Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

Preventing Double Claims: Best Practices in Renewable Energy Marketing, Part 2 (for Generators and Project Developers)

Preventing Double Claims: Best Practices in Renewable Energy Marketing, Part 2 (for Generators and Project Developers)

A key component of Green-e Energy certification is guaranteeing sole ownership of Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs). In RY2013 Verification, a number of RECs submitted for certification were required to be replaced. One of the primary reasons for replacement was the existence of claims on submitted RECs, rendering them ineligible for certification. With more and more players entering into the realm of renewable energy generation, clear and accurate marketing regarding renewable energy use is fundamental to maintaining market integrity. We invite you and your generator counter-parties to join us for a two-part webinar series (September 23rd and September 30th) focusing on explaining double claims and how to ensure sole ownership of the RECs you purchase.

Part 2 is geared towards renewable energy generators and project developers. We walk through the meaning and weight of Green-e Attestations; describe how reviews are completed; and explain how double claims can impact business relationships.

28da547b668443dc927980ef22f30a57?s=128

Center for Resource Solutions

September 30, 2015
Tweet

Transcript

  1. Preventing Double Claims Best Practices in Renewable Energy Marketing September

    30, 2015 Maya Kelty Green-e Associate 415-561-2133 maya.kelty@resource-solutions.org Michael Leschke Green-e Energy Analyst 415-568-2486 michael.leschke@resource-solutions.org Ensuring Green-e Energy Eligibility
  2. Outline 1. Green-e Energy 2. Background 3. The Importance of

    Attestations 4. Claims Review Process 5. Examples 1
  3. Outline 2 1. Green-e Energy 2. Background 3. The Importance

    of Attestations 4. Claims Review Process 5. Examples
  4. About Green-e Energy The nation's leading voluntary certification program for

    renewable energy. 3
  5. Renewable Energy Basics: Two Markets. Comparison of compliance and voluntary

    markets for renewable energy, 2005–2012. Courtesy National Renewable Energy Laboratory Renewable Energy Basics: Two Markets 4
  6. Outline 1. Green-e Energy 2. Background 3. The Importance of

    Attestations 4. Claims Review Process 5. Examples 5
  7. One claim per MWh 6

  8. ‘Double Claims’ [P]ublic statements or representations that directly or through

    implication confer the use of renewable electricity or any of the environmental attributes within the REC (including avoided emissions) to a party who is not the REC owner. The effect of a double claim is that the environmental benefits of that REC are counted twice, once by the legitimate REC owner and once by the other claimant, which can result in environmental benefits that are “double-counted.” (Explanation of Green-e Energy Double Claims Policy, p.2-3). 7
  9. Federal Trade Commission FTC Green Guides - guidelines for marketers

    on environmental claims, including what constitutes a deceptive claim. 8 §260.15 Renewable Energy Claims: Marketers should not make broad, unqualified renewable energy claims, directly or by implication. “If a marketer generates renewable electricity but sells renewable energy certificates for all of that electricity, it would be deceptive for the marketer to represent, directly or by implication, that it uses renewable energy.” (d) “Research suggests that reasonable consumers may interpret renewable energy claims differently than marketers may intend. Unless marketers have substantiation for all their express and reasonably implied claims, they should clearly and prominently qualify their renewable energy claims.” (b)
  10. Federal Trade Commission February 2015 Letter to Green Mountain Power

    Corporation “[A]ny statement by the company that might lead consumers of that electricity to infer that the energy was produced cleanly risks double counting. Such double counting […] not only risks deceiving consumers but also threatens the integrity of the entire REC market.” 9 Letter further specifies: •All claims should be qualified and accurate •Burden to inform customers of REC ownership changes •Clarification should be prominent and accurate
  11. ‘Double Claims’ Identified in Green-e Verification •Affected approximately 1% of

    RECs submitted annually in 2013 & 2014 •290,000 MWh replaced (2 year total) •90 different transactions (2 year total) 10
  12. Risks for Double Claims Affects approx. 1% of RECs submitted

    annually •Interactions with counter-parties •Business relationships •Website changes •Supplementary paperwork 11
  13. Outline 1. Green-e Energy 2. Background 3. The Importance of

    Attestations 4. Claims Review Process 5. Examples 12
  14. Chain of Custody Attestations 13 A commitment to accurate renewable

    energy claims
  15. 14

  16. Chain of Custody Attestations Tracking Attestation T WREGIS - -

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - + Tracked Facilities Submitted Annually Tracking Report Submitted every 2-3 years 15
  17. Chain of Custody Attestations G Untracked Facilities Wholesale Attestation(s) Generator

    Attestation W + Submitted Annually Submitted Annually 16
  18. Chain of Custody Attestations “All the renewable attributes (including CO2

    benefits), including any emissions offsets, reductions or claims, represented by the renewable electricity generation [sold to Purchaser] were transferred to Purchaser.” 17
  19. Chain of Custody Attestations “To the best of my knowledge,

    the renewable attributes were not sold, marketed or otherwise claimed by a third party other than Purchaser.” 18
  20. Chain of Custody Attestations “The renewable attributes or the electricity

    that was generated with the attributes was not used to meet any federal, state or local renewable energy requirement, renewable energy procurement, renewable portfolio standard, or other renewable energy mandate by Seller, or to the best of my knowledge, any other entity other than Purchaser.” 19
  21. Chain of Custody Attestations “The electricity that was generated with

    the attributes was not separately sold, separately marketed or otherwise separately represented as renewable energy by Seller, or, to the best of my knowledge, any other entity other than Purchaser.” 20
  22. Chain of Custody Attestations “Only fully aggregated Renewable Attributes are

    traded in tracking system.” (Tracking Attestation) 21
  23. Outline 1. Green-e Energy 2. Background 3. The Importance of

    Attestations 4. Claims Review Process 5. Examples 22
  24. Green-e Facility Review Timeline 23 Green-e evaluates claims: • When

    tracking attestations are submitted (accepted throughout the year) • During annual verification (Summer) • Upon request Submitted every 2-3 years T RECs sold to Green- e participant G W T G W Review during July and August
  25. Green-e Facility Reviews Simple Google search. Review facility to ensure

    accuracy of attestation. Search via relevant companies’ webpages. Relevant companies’ Sustainability & Environmental webpages. 24
  26. Problematic Statement Determinations Double Claim • Future eligibility is contingent

    on removal of language and pro-active language. • Previously sold RECs are ineligible 25
  27. Future REC Eligibility •Addition of clarifying / proactive language. •Removal

    of language. •Eligibility begins at time of changes. 26
  28. Outline 1. Green-e Energy 2. Background 3. The Importance of

    Attestations 4. Claims Review Process 5. Timeline of Claims Review 6. Examples 27
  29. •Statement: “Wind Farm 22 will produce enough energy to power

    approximately 2,000 homes. With the addition of this wind project, we are proud to now meet 20% of peak demand with renewable energy.” Example 1. Utility Press Release. Determination: Double Claim 1 MWh Wind Attribute REC - - - - - - Aug 2013 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - www.utility22.com •Context: Press release was published in the past 3 years. •Location: Press release published on utility’s (generator owner) website. 28
  30. •Statement: Anytown, USA has installed solar panels on 5 city

    buildings. As a result, we are happy to reduce both our electricity costs and our carbon footprint Example 2. On-site Carbon Footprint Reduction. Determination: Double Claim - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - www.AnyTownUSA.com 1 MWh Solar Attribute REC •Location: On city’s website – press release or general information on solar installations. Anytown, USA 29
  31. •Statement: After installing a solar system the school is now

    completely powered by clean, green, renewable energy. Determination: Double Claim Example 3. Third Party Articles. Sept 2014 - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - www.LocalNews.com 1 MWh Solar Attribute REC •Context: Recent article on third party news site, and statement is not a direct quote from a school official – however, the article is linked to on school’s website ‘read about our solar panels in the news’ 30
  32. • Statement: In our quest to be powered by renewable

    energy, we’re proud to have worked with Solar Installer I to install a solar system on our roof Determination: Double Claim Example 4. Onsite Generation. 1 MWh Electricity (Null Power) 1 MWh Solar Attribute REC Solar Installer - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - www.School123.com •Context: On host’s website. 31
  33. FTC Green Guides: Marketers who generate renewable energy – say,

    by using solar panels – but sell RECs for all the renewable energy they generate shouldn’t claim they “use” renewable energy. Using the term “hosting” would be deceptive in this circumstance. Determination: Double Claim Example 4. Onsite Generation. 1 MWh Electricity (Null Power) 1 MWh Solar Attribute REC Solar Installer - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - www.School123.com 32
  34. •Statement: We are proud to deliver our customers energy from

    the following renewable facilities. •Context: ‘Renewable Energy Commitments’ portion of utility website. Example 5. Utilities. Green Commitments - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - www.utility22.com 1 MWh Wind Attribute REC Determination: Double Claim 33
  35. •Statement: Utility 22 has over 100 MW of wind. •Context:

    ‘Renewable Energy Commitments’ portion of utility website. Example 5. Utilities. Green Commitments - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - www.utility22.com •Accurate power disclosure: ‘Click here to see what mix is delivered to our customers.’ ‘Click here’ Resource Type Percent Coal 55% Natural Gas 28% Nuclear 7% Other1 10% 1 Other includes electricity not traceable to a specific resource type Determination: . . 34
  36. Key Takeaways •Be explicit – always be clear about who

    actually owns RECs. •Context matters. •Look to FTC Green Guides, SEIA Solar Business Code (Sept. 2015), and other publications for Best Practices. •Submit tracking attestations, if possible. 35
  37. Special sessions at on Solar Claims with CRS, FTC, EPA,

    and solar industry 36
  38. ?

  39. Maya Kelty Green-e Associate 415-561-2133 maya.kelty@resource-solutions.org Michael Leschke Green-e Energy

    Analyst 415-568-2486 michael.leschke@resource-solutions.org CONTACT