Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

Life Cycle of building ML enabled features on Mobile

Life Cycle of building ML enabled features on Mobile

As Mobile engineers we have a very common feature life cycle. 90% of the time it's implementing some kind of rest service into our apps to display some information that was calculated in a backend. When it comes to building ML enabled features, the life cycle works a bit differently. In this talk we will go through this ML life cycle, from what a ML enabled feature looks like, to building ML models for mobile, different ways to deploy these models to your app and how to monitor these models to know that it's giving users the correct information.


Peter-John Welcome

July 10, 2020


  1. Peter-John Welcome GDE Firebase @pjapplez The life cycle of building

    Machine Learning enabled features on mobile An Introduction to ML life cycle on mobile
  2. Half screen photo slide if text is necessary Who I

    am Freelance Mobile Engineer Google Developer Expert for Firebase
  3. Data-driven vs ML-driven

  4. Data-driven vs ML-driven

  5. Data-driven vs ML-driven

  6. Will ML add unique value?

  7. Will ML add value Yes Developer could write a bunch

    of if statements or doing word searches but maintain that will become unmaintainable.
  8. • Recognize class entities • Recommend content • Natural language

    understanding • Predicting future events (forecasting) • Etc. https://pair.withgoogle.com/guidebook/ Examples of ML adding value
  9. • Automating high value tasks • Providing static information to

    user. • Providing transparency. • Etc. https://pair.withgoogle.com/guidebook/ Examples of ML !adding value
  10. The ML life cycle

  11. ML Life Cycle

  12. ML Decision Pyramid https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pm_-pVPvZ-4

  13. • Data wrangling. • Making it accessible in some kind

    of database/warehouse/data lake. • Trying to use the data to solve the problem. Data collection and labelling
  14. • Tensorflow ( Google’s open source ML platform) • CoreML

    (Apples ML platform) • Cloud-based approach. Training our model
  15. Training our model Tensorflow lite An open source machine learning

    platform for on-device inference Cloud , Google colab , on personal machine Python and Swift Has support for Android, iOS, IOT device etc https://medium.com/dvt-engineering/will-swift-take-over-python-as-the-go-to-language-for-ml-ff9f8d9d7141 https://www.tensorflow.org/lite
  16. Training our model CoreML Machine learning platform by Apple thats

    optimized for on device ML and leverages Apple hardware Supports only iOS devices CoreML does have a converter to convert Tensorflow and Pytorch models to coreML CreateML is an Xcode bundled ML tool to create coreml models https://developer.apple.com/machine-learning/core-ml/
  17. Training our model Cloud based - API Google Cloud, Amazon,

    Azure all provide us the ability to train ML models in the cloud and deploy them. We could create a REST API or there are products that can generate REST API’s
  18. • Better accuracy • Preventing Bias • Feature importance Optimize

  19. • Tensorflow Lite Converter • CoreML Converter import tensorflow as

    tf converter = tf.lite.TFLiteConverter.from_saved_model(saved_model_dir) tflite_model = converter.convert() open("converted_model.tflite", "wb").write(tflite_model) https://www.tensorflow.org/lite/guide/get_started#2_convert_the_model_format https://coremltools.readme.io/docs Converting
  20. • Models are intellectual property • Once the model is

    deployed its in the users hands. • Obfuscation • Model encryption ( weights, architecture, format scrambling) • Hybrid processing ( processing data before inputting it into the model) Encrypt and Protect
  21. • On-Device models helps with privacy • Faster inference/predictions •

    Bloat app ( App size ) • Updating model requires updating the app as its bundled. • REST API can be used by then it requires network and violates user privacy • Remote deployment of models with Firebase or ML deployment (iOS) Deployment
  22. • This is the hardest part on the process •

    Analytics • User Testing, A/B Testing • UX is really important at this point in how the user interacts with the model • Being aware of privacy when collecting data • Making sure model is not Bias • Explained really well in the People and AI guide book https://pair.withgoogle.com/guidebook/ Monitoring
  23. On-device ML Using transfer learning Being able to update/retraining parts

    a model This helps with personalization CoreML on iOS and Tensorflow lite on Android both support this. Great for privacy
  24. References • https://www.tensorflow.org/lite • https://developer.apple.com/machine-learning/core-ml/ • https://pair.withgoogle.com/guidebook/ • https://firebase.google.com/docs/ml/manage-hosted-models •

  25. Peter-John Welcome GDE Firebase @pjapplez Thank You!