended

    periods… applications used in the workplace may only be active for 40 of the 168 hours in a week.” Adrian Cockroft @adrianco: AWS, ex Netflix @mrchrisadams https://medium.com/@adrianco/evolution-of-business-logic-from-monoliths-through-microservices-to-functions- ff464b95a44d#.4ap421dwr
  18. PaaS: Higher unit cost in exchange for easier scaling

  19. FaaS / Serverless: Even higher unit cost, to not think

    about scaling* * You still need to obviously, but differently
  20. “the technical capabilities of serverless might not be that exciting,

    but the financial side sure is… Strong financial incentives for good design practices, and clear financial penalties for bad design” Gojko Adzic @mrchrisadamshttps://gojko.net/2016/08/27/serverless.html
  21. When your second biggest cost after staff is data centres,

    you have a very good incentive to care about saving energy. @mrchrisadams https://deepmind.com/blog/deepmind-ai-reduces-google-data-centre-cooling-bill-40
  22. Platform as a Service (PaaS) Functions as a Service Cloudfoundry:

    App Autoscaler chalice Heroku: Autoscaling & LightSwitch zappa In the Python toolbox
  23. Your packets Lossy changes Lossless changes

  24. http://www.electricitymap.org/

  25. “Wireless access network technologies account for 90% of total wireless

    cloud energy consumption. Data centres account for only about 9%. The energy consumption of wireless user devices is negligible.” The power of wireless cloud 2013 (CEET - http://www.ceet.unimelb.edu.au/publications)
  26. Power quote The power of wireless cloud 2013 (CEET -

    http://www.ceet.unimelb.edu.au/publications)
  27. https://www.soasta.com/blog/page-bloat-2015-web-performance-monitoring/

  28. Power quote https://performancebudget.io

  29. Power quote https://speedcurve.com (see also sitespeed.io for an OSS take)

  30. Your packets Lossy changes: How much of what you send

    is used by the client?
  31. Your packets Lossless changes: How efficiently are the bits sent?

  32. Dynamic Static Media compression Django middleware, Flask-Compress, etc. Whitenoise, CDNs,

    Nginx CDNs, Nginx caching Django middleware & decorators, Flask-Cache Whitenoise, CDNs CDNs, Nginx JS optimisation Webpack 2, Google Closure Compiler (JS) nginx mod_pagespeed Image Optimisation ImageOptim, Trimage easy- thumbnails.optimise, nginx mod_pagespeed Relevant in the Python toolbox
  33. There’s much, much more to do, but starting here can

    help
  34. Thanks! I’m around all week, and in the slack channel

    to chat. Say hello :) Chris Adams @mrchrisadams planetfriendly.productscience.co.uk speakerdeck.com/mrchrisadams
  35. Pycon Italia 2017 - Planet Friendly Web Development @mrchrisadams Bonus

    life-changing link: What can a technologist do about climate change? - Bret Viktor worrydream.com/climatechange