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webmap and nara

webmap and nara

material for class 'The sdudies of Nara' in NWU

B7b58f4799d35f8d86a0b83fcda4d339?s=128

Yuichiro Nishimura

July 23, 2019
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  1. ɹͳΒֶ ಸྑঁࢠେֶਓจՊֶܥ ੢ଜ༤Ұ࿠ OJTTZ@ZV!DDOBSBXVBDKQ UXJUUFSJEOJTTZZV IUUQXXXGBDFCPPLDPNZVJDIJSPOJTIJNVSB ΢Σϒ஍ਤͱಸྑ

  2. ɽ̔ɽ  ໊ݹ԰େֶେֶӃจֶݚڀՊത࢜ޙظ՝ఔʢֶ࢙஍ཧֶઐ߈ʣຬظୀֶ ɽɽ  ໊ݹ԰େֶେֶӃจֶݚڀՊɹത࢜ʢ஍ཧֶʣऔಘ ɽ̕ʙɽ̕ ૯߹஍ٿ؀ڥֶݚڀॴɹߨࢣʢݚڀػؔݚڀһʣ ɽʙɽ̕ Ѫ஌޻ۀେֶ஍Ҭ๷ࡂݚڀηϯλʔϙετυΫτϥϧݚڀһ

    ɽ̐ʙɽ̏ ʢגʣΤʔΞΠγεςϜαʔϏεɹऔక໾ ɽ̐ʙݱࡏ  ಸྑঁࢠେֶਓจՊֶܥݚڀӃɹ।ڭत (*4 ͱࣾձʹؔ͢Δݚڀ ˜0QFO4USFFU.BQDPOUSJCVUPST ࣌ؒ஍ཧֶʹΑΔ೔ৗੜ׆ߦಈͷ෼ੳ ࡂ֐ͱߦಈ ɾΦʔϓϯιʔεɾΦʔϓϯσʔλͱ஍ཧ৘ใ ɾࢀՃܕ (*4ɾ7(* ɾࡂ֐ͱ஍ཧ৘ใ ɾΧ΢ϯλʔϚοϐϯά ɾ(*4 ͱμΠόʔγςΟ ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # 0 250 500 125 Meters             B C " # $ % (14EBUB ෉ Ӎق ෉ סق ࠺ Ӎق ଉࢠ SӍق # ) Ϧετόϯυܕ (14Ϩγʔό (Ң౓ɼܦ౓ɼ࣌ࠁʣ ࣗಈं࢈ۀैࣄऀੈଳͷ೔ৗੜ׆ߦಈ ϥΦευϯΫϫʔΠଜʹ͓͚Δ (14ɾ(*4 Λ༻͍ͨੜ׆ߦಈௐࠪ ੢ଜ༤Ұ࿠ FNBJMOJTTZ@ZV!DDOBSBXVBDKQ UXJUUFSJEOJTTZZV IUUQXXXGBDFCPPLDPNZVJDIJSPOJTIJNVSB ɾ೔ৗੜ׆ߦಈͱࡂ֐ ɾۓٸ஍਒଎ใͱࡂ֐ߦ ಈɾ๷ࡂڭҭ ɾ஍਒ࡂ֐ͱاۀ๷ࡂ ్্ࠃ೶ଜʹ͓͚Δ (14ɾ(*4 ͷར༻ʹΑΔ ׆ಈσʔλऩू
  3. ɹͳΒֶ จֶ෦ͷतۀ wΞδΞֶೖ໳ʢڞ௨ڭҭɹʣ wਓจ஍ཧֶಛघݚڀ#ʢલظʣɿ ౦ೆΞδΞϥΦεͷ஍Ҭݚڀʹؔ ΘΔ಺༰ wਓจ஍ཧֶಛघݚڀ"ʢޙظʣɿ ࣌ؒ஍ཧֶͷաڈݱࡏະདྷ w஍Ҭ؀ڥֶ࣮श**ʢޙظʣɿϑΟʔ ϧυϫʔΫͱΦʔϓϯͳ஍ཧ৘

    ใɾΦʔϓϯιʔε̨̜̞ wਓจ஍ཧֶ֓࿦ʢޙظʣ
  4. ɹͳΒֶ ࠓ೔ͷतۀ wΠϯλʔωοτ্ͷ஍ਤͷ࿩͕ग़͖ͯ·͢ wεϚʔτϑΥϯ΍λϒϨοτͳͲͷػثΛ ࢖ͬͯ΋Βͬͯߏ͍·ͤΜ wϓϦϯτΞ΢τͨ͠΋ͷ͸ҹ࡮඼࣭ͷ໰୊ͳ Ͳ͕͋ΔͨΊɺඋ๨࿥తʹ࢖͍ͬͯͩ͘͞

  5. ɹͳΒֶ ʮ(*4ͱࣾձʯʹؔ͢Δݚڀ w(*4ʢ(FPHSBQIJD *OGPSNBUJPO4ZTUFNɿ ஍ཧ৘ใγεςϜʣίϯ ϐϡʔλΛ༻͍ͯ஍ཧత ͳ৘ใΛදࣔɾ෼ੳ͢Δ ࢓૊Έ w஍ཧֶքΛத৺ʹ(*4ͱ ࣾձʹؔΘΔॾ໰୊ʹͭ

    ͍ͯͷٞ࿦͕೥୅ Ҏ߱੝ΜʹͳΔ https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/grj/83/1/83_1_60/_pdf
  6. ɹͳΒֶ (*4ͱࣾձ w-#4ʢϩέʔγϣϯϕʔευαʔϏ εʣɿܞଳి࿩ͳͲʹ౥ࡌ͞Εͨ (14ͳͲΛ௨ͯ͡Ґஔ৘ใΛ׆༻ ͨ͠Πϯλʔωοτ্ͷαʔϏε wʮδΦϝσΟΞʯͷ੒௕ɿʮଌ ྔʯʮ஍ਤ੡࡞ʯʮΧʔφϏɾ̞ ̨̩ʯʮ(*4ʢ஍ཧ৘ใγες Ϝʣʯʮ-#4

    ҐஔϕʔεαʔϏε ʯ ͳͲ஍ཧ৘ใʴ̞̩Λ׆༻ͨ͠࢈ ۀ wΠϯλʔωοτ্ͰӾཡՄೳͳ஍ ਤ͕ॏཁʹ Pokémon GO http:// www.pokemon.co.jp/ex/ PokemonGO/ https://www.ingress.com
  7. ɹͳΒֶ ʮ΢Σϒ஍ਤʯͱ͸ wΠϯλʔωοτ্ͰӾཡՄೳͳσδλϧ஍ਤ wϙʔλϧαʔϏεΛߏங͢ΔΠϯλʔωοτ اۀ w஍ਤ੡࡞ձࣾ wࠃ౔஍ཧӃͳͲͷެతػؔ

  8. ɹͳΒֶ (PPHMFϚοϓ

  9. ɹͳΒֶ :BIPP஍ਤ http://map.yahoo.co.jp

  10. ɹͳΒֶ ϚϐΦϯ http://www.mapion.co.jp

  11. ɹͳΒֶ ஍ཧӃ஍ਤ http://maps.gsi.go.jp

  12. ɹͳΒֶ (PPHMFɹετϦʔτϏϡʔ https://www.google.co.jp/maps/@34.6878545,135.8296707,3a,90y,276.32h,89.11t/data=!3m7!1e1!3m5!1sSNfy8j4IP79w0Vd2fcGBXw!2e0! 6s%2F%2Fgeo3.ggpht.com%2Fcbk%3Fpanoid%3DSNfy8j4IP79w0Vd2fcGBXw%26output%3Dthumbnail%26cb_client%3Dmaps_sv.tactile.gps %26thumb%3D2%26w%3D203%26h%3D100%26yaw%3D239.04485%26pitch%3D0!7i13312!8i6656

  13. ɹͳΒֶ 8FCҎ߱ͷ(*4 w8FC৘ใͷૹΓखʢੜ࢈ऀʣͱड͚खʢফඅ ऀʣͱ͍͏Ұํ௨ߦతͳؔ܎͕มԽ͠ɼͩΕͰ΋৘ใ ͷड͚खͰ΋͋ΓૹΓखͰ΋͋Δ͜ͱ͕Մೳʹͳͬͨ ʢ೥͝Ζྲྀߦʰόζϫʔυʱʣ wΞϓϦέʔγϣϯιϑτ΢ΣΞ͔Βɼ΢Σϒ্ͷαʔ Ϗε͕த৺ʹ

  14. ɹͳΒֶ 8FCҎ߱ͷ(*4 w(PPHMF.BQT&BSUIͷެ։ʢʣɼ(PPHMF.BQT "1*Λ༻͍ͨϚογϡΞοϓ͕͔͞Μʹʢ੉ށʣ wXFC(*4ͷਐలʹΑͬͯɺ(*4͸Ұ෦ͷઐ໳Ոͷ΋ͷͰ͸ ͳ͘ͳΔˠͩΕͰ΋ɼͦͷؾʹͳΕ͹ɼ(*4Λ࢖͑Δ࣌୅ ʹ w͜͏ͨ͠৽ͨʹ(*4Λ࢖͍ग़ͨ͠ਓʑɿωΦδΦάϥ ϑΝʔʢ/FPHFPHSBQIFSʣʢ5VSOFSɼݹڮʣ wͦ͏ͨ͠ਓʑʹΑΔࣗൃతͳ஍ཧ৘ใͷऩू΍෼ੳ͸7(*

    ʢ7PMVOUFFSFEHFPHSBQIJDJOGPSNBUJPOɿϘϥϯλϦʔ ͳ஍ཧ৘ใʣͱݺ͹ΕΔʢ(PPEDIJME ੉ށʣ
  15. ɹͳΒֶ άʔάϧϚοϓͷར༻ w(PPHMFϚοϓ͸ศར wৄ͍͠஍ਤ΋ݟΒΕΔ wߤۭࣸਅ΋ݟΒΕΔ wετϦʔτϏϡʔ΋ݟΒΕΔ w͓ళͷݕࡧ wߦ͖͍ͨ৔ॴ͕Ͳ͔͜Λௐ΂Δ wͦ͏͍ͬͨ΋ͷΛه࿥ɾڞ༗͢ΔʢϚ ΠϚοϓˠϚΠϚοϓʣ

    wIUUQTNBQTFOHJOFHPPHMFDPN NBQFEJU NJE[Q5%UM6F 2L"P8%WHV*
  16. ɹͳΒֶ ΢Σϒ஍ਤར༻ͷ໰୊ wLPCPUSBJM wIUUQ PLVZBNBUPQSFGOB SBKQ LPCPUSBJM

  17. ɹͳΒֶ ܦҢʹ͍ͭͯ͸ʜ w೥݄೔ͷ GBDFCPPLϙετ͔Β wIUUQT XXXGBDFCPPLDPN ZVJDIJSPOJTIJNVSB QPTUT 

  18. ɹͳΒֶ ಸྑݝ޿ใ޿ௌ՝͕ൃදͨ͠ʢʣ wάʔάϧɾϠϑʔɾࠃ ౔஍ཧӃͳͲ͕ఏڙ͠ ͍ͯΔ஍ਤ৘ใΛɺ֤ ஍ਤஶ࡞ऀͷར༻ن໿ ʹҧ൓ͯ͠ܝࡌ͍ͯ͠ Δ΋ͷ͕݅ʢ ຕʣ wIUUQ

    XXXQSFGOBSBKQ IUN ሗ ഘ ଘ ᩱ
  19. ɹͳΒֶ ஶ࡞ݖ্ͷ໰୊͕ੜͨ͡ྫ ̛ ഈ ಸ ྑ ঁ ࢠ େ ֶ

    ϙ ε τ υ Ϋ λ ʔ ɾ Ω ϟ Ϧ Ξ ։ ൃ ࣄ ۀ ̞ ̍ ̐ Մ ˙ ຾ ׎ ݄ ˙ چ ̛ ̶ ̒ ̥ ڟ `   ɺ ˔ ɾϝʔϧΞυϨεˎɾݚڀ෼໺ʯ ͍ͩ͘͞ɻ 1$͔Βͷड৴Մͷ΋ͷ ͯ ̍ ̓ ೔ ̞ ʲࢀՃاۀɽஂମʳҏಹࠤ༣ਓʢίϛϡχςΟϨετϥϯʣʗ/10๏ਓཬࢁ۞ָ෦ʢཬࢁอશ؀ڥڭҭʣ גࣜձࣾδϟύϯΠϯλʔφγϣφϧ૯߹ݚڀॴʢ·ͪͮ͘ΓίϯαϧςΟϯάʣ ࢁ౎෺ޠ༗ݶ੹೚ࣄۀ૊߹ʢ஍Ҭܭըʣʗגࣜձࣾ·ͪͮ͘Γಸྑʢىۀࢧԉ঎ళ֗׆ੑԽʣ ಸ ྑ ঁ ࢠ େ ֶ உ ঁ ڞ ಉ ࢀ ը ਪ ਐ ػ ߏ Ω ϟ Ϧ Ξ ։ ൃ ࢧ ԉ ຊ ෦ ˟ಸྑࢢ๺ڕ԰੢ொ̝౩֊)5&-'"90 &NBJMDBSFF*LˏDDɾOBSBXVŋBD>̷̧̡̪̿̓̓̿DEQEŊOBSBXVɾBDŊKQʗŲžŖŦŘźſ  ಸྑঁࢠେֶҎ֎ͷํ ΋׻ܴ͠·͢ ֶ෦ੜɾത࢜લظ՝ఔͷํͰؔ৺ͷ ͋Δํ΋͓໰͍߹Θ͍ͤͩ͘͞ɻ http://cdpd.nara-wu.ac.jp/ws20150929/
  20. ɹͳΒֶ ஶ࡞ݖ্ͷ໰୊͕ੜͨ͡ྫ IUUQXXXDJUZHPKPMHKQXXXDPOUFOUT JOEFYIUNM

  21. ɹͳΒֶ Ͱ΋ʜ w(PPHMFϚοϓʹҹ࡮Ϙλϯ͋Δ͡Όͳ͍͔ʂ

  22. ɹͳΒֶ (PPHMFϚοϓ͸ࣗ༝ʹ࢖͑ΔΘ͚Ͱ͸͋Γ·ͤΜ wར༻ن໿ʹै͏ඞཁʢ஍ਤϓϩόΠμͷอޢɻ (PPHMFϚοϓͷ৔߹೔ຊࠃ಺͸೥݄·Ͱ ͸ओʹθϯϦϯͷ஍ਤσʔλΛ࢖༻ʣ wҹ࡮͸ݸਓ࢖༻ͷൣғ಺Ͱ͔͠Ͱ͖ͳ͍ʢʮݸ ਓ࢖༻໨తͰͷݸผҹ࡮ʯɻҹ࡮ͯ͠഑෍͢Δ ͱºʣ w΢Σϒ্Ͱར༻͢Δʹ͸ຒΊࠐΈ΋͘͠͸"1*ܦ ༝Ͱར༻͢Δඞཁʢ஍ਤͷ಺༰ΛݟͤΔ໨తͰ

    εΫϦʔϯΩϟϓνϟͷը૾ΛషΓ෇͚͸ºʣ wෳ੡͚ͩͰͳ͘Ճ޻΋ºʢτϨʔεͳͲ΋ºɻ຋ Ҋʹ౰ͨΔʣ wҹ࡮෺΍εΫϦʔϯΩϟϓνϟͳͲʹ͸ద੾ͳ ݖརؼଐද͕ࣔඞཁ wͦΕҎ֎ͷ΢Σϒ஍ਤ΋ಉ༷ͷෳ੡Λېࢭ͢Δ ར༻ن໿͋Γ • http://www.google.co.jp/permissions/geoguidelines.html
  23. ɹͳΒֶ ஶ࡞ݖɾར༻ن໿ҧ൓ʹΑΔ࡟আࣄྫͷଟൃ w೥ʹͳ͔ͬͯΒެද͞Εͨ΋ͷ͚ͩͰ΋߳઒ݝɺ ಸྑݝɺٶ৓ݝɺؠखݝɺઋ୆ࢢʜ w஍ਤͷஶ࡞ݖ΍ϥΠηϯεʹؔ͢Δೝ͕ࣝෆ଍ˠ஍ਤΛ ࣄ࣮ΛҾ͖ࣸͨ͠΋ͷͱͯ͠ஶ࡞ੑ͕ͳ͍΋ͷͱޡղ wΘ͔ΓͮΒ͍஍ਤͷར༻ن໿ wେྔͷจষɻ۩ମతʹԿΛ͢Δͱҧ൓ʹͳΔͷ͔͕Θ ͔ΓͮΒ͍ wάʔάϧϚοϓͷ৔߹ถࠃͷϥΠηϯεͷ຋༁ͦͷ·

    ·ʢ೔ຊʹ·ͩଘࡏ͠ͳ͍ʮϑΣΞϢʔεʯنఆʣ wෆे෼ͳप஌
  24. ɹͳΒֶ ͡ΌͲ͏ͨ͠Β͍͍ͷʁʁʁ

  25. ɹͳΒֶ 0QFO4USFFU.BQ wIUUQTXXXPQFOTUSFFUNBQPSH Ϣʔβొ࿥

  26. ɹͳΒֶ 0QFO4USFFU.BQ wΦʔϓϯετϦʔτϚοϓʢ೔ຊޠͰͷදهʣ w04.ͱུ͞Ε·͢ w0ͱ4ͱ.͸େจࣈ w0QFO4USFFU.BQͱଓ͚ͯॻ͘ʢؒʹεϖʔε ͸ೖΓ·ͤΜʣ

  27. ɹͳΒֶ 04.ͷಛ௃ wࣗ༝ʹ࢖͑Δ wࣗ෼Ͱͭ͘ΕΔ wࣗ෼ͷඞཁʹ͋ΘͤΒΕΔ

  28. ɹͳΒֶ 0QFO4USFFU.BQ w0QFO4USFFU.BQ 04.  w೥ɹӳࠃͷ6$-ͷେֶӃੜͩͬͨ 4UFWF$PBTUʹΑͬͯ૑ઃ wʮࣗ༝ͳ΢ΟΩੈք஍ਤʯࣗ༝ʹར༻Մೳɾ σʔλͷฤू͕ϢʔβͰՄೳͳ஍ਤΛ࡞੒͢ ΔϓϩδΣΫτ

  29. ɹͳΒֶ 0QFO4USFFU.BQ wσʔλࣗମͷ௥ՃɾฤूʹΑΔվྑΛϢʔβ͕ߦ͏͜ͱ͕Մೳ w஍ਤը૾ͷར༻ʢҹ࡮ɾ഑෍ɾεΫϦʔϯΩϟϓνϟɾΦϑϥΠ ϯར༻͢΂ͯՄೳʣ w஍ਤը૾͚ͩͰͳ͘04.஍ཧσʔλϕʔεͷೋ࣍ར༻Մೳɼσʔ λͷμ΢ϯϩʔυɾΦϑϥΠϯར༻΋Մೳ w঎༻ར༻Մೳ wଟݴޠରԠ wϥΠηϯεදࣔ͸ඞཁɿ˜0QFO4USFFU.BQ΁ͷڠྗऀʗ˜

    0QFO4USFFU.BQDPOUSJCVUPST wΦʔϓϯͳ஍ਤ
  30. ɹͳΒֶ 04.ͷಛ௃ wࣗ༝ʹ࢖͑Δ wࣗ෼Ͱͭ͘ΕΔ wࣗ෼ͷඞཁʹ͋ΘͤΒΕΔ

  31. ɹͳΒֶ ͞·͟·ͳ΢Σϒ஍ਤ w΢Σϒ஍ਤͷଟ͘͸஍ਤϓ ϩόΠμ͔Β஍ਤσʔλͷ ఏڙΛड͚ͯ஍ਤ࡞੒ w஍ਤͷߋ৽ස౓͸৔ॴ΍ඳ ͔Ε͍ͯΔ΋ͷʹΑͬͯҟ ͳΔ͕ɼଈ࣌ʹߋ৽͞ΕΔ ͜ͱ͸গͳ͍ wʮ͓ɼ͋ͷళ͕Ͱ͖ͨʂ͋

    Εɼ͋ͷళ͕ͳ͘ͳͬ ͨʜʯ
  32. ɹͳΒֶ ΢Σϒ஍ਤ͕ͳ͍৔ॴ͸ଟ͍ wHPPHMFϚοϓɿҰݟੈքதͷ΢Σϒ஍ਤ͕ ໢ཏ͞Ε͍ͯΔΑ͏ʹݟ͑Δ͕ɼͦͷৄࡉ౓ ʹ͸େ͖ͳҧ͍ w೔ຊͷ౎ࢢ෦ɿৄࡉͳ஍ਤ͕͋Δ஍Ҭʢθϯ Ϧϯͷ஍ਤσʔλͷଘࡏʣ wଟ͘ͷ్্ࠃ஍Ҭɼ೔ຊͷதࢁؒ஍Ҭɼ཭ౡ ͳͲɿৄࡉͳ஍ਤ͕ͳ͍஍Ҭ

  33. ɹͳΒֶ े௡઒Թઘ http://tools.geofabrik.de/mc/ #18/33.9406/135.7702&num=2&mt0=mapnik&mt1=google-map

  34. ɹͳΒֶ

  35. ɹͳΒֶ தࢁؒ஍Ҭͷσδ λϧ஍ਤαʔϏε w(PPHMF.BQTͰར༻͞ Ε͍ͯΔθϯϦϯσδλ ϧσʔλʹ͸ৄࡉ஍ਤ ʢ౳ߴઢ΍ݐங෺ͷ֎ ܗͳͲ͕ೖ͍ͬͯΔ [PPNϨϕϧʣ͕ऩ࿥ ͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍஍Ҭ͕ଘࡏ

    IUUQHFPGVTFHFPSFQVCMJDOFUHFPGVTFTIPXUIFNF MBZFSNC@#$'#&"##@ ৄࡉ஍ਤͳ͠ ৄࡉ஍ਤ͋Γ
  36. ɹͳΒֶ ৽ڵॅ୐஍ͷ஍ਤ࡞੒ http://tools.geofabrik.de/mc/ #15/34.7313/135.8335&num=2&mt0=mapnik&mt1=google-map

  37. ɹͳΒֶ NJTTJOHNBQTQSPKFDU wIUUQXXXNJTTJOHNBQTPSH

  38. ɹͳΒֶ ੈքϚϥϦΞσʔ ϚούιϯJOಸྑ w wಸྑঁࢠେֶɹจֶ෦4 wֶ಺֎͔Β໊ఔ౓ͷࢀՃ ऀ wར༻͕ڐ͞ΕͨӴ੕ը૾ʹΑ ΔδϯόϒΤͷݐ෺τϨʔε w.BQ4XJQFʹΑΔӴ੕ը૾

    ͷ෼ྨ
  39. ɹͳΒֶ 04.ͷಛ௃ wࣗ༝ʹ࢖͑Δ wࣗ෼Ͱͭ͘ΕΔ wࣗ෼ͷඞཁʹ͋ΘͤΒΕΔ

  40. ɹͳΒֶ ଟ༷ͳ஍ਤͷσβΠϯ http://maps.stamen.com/ http://www.mierune.co.jp https:// www.mapbox.com

  41. ɹͳΒֶ UVUPSJBMTIFSMPDL IUUQTXXXNBQCPYDPNUVUPSJBM TIFSMPDL

  42. ɹͳΒֶ VNBQ wଟݴޠදࣔ΋Մೳ http://umap.openstreetmap.fr/ja/map/paris-en-autochromes_4110

  43. ɹͳΒֶ XIFFMNBQ wIUUQXIFFMNBQPSH

  44. ɹͳΒֶ ͞·͟·ͳܗͰ ৮஍ਤͷ̏DϓϦϯτ https://touch-mapper.org/en/ ϨʔβΧολʔʹΑΔ໦஍ਤ࡞੒ http://www.apitux.net/cartosaixy/

  45. ɹͳΒֶ ΦϑϥΠϯ஍ਤ IUUQNBQTNFFOIPNF w0QFO4USFFU.BQͷΦϑϥΠϯ஍ਤΞϓϦʢΠϯλʔ ωοτ͕͔ͭ͑ͳͯ͘΋஍ਤɾφϰΟήʔγϣϯՄೳʣ

  46. ɹͳΒֶ ͡ΌͲ͏΍ͬͯͭͬͨ͘ Β͍͍ͷʁʁʁ

  47. ɹͳΒֶ ϚοϐϯάύʔςΟ w04.ɿϩʔΧϧίϛϡχςΟॏ ཁ w஍෺ͷมԽɿ஍ݩͷਓʑ͕࠷΋Α ͘ঢ়گΛ෼͔͍ͬͯΔ w஍ਤ͕ඞཁͳہ໘͸ϩʔΧϧͳ೔ ৗੜ׆ͷத͔Βىͬͯ͘͜Δ wۙ͘ʹ஌͍ͬͯΔਓ͕͍ͳͯ͘΋ ษڧͰ͖ΔνϟϯεɾϚοϐϯά

    ׆ಈΛ஍Ҭʹ޿͍͛ͯ͘Πϕϯτ w Πϯλʔφγϣφϧ ΦʔϓϯσʔλσΠژ౎
  48. ɹͳΒֶ ಸྑͰ΋ wDPEFGPSOBSB wಸྑΦʔϓϯσʔλ ιϯ wಸྑϚοϐϯάύʔ ςΟOJHIU wੈքҨ࢈Ϛοϐϯά wंҜࢠº৘ใΞΠ σΟΞιϯ

    https://www.facebook.com/Code4Nara
  49. ɹͳΒֶ ಸྑϢχόʔαϧ؍ޫϚοϓ wϑϦʔμϜ͕$PEFGPS/BSBͷڠྗʹΑͬͯ࡞੒ wݩ஍ਤ͸04.Λར༻

  50. ɹͳΒֶ ΈΜͳͰνΣοΫ wߋ৽ঢ়گ͸ৗʹ֬ೝՄೳ wཤྺʼมߋηοτ wIUUQMJWFPQFOTUSFFUNBQGS w೔ຊࠃ಺Ͱ͸UXJUUFSϝοηʔδʹΑΔฤू ঢ়گͷνΣοΫ͕ݝผʹՄೳ wʢྫʣ!PTNKQ@XBLBZBNB

  51. ɹͳΒֶ ϢʔβؒϝοηʔδɾϝϞ

  52. ɹͳΒֶ ࣮शतۀͰͷ஍ਤ࡞੒ʢʙʣ ը ྶ Ṗ ೝ ব ࠹ Ұ ߱

    ḟ ເ F ເ ག ʭ Ṥ Ұ Ұ ୘ ਲ ՚ ௐ 伴 ʢ ઊ ࠵ ௐ ˓ ྵ ਽  ொ ̍ ̍ ๼  ᶘ ʜ ˌ ᶙ Ӱ ਈ ག 㕩 ৫ ḷ ̍ ̍ ࠃ  ௳ ࡶ ୥ ઇ വ ਴ ɽ ʬ ʭ ʭ ʭ ີ ٞ ḽ ਽ ౭ ࡧ ࡾ ޥ ൄ ڒ཭ j ࣵ ʼ໢ཏວ ٶ ࢘ ৱṩ ཕ ᶆ ՞ ً ࣝ ໗ ଭ ॐ Ŋ צ ɺ ۏ z ࠹ ܮ Ӣ ʢ ࠞ ࡶ ௐ l ག ࣝ Ϭ ʔ ઇ ࣉ ྵ #  ޢ ɺ ɽ Ը ` Ϛ ʔ ܯ ༓ ʣ ʰ ` װ ɼ τ ʔ
  53. ɹͳΒֶ wֶੜ໊ͰͷΩϟϯύεϚοϐϯά

  54. ɹͳΒֶ

  55. ɹͳΒֶ

  56. ɹͳΒֶ

  57. ɹͳΒֶ

  58. None
  59. ɹͳΒֶ フィールドワーク w࣮ࡍʹ໨Ͱݟͯ֬ೝ͢ΔϑΟʔϧυϫʔ Ϋ wӴ੕ը૾Ͱ෼͔Βͳ͍͞·͟·ͳଐੑ৘ ใ w͞·͟·ͳ஍఺৘ใʢ̥̤̞ʢ1PJOU PG*OUFSFTUʣʣ wٯʹه࿥͠ͳ͍΋ͷͳͲ΋͋Γʢݸਓ୐ ͷ৘ใ΍ࢲ༗஍ͰೖΕͳ͍৔ॴͳͲʣ

    w(14ϩάΛͱΔ৔߹΋ʢҠಈͨ͠ي੻Λ τϨʔεʣ
  60. ɹͳΒֶ ௐࠪ༻ͷࢴ஍ਤ wಛʹ̞̩ػث΍ϑΟʔϧ υϫʔΫػثͷ࢖͍ํΛ ஌Βͳͯ͘΋Ͱ͖Δखॻ ͖ͷ৘ใ௥Ճ wXBMLJOHQBQFST wIUUQXBMLJOH QBQFSTPSH wpFMEQBQFST

    wIUUQpFMEQBQFSTPSH http://fieldpapers.org/snapshots.php
  61. ɹͳΒֶ ஍ཧσʔλฤू༻ͷιϑτ΢ΣΞ wJ%ʢΦϯϥΠ ϯΤσΟλʣ w+04.ʢΦϑ ϥΠϯΤσΟ λʣ

  62. ɹͳΒֶ طଘͷ̨̜̞σʔλͷτϨʔε΍Πϯ ϙʔτʹΑΔΞʔϜνΣΞϚοϐϯά w͞·͟·ͳͳσʔλͷτϨʔε΍Πϯϙʔτ΋ߦΘΕΔ w:BIPP+BQBOఏڙͷΞϧϓεࣾ஍ਤͷΠϯϙʔτ w஍ཧӃ஍ਤˠτϨʔε w࣏ࣗମΦʔϓϯσʔλˠτϨʔε΍Πϯϙʔτ wϑΟʔϧυϫʔΫ͕͋͘·Ͱσʔλ࡞੒ͷத৺ɿσʔλ Λ͜Ε·Ͱʹ࡞੒͖ͯͨ͠ϢʔβͷϞνϕʔγϣϯΛԼ ͛ͳ͍Α͏ɺ04.ίϛϡχςΟͰͷௐ੔ɾٞ࿦Λ௨͡

    ͯߦΘΕΔ
  63. ɹͳΒֶ ࣗ༝ʹ࢖͑Δ஍ਤΛ࡞ΔͨΊʹ wΦʔϓϯσʔλʢϥΠηϯεܗଶ͕ॏཁʣʹ ͳ͍ͬͯͳ͍ࢿྉɺར༻͕ڐ୚͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍ Ӵ੕ը૾ɾطଘͷ஍ਤͷҾ͖ࣸ͠ͳͲ͸ઈର ʹߦΘͳ͍ʢொͷதͷҊ಺ਤ΋ϑΟʔϧυ ϫʔΫͷࢀߟͱͯ͠࢖͏ͷ͸˓ɺҾ͖ࣸͯ͠ ࢖͏ͷ͸ºʣ wσʔλͷग़యΛࣔ͢৘ใΛೖΕΔ

  64. ɹͳΒֶ ஍Ҭͷ͞·͟·ͳ৘ใΛΦʔϓϯʹڞ༗ w0QFO4USFFU.BQ ஍Ҭͷ஍ਤతͳ৘ใ ʢࣄ࣮৘ใʣ wXJLJQFEJBUPXOɿ ஍Ҭʹ܎Δ஌ࣝʢಠ ࣗݚڀͰ͸ͳ͘ଞऀ ʹΑͬͯه࿥͞Εͨ ஌ࣝͷҾ༻͕த৺ʣ

    w-PDBM8JLJɿ஍Ҭͷ ओ؍తͳ஌ࣝ http://umap.openstreetmap.fr/ja/map/wikipedia_48731#16/34.6739/135.8312
  65. ɹͳΒֶ ஍ҬͰ༻͍ΒΕΔΦʔϓϯσʔλ ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ wikipedia town ϩʔΧϧͳ෺ޠɾఆੑతͳ৘ใ Ҿ༻͞Εͨ஍Ҭͷࣄ࣮ , ఆੑతͳ ৘ใ

    ϩʔΧϧͳࣄ࣮σʔλɾఆ ྔతͳ஍ਤσʔλ ଟ༷ͳ஍ਤදݱ , ΧελϚΠζՄೳͳ஍ਤ “ Φʔ ϓϯετϦʔτϏϡʔ ” ΧελϚΠζՄೳͳ , “ Φʔ ϓϯϚΠϚο ϓ ” “ ϚΠΨΠυϚο ϓ ” ͭ͘ΒΕͨσʔλ͸૬ޓʹ׆༻Մೳ ͳΒ͡ΐ͸Ͳ͜ʁͲΜͳ΋ͷ͕Ͳ͜ʹ͋Δʁ ͳΒ͡ΐ͸͍ͭͰ͖ͨʁ ͲΜͳେֶʁͦͷܦҢ͸ʁ ͳΒ͡ΐͷதͷ޷͖ͳ৔ॴ͸ʁ ͲΜͳਓ͕͍Δʁͦ͜ʹͲΜͳࢥ͍͕͋Δʁ
  66. ɹͳΒֶ ΢Σϒ஍ਤͷ͜Ε͔Β

  67. ɹͳΒֶ HPPHMFϚοϓͷมԽ w೥݄ wθϯϦϯͱͷܖ໿Λଧͪ੾Γɺ ಠࣗͷ஍ਤࣗಈ࡞੒΁଩Λ੾Δ ʢࣗಈ࡞੒ͷͨΊͷ৘ใ͸ࣗࣾ ͷ࣋ͭ৘ใʴ͞·͟·ͳ஍ਤϓ ϩόΠμ͔Βͷ৘ใʴΫϥ΢υ ιʔεʣ wࣗಈ࡞੒஍ਤͷ໰୊ʢHPPHMF͸

    HSPVOEUSVUIϓϩδΣΫτͷ Ұ؀ͱݴ͍ͬͯΔ͕ʣ https://www.cnn.co.jp/fringe/35139116.html
  68. ɹͳΒֶ HPPHMFϚοϓͱΫϥ΢υιʔγϯά wϩʔΧϧΨΠυͱ͍ ͏࢓૊Έ wಛఆͷళฮʹ༠ಋ͢ ΔͨΊͷϑΣΠΫɾ ࠮ٗత৘ใͳͲ https://www.wsj.com/articles/google-maps-littered-with-fake- business-listings-harming-consumers-and- competitors-11561042283

  69. ɹͳΒֶ QPLFNPOHPͱJOHSFTTͰ04.ͷϕʔεϚοϓʹ੾Γସ͑ wIUUQTCMPHPQFOTUSFFUNBQPSH UJQTQPLFNPOHP MBOHKB wνʔτฤू͕ଟൃ

  70. ɹͳΒֶ Ӭ୅෱ͷṖ wಸྑঁͷ๺౦֯ͷJOHSFTT ϙʔλϧɾϙέετοϓ

  71. ɹͳΒֶ ݄ץͳΒΒ݄߸ wIUUQ΍͹͍ͬ͢DPN Q ݄ץେ࿨࿏ͳΒΒ2017೥9݄߸

  72. ɹͳΒֶ NBQJMMBSZ wΦʔϓϯͳϚΠετ ϦʔτϑΥτ࡞੒ϓ ϩδΣΫτ wϧʔτϚοϓΛ঺հ ͢ΔͨΊʹ΋ར༻Մ ೳ wHPPHMFTUSFFUWJFX DBS͕ೖͬͯ͜ͳ͍

    Α͏ͳాࣷͷখಓͳ Ͳ΋ https://www.mapillary.com/map/im/ Z06wpC9tH6xTAHRYGr5qoA
  73. ɹͳΒֶ NBQJMMBSZ w"*ɾػցֶशʹΑ Δը૾ೝࣝˠ෺ମ ݕ஌ w࡞੒͞Εͨσʔλ Λ΋ͱʹ04.ʹ Ϛοϐϯά͢Δ͜ ͱ΋Մೳ wࣗಈӡస༻ͷ஍ਤ

    ࡞੒·ͰΛࢹ໺ʹ
  74. ɹͳΒֶ NBQJMMBSZNFFUVQͷ։࠵ w੢೔ຊͰॳ։࠵ wϢʔβʔ໨ઢͷ .BQJMMBSZʹؔ͢Δ وॏͳࡱӨIPXUP ΍ମݧൃදɾར༻ ๏ɾςʔϚผσΟ εΧογϣϯͳͲ

  75. ɹͳΒֶ .BQCPY೔ຊ๏ਓͷ։࢝ɾ:BIPP஍ਤ͕ NBQCPYͷ΢Σϒ஍ਤΛར༻ wIUUQTXXXNBQCPYKQ

  76. ɹͳΒֶ ZFBSTPG0QFO4USFFU.BQ wʹ04.͕ ࢝·ͬͯ೥ wੈք֤஍Ͱ஀ੜ ೔Πϕϯτ wͪΐͬͱͨ͠ཪ ࿩ https://www.mapbox.com/ten-years-openstreetmap/

  77. ɹͳΒֶ )BQQZNBQQJOH wؾܰʹ͓ۙ͘ͷϚοϐϯάύʔςΟ΁ʂ